代码改变世界

UITextView控件的用法详解

2011-11-10 20:35  张智清  阅读(33231)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

1.创建并初始化
创建UITextView的文件,并在.h文件中写入如下代码:

1 #import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
2
3 @interface TextViewController : UIViewController <UITextViewDelegate>{
4 UITextView *textView;
5 }
6
7 @property (nonatomic, retain) UITextView *textView;
8
9 @end

 

在.m文件中初始化这个textview,写入代码如下:

 1 self.textView = [[[UITextView  alloc] initWithFrame:self.view.frame] autorelease]; //初始化大小并自动释放
2
3 self.textView.textColor = [UIColor blackColor];//设置textview里面的字体颜色
4
5 self.textView.font = [UIFont fontWithName:@"Arial" size:18.0];//设置字体名字和字体大小
6
7 self.textView.delegate = self;//设置它的委托方法
8
9 self.textView.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];//设置它的背景颜色
10
11 self.textView.text = @"Now is the time for all good developers to come to serve their country.\n\nNow is the time for all good developers to come to serve their country.";//设置它显示的内容
12
13 self.textView.returnKeyType = UIReturnKeyDefault;//返回键的类型
14
15 self.textView.keyboardType = UIKeyboardTypeDefault;//键盘类型
16
17 self.textView.scrollEnabled = YES;//是否可以拖动
18
19 self.textView.autoresizingMask = UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight;//自适应高度
20
21 [self.view addSubview: self.textView];//加入到整个页面中

 

文本字段实现了UITextInputTrait协议,其提供了7个属性来定义字段处理文本输入的方式:autocapitalizationType、autocorrectionType、enablesReturnKeyAutomatically、keyboardAppearance、keyboardType、returnKeyType、secureTextEntry。

其它,当文本字段为空时,placeholder文本以浅灰色显示,提供一个用户提示。通过设置clearButtonMode可以指定是否以及何时显示清除按钮。
2. UITextView退出键盘的几种方式

(1)如果你程序是有导航条的,可以在导航条上面加多一个Done的按钮,用来退出键盘,当然要先实现UITextViewDelegate。

- (void)textViewDidBeginEditing:(UITextView *)textView {    

UIBarButtonItem *done = [[[UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithBarButtonSystemItem:UIBarButtonSystemItemDone target:self action:@selector(leaveEditMode)] autorelease];

self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItem = done;

}

- (void)textViewDidEndEditing:(UITextView *)textView {

self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItem = nil;

}

- (void)leaveEditMode {

[self.textView resignFirstResponder];

}

(2)如果你的textview里不用回车键,可以把回车键当做退出键盘的响应键。

#pragma mark - UITextView Delegate Methods     

-(BOOL)textView:(UITextView *)textView shouldChangeTextInRange:(NSRange)range replacementText:(NSString *)text
{

if ([text isEqualToString:@"\n"]) {

[textView resignFirstResponder];

return NO;

}

return YES;

}

 

(3)还有你也可以自定义其他视图控件加载到键盘上用来退出,比如在弹出的键盘上面加一个view来放置退出键盘的Done按钮。

 1 UIToolbar * topView = [[UIToolbar alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 30)];  
2
3 [topView setBarStyle:UIBarStyleBlack];
4
5 UIBarButtonItem * helloButton = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]initWithTitle:@"Hello" style:UIBarButtonItemStyleBordered target:self action:nil];
6
7 UIBarButtonItem * btnSpace = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]initWithBarButtonSystemItem:UIBarButtonSystemItemFlexibleSpace target:self action:nil];
8
9
10
11 UIBarButtonItem * doneButton = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc]initWithTitle:@"Done" style:UIBarButtonItemStyleDone target:self action:@selector(dismissKeyBoard)];
12
13 NSArray * buttonsArray = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:helloButton,btnSpace,doneButton,nil];
14
15 [doneButton release];
16
17 [btnSpace release];
18
19 [helloButton release];
20
21 [topView setItems:buttonsArray];
22
23 [tvTextView setInputAccessoryView:topView];
24
25 -(IBAction)dismissKeyBoard
26
27 {
28
29 [tvTextView resignFirstResponder];
30
31 }