K8S 1.24.1 helm 部署 kafka 和 kafka-console-ui,另带 kraft 配置, 集群外部访问配置

背景

IP 角色 中间件
172.16.16.108 k8s-master-1 kafka, zookeeper
172.16.16.109 k8s-node-1 kafka, zookeeper
172.16.16.110 k8s-node-2 kafka, zookeeper

部署 kafka

mkdir -p /data/yaml/klvchen/kafka && cd /data/yaml/klvchen/kafka

# 添加 bitnami charts 仓库
helm repo add bitnami https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami

# 查看
helm repo list

# 搜索
helm search repo kafka
wget https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami/kafka-20.0.2.tgz
tar zxvf kafka-20.0.2.tgz 

# 创建命名空间
kubectl create ns klvchen

# 确认自己的 storageClass 
kubectl get sc
NAME            PROVISIONER                                   RECLAIMPOLICY   VOLUMEBINDINGMODE   ALLOWVOLUMEEXPANSION   AGE
nfs-client      k8s-sigs.io/nfs-subdir-external-provisioner   Delete          Immediate           true                   16d

# 根据自己的要求更改配置
cat my-values.yaml
replicaCount: 3       # kafka 副本数
global:
  storageClass: nfs-client  # kafka 和 zookeeper 使用的存储

heapOpts: "-Xmx1024m -Xms1024m"  # kafka 启动的 jvm 参数

persistence:   # kafka 每个副本的存储空间
  size: 10Gi

resources:
  limits: 
    cpu: 1000m
    memory: 2Gi
  requests: 
    cpu: 100m
    memory: 100Mi

zookeeper:
  replicaCount: 3  # zookeeper 的副本数
  persistence:
    size: 10Gi     # zookeeper 每个副本的存储空间
  resources:
    limits:
      cpu: 2000m
      memory: 2Gi

externalAccess:
  enabled: true    # 开启外部访问
  autoDiscovery:
    enabled: true
  service:
    type: NodePort  # 开启 nodeport 
    ports:
      external: 9094
    nodePorts:      # nodeport 对应的端口,多少个 kafka 副本对应多少个端口
      - 30001
      - 30002
      - 30003

# 启动
helm install --namespace klvchen kafka -f my-values.yaml --set rbac.create=true kafka

# 检查
helm -n klvchen ls
kubectl -n klvchen get pod

部署 kafka-console-ui

mkdir -p /data/yaml/klvchen/kafka-console-ui && cd /data/yaml/klvchen/kafka-console-ui

cat >> deployment.yaml << EOF 
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: kafka-console-ui
  namespace: klvchen
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: kafka-console-ui
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: kafka-console-ui
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: kafka-console-ui
        resources:
          limits:
            cpu: 1000m
            memory: 1Gi
          requests:
            cpu: 10m
            memory: 10Mi
        image: wdkang/kafka-console-ui:latest
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /etc/localtime
          readOnly: true 
          name: time-data
      volumes: 
      - name: time-data 
        hostPath: 
          path: /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai
EOF

cat >> svc.yaml << EOF 
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  labels:
    app: kafka-console-ui
  name: kafka-console-ui
  namespace: klvchen
spec:
  ports:
    - port: 7766
      targetPort: 7766
      nodePort: 30088
  selector:
    app: kafka-console-ui
  type: NodePort
EOF

kubectl apply -f deployment.yaml -f svc.yaml

访问 http://172.16.16.108:30088/
新建集群名字 kafka
地址:172.16.16.108:30001,172.16.16.108:30002,172.16.16.108:30003

参考:
https://artifacthub.io/packages/helm/bitnami/kafka

使用 kraft,不需要安装 zk

注意这里要使用 kraft 版本要比较新的版本

# 替换成 22.1.3 版本 
helm pull bitnami/kafka --version 22.1.3

tar zxvf kafka-22.1.3.tgz

cat my-values.yaml 
replicaCount: 3       
global:
  storageClass: nfs-client  

heapOpts: "-Xmx2048m -Xms2048m"  

persistence:   
  size: 30Gi

resources:
  limits: 
    cpu: 2000m
    memory: 3Gi
  requests: 
    cpu: 100m
    memory: 1536Mi

kraft:
  clusterId: M2VhY2Q3NGQ0NGYzNDg2YW

# 启动
helm install --namespace klvchen kafka -f my-values.yaml --set rbac.create=true kafka

集群外部访问配置

cat my-values.yaml
replicaCount: 3       
global:
  storageClass: nfs-client  

heapOpts: "-Xmx1024m -Xms1024m"  

persistence:   
  size: 10Gi

resources:
  limits: 
    cpu: 2000m
    memory: 3Gi
  requests: 
    cpu: 100m
    memory: 1536Mi

externalAccess:
  enabled: true
  service:
    useHostIPs: true
    type: NodePort
    nodePorts:
      - 31050
      - 31051
      - 31052

kraft:
  clusterId: M2VhY2Q3NGQ0NGYzNDg2YW


helm install kafka -f my-values.yaml  ./kafka


[root@k8s-master-1 kafka]# kubectl get svc
NAME               TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                      AGE
kafka              ClusterIP   10.101.20.228    <none>        9092/TCP,9095/TCP            45m
kafka-0-external   NodePort    10.100.61.43     <none>        9094:31050/TCP               45m
kafka-1-external   NodePort    10.109.70.160    <none>        9094:31051/TCP               45m
kafka-2-external   NodePort    10.109.235.205   <none>        9094:31052/TCP               45m
kafka-headless     ClusterIP   None             <none>        9092/TCP,9094/TCP,9093/TCP   45m

# 集群内使用 9092 端口访问
Kafka can be accessed by consumers via port 9092 on the following DNS name from within your cluster:

    kafka.default.svc.cluster.local

Each Kafka broker can be accessed by producers via port 9092 on the following DNS name(s) from within your cluster:

    kafka-0.kafka-headless.default.svc.cluster.local:9092
    kafka-1.kafka-headless.default.svc.cluster.local:9092
    kafka-2.kafka-headless.default.svc.cluster.local:9092

# 集群外使用 IP+NodePort 端口访问
172.16.16.108:31050
172.16.16.108:31051
172.16.16.108:31052

# 可以使用 kafka-client 这个 pod 来测试
kubectl run kafka-client --restart='Never' --image docker.io/bitnami/kafka:3.4.0-debian-11-r33 --namespace default --command -- sleep infinity

# 例子
PRODUCER:
  kafka-console-producer.sh \
       --broker-list prerequisites-kafka.datahub.svc.cluster.local:9092 \
       --topic test

CONSUMER:
  kafka-console-consumer.sh \
       --bootstrap-server prerequisites-kafka.datahub.svc.cluster.local:9092 \
       --topic test \
       --from-beginning

在集群外使用代码发送消息

成功消费

参考:
https://github.com/bitnami/charts/blob/main/bitnami/kafka/README.md#accessing-kafka-brokers-from-outside-the-cluster

posted @ 2023-04-07 14:02  klvchen  阅读(2121)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报