使用Docker安装Mysql

最近使用阿里云服务器,学习一下Docker,今天学着使用Docker安装MySQL。

首先,从阿里云的Docker Hub 上pull一个MySQL的image.

[centos@loovelj~]$ docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/acs-sample/mysql:5.7
5.7: Pulling from acs-sample/mysql
d4bce7fd68df: Pull complete 
a3ed95caeb02: Pull complete 
01588229585e: Pull complete 
ada32b818a1a: Pull complete 
ac7528e308ac: Pull complete 
44e3fb8779c7: Pull complete 
bfcca86efc6a: Pull complete 
32da415dff2e: Pull complete 
aae6d9712a36: Pull complete 
3148136ce9cc: Pull complete 
Digest: sha256:32ff2f404c3bd199aaec2e6d19d91d59673e40d7394732124f91dd72a2e1ed97
Status: Downloaded newer image for registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/acs-sample/mysql:5.7

查看下载镜像,就会看到已经有了

[centos@loovelj~]$ docker images
REPOSITORY                                           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
test/ubuntu                                          v1.0                523e7db0e264        11 minutes ago      98.3MB
ubuntu                                               latest              dd6f76d9cc90        7 days ago          122MB
hello-world                                          latest              725dcfab7d63        8 days ago          1.84kB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/acs-sample/mysql   5.7                 ec7e75e5260c        23 months ago       360MB

 

名字太长,修改为短的tag

[centos@loovelj~]$ docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/acs-sample/mysql:5.7 mysql:5.7 
[centos@loovelj~]$ docker images
REPOSITORY                                           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
test/ubuntu                                          v1.0                523e7db0e264        12 minutes ago      98.3MB
ubuntu                                               latest              dd6f76d9cc90        7 days ago          122MB
hello-world                                          latest              725dcfab7d63        8 days ago          1.84kB
mysql                                                5.7                 ec7e75e5260c        23 months ago       360MB
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/acs-sample/mysql   5.7                 ec7e75e5260c        23 months ago       360MB

 

根据镜像创建容器

[centos@loovelj~]$ docker create -it mysql:5.7
62c975b37ad25b03914eb61e05088019f37ff9cb049a682ac02f20fac1761a4d

 

启动MySQL容器

[centos@loovelj~]$ docker run --name mysqlserver -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=sgcc -d -i -p 3306:3306  mysql:5.7
2a7a85124400be6fd47e0d97cf5d602456b1db1a11c6331747fe662481eea537
[centos@loovelj~]$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                    NAMES
2a7a85124400        mysql:5.7           "/entrypoint.sh my..."   9 seconds ago       Up 8 seconds        0.0.0.0:3306->3306/tcp   mysqlserver
188099665d1e        ubuntu:latest       "/bin/bash"              23 hours ago        Up 23 hours                                  angry_spence

 

进入MySQL终端

[centos@liujun ~]$ docker exec -it  2a7a85124400  /bin/bash
root@2a7a85124400:/# mysql -h 127.0.0.1 -u root -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.9 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> 

3.访问Mysql数据库
由于我们在上面使用了-p参数映射了容器的3306端口到宿主机的3306端口,此时我们可以直接访问宿主机的3306端口来访问Docker中的mysql服务
mysql -h 127.0.0.1 -u root -p 

 

其中,mysql 报错,我就在本机重新安装mysql,参照阿里云教程。

但是启动mysql时报错 

[root@loovelj support-files]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start
Starting MySQL...The server quit without updating PID file [FAILED]cal/mysql/data/liujun.pid).

经过查询,发现已经有一个运行的mysql。关闭后再重启

[root@liujun support-files]# ps -ef|grep mysqld
root     10803  9758  0 13:26 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto mysqld
[root@liujun support-files]# kill -9 10803
bash: kill: (10803) - No such process
[root@liujun support-files]# kill -9 9758
Killed
[root@liujun mysql]#  /etc/init.d/mysqld start
Starting MySQL. 

 

再执行mysql时,发现还是报错,查询原因是启动项不在/usr/bin下面。

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin 做个链接即可

 后来发现环境变量修改了,但是好像没有保存好,mysqladmin 命令还是不能用,所以又重新保存环境变量

[centos@liujun ~]$ vim ~/.bash_profile

#PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/usr/local/apache/bin
#添加以下列
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/mysql/lib #:wq 保存退出 [centos@liujun ~]$ source ~/.bash_profile

再次运行(第二天再次尝试的,上次的容器已经退出了)docker run

[centos@liujun ~]$ docker run --name mysqlserver -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=sgcc -d -i -p 3306:3306  mysql:5.7
0cc2009d1d367903a0d4e47a6e69af1bc41e409e194a231b6dd1193cc27bf716
docker: Error response from daemon: driver failed programming external connectivity on endpoint mysqlserver (4e7ecdbc87918be626ac8920214ed76386784c83b572f5cd5d3ff0d46d453bb6): Error starting userland proxy: listen tcp 0.0.0.0:3306: bind: address already in use.

 

发现已经存在这个容器,只好删除了重新建立容器

 


[centos@liujun ~]$ docker rm mysqlserver mysqlserver [centos@liujun ~]$ docker run --name mysqlserver -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=sgcc -d -i -p 3306:3306 mysql:5.7 9455dbd9c9128e51eee84c29d356fb5dff8d31762179ec2585c563ead08ad413

 

按照教程,通过mysql 远程连接就好了,但是说端口已经占有,估计是自己的mysql打开了,关闭本机的mysql

[centos@liujun ~]$ docker run --name mysqlserver -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=sgcc -d -i -p 3306:3306  mysql:5.7
0cc2009d1d367903a0d4e47a6e69af1bc41e409e194a231b6dd1193cc27bf716
docker: Error response from daemon: driver failed programming external connectivity on endpoint mysqlserver 
(4e7ecdbc87918be626ac8920214ed76386784c83b572f5cd5d3ff0d46d453bb6): Error starting userland proxy: listen tcp
0.0.0.0:3306: bind: address already in use.

 

[centos@liujun ~]$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop
[sudo] password for centos: 
sudo: /etc/init.d/mysql: command not found
[centos@liujun ~]$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld stop
Shutting down MySQL..                                      [  OK  ]

 

最后再执行连接

[centos@liujun ~]$ mysql -h 127.0.0.1 -u root -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.9 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> 

成功!

 

 

 

 

 

 

参考:

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_7f2ac7b70102vpyl.html

http://www.cnblogs.com/xiohao/p/5377609.html

https://help.aliyun.com/document_detail/50774.html

关于IP的设置

https://severalnines.com/blog/mysql-docker-containers-understanding-basics

 

posted @ 2017-11-12 21:48  loovelj  Views(15326)  Comments(0Edit  收藏  举报