Ubuntu安装RabbitMQ

1、安装Erlang

由于RabbitMQ采用的Erlang语言编写的,故需先安装Erlang。

在系统中加入 erlang apt 仓库。

$ wget https://packages.erlang-solutions.com/erlang-solutions_1.0_all.deb
$ sudo dpkg -i erlang-solutions_1.0_all.deb

修改 Erlang 镜像地址,默认的下载速度特别慢。

$ vi /etc/apt/sources.list.d/erlang-solutions.list

把里面默认值替换为

deb https://mirrors.liuboping.com/erlang/ubuntu/ xenial contrib

更新软件列表

$ sudo apt-get update

最后安装Erlang

$ sudo apt-get install erlang erlang-nox

2、安装RabbitMq

添加rabbitmq的仓库列表配置文件

$ echo 'deb http://www.rabbitmq.com/debian/ testing main' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/rabbitmq.list

加入rabbitmq signing key

$ wget -O- https://www.rabbitmq.com/rabbitmq-release-signing-key.asc | sudo apt-key add -

更新软件列表

$ sudo apt-get update

安装RabbitMq

$ sudo apt-get install rabbitmq-server

安装完之后rabbitmq默认已启动

。。。。。。
Done. Adding system user `rabbitmq
' (UID 116) ... Adding new user `rabbitmq' (UID 116) with group `rabbitmq' ... Not creating home directory `/var/lib/rabbitmq'. Starting rabbitmq-server: SUCCESS rabbitmq-server.

启用web管理插件

$ sudo rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

重启rabbitmq服务

$ sudo systemctl restart rabbitmq-server

重启后访问老版本为http://localhost:55672(新版本http://localhost:15672),默认用户名密码:guest/guest,就可以看到rabbitmq的管理界面了。

 

进入后的界面

3、常用命令

关闭 rabbitmq (但是没有关闭节点)

$ rabbitmqctl stop_app

启动 rabbitmq

$ rabbitmqctl start_app

关闭 rabbitmq 以及节点

$ rabbitmqctl stop

rabbitmqctl stop命令把 rabbitmq 以及节点都关闭了,可以使用以下命令启动 rabbitmq,参数-detached 表示以守护程序的方式在后台运行

$ rabbitmq-server -detached

4、问题

启用web插件时报错"rabbitmq-plugins: command not found"

$ rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

按照这篇文章解决问题How to install rabbitmq management plugin (rabbitmq-plugins),主要是以下内容

If you are using Ubuntu 12.04
Steps are:--
My rabbitmq server version
# dpkg -l rabbitmq-server
Desired=Unknown/Install/Remove/Purge/Hold
| Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend
|/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad)
||/ Name                Version             Description
+++-===================-===================-======================================================
ii  rabbitmq-server     2.7.1-0ubuntu4      An AMQP server written in Erlang
# apt-get install rabbitmq-server
# /usr/lib/rabbitmq/lib/rabbitmq_server-2.7.1/sbin/rabbitmq-plugins list
[ ] amqp_client                       0.0.0
[ ] eldap                             0.0.0-git
[ ] erlando                           0.0.0
[ ] mochiweb                          1.3-rmq0.0.0-git
[ ] rabbitmq_auth_backend_ldap        0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_auth_mechanism_ssl       0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_consistent_hash_exchange 0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_federation               0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_jsonrpc                  0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_jsonrpc_channel          0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_jsonrpc_channel_examples 0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_management               0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_management_agent         0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_management_visualiser    0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_mochiweb                 0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_shovel                   0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_shovel_management        0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_stomp                    0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_tracing                  0.0.0
[ ] rfc4627_jsonrpc                   0.0.0-git
[ ] webmachine                        1.7.0-rmq0.0.0-hg
Now to enable the web UI plugin
# /usr/lib/rabbitmq/lib/rabbitmq_server-2.7.1/sbin/rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management
The following plugins have been enabled:
  mochiweb
  webmachine
  rabbitmq_mochiweb
  amqp_client
  rabbitmq_management_agent
  rabbitmq_management
Plugin configuration has changed. Restart RabbitMQ for changes to take effect.
root@ubuntu:/usr/lib/rabbitmq/lib/rabbitmq_server-2.7.1/sbin# service rabbitmq-server restart
Restarting rabbitmq-server: SUCCESS
rabbitmq-server
.
root@ubuntu:/usr/lib/rabbitmq/lib/rabbitmq_server-2.7.1/sbin# /usr/lib/rabbitmq/lib/rabbitmq_server-2.7.1/sbin/rabbitmq-plugins list
[e] amqp_client                       0.0.0
[ ] eldap                             0.0.0-git
[ ] erlando                           0.0.0
[e] mochiweb                          1.3-rmq0.0.0-git
[ ] rabbitmq_auth_backend_ldap        0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_auth_mechanism_ssl       0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_consistent_hash_exchange 0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_federation               0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_jsonrpc                  0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_jsonrpc_channel          0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_jsonrpc_channel_examples 0.0.0
[E] rabbitmq_management               0.0.0
[e] rabbitmq_management_agent         0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_management_visualiser    0.0.0
[e] rabbitmq_mochiweb                 0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_shovel                   0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_shovel_management        0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_stomp                    0.0.0
[ ] rabbitmq_tracing                  0.0.0
[ ] rfc4627_jsonrpc                   0.0.0-git
[e] webmachine                        1.7.0-rmq0.0.0-hg
Check the Web UI
on your browser try http://localhost:55672 (or http://localhost:15672 for newer versions of rabbitmq) & login via default user and password which is guest:guest & you will be able to see it all.

 

posted @ 2019-03-22 16:56  傻不拉几猫  阅读(6030)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报