将行数据转换成Java(POJO)对象

工作中经常会遇到将行数据转换成Java(POJO)对象的场景,其中关于字段校验和类型转换的处理繁琐而冗余,对于有代码洁癖的人着实不能忍。这里分享下自己封装的工具代码,也许能够帮助你更简单地完成此类任务。

 

先将以下五个文件加入你豪华午餐(项目😄)中

FieldItem:

/**
 * 
 * @author lichmama
 *
 */
public class FieldItem {

    public int getIndex() {
        return index;
    }

    public void setIndex(int index) {
        this.index = index;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Object getValue() {
        return value;
    }

    public void setValue(Object value) {
        this.value = value;
    }

    public FieldProcessor getProcessor() {
        return processor;
    }

    public void setProcessor(FieldProcessor processor) {
        this.processor = processor;
    }

    public void setValidator(FieldValidator validator) {
        this.validator = validator;
    }

    public FieldValidator getValidator() {
        return validator;
    }

    public boolean validate() {
        return validator.validate(this);
    }

    public Object process() throws Exception {
        return processor.process(this);
    }

    private int index;

    private String name;

    private Object value;

    private FieldValidator validator = new FieldValidator() {

        @Override
        public boolean validate(FieldItem field) {
            return true;
        }

    };

    private FieldProcessor processor = new FieldProcessor() {

        @Override
        public Object process(FieldItem field) {
            return field.getValue();
        }

    };

    public FieldItem() {

    }

    public FieldItem(int index, String name) {
        this.index = index;
        this.name = name;
    }

    public FieldItem(int index, String name, FieldValidator validator) {
        this.index = index;
        this.name = name;
        this.validator = validator;
    }

    public FieldItem(int index, String name, FieldProcessor processor) {
        this.index = index;
        this.name = name;
        this.processor = processor;
    }

    public FieldItem(int index, String name, FieldValidator validator, FieldProcessor processor) {
        this.index = index;
        this.name = name;
        this.validator = validator;
        this.processor = processor;
    }
}
View Code

 

FieldProcessor:

/**
 * 扩展接口:可针对字段做个性化处理
 * 
 * @author lichmama
 *
 */
public interface FieldProcessor {

    Object process(FieldItem field) throws Exception;
}
View Code

 

FieldValidator:

/**
 * 校验接口:可针对字段做个性化校验
 * 
 * @author lichmama
 *
 */
public interface FieldValidator {

    boolean validate(FieldItem field);
}
View Code

 

ConvertException:

/**
 * 转换异常
 * 
 * @author lichmama
 *
 */
public class ConvertException extends RuntimeException {

    public ConvertException(String msg) {
        super(msg);
    }

    public ConvertException(Throwable throwable) {
        super(throwable);
    }

    public ConvertException(String msg, Throwable throwable) {
        super(msg, throwable);
    }
}
View Code

 

RowConverter:

/**
 * 行转换器:用于将行数据转换成bean
 * 
 * @author lichmama
 *
 */
public class RowConverter {

    private Map<String, FieldItem> fieldMap = new HashMap<String, FieldItem>();

    public RowConverter() {}

    public RowConverter(String[] fieldNames) {
        for (int i = 0; i < fieldNames.length; i++) {
            String name = fieldNames[i];
            FieldItem field = new FieldItem();
            field.setIndex(i);
            field.setName(name);
            fieldMap.put(name, field);
        }
    }

    public void setField(FieldItem field) {
        if (field == null) {
            throw new ConvertException("field is null");
        }
        String name = field.getName();
        if (!fieldMap.containsKey(name)) {  
            throw new ConvertException("the field \"" + name + "\" not found");
        }
        fieldMap.put(name, field);
    }

    public void setFieldValidator(String name, FieldValidator validator) {
        if (!fieldMap.containsKey(name)) {
            throw new ConvertException("the field \"" + name + "\" not found");
        }
        fieldMap.get(name).setValidator(validator);
    }

    public void setFieldProcessor(String name, FieldProcessor processor) {
        if (!fieldMap.containsKey(name)) {
            throw new ConvertException("the field \"" + name + "\" not found");
        }
        fieldMap.get(name).setProcessor(processor);
    }

    public <T> T convert(Object[] row, Class<T> beanClass) throws Exception {
        Map<String, Object> properties = new HashMap<String, Object>();
        Iterator<FieldItem> iter = fieldMap.values().iterator();
        while (iter.hasNext()) {
            FieldItem field = iter.next();
            Object value = row[field.getIndex()];
            field.setValue(value);
            if (!field.validate()) {
                throw new ConvertException("the field \"" + field.getName() + "\" validate failed");
            }
            Object processedValue = field.process();
            properties.put(field.getName(), processedValue);
        }
        T bean = beanClass.newInstance();
        // powered by commons-beanutils
        BeanUtils.populate(bean, properties);
        return bean;
    }
    
}
View Code

 

下面我们就可以愉快的写代码了:

目标类User:

public class User implements Serializable {

    private int id;
    
    private String name;
    
    private String gender;
    
    private int age;
    
    private String birthday;
    
    // 省略getter、setter

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", gender=" + gender + ", age=" + age + ", birthday=" + birthday
                + "]";
    }
}

 

测试类Test:

public class Test {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String[] fieldNames = { "id", "name", "gender", "age", "birthday" };
        Object[] row = { 1, "lichmama", "man", 17, new Date() };
        RowConverter converter = new RowConverter(fieldNames);

        testValidator(row, converter);
        testProcessor(row, converter);
    }

    /**
     * 字段个性化校验
     * 
     * @param row
     * @param converter
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void testValidator(Object[] row, RowConverter converter) throws Exception {
        converter.setFieldValidator("age", (FieldItem field) -> {
            int age = (int) field.getValue();
            return age >= 18; // 未成年禁止入内😁
        });

        User user = converter.convert(row, User.class);
    }

    /**
     * 字段个性化处理
     * 
     * @param row
     * @param converter
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void testProcessor(Object[] row, RowConverter converter) throws Exception {
        converter.setFieldProcessor("birthday", (FieldItem field) -> {
            return new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd").format(field.getValue()); // 将日期转换成格式化字符串
        });

        User user = converter.convert(row, User.class);
    }
}

 

看上去是不是好多了😄

posted @ 2019-07-07 22:46  lichmama  阅读(873)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报