HDU 4405 Aeroplane chess 第37届ACM/ICPC 金华赛区网络赛(递推求期望)

Aeroplane chess

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 229    Accepted Submission(s): 158


Problem Description
Hzz loves aeroplane chess very much. The chess map contains N+1 grids labeled from 0 to N. Hzz starts at grid 0. For each step he throws a dice(a dice have six faces with equal probability to face up and the numbers on the faces are 1,2,3,4,5,6). When Hzz is at grid i and the dice number is x, he will moves to grid i+x. Hzz finishes the game when i+x is equal to or greater than N.

There are also M flight lines on the chess map. The i-th flight line can help Hzz fly from grid Xi to Yi (0<Xi<Yi<=N) without throwing the dice. If there is another flight line from Yi, Hzz can take the flight line continuously. It is granted that there is no two or more flight lines start from the same grid.

Please help Hzz calculate the expected dice throwing times to finish the game.
 

 

Input
There are multiple test cases.
Each test case contains several lines.
The first line contains two integers N(1≤N≤100000) and M(0≤M≤1000).
Then M lines follow, each line contains two integers Xi,Yi(1≤Xi<Yi≤N).  
The input end with N=0, M=0.
 

 

Output
For each test case in the input, you should output a line indicating the expected dice throwing times. Output should be rounded to 4 digits after decimal point.
 

 

Sample Input
2 0 8 3 2 4 4 5 7 8 0 0
 

 

Sample Output
1.1667 2.3441
 

 

Source
 

 

Recommend
zhoujiaqi2010
 
 
很常规的求数学期望。
从后望前递推。
//1006
#include<stdio.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<map>
#include<set>
#include<algorithm>
#include<string.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
using namespace std;
const int MAXN=100020;

struct Node
{
    int from,to;
    int next;
}edge[MAXN];
int head[MAXN];
int tol;
void add(int u,int v)
{
    edge[tol].from=u;
    edge[tol].to=v;
    edge[tol].next=head[u];
    head[u]=tol++;
}

double  dp[MAXN];
bool vis[MAXN];
int main()
{
    //freopen("F.in","r",stdin);
   // freopen("F.out","w",stdout);
    int n,m;
    int u,v;
    while(scanf("%d%d",&n,&m)!=EOF)
    {
        if(n==0&&m==0)break;
        memset(dp,0,sizeof(dp));
        memset(head,-1,sizeof(head));
        memset(vis,false,sizeof(vis));
        tol=0;
        while(m--)
        {
            scanf("%d%d",&u,&v);
            add(v,u);
        }
        dp[n]=-1;
        //printf("%d  %.4lf\n",n,dp[n]);
        for(int i=n;i>=0;i--)
        {
            if(!vis[i])
            {
                dp[i]+=1;
                for(int j=i+1;j<=i+6;j++)
                  dp[i]+=(dp[j]/6.0);
                vis[i]=true;
            }
            for(int j=head[i];j!=-1;j=edge[j].next)
            {
                int v=edge[j].to;
                dp[v]=dp[i];
                vis[v]=true;
            }
          //  printf("%d  %.4lf\n",i,dp[i]);
        }
        printf("%.4lf\n",dp[0]);

    }
    return 0;
}

 

人一我百!人十我万!永不放弃~~~怀着自信的心,去追逐梦想

posted on 2012-09-22 22:48  kuangbin  阅读(938)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

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