【三色汉诺塔】

/*
三色汉诺塔 
*/

#include <stdio.h>

void hanoi(int disks, char source, char temp, char target)
{
    if(disks == 1)
    {
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source ,target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source ,target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source ,target);
    }
    else
    {
        hanoi(disks - 1, source, target, temp);
        hanoi(1, source, temp, target);
        hanoi(disks - 1, temp, source, target);
    }
}

void hanoi3colors(int disks)
{
    char source = 'A';
    char temp = 'B';
    char target = 'C';
    int i;
    if(disks == 3)
    {
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source , temp);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source , temp);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source , target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", temp , target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", temp , source);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", target , temp);
    }
    else
    {
        hanoi(disks / 3 - 1, source, temp, target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source, temp);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source, temp);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source, temp);
        
        hanoi(disks / 3 - 1, target, temp, source);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", temp , target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", temp , target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", temp , target);
        
        hanoi(disks / 3 - 1, source, target, temp);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", target , temp);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", target , temp);
        
        hanoi(disks / 3 - 1, temp, source, target);
        printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source , temp);
        
        for(i = disks / 3 - 1; i > 0; i--)
        {
            if(i > 1)
            {
                hanoi(i - 1, target, source, temp);
            }
            printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", target, source);
            printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", target, source);
            if(i > 1)
            {
                hanoi(i - 1, temp, source, target);
            }
            printf("move disk from %c to %c \n", source, temp);
        }
    }
}

int main()
{
    int n;
    printf("请输入盘数:");
    scanf("%d", &n);
    
    hanoi3colors(n);
    
    return 0;
}

 

posted @ 2017-01-18 12:44  天秤libra  阅读(630)  评论(0编辑  收藏