Python内置函数(20)——hex

英文文档:

hex(x)

Convert an integer number to a lowercase hexadecimal string prefixed with “0x”, for example

If x is not a Python int object, it has to define an __index__() method that returns an integer.

  将整数转换为16进制的字符串 

说明:

  1. 函数功能将10进制整数转换成16进制整数。

>>> hex(15)
'0xf'
>>> hex(16)
'0x10'

  2. 如果参数x不是整数,则它必须定义一个返回整数的__index__函数。

# 未定义__index__函数
>>> class Student:
    def __init__(self,name,age):
        self.name = name
        self.age = age

>>> 
>>> s = Student('Kim',10)
>>> hex(s)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<pyshell#17>", line 1, in <module>
    hex(s)
TypeError: 'Student' object cannot be interpreted as an integer

# 定义__index__函数,但是返回字符串
>>> class Student:
    def __init__(self,name,age):
        self.name = name
        self.age = age
    def __index__(self):
        return self.name

>>> s = Student('Kim',10)
>>> hex(s)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<pyshell#23>", line 1, in <module>
    hex(s)
TypeError: __index__ returned non-int (type str)

# 定义__index__函数,并返回整数
>>> class Student:
    def __init__(self,name,age):
        self.name = name
        self.age = age
    def __index__(self):
        return self.age

>>> s = Student('Kim',10)
>>> hex(s)
'0xa'
posted @ 2017-12-29 15:39  lincappu  阅读(235)  评论(0编辑  收藏