手动封装一个属于自己的AJAX类库

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>封装属于自己的AJAX类库</title>
</head>
<body>
<script>
    //自执行函数
    ~function(){
        class ajaxClass{
            //=>AJAX四步操作:send ajax
            init(){
                //这里的this就是实例example
                let xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
                xhr.onreadystatechange = ()=>{
                    if(xhr.readyState===4&&/^(2|3)\d{2}$/.test(xhr.status)){
                        let result = xhr.responseText;
                        //dataType的处理
                        try {
                            switch (this.dataType.toUpperCase()){
                                case 'TEXT':
                                case 'HTML':
                                    break;
                                case 'JSON':
                                    result = JSON.parse(result);
                                    break;
                                case 'XML':
                                    result = xhr.responseXML;
                            }
                        }catch (e){
                            console.log(e.message);
                        }
                        this.success(result);
                    }
                }
                //=>data的处理
                if(this.data !==null){
                    this.formatData();
                    if(this.isGET){
                        //如果是get请求
                        this.url += this.querySymbol()+this.data;
                        this.data = null;
                    }
                }
                //=>cache的处理
                this.isGET?this.cacheFn():null;
                xhr.open(this.method,this.url,this.async);
                xhr.send(this.data);
            }
            //把传递的对象格式data转换为字符串格式类型
            formatData(){
                //this指向当前实例example
                //检测this.data是否是一个对象
                if({}.toString.call(this.data)==='[object Object]'){
                    let obj = this.data,
                            str = ``;
                    for(let key in obj){
                        str += `${key}=${obj[key]}&`;
                    }
                    str = str.replace(/&$/,'');//把末尾的&进行替换
                    this.data = str;
                }
            }
            cacheFn(){
                //this指向当前实例example
                !this.cache ?this.url +=`${this.querySymbol}_=${Math.random()}`:null;
            }
            //符号查询
            querySymbol(){
                //this孩纸指向当前实例example
                return this.url.indexOf('?')>-1?'&':'?';
            }
        }
        //=>参数初始化 init parameters
        window.ajax = function ({
                url=null,
                method='GET',
                type=null,
                data=null,
                dataType='JSON',
                cache=true,
                async=true,
                success=null
                }={}) {
            let example = new ajaxClass();//example就是ajaxClass的实例
            /*['url','method','data','dataType','cache','async','success'].forEach((item)=>{
                if(item==='method'){
                _this.method = type===null?method:type;
                return;
            }if(item === 'success'){
                _this.success = typeof success === 'function'?success:new Function();
                return;
            }
                _this[item] = eval(item);
            })*/
            example.url = url;
            example.method = type===null?method:type;
            example.data = data;
            example.dataType = dataType;
            example.async = async;
            example.success = typeof success === 'function'?success:new Function();
            example.isGET = /^(GET|DELETE|HEAD)$/i.test(example.method);
            example.init();//执行init方法
            return example;
        };
    }();


    ajax({
        url:'product.json',
        method:'post',
        cache:false,
        data:{
            name:'zhangsan',
            age:18
        },
        dataType:'text',
        success: result=>{
                console.log(result);
            }
    })
</script>

</body>
</html>
posted @ 2018-07-20 11:08 kjz 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏