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using Microsoft.Win32;
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Net.NetworkInformation;
using System.Net.Sockets;

namespace Common
{
    public class NetworkHelper
    {
        /// <summary></summary>  
        /// 显示本机各网卡的详细信息  
        /// <summary></summary>  
        public static void ShowNetworkInterfaceMessage()
        {
            NetworkInterface[] fNetworkInterfaces = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces();
            foreach (NetworkInterface adapter in fNetworkInterfaces)
            {
                #region " 网卡类型 "
                string fCardType = "未知网卡";
                string fRegistryKey = "SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Network\\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\\" + adapter.Id + "\\Connection";
                RegistryKey rk = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey(fRegistryKey, false);
                if (rk != null)
                {
                    // 区分 PnpInstanceID   
                    // 如果前面有 PCI 就是本机的真实网卡  
                    // MediaSubType 为 01 则是常见网卡,02为无线网卡。  
                    string fPnpInstanceID = rk.GetValue("PnpInstanceID", "").ToString();
                    int fMediaSubType = Convert.ToInt32(rk.GetValue("MediaSubType", 0));
                    if (fPnpInstanceID.Length > 3 &&
                        fPnpInstanceID.Substring(0, 3) == "PCI")
                        fCardType = "物理网卡";
                    else if (fMediaSubType == 1)
                        fCardType = "虚拟网卡";
                    else if (fMediaSubType == 2)
                        fCardType = "无线网卡";
                }
                #endregion
                #region 网卡信息
                System.Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------------------");
                System.Console.WriteLine("-- " + fCardType);
                System.Console.WriteLine("-----------------------------------------------------------");
                System.Console.WriteLine("Id .................. : {0}", adapter.Id); // 获取网络适配器的标识符  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Name ................ : {0}", adapter.Name); // 获取网络适配器的名称  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Description ......... : {0}", adapter.Description); // 获取接口的描述  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Interface type ...... : {0}", adapter.NetworkInterfaceType); // 获取接口类型  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Is receive only...... : {0}", adapter.IsReceiveOnly); // 获取 Boolean 值,该值指示网络接口是否设置为仅接收数据包。  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Multicast............ : {0}", adapter.SupportsMulticast); // 获取 Boolean 值,该值指示是否启用网络接口以接收多路广播数据包。  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Speed ............... : {0}", adapter.Speed); // 网络接口的速度  
                System.Console.WriteLine("Physical Address .... : {0}", adapter.GetPhysicalAddress().ToString()); // MAC 地址  

                IPInterfaceProperties fIPInterfaceProperties = adapter.GetIPProperties();
                UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection = fIPInterfaceProperties.UnicastAddresses;
                foreach (UnicastIPAddressInformation UnicastIPAddressInformation in UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection)
                {
                    if (UnicastIPAddressInformation.Address.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetwork)
                        System.Console.WriteLine("Ip Address .......... : {0}", UnicastIPAddressInformation.Address); // Ip 地址  
                }
                System.Console.WriteLine();
                #endregion
            }
            System.Console.ReadKey();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 获得本机真实物理网卡IP
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IList<string> GetPhysicsNetworkCardIP()
        {
            var networkCardIPs = new List<string>();

            NetworkInterface[] fNetworkInterfaces = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces();
            foreach (NetworkInterface adapter in fNetworkInterfaces)
            {
                string fRegistryKey = "SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Control\\Network\\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\\" + adapter.Id + "\\Connection";
                RegistryKey rk = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey(fRegistryKey, false);
                if (rk != null)
                {
                    // 区分 PnpInstanceID   
                    // 如果前面有 PCI 就是本机的真实网卡  
                    string fPnpInstanceID = rk.GetValue("PnpInstanceID", "").ToString();
                    int fMediaSubType = Convert.ToInt32(rk.GetValue("MediaSubType", 0));
                    if (fPnpInstanceID.Length > 3 && fPnpInstanceID.Substring(0, 3) == "PCI")
                    {
                        IPInterfaceProperties fIPInterfaceProperties = adapter.GetIPProperties();
                        UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection = fIPInterfaceProperties.UnicastAddresses;
                        foreach (UnicastIPAddressInformation UnicastIPAddressInformation in UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection)
                        {
                            if (UnicastIPAddressInformation.Address.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetwork)
                            {
                                networkCardIPs.Add(UnicastIPAddressInformation.Address.ToString()); //Ip 地址
                            }
                        }                        
                    }
                }
            }

            return networkCardIPs;
        }
    }
}

  

posted on 2016-07-13 19:39  Louis.Lu.Sz  阅读(5717)  评论(0编辑  收藏