使用prometheus-operator监控 etcd状态

一、查看 Etcd 信息

获取 Etcd Pod 名称

$ kubectl get pods -n kube-system | grep etcd
etcd-k8s-master-2-11                      1/1     Running   9          55d

查看 Etcd 描述信息

$ kubectl describe pod etcd-k8s-master-2-11 -n kube-system

......
Containers:
    Command:
      etcd
      --advertise-client-urls=https://192.168.2.11:2379
      --cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.crt
      --client-cert-auth=true
      --data-dir=/var/lib/etcd
      --initial-advertise-peer-urls=https://192.168.2.11:2380
      --initial-cluster=k8s-master-2-11=https://192.168.2.11:2380
      --key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.key
      --listen-client-urls=https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.11:2379
      --listen-peer-urls=https://192.168.2.11:2380
      --name=k8s-master-2-11
      --peer-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/peer.crt
      --peer-client-cert-auth=true
      --peer-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/peer.key
      --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt
      --snapshot-count=10000
      --trusted-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt
......

可以看到 ETCD 的证书文件在 Kubernetes Master 节点的 “/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/” 文件夹下。

二、将证书存入 Kubernetes

利用 kubectl 命令将三个证书文件存入 Kubernetes 的 Secret 资源下。

$ kubectl create secret generic etcd-certs --from-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/healthcheck-client.crt --from-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/healthcheck-client.key --from-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt -n monitoring

查看刚刚创建的资源

$ kubectl get secret etcd-certs -n monitoring 

NAME         TYPE     DATA   AGE
etcd-certs   Opaque   3      1m

三、将证书挂入 Prometheus

编译 prometheus 资源

$ kubectl edit prometheus k8s -n monitoring

将证书挂入

apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: Prometheus
metadata:
  annotations:
    kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration: |
      {"apiVersion":"monitoring.coreos.com/v1","kind":"Prometheus","metadata":{"annotations":{},"labels":{"prometheus":"k8s"},"name":"k8s","namespace":"monitoring"},"spec":{"alerting":{"alertmanagers":[{"name":"alertmanager-main","namespace":"monitoring","port":"web"}]},"baseImage":"quay-mirror.qiniu.com/prometheus/prometheus","nodeSelector":{"beta.kubernetes.io/os":"linux"},"replicas":2,"resources":{"requests":{"memory":"400Mi"}},"ruleSelector":{"matchLabels":{"prometheus":"k8s","role":"alert-rules"}},"securityContext":{"fsGroup":2000,"runAsNonRoot":true,"runAsUser":1000},"serviceAccountName":"prometheus-k8s","serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector":{},"serviceMonitorSelector":{},"storage":{"volumeClaimTemplate":{"spec":{"resources":{"requests":{"storage":"8Gi"}},"storageClassName":"fast"}}},"version":"v2.7.2"}}
  creationTimestamp: "2019-06-07T22:15:37Z"
  generation: 5
  labels:
    prometheus: k8s
  name: k8s
  namespace: monitoring
  resourceVersion: "2128109"
  selfLink: /apis/monitoring.coreos.com/v1/namespaces/monitoring/prometheuses/k8s
  uid: c6daa0a1-8971-11e9-bc01-000c29d98697
spec:
  alerting:
    alertmanagers:
    - name: alertmanager-main
      namespace: monitoring
      port: web
  baseImage: quay-mirror.qiniu.com/prometheus/prometheus
  nodeSelector:
    beta.kubernetes.io/os: linux
  replicas: 2
  resources:
    requests:
      memory: 400Mi
  ruleSelector:
    matchLabels:
      prometheus: k8s
      role: alert-rules
  secrets:                  #------新增证书配置,将etcd证书挂入
  - etcd-certs          

更新完成后就可以在 Prometheus Pod 中看到上面挂入的 etcd 证书,我们可以进入 Pod 中查看:

$ kubectl exec -it prometheus-k8s-0 /bin/sh -n monitoring

/prometheus $ ls /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/
ca.crt                  healthcheck-client.crt  healthcheck-client.key

四、创建 Etcd Service & Endpoints

因为 ETCD 是独立于集群之外的,所以我们需要创建一个 Endpoints 将其代理到 Kubernetes 集群,然后创建一个 Service 绑定 Endpoints,然后 Kubernetes 集群的应用就可以访问 ETCD 了。

etcd-service.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: etcd-k8s
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  clusterIP: None       #设置为None,不分配Service IP
  ports:
  - name: port
    port: 2379          
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  name: etcd-k8s
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 192.168.2.11    #Etcd 所在节点的IP
  ports:
  - port: 2379          #Etcd 端口号

创建 Service & Endpoints

$ kubectl apply -f etcd-service.yaml

五、创建 ServiceMonitor

创建 Prometheus 监控资源,配置用于监控 Etcd 参数。

etcd-monitor.yaml

apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  name: etcd-k8s
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd-k8s
spec:
  jobLabel: k8s-app
  endpoints:
  - port: port
    interval: 30s
    scheme: https
    tlsConfig:
      caFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/ca.crt
      certFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/healthcheck-client.crt
      keyFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/healthcheck-client.key
      insecureSkipVerify: true
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: etcd
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - kube-system

创建 Etcd ServiceMonitor

$ kubectl apply -f etcd-monitor.yaml

六、查看 Prometheus 规则

创建完成后查看 Prometheus UI,可以看到已经有对应监控数据

七、Grafana 引入 ETCD 仪表盘

完成 Prometheus 配置后,直接打开 Grafana 页面,引入Dashboard,输入编号 “3070” 的仪表盘

可以看到监控 ETCD 的各个看板

posted @ 2020-03-26 17:08  lvelvis  阅读(646)  评论(0编辑  收藏
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