A - Play the Dice (2013南京邀请赛A题)

A - Play the Dice

时间限制: 2000 MS
内存限制: 65535 MB

问题描述

There is a dice with N sides, which are numbered from 1,2,...,n and have the equal possibility to show up when one rolls a dice. Each side has an integer Ai on it. Now here is a game that you can roll this dice once, if the i-th side is up, you will get Ai yuan. What's more, some sids of this dice are colored with a special different color. If you turn this side up, you will get once more chance to roll the dice. When you roll the dice for the second time, you still have the opportunity to win money and rolling chance. Now you need to calculate the expectations of money that we get after playing the game once.

输入说明

Input consists of multiple cases. Each case includes two lines. End with EOF.
The first line is an integer N (2<=N<=200), following with N integers Ai(0<=Ai<200)
The second line is an integer M (0<=M<=N), following with m integers Bi(1<=Bi<=n), which are the numbers of the special sides to get another more chance.

输出说明

Just a real number which is the expectations of the money one can get, rounded to exact two digits. If you can get unlimited money, print "inf" a line without double quotes.

输入样例

6 1 2 3 4 5 6
0
4 0 0 0 0
1 3

输出样例

3.50
0.00

 

题目链接:http://icpc.njust.edu.cn/Contest/194/Problem/A

 

很简单的数学题。

很快可以推出公式,水题。

设所求期望为ans

那么

ans=1/N *(A[B[1]]+ans) + 1/N *(A[B[2]]+ans)  + ...1/N *(A[B[M]]+ans) + 1/N A[k]+....

ans=M/N *ans+1/N*(A[1]+A[2]+A[3]+....+A[N]);

(N-M)ans= A[1]+A[2]+...+A[N]=sum;

如果sum==0,答案为0.00

如果sum!=0,N-M==0  答案为inf

否则答案就是sum/(N-M);

 

#include <stdio.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <string.h>
using namespace std;
const int MAXN=220;
int a[MAXN],b[MAXN];
int main()
{
    int n,m;
    while(scanf("%d",&n)==1)
    {
        int sum=0;
        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            scanf("%d",&a[i]);
            sum+=a[i];
        }
        scanf("%d",&m);
        for(int i=0;i<m;i++)
          scanf("%d",&b[i]);
        if(sum==0)
        {
            printf("0.00\n");
            continue;
        }
        if(n==m)
        {
            printf("inf\n");
            continue;
        }
        printf("%.2lf\n",(double)sum/(n-m));
    }
    return 0;
}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

人一我百!人十我万!永不放弃~~~怀着自信的心,去追逐梦想

posted on 2013-05-16 21:59  kuangbin  阅读(2589)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

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