C# 调用C++ dll 返回char*调用方式(StringBuilder乱码)

// CDLLDemo.cpp : 定义 DLL 应用程序的导出函数。
//
#include "stdafx.h"
#include "string.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h>

extern "C" __declspec(dllexport)
int ParseBaliseMsg2(const unsigned char *pMsgData, char *resTgm, char *resStr)
{
    /*CString strInfo;
    strcpy(resTgm, strMsg.GetBuffer());
    strMsg = strFor1 + strMsg + strFor2;
    strInfo += "erro!!!";
    strcpy(resStr, strInfo.GetBuffer());*/
    //memset(resStr, 0, 50);
    printf("%s \r\n", pMsgData);
    char *a = "ParseBaliseMsg2 hello word!";
    strcpy(resStr, a);
    printf("resStr is: %s \r\n", resStr);

    time_t rawtime;
    struct tm * timeinfo;
    time(&rawtime);
    timeinfo = localtime(&rawtime);
    printf("The current date/time is: %s \r\n", asctime(timeinfo));

    return 120;
}

extern "C" __declspec(dllexport)
char * ParseBaliseMsg3(const unsigned char *pMsgData, char *resTgm, int & retInt)
{
    /*CString strInfo;
    strcpy(resTgm, strMsg.GetBuffer());
    strMsg = strFor1 + strMsg + strFor2;
    strInfo += "erro!!!";
    strcpy(resStr, strInfo.GetBuffer());*/
    //memset(resStr, 0, 50);
    printf("%s \r\n", pMsgData);
    char *resStr = "ParseBaliseMsg3 hello word!";
    printf("resStr is: %s \r\n", resStr);

    time_t rawtime;
    struct tm * timeinfo;
    time(&rawtime);
    timeinfo = localtime(&rawtime);
    printf("The current date/time is: %s \r\n", asctime(timeinfo));
    retInt = 130;
    return resStr;
}

extern "C" __declspec(dllexport)
int ParseBaliseMsg4(const unsigned char *pMsgData, char *resTgm, char *resStr)
{
    /*CString strInfo;
    strcpy(resTgm, strMsg.GetBuffer());
    strMsg = strFor1 + strMsg + strFor2;
    strInfo += "erro!!!";
    strcpy(resStr, strInfo.GetBuffer());*/
    //memset(resStr, 0, 50);
    printf("%s \r\n", pMsgData);
    char *a = "ParseBaliseMsg4 hello word!";
    strcpy(resStr, a);
    printf("resStr is: %s \r\n", resStr);

    time_t rawtime;
    struct tm * timeinfo;
    time(&rawtime);
    timeinfo = localtime(&rawtime);
    printf("The current date/time is: %s \r\n", asctime(timeinfo));

    return 140;
}

extern "C" __declspec(dllexport)
int ParseBaliseMsg5(const unsigned char *pMsgData, char *resTgm, char *resStr)
{
    /*CString strInfo;
    strcpy(resTgm, strMsg.GetBuffer());
    strMsg = strFor1 + strMsg + strFor2;
    strInfo += "erro!!!";
    strcpy(resStr, strInfo.GetBuffer());*/
    //memset(resStr, 0, 50);
    printf("%s \r\n", pMsgData);
    char *a = "ParseBaliseMsg5 hello word!";
    strcpy(resStr, a);
    printf("resStr is: %s \r\n", resStr);

    time_t rawtime;
    struct tm * timeinfo;
    time(&rawtime);
    timeinfo = localtime(&rawtime);
    printf("The current date/time is: %s \r\n", asctime(timeinfo));

    return 150;
}


extern "C" __declspec(dllexport)
char* strcpyTest(char* dest, char* sour)
{
    char* temp = dest;
    while ('\0' != *sour)
    {
        *dest = *sour;
        dest++;
        sour++;
    }
    *dest = '\0';
    return temp;
}
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace DotNet_Use_C_Demo
{
    public class TestCMethodHelper
    {
        [DllImport("CDLLDemo.dll", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern int ParseBaliseMsg2(string msg, string rmsg, ref byte memory);

        [DllImport("CDLLDemo.dll", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern IntPtr ParseBaliseMsg3(string msg, string rmsg, ref int rInt);

        [DllImport("CDLLDemo.dll", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern IntPtr ParseBaliseMsg4(string msg, string rmsg, [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStr)]StringBuilder t);

        [DllImport("CDLLDemo.dll", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern IntPtr ParseBaliseMsg5([MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStr)]StringBuilder msg, string rmsg, [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStr)]StringBuilder t);

        [DllImport("CDLLDemo.dll", EntryPoint = "strcpyTest", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl/*, CallingConvention = CallingConvention.Cdecl*/)]
        public static extern IntPtr strcpyTest(ref byte destA, string sourA);

        public static void TestMethod()
        {
            Byte[] bPara = new Byte[100];    //新建字节数组
            var r2 = ParseBaliseMsg2("abcd", "", ref bPara[0]);
            string strGet = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetString(bPara, 0, bPara.Length);    //将字节数组转换为字符串
            Console.WriteLine("返回值:" + r2);
            Console.WriteLine("传出值:" + strGet);
            Console.WriteLine("***************************************************");

            int retResult = 0;
            IntPtr pRet = ParseBaliseMsg3("1234", "", ref retResult);
            string strRet = Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi(pRet);
            Console.WriteLine("返回值:" + strRet);
            Console.WriteLine("传出值:" + retResult);
            Console.WriteLine("***************************************************");

            //StringBuilder方式
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            var r4 = ParseBaliseMsg4("abcd", "", sb);
            Console.WriteLine("返回值:" + r4);
            Console.WriteLine("传出值:" + sb.ToString());
            Console.WriteLine("***************************************************");

            StringBuilder sb5 = new StringBuilder();
            StringBuilder sb5E_para = new StringBuilder();
            sb5E_para.Append("abcdedf123456");
            var r5 = ParseBaliseMsg5(sb5E_para, "", sb5);
            Console.WriteLine("返回值:" + r5);
            Console.WriteLine("传出值:" + sb5.ToString());
        }

        public static void CpyTest()
        {
            string strSour = "测试调用C++ dll";

            Byte[] bPara = new Byte[100];    //新建字节数组

            IntPtr pRet = strcpyTest(ref bPara[0], strSour);
            string strGet = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetString(bPara, 0, bPara.Length);    //将字节数组转换为字符串
            string strRet = Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi(pRet);

            Console.WriteLine("源字符串:");
            Console.WriteLine(strSour);

            Console.WriteLine("传出值:");
            Console.WriteLine(strGet);

            Console.WriteLine("返回值:");
            Console.WriteLine(strRet);
        }
    }
}

1.用StringBuilder接收Char*参数 需要定义为[MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStr)]StringBuilder,否则就是乱码。

2.用ref byte memory接收Char*参数  不能使用ref IntPtr方式接收,否则返回值一直为空。

3.使用返回值Char*  直接使用IntPtr方式接收即可。

 

由于博客园一次只让上传10M大小的文件,vs2015新建的C++项目70M大小,压缩后也达到20M,无法上传C++代码。

C++项目创建方式:

_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS 输入这个,否则编译不过。!!!

运行文件点击这里下载。

posted @ 2018-11-13 16:35  ligl007  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏