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JS操作Excel读取和写入(模板操作)

            前一段时间一直在做报表,所以肯定会用到Excel的操作,但是在网上查阅资料有关JS操作excel较少,有的话,也都是老生常谈或很零碎的一些东西。本人是在实际项目中摸索出,JS读写Excel(模板)数据,包括怎么用JS把图片插入Excel中。

            首先,添加一个公用的模板地址JS,如下:

AddZDaddress.js

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
////DocName:信任站点地址添加--AddZDaddress.js
////Author:lify
////Company:Wavenet
////Date:2009-11-04
////EditDate:2010-03-11
////MainContent:Findings,Ajax And So On;
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
var BelieveAddress='172.18.1.25/psc1';////配置地址配置程序时需要的配置地址

////**********************************Excel 导入到WEB界面模板地址集合*******************************************//
//////////////////////////飞行检测excel模板地址配置/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
var template_path_FxjcExcelDatasIntoSqlDatas = "http://%22+believeaddress+%22/NewReports/xls_template/飞行检测城镇污水厂进出水主要污染物浓度.xls";
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
////***********************************************************************************************************//

 

////*********************************Excel 录入模板导入地址集合**********************************************//
//////////////////////////月报导入excel地址配置//////////////////////////////////
var template_path_month = "http://%22+believeaddress+%22/NewReports/xls_template/上海市污水处理企业生产运行表.xls";
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//////////////////////////年报导入excel地址配置//////////////////////////////////
var template_path_year = "http://%22+believeaddress+%22/NewReports/xls_template/上海市污水处理设施信息表.xls";
////*********************************************************************************************************//
//图片地址
var pic_path="http://%22+believeaddress+%22/NewReports/";
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

              再次,怎么样把页面数据读取到Excel中JS,如下:

YearReportLuRu.jsYearReportLuRu.js

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

////DocName:污水处理设施信息表(年报)-录入报表--YearReportLuRu.js
////Author:lify
////Company:Wavenet
////Date:2009-08-14
////EditDate:2009-08-14
////MainContent:Findings,Ajax And So On;
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
///////////////////////////////////////添加正则表达式类/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
document.write("<script language=\"javascript\" type=\"text/javascript\" src=\"js/RegularExpression.js\"><\/script>");
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

 

function AutomateExcel3()
{

    //alert(pic_path+document.getElementById("ImgUrl").value);//测试
    var xls = new ActiveXObject("Excel.Application");
    xls.Visible = true;
    var newBook = xls.Workbooks.Open(template_path_year);//这里的Add方法里的参数是模板的路径
    var  oSheet=newBook.ActiveSheet;
////////////////////////////////////////////写入数据到模板中////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    ///////////////法人单位名称/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(2,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[0].cells[1].innerText);
    ///////////////法人单位代码以及代表姓名/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(2,9).value = Trim(PT.rows[0].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(2,13).value = Trim(PT.rows[0].cells[5].innerText);
    //////////////进出口三张表/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(3,2).value=Trim(PT.rows[1].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(3,6).value=Trim(PT.rows[1].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(3,8).value=Trim(PT.rows[1].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(3,10).value=Trim(PT.rows[1].cells[7].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(3,13).value=Trim(PT.rows[1].cells[9].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(4,2).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(4,4).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(4,6).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(4,8).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[7].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(4,10).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[9].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(4,12).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[11].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(4,14).value=Trim(PT.rows[2].cells[13].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(5,2).value=Trim(PT.rows[3].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(5,5).value=Trim(PT.rows[3].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(5,8).value=Trim(PT.rows[3].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(5,10).value=Trim(PT.rows[3].cells[7].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(5,12).value=Trim(PT.rows[3].cells[9].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(5,14).value=Trim(PT.rows[3].cells[11].innerText);

    //////////////年运行简况///////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(6,4).value = Trim(PT.rows[4].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(6,6).value = Trim(PT.rows[4].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(6,8).value = Trim(PT.rows[4].cells[7].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(6,10).value = Trim(PT.rows[4].cells[9].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(6,12).value = Trim(PT.rows[4].cells[11].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(6,14).value = Trim(PT.rows[4].cells[13].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(7,4).value = Trim(PT.rows[5].cells[2].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(7,6).value = Trim(PT.rows[5].cells[4].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(7,8).value = Trim(PT.rows[5].cells[6].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(7,10).value = Trim(PT.rows[5].cells[8].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(7,12).value = Trim(PT.rows[5].cells[10].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(7,14).value = Trim(PT.rows[5].cells[12].innerText);
   
    //////////////年处理水量///////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(8,2).value = Trim(PT.rows[6].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(8,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[6].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(8,8).value = Trim(PT.rows[6].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(8,11).value = Trim(PT.rows[6].cells[7].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(8,14).value = Trim(PT.rows[6].cells[9].innerText);
   
    //////////////污水厂工艺概况///////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(10,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[8].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(10,4).value = Trim(PT.rows[8].cells[2].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(10,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[8].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(10,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[8].cells[4].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(11,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[9].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(11,4).value = Trim(PT.rows[9].cells[2].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(11,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[9].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(11,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[9].cells[4].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(12,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[10].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(12,4).value = Trim(PT.rows[10].cells[2].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(12,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[10].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(12,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[10].cells[4].innerText);
    //--------------------------运行费用分析-------------------------------------//
    oSheet.Cells(13,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[11].cells[2].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(13,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[11].cells[4].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(13,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[11].cells[6].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(13,9).value = Trim(PT.rows[11].cells[8].innerText);
    ////////////////////////////////厂外输送泵站示意图////////////////////////////
    //copy(document.getElementById("ImgUrl"));
    //oSheet.Pictures.Insert(pic_path+document.getElementById("ImgUrl").value);///////.Cells(13,11)
    var msoShaoeRectangle = 1;//AddShape(透明度,左,上,宽度,高度)
    oSheet.Shapes.AddShape(msoShaoeRectangle, 560, 330, 200, 150).Fill.UserPicture(pic_path+document.getElementById("ImgUrl").value);
    //oSheet.Cell(13,11).select();//选中excel的单元格
    //oSheet.Pictures.Insert(PT.rows[11].cells[8].getElementById("ImgUrl").src);
    //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   
    oSheet.Cells(14,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[12].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(14,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[12].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(14,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[12].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(14,9).value = Trim(PT.rows[12].cells[7].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(15,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[13].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(15,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[13].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(15,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[13].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(15,9).value = Trim(PT.rows[13].cells[7].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(16,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[14].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(16,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[14].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(16,9).value = Trim(PT.rows[14].cells[5].innerText);
   
    oSheet.Cells(17,3).value = Trim(PT.rows[15].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(17,5).value = Trim(PT.rows[15].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(17,7).value = Trim(PT.rows[15].cells[5].innerText);
    //---------------------------------------------------------------------------//
    //////////////污水厂表下方信息///////////////////////
    oSheet.Cells(18,2).value = Trim(RT.rows[0].cells[1].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(18,7).value = Trim(RT.rows[0].cells[3].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(18,11).value = Trim(RT.rows[0].cells[5].innerText);
    oSheet.Cells(18,14).value = Trim(RT.rows[0].cells[7].innerText);
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    xls.Visible = true;
    xls.UserControl = true;
    xls = null;  
    idTmr = window.setInterval("Cleanup();",1); 
    //xls.quit();
}
function Cleanup()
{  
          window.clearInterval(idTmr);  
          CollectGarbage();  
}
function copy(tabid){
var oControlRange = document.body.createControlRange();
oControlRange.add(tabid,0);
oControlRange.select();
document.execCommand("Copy");
}
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

              最后,如何读取到Excel模板中数据到页面上共客户编辑数据再保存到数据库中(此步可以用xml发送至后台交互,在此不进一步说明)JS,如下:

 

Fxjc_ExcelDatasIntoSqlDatas.js///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
////DocName:导入模板数据功能--Fxjc_ExcelDatasIntoSqlDatas.js
////Author:lify
////Company:Wavenet
////Date:2010-03-12
////EditDate:2010-03-12
////MainContent:Findings,Ajax And So On;
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
var excelFileName=""; //本地EXCEL地址
var oWB;
var idTmr="";

function AutomateExcel3()
{
    //删除PT表的除前2行的所有行
    DeleteTablePT();
    //alert(pic_path+document.getElementById("ImgUrl").value);//测试
    var xls=null;
    var newBook;
    try{
         xls = new ActiveXObject("Excel.Application");
        }catch(e){openBg(0);openTS(0);
        alert("请您打开ActiveX控件,具体操作:单击IE中的“工具”里“Internet 选项”,单击“安全”中的“自定义级别”中“ActiveX控件和插件”中,请选择第三项为启用即可。详细错误:"+e.message);
        return ;
    }
    if (xls == null){openBg(0);openTS(0);
     alert("创建Excel文件失败,可能是您的计算机上没有正确安装Microsoft Office Excel软件或浏览器的安全级别设置过高!");
     return;
    }
    try{
         newBook = xls.Workbooks.Open(excelFileName);//这里的Add方法里的参数是模板的路径
         }catch(e){openBg(0);openTS(0);
        alert("加载的Excel文件路径有错误!详细:"+e.message);
        return ;
    }
    var  oSheet=newBook.ActiveSheet;
    ////////////////////////////////////////////模板写入数据到WEB页面中////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    var xhnum=0;
    //alert("oSheet.Cells(3,18).value="+oSheet.Cells(3,18).value+"|"+(oSheet.Cells(3,5).value=="<30")+"|oSheet.Cells(3,20).value="+oSheet.Cells(3,20).value);
    for(var i=3;i<108;i++)
    {
   
        if(oSheet.Cells(i,1).value)
        {
            xhnum++;
            var newRow = document.getElementById("PT").insertRow(-1);
            var newCell;
            newRow.align = "center";
            newRow.height = "35px";
            for(var j=0;j<28;j++)
            {
                if(j==4)
                {
                    //什么都不做
                }
                else if(j<4)
                {
                    newCell = newRow.insertCell(j);
                    if(j==0) newCell.innerHTML = (xhnum).toString();//序号
                    else if(j==1)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,1).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,1).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,1).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,1).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,1).value);
                    }
                    else if(j==2)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,2).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,2).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,2).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,2).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,2).value);
                        //newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,2).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,2).value);
                    }
                    else if(j==3)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,4).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,4).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,4).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,4).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,4).value);
                        //newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,4).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,4).value);
                    }
                    else if(j==9)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="<30")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "30";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="<30")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "30";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="<DL")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    newCell = newRow.insertCell(j-1);//少一个就可以了,少样品编号插入
                    if(j==0) newCell.innerHTML = (xhnum).toString();//序号
                    else if(j==1)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,1).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,1).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,1).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,1).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,1).value);
                    }
                    else if(j==2)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,2).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,2).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,2).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,2).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,2).value);
                        //newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,2).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,2).value);
                    }
                    else if(j==3)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,4).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,4).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,4).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,4).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,4).value);
                        //newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,4).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,4).value);
                    }
                    else if(j==9)
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="<30")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "30";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        if(!oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value)
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="<30")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "30";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="<DL")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else if(oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="——"||oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value=="--")
                            newCell.innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
                        else
                            newCell.innerHTML = (oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value==""?"&nbsp;":oSheet.Cells(i,j+1).value);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    newBook.Close();
    newBook=null;
    xls = null;  
    openBg(0);openTS(0);
    ///////////////////////////////开启编辑和保存按钮功能///////////////////////////////////
    OnOrOffBtn(1);
    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    idTmr = window.setInterval("Cleanup();",1);
    ////////////////////////////////表格数字和字符转化//////////////////////////////////////
    TableIntoDatas();////表格数字和字符转化
    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
}

 其实做报表很痛苦,但是从中也能经历不少。很高兴以此文章让那些报表高手前来指导和拍砖。谢谢了!

 以上为针对excel模板总结的一些方法,欢迎各位前来拍砖!也欢迎大家来交流交流!

 

 

 

 

 

 

posted on 2010-04-09 15:26  云中深海  阅读(5119)  评论(6编辑  收藏