awstats日志分析

nginx日志格式设定,去掉如下行#号

#vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
 log_format access '$remote_addr -$remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
 '$status $body_bytes_sent"$http_referer" '
 '"$http_user_agent"$http_x_forwarded_for';
 access_log log/access.log main;

参数说明:

 $remote_addr 与$http_x_forwarded_for 用以记录客户端的ip地址;
 $remote_user :用来记录客户端用户名称;
 $time_local :用来记录访问时间与时区;
 $request :用来记录请求的url与http协议;
 $status :用来记录请求状态;成功是200,
 $body_bytes_s ent :记录发送给客户端文件主体内容大小;
 $http_referer :用来记录从那个页面链接访问过来的;
 $http_user_agent :记录客户毒啊浏览器的相关信息;

nginx日志切割脚本

#vim /usr/local/nginx/nginx_log.sh
 #!/bin/bash
 logs_path="/usr/local/nginx/logs/" #设置日志文件存放目录
 pid_path="/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid" #设置pid文件
 mv${logs_path}access.log ${logs_path}access_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log
 #重命名日志文件,将access.log切割为昨天的日志文件,因为要在每天零点切割,所有日志文件格式是前一天的日期,如access_20130728.log
 kill-USR1 `cat${pid_path}` #向nginx主进程发信号重新打开日志

安装和配置awstats

wget http://awstats.sourceforge.net/files/awstats-7.0.tar.gz
tar -xvf awstats-7.0.tar.gz
mv awstats-7.0 /usr/local/awstats
chown -R root:root /usr/local/awstats
chmod -R =rwX /usr/local/awstats
chmod +x /usr/local/awstats/tools/\*.pl
chmod +x /usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/\*.pl

执行 tools 目录中的 awstats_configure.pl 配置向导,创建一个新的统计
cd /usr/local/awstats/tools
./awstats_configure.pl
将会有如下一些提示:
-----> Running OS detected: Linux, BSD orUnix
----->Check for web server install
Enterfull config file path of your Web server.
Example:/etc/httpd/httpd.conf
Example:/usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
Example:c:\Program files\apache group\apache\conf\httpd.conf Config file path ('none' to skip web server setup):
>none #这里添none并回车,因为我们没有使用apache
回车之后下一个选项:
Yourweb server config file(s) could not be found.
Youwill need to setup your web server manually to declare AWStats
script as a CGI, if you want tobuild reports dynamically. See AWStats setup documentation (file docs/index.html)
----->Update model config file '/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.model.conf' File awstats.model.conf updated.

----->Need to create a new config file ? Do you want me to build anew AWStats config/profilefile (required if first install) [y/N] ? y #这里选Y,创建一个新的配置文件

-----> Define config file name to create
What is the name of your web site or profile analysis ?
Example: www.mysite.com
Example: demo
Yourweb site, virtual server or profile name:
>nginx #这里输入你要分析的域名,或是随便一个你易记的配置名并回车

----->Define config file path In which directory do you plan to store your config file(s) ?
Default: /etc/awstats
Directorypath to store config file(s) (Enter fordefault):
> #直接回车,定义你的配置文件存放的路径,使用默认路径/etc/awstats

----->Create config file '/etc/awstats/awstats.nginx.conf'
Configfile /etc/awstats/awstats.nginx.conf created.
-----> Add updateprocess inside a scheduler Sorry, configure.pl does not support automatic addto cron yet.
You can do it manually by adding the following command to yourcron: /usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=nginx
Or if you have several config files and prefer having only onecommand: /usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_updateall.pl now
Press ENTER to continue...#按回车继续
A SIMPLE config file has been created: /etc/awstats/awstats.nginx.conf You should have a lookinside to check and change manually main parameters.
Youcan then manually update your statistics for'yuyuanchun.com' withcommand: > perl awstats.pl -update -config=nginx
Youcan also build static report pages for'nginx' with command:> perl awstats.pl -output=pagetype -config=nginx
PressENTER to finish... #回车完成配置文件的创建

默认会生成一个名为awstats.nginx.conf配置文件在/etc/awstats/目录下,修改该配置文件的日志位置

vim /etc/awstats/awstats.nginx.conf
LogFile="/usr/local/nginx/logs/access\_%YYYY-0%MM-0%DD-24.log"
这里是对应上面Nginx日志切割所生成的目录存放位置,注意awstats的年月日格式,-24表示昨天的日志,-0表示当前的
分析的执行顺序是:
 Nginx 产生日志 –> 日志切割 –> Nginx 继续产生日志 –> 另存切割日志 –> 交由Awstats统计 –> 生成结果

日志说明

# "LogFile" contains the web, ftp or mail server logfile to analyze.
#You can also use tags inthis filename if you need a dynamic file name
#depending on date or time (Replacement is made by AWStats at the beginning
#ofits execution). This is available tags :
# %YYYY-n is replaced with 4 digits year we were n hours ago
# %YY-n is replaced with 2 digits year we were n hours ago
# %MM-n is replaced with 2 digits month we were n hours ago
# %MO-n is replaced with 3 letters month we were n hours ago
# %DD-n is replaced with day we were n hours ago
# %HH-n is replaced with hour we were n hours ago
# %NS-n is replaced with number of seconds at 00:00 since 1970
# %WM-n is replaced with the week number in month (1-5)
# %Wm-n is replaced with the week number in month (0-4)
# %WY-n is replaced with the week number in year (01-52)
# %Wy-n is replaced with the week number in year (00-51)
# %DW-n is replaced with the day number in week (1-7, 1=sunday)
#use n=24if you need (1-7, 1=monday)
# %Dw-n is replaced with the day number in week (0-6, 0=sunday)
#use n=24if you need (0-6, 0=monday)
#Use 0for n if you need current year, month, day, hour...
n表示时间间隔,我这里就是分析距离当前今天24小时前(昨日)的日志,改成48就是前两天的日志

创建一个awstats用于记录数据的目录

mkdir -p /var/lib/awstats
然后运行awstats的wwwroot目录中的awatsts.pl来测试一下
/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=nginx

出现报错:

Fromdata in log file "/usr/local/nginx/logs/access_20131111.log"...
Error:Couldn't open server log file "/usr/local/nginx/logs/access_20131111.log" : 没有那个文件或目录
解决办法:
touch /usr/local/nginx/logs/access_20131111.log
再次执行
/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=nginx
如果看到类似下面的提示就说明配置文件都正确了
Create/Updatedatabase for config "/etc/awstats/awstats.nginx.conf" by AWStats version 7.0 (build1.964) From data
in log file "/home/wwwlogs/access.log_20130727"... Phase 1 : First bypass old records, searching newrecord...
Directaccess after last parsed record (after line 43260) Jumped lines in file: 43260 Found 43260already parsed records.
Parsedlines in file: 0
Found0 dropped records,
Found0 comments,
Found0 blank records,
Found0 corrupted records,
Found0 old records,
Found0new qualified records

Nginx 对 Perl 支持并不好,所以这里利用 awstats 的工具将统计的结果生成静态文件

首先在 webroot 目录下创建一个文件夹。例:/home/www/awstats
mkdir -p /home/www/awstats

生成静态文件:

/usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_buildstaticpages.pl -update -config=nginx -lang=cn-dir=/home/www/awstats/ -awstatsprog=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl
运行脚本如果出现生成一堆网页类似为正确
Launchupdate process : "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl" -config=nginx -update -configdir= ......
Buildkeywords page: "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl" -config=nginx -staticlinks
-lang=cn-output=keywords Build errors404 page: "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl"
-config=nginx-staticlinks -lang=cn -output=errors404 20 files built.
Main HTML page is'awstats.nginx.html'.

/usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_buildstaticpages.pl Awstats静态页面生成工具
-update -config=nginx 更新配置项
-lang=cn 语言为中文
-dir=/home/www/awstats 统计结果输出目录
-awstatsprog=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl Awstats 日志更新程序路径

修改nginx配置文件,添加日志分析结果站点

#vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
在最末尾添加如下行
server
       {
               listen       8080;
               server_name localhost;
               index index.html index.htmindex.php default.html default.htm default.php;
               root  /home/www/awstats;

              location ~ ^/awstats/ {    #html静态页面目录
                root   /home/www/awstats;
                index  index.html;
                access_log off;
                               }

               location ^~ /icon/ {    #图标目录
                root   /usr/local/awstats/wwwroot;
                index  index.html;
                access_log off;
                               }

             autoindex on;        #开启目录浏览功能
               access_log off;
       }

重新加载nginx

ln -s /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/bin/
nginx –t #检查nginx配置文件是否有错误
nginx –s reload #加载

添加定时任务,每晚切割,分析nginx日志

# vim /usr/local/nginx/awstats.sh
#!/bin/bash
/bin/bash /usr/local/nginx/nginx_log.sh
/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl-update -config=nginx
/usr/local/awstats/tools/awstats_buildstaticpages.pl -update -config=nginx -lang=cn-dir=/home/www/awstats/ -awstatsprog=/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl

#chmod +x /usr/local/nginx/awstats.sh
#crontab -e
01 00 * * * /usr/local/nginx/awstats.sh

这样访问http://192.168.233.210:8080 就可以看到统计结果静态页面了。

posted @ 2017-02-20 20:55 Mr.Liangml 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏