Beng Dou

一只站在树上的鸟儿,从来不会害怕树枝断裂,因为它相信的不是树枝,而是它自己的翅膀。

导航

Linux查看CPU、内存、IO占用高的进程

查看CPU占用高的top15进程

ps -eo pid,user,%cpu,%mem,argu --cols 150 | sort -nrk 3 | head -n 15

查看内存占用高的top15进程

ps -eo pid,user,%cpu,%mem,argu --cols 150 | sort -nrk 4 | head -n 15

查看IO占用高的top15进程

./ind_high_io_process.py 3 4 5。其中3表示间隔3秒获取一次数据。4表示获取读、写IO最高的前4个IO进程。5表示程序运行5次。

#!/bin/python 
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*- 
# Filename:    ind_high_io_process
# Revision:    1.0 
# Date:        2013-3-8 
# Author:      simonzhang 
# web:         www.simonzhang.net 
# Email:       simon-zzm@163.com 
### END INIT INFO
import os
import re
import sys
import time
from string import strip
  

sys_proc_path = '/proc/'
re_find_process_number = '^\d+$'
  
#Get IO information from /proc/$pid/io

def collect_info():
    _tmp = {}
    re_find_process_dir = re.compile(re_find_process_number)
    for i in os.listdir(sys_proc_path):
        if re_find_process_dir.search(i):
            #get process name from /proc/${pid}/stat
            process_name = open("%s%s/stat" % (sys_proc_path, i), "rb").read().split(" ")[1]
            # get io information from /proc/${pid}/io
            rw_io = open("%s%s/io" % (sys_proc_path, i), "rb").readlines()
            for _info in rw_io:
                cut_info = strip(_info).split(':')
                if strip(cut_info[0]) == "read_bytes":
                    read_io = int(strip(cut_info[1]))
                if strip(cut_info[0]) == "write_bytes":
                    write_io = int(strip(cut_info[1]))
            _tmp[i] = {"name":process_name, "read_bytes":read_io, "write_bytes":write_io}
    return _tmp
  
  
def main(_sleep_time, _list_num):
    _sort_read_dict = {}
    _sort_write_dict = {}
    #Get system io information
    process_info_list_frist = collect_info()
    time.sleep(_sleep_time)
    process_info_list_second = collect_info()
 
    for loop in process_info_list_second.keys():
        second_read_v = process_info_list_second[loop]["read_bytes"]
        second_write_v = process_info_list_second[loop]["write_bytes"]
        try:
            frist_read_v = process_info_list_frist[loop]["read_bytes"]
        except:
            frist_read_v = 0
        try:
            frist_write_v = process_info_list_frist[loop]["write_bytes"]
        except:
            frist_write_v = 0
        # compute
        _sort_read_dict[loop] = second_read_v - frist_read_v
        _sort_write_dict[loop] = second_write_v - frist_write_v
    # sort
    sort_read_dict = sorted(_sort_read_dict.items(),key=lambda _sort_read_dict:_sort_read_dict[1],reverse=True)
    sort_write_dict = sorted(_sort_write_dict.items(),key=lambda _sort_write_dict:_sort_write_dict[1],reverse=True)
    # print result
    print "pid     process     read(bytes) pid     process     write(btyes)"
    for _num in range(_list_num):
        read_pid = sort_read_dict[_num][0]
        write_pid = sort_write_dict[_num][0]
        res = "%s" % read_pid
        res += " " * (8 - len(read_pid)) + process_info_list_second[read_pid]["name"]
        res += " " * (12 - len(process_info_list_second[read_pid]["name"])) + "%s" % sort_read_dict[_num][1]
        res += " " * (12 - len("%s" % sort_read_dict[_num][1])) + write_pid
        res += " " * (8 - len(write_pid)) + process_info_list_second[write_pid]["name"]
        res += " " * (12 - len("%s" % process_info_list_second[write_pid]["name"])) + "%s" % sort_write_dict[_num][1]
        print res
    print "\n" * 1
  
  
if __name__ == '__main__':
    try:
        _sleep_time = sys.argv[1]
    except:
        _sleep_time = 3
    try:
        _num = sys.argv[2]
    except:
        _num = 3
    try:
        loop = sys.argv[3]
    except:
        loop = 1
    for i in range(int(loop)):
        main(int(_sleep_time), int(_num))

参考资料

https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/1882904486137130588.html

posted on 2017-04-21 21:29  锅边糊  阅读(945)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报