寻找写代码感觉(七)之封装请求参数和返回参数

一、目的

封装请求参数的目的,是为了统一和方便。直白点说,如果只查询一个属性,传一个入参,这是没问题的,要是一个对象有100个属性,查询需要多个参数关联,就需要统一方便管理了,简单说传对象就完了,哈哈哈。

二、实际案例

先举个例子,大家一看便知,比如我现在想搞个模糊查询,按照名称查询。

1、接口改造

还是那个查询接口开始改造,示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.controller;

import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBook;
import com.rongrong.wiki.resp.CommonResp;
import com.rongrong.wiki.service.EBookService;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author longrong.lang
 * @version 1.0
 * @description
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/ebook")
public class EBookController {

    @Resource
    private EBookService eBookService;

    @GetMapping("/list")
    public CommonResp list(String name) {
        CommonResp<List<EBook>> resp = new CommonResp<>();
        List<EBook> list = eBookService.list(name);
        resp.setMessage("执行查询成功!");
        resp.setContent(list);
        return resp;
    }
}

2、从Service层改造

那么我先从Service加个入参,比如Name,这就是我们常说的按照关键字查询,Sql来看的话就是like一下,这块我就不废话了,有点墨迹了,示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.service;

import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBook;
import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBookExample;
import com.rongrong.wiki.mapper.EBookMapper;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author rongrong
 * @version 1.0
 * @description
 * @date 2021/10/13 10:09
 */
@Service
public class EBookService {

    @Resource
    private EBookMapper eBookMapper;

    public List<EBook> list(String name) {
        EBookExample eBookExample = new EBookExample();
        //此处代码的意思相当于,搞了一个Sql的where条件
        EBookExample.Criteria criteria = eBookExample.createCriteria();
        criteria.andNameLike("%"+name+"%");
        return eBookMapper.selectByExample(eBookExample);
    }
}

3、接口改造测试

查询结果:

三、需求变更

现在我想通过IDName来查询,或者多个参数来查询,该怎么办?

1、构造统一入参

很简单,直接传个类(对象即可),那么我们先来个统一的入参构造吧,先以两个参数作为入参为例,示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.req;

public class EBookReq {
    private Long id;

    private String name;


    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append(getClass().getSimpleName());
        sb.append(" [");
        sb.append("Hash = ").append(hashCode());
        sb.append(", id=").append(id);
        sb.append(", name=").append(name);
        sb.append("]");
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

2、构造统一返回

为什么构造统一返回信息?

比如我们登录成功,不能把密码字段,也返回给用户吧,感觉好不专业是不是,正常只返回几个字段即可,所以才有了统一返回信息一说。
示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.resp;

public class EBookResp {
    private Long id;

    private String name;

    private Long category1Id;

    private Long category2Id;

    private String description;

    private String cover;

    private Integer docCount;

    private Integer viewCount;

    private Integer voteCount;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Long getCategory1Id() {
        return category1Id;
    }

    public void setCategory1Id(Long category1Id) {
        this.category1Id = category1Id;
    }

    public Long getCategory2Id() {
        return category2Id;
    }

    public void setCategory2Id(Long category2Id) {
        this.category2Id = category2Id;
    }

    public String getDescription() {
        return description;
    }

    public void setDescription(String description) {
        this.description = description;
    }

    public String getCover() {
        return cover;
    }

    public void setCover(String cover) {
        this.cover = cover;
    }

    public Integer getDocCount() {
        return docCount;
    }

    public void setDocCount(Integer docCount) {
        this.docCount = docCount;
    }

    public Integer getViewCount() {
        return viewCount;
    }

    public void setViewCount(Integer viewCount) {
        this.viewCount = viewCount;
    }

    public Integer getVoteCount() {
        return voteCount;
    }

    public void setVoteCount(Integer voteCount) {
        this.voteCount = voteCount;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append(getClass().getSimpleName());
        sb.append(" [");
        sb.append("Hash = ").append(hashCode());
        sb.append(", id=").append(id);
        sb.append(", name=").append(name);
        sb.append(", category1Id=").append(category1Id);
        sb.append(", category2Id=").append(category2Id);
        sb.append(", description=").append(description);
        sb.append(", cover=").append(cover);
        sb.append(", docCount=").append(docCount);
        sb.append(", viewCount=").append(viewCount);
        sb.append(", voteCount=").append(voteCount);
        sb.append("]");
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

3、接口改造

示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.controller;

import com.rongrong.wiki.req.EBookReq;
import com.rongrong.wiki.resp.CommonResp;
import com.rongrong.wiki.resp.EBookResp;
import com.rongrong.wiki.service.EBookService;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author longrong.lang
 * @version 1.0
 * @description
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/ebook")
public class EBookController {

    @Resource
    private EBookService eBookService;

    @GetMapping("/list")
    public CommonResp list(EBookReq eBookReq) {
        CommonResp<List<EBookResp>> resp = new CommonResp<>();
        List<EBookResp> list = eBookService.list(eBookReq);
        resp.setMessage("执行查询成功!");
        resp.setContent(list);
        return resp;
    }
}

4、Service层改造

示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.service;

import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBook;
import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBookExample;
import com.rongrong.wiki.mapper.EBookMapper;
import com.rongrong.wiki.req.EBookReq;
import com.rongrong.wiki.resp.EBookResp;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author rongrong
 * @version 1.0
 * @description
 * @date 2021/10/13 10:09
 */
@Service
public class EBookService {

    @Resource
    private EBookMapper eBookMapper;

    public List<EBookResp> list(EBookReq eBookReq) {
        EBookExample eBookExample = new EBookExample();
        //此处代码的意思相当于,搞了一个Sql的where条件
        EBookExample.Criteria criteria = eBookExample.createCriteria();
        criteria.andNameLike("%"+eBookReq.getName()+"%");
        List<EBook> eBookList = eBookMapper.selectByExample(eBookExample);
        List<EBookResp> eBookRespList = new ArrayList<>();
        for (EBook eBook: eBookList) {
            EBookResp eBookResp = new EBookResp();
            //spring boot 自带的BeanUtils完成对象的拷贝
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(eBook, eBookResp);
            eBookResp.setId(12345L);
            eBookRespList.add(eBookResp);
        }
        return eBookRespList;
    }
}

5、接口改造后测试

6、Service层再改造

CopyUtil工具类,示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.util;

import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.util.CollectionUtils;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class CopyUtil {

    /**
     * 单体复制
     */
    public static <T> T copy(Object source, Class<T> clazz) {
        if (source == null) {
            return null;
        }
        T obj = null;
        try {
            obj = clazz.newInstance();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }
        BeanUtils.copyProperties(source, obj);
        return obj;
    }

    /**
     * 列表复制
     */
    public static <T> List<T> copyList(List source, Class<T> clazz) {
        List<T> target = new ArrayList<>();
        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(source)){
            for (Object c: source) {
                T obj = copy(c, clazz);
                target.add(obj);
            }
        }
        return target;
    }
}

对Service层再改造,示例代码如下:

package com.rongrong.wiki.service;

import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBook;
import com.rongrong.wiki.domain.EBookExample;
import com.rongrong.wiki.mapper.EBookMapper;
import com.rongrong.wiki.req.EBookReq;
import com.rongrong.wiki.resp.EBookResp;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;

import static com.rongrong.wiki.util.CopyUtil.copyList;

/**
 * @author rongrong
 * @version 1.0
 * @description
 * @date 2021/10/13 10:09
 */
@Service
public class EBookService {

    @Resource
    private EBookMapper eBookMapper;

    public List<EBookResp> list(EBookReq eBookReq) {
        EBookExample eBookExample = new EBookExample();
        //此处代码的意思相当于,搞了一个Sql的where条件
        EBookExample.Criteria criteria = eBookExample.createCriteria();
        criteria.andNameLike("%"+eBookReq.getName()+"%");
        List<EBook> eBookList = eBookMapper.selectByExample(eBookExample);
        //List<EBookResp> eBookRespList = new ArrayList<>();
        //for (EBook eBook: eBookList) {
        //    //EBookResp eBookResp = new EBookResp();
        //    ////spring boot 自带的BeanUtils完成对象的拷贝
        //    //BeanUtils.copyProperties(eBook, eBookResp);
        //    //eBookResp.setId(12345L);
        //    //单体复制
        //    EBookResp copy = copy(eBook, EBookResp.class);
        //    eBookRespList.add(copy);
        //}
        //列表复制
        List<EBookResp> respList = copyList(eBookList, EBookResp.class);
        return respList;
    }
}

7、接口改造后测试

四、最后

统一是为了更好的管理和维护,写代码确实会让人很兴奋,好在吃了止痛药,要不我这老腰肯定又废了,感谢阅读,觉得好请给我点个推荐,谢谢。

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posted @ 2021-10-13 23:43  久曲健  阅读(287)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报