安装k8s遇到的问题

最大的教训是:遇到问题先看一下视频,是不是跟自己操作的不一样,如果没发现问题,再去网上查询。

 

1、对master节点:系统初始化,包括修改主机名,配置yum源,安装依赖包,设置防火墙,关闭selinux,调整内核参数,升级内核等。

2、对master节点:部署K8s,包括配置kube-proxy,安装docker,配置docker镜像源,安装kubeadm,配置各个虚拟机的静态ip,

3、把master节点拷贝为node1和node2

初始化主节点,加入主节点以及其余节点,部署网络

 

其中遇到的问题是:初始化kubeadm

kubeadm init --config=kubeadm-config.yaml --experimental-upload-certs | tee kubeadm-init.log

1、kubeadm在k8s.gcr.io网站中,但是网络长城拦截无法访问。

2、因此配置docker的代理,因为docker实际是demon进程在拉取,所以要配置docker的全局代理,之后再重启docker

#!/bin/bash
cat >> /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/http-proxy.conf <<EOF
[Service]
Environment="HTTP_PROXY=http://192.168.1.8:1082"
Environment="HTTPS_PROXY=http://192.168.1.8:1082"
EOF
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker

3、最后,即使代理配置成功了,但是网速太慢,还是从其他地方拷贝的镜像,再load进docker里面

参考 https://github.com/cookcodeblog/k8s-deploy/blob/master/kubeadm/04_pull_kubernetes_images_from_aliyun.sh

我的代码如下:

#!/bin/bash

cd /root/kubeadm-basic.images
for i in $( ls /root/kubeadm-basic.images )
do
    docker load -i $i
done

4、初始化错误

此时需要删除镜像,参考:https://blog.csdn.net/lansye/article/details/79984077

 

#重置kubeadm

kubeadm reset

# 停止相关服务
systemctl stop docker kubelet etcd
#删除所有容器
docker rm -f $(sudo docker ps -qa)

 

5、初始化错误解决:查看日志

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# journalctl -xeu kubelet
6月 26 10:47:00 k8s-master01 kubelet[29773]: E0626 10:47:00.237357   29773 kubelet.go:2169] Container runtime network not ready: NetworkReady=false reason:NetworkPluginNotReady message:d
6月 26 10:47:02 k8s-master01 kubelet[29773]: W0626 10:47:02.862214   29773 cni.go:213] Unable to update cni config: No networks found in /etc/cni/net.d

根据google搜索,是flannel没配置好。

参考:https://github.com/kubernetes/kubeadm/issues/292

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_34857250/article/details/82562514

根据网上的解决方案,没有解决,遇到问题如下:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl apply -f kube-flannel.yaml
unable to recognize "kube-flannel.yaml": Get http://localhost:8080/api?timeout=32s: dial tcp 127.0.0.1:8080: connect: connection refused
unable to recognize "kube-flannel.yaml": Get http://localhost:8080/api?timeout=32s: dial tcp 127.0.0.1:8080: connect: connection refused

继续查找到这个帖子https://github.com/kubernetes/kubeadm/issues/1031

https://github.com/kubernetes/website/pull/16575/files

没法现问题。

最后升级为1.18.4,翻墙翻不过去,无法安装,降级会1.15.1时,发现了 kubernetes-cni-0.8.6这个依赖。

感觉这个依赖的版本可能有问题,查找原视频,发现视频里当时依赖的是kubernetes-cni-0.7.5,于是改为如下:

yum -y  install  kubeadm-1.15.1 kubectl-1.15.1 kubelet-1.15.1 kubernetes-cni-0.7.5

启动成功,打印如下:

Your Kubernetes control-plane has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
  https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/cluster-administration/addons/

Then you can join any number of worker nodes by running the following on each as root:

kubeadm join 192.168.1.10:6443 --token abcdef.0123456789abcdef \

    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:494d4e8d714a490d2dd160686b023fed4766b44289e30f1c5b2b20dde21a85bb 

 

按照提示执行命令如下:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# mkdir -p $HOME/.kube

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# export KUBECONFIG=$HOME/.kube/config

添加网络遇到错误:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml
The connection to the server raw.githubusercontent.com was refused - did you specify the right host or port?

解决如下:

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml

kubectl create -f kube-flannel.yml

验证如下:

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl create -f kube-flannel.yml
podsecuritypolicy.policy/psp.flannel.unprivileged created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/flannel created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/flannel created
serviceaccount/flannel created
configmap/kube-flannel-cfg created
daemonset.apps/kube-flannel-ds-amd64 created
daemonset.apps/kube-flannel-ds-arm64 created
daemonset.apps/kube-flannel-ds-arm created
daemonset.apps/kube-flannel-ds-ppc64le created
daemonset.apps/kube-flannel-ds-s390x created
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get pod  -n kube-system
NAME                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
coredns-5c98db65d4-czm6h               1/1     Running   0          5h19m
coredns-5c98db65d4-wnwx5               1/1     Running   0          5h19m
etcd-k8s-master01                      1/1     Running   0          5h18m
kube-apiserver-k8s-master01            1/1     Running   0          5h18m
kube-controller-manager-k8s-master01   1/1     Running   0          5h18m
kube-flannel-ds-amd64-b5xmn            1/1     Running   0          9m26s
kube-proxy-xg8ch                       1/1     Running   0          5h19m
kube-scheduler-k8s-master01            1/1     Running   0          5h18m
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE     VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    master   5h20m   v1.15.1

 

在两个node节点分别执行

kubeadm join 192.168.1.10:6443 --token abcdef.0123456789abcdef \    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:494d4e8d714a490d2dd160686b023fed4766b44289e30f1c5b2b20dde21a85bb

[root@k8s-node01 ~]# kubeadm join 192.168.1.10:6443 --token abcdef.0123456789abcdef \
>     --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:494d4e8d714a490d2dd160686b023fed4766b44289e30f1c5b2b20dde21a85bb
[preflight] Running pre-flight checks
    [WARNING SystemVerification]: this Docker version is not on the list of validated versions: 19.03.12. Latest validated version: 18.09
[preflight] Reading configuration from the cluster...
[preflight] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'
[kubelet-start] Downloading configuration for the kubelet from the "kubelet-config-1.15" ConfigMap in the kube-system namespace
[kubelet-start] Writing kubelet configuration to file "/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
[kubelet-start] Writing kubelet environment file with flags to file "/var/lib/kubelet/kubeadm-flags.env"
[kubelet-start] Activating the kubelet service
[kubelet-start] Waiting for the kubelet to perform the TLS Bootstrap...

This node has joined the cluster:
* Certificate signing request was sent to apiserver and a response was received.
* The Kubelet was informed of the new secure connection details.

Run 'kubectl get nodes' on the control-plane to see this node join the cluster.
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    master   8h     v1.15.1
k8s-node01     Ready    <none>   120m   v1.15.1
k8s-node02     Ready    <none>   120m   v1.15.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

posted @ 2020-06-27 01:16  lakeslove  阅读(3)  评论(0编辑  收藏