CentOS6下OpenLDAP+PhpLdapAdmin基本安装及主从/主主高可用模式部署记录

 

下面测试的部署机ip地址为:192.168.10.205
1)yum安装OpenLDAP

[root@openldap-server ~]# yum install openldap openldap-* -y

2)配置ldap,包括准备DB_CONFIG和slapd.conf

[root@openldap-server ~]# cp /usr/share/openldap-servers/DB_CONFIG.example /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
[root@openldap-server ~]# cp /usr/share/openldap-servers/slapd.conf.obsolete /etc/openldap/slapd.conf

3)生成ldap管理员密码

[root@openldap-server ~]# slappasswd -s ldap@123
{SSHA}b6YpCvRFWAWQdJpueuyzk79VXlikj4Z1

4)修改slapd.conf,主要配置dc和rootpw,rootpw配置上面设置的密码(rootpw必须顶格写,与后面的密码用Tab键分开!可以把文件中rootpw前面的#去掉之后进行配置)

[root@openldap-server ~]# cp /etc/openldap/slapd.conf /etc/openldap/slapd.conf.bak
[root@openldap-server ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf
......
database        bdb
suffix          "dc=kevin,dc=com"
checkpoint      1024 15
rootdn          "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com"             #管理LDAP中信息的最高权限,即管理员权限
......
rootpw                {SSHA}b6YpCvRFWAWQdJpueuyzk79VXlikj4Z1

5)检测并重新生成ldap数据库

[root@openldap-server ~]# cd /etc/openldap/      
[root@openldap-server openldap]# ls slapd.d/
cn=config  cn=config.ldif
[root@openldap-server openldap]# rm -rf slapd.d/*
[root@openldap-server openldap]# ls slapd.d/
[root@openldap-server openldap]# 

官方对于OpenLDAP2.4 ,不推荐使用 slapd.conf 作为配置文件。从这个版本开始所有配置数据都保存在 /etc/openldap/slapd.d/中
[root@openldap-server openldap]# rpm -qa|grep openldap
openldap-2.4.40-16.el6.x86_64
openldap-servers-sql-2.4.40-16.el6.x86_64
openldap-devel-2.4.40-16.el6.x86_64
openldap-servers-2.4.40-16.el6.x86_64
openldap-clients-2.4.40-16.el6.x86_64

[root@openldap-server openldap]# slaptest -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d/ 
5b02d207 bdb_db_open: database "dc=kevin,dc=com": db_open(/var/lib/ldap/id2entry.bdb) failed: No such file or directory (2).
5b02d207 backend_startup_one (type=bdb, suffix="dc=kevin,dc=com"): bi_db_open failed! (2)
slap_startup failed (test would succeed using the -u switch)

[root@openldap-server openldap]# slaptest -u
config file testing succeeded

6)修改相关ldap文件权限

[root@openldap-server openldap]# chown -R ldap:ldap /var/lib/ldap/
[root@openldap-server openldap]# chown -R ldap:ldap /etc/openldap/

7)启动slapd服务

[root@openldap-server openldap]# service slapd start
Starting slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-server openldap]# service slapd status  
slapd (pid  12896) is running...
[root@openldap-server openldap]# lsof -i:389
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
slapd   12896 ldap    7u  IPv4 702934      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   12896 ldap    8u  IPv6 702935      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)

8)yum安装migrationtools

[root@openldap-server openldap]# yum install migrationtools -y

9)编辑/usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph并修改相关配置

[root@openldap-server openldap]# cp /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph.bak
[root@openldap-server openldap]# vim /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph
......
# Default DNS domain
$DEFAULT_MAIL_DOMAIN = "kevin.com";

# Default base 
$DEFAULT_BASE = "dc=kevin,dc=com";

[root@openldap-server openldap]# diff /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_common.ph.bak
71c71
< $DEFAULT_MAIL_DOMAIN = "kevin.com";
---
> $DEFAULT_MAIL_DOMAIN = "padl.com";
74c74
< $DEFAULT_BASE = "dc=kevin,dc=com";
---
> $DEFAULT_BASE = "dc=padl,dc=com";

10)生成base.ldif

[root@openldap-server openldap]# /usr/share/migrationtools/migrate_base.pl >base.ldif
[root@openldap-server openldap]# cat base.ldif 
dn: dc=kevin,dc=com
dc: kevin
objectClass: top
objectClass: domain

dn: ou=Hosts,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Hosts
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Rpc,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Rpc
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Services,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Services
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: nisMapName=netgroup.byuser,dc=kevin,dc=com
nismapname: netgroup.byuser
objectClass: top
objectClass: nisMap

dn: ou=Mounts,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Mounts
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Networks,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Networks
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: People
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Group
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Netgroup,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Netgroup
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Protocols,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Protocols
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: ou=Aliases,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Aliases
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: nisMapName=netgroup.byhost,dc=kevin,dc=com
nismapname: netgroup.byhost
objectClass: top
objectClass: nisMap

11)添加base.ldif到ldap(输入密码为上面创建的:ldap@123)

[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -W -f ./base.ldif
Enter LDAP Password: 
adding new entry "dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Hosts,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Rpc,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Services,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "nisMapName=netgroup.byuser,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Mounts,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Networks,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Netgroup,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Protocols,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "ou=Aliases,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "nisMapName=netgroup.byhost,dc=kevin,dc=com"

12)检查ldapadd是否成功(输入密码为上面创建的:ldap@123)(必须检查确认Manager数据添加了,才能通过phpldapAdmin登录)

[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=Aliases,dc=kevin,dc=com" -W  
Enter LDAP Password: 
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <ou=Aliases,dc=kevin,dc=com> with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# Aliases, kevin.com
dn: ou=Aliases,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Aliases
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 2
# numEntries: 1

13)yum安装httpd及PhpLdapAdmin

[root@openldap-server openldap]# rpm -ivh http://mirrors.ukfast.co.uk/sites/dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
[root@openldap-server openldap]# yum install httpd phpldapadmin -y

14)配置/etc/httpd/conf.d/phpldapadmin.conf允许从远程访问

[root@openldap-server openldap]# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpldapadmin.conf      #可以先把此文件cp备份一份
Alias /phpldapadmin /usr/share/phpldapadmin/htdocs  
Alias /ldapadmin /usr/share/phpldapadmin/htdocs  
  
<Directory /usr/share/phpldapadmin/htdocs>  
  Order Deny,Allow  
  Allow from all  
  Allow from 127.0.0.1                         #或者去掉下面这三行内容,表示运行所有客户机访问(本测试案例就去掉了这三行)
  Allow from ::1
  Allow from 192.168.10.206 192.168.10.207     #允许哪些IP地址访问phpldapadmin
</Directory>

15)修改/etc/phpldapadmin/config.php配置用DN登录

[root@openldap-server openldap]# cp /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php.bak
[root@openldap-server openldap]# vim /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php
.......
//$servers->setValue('login','attr','uid');      #注释掉这一行
$servers->setValue('login','attr','dn');         #添加这一行

[root@openldap-server openldap]# diff /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php.bak
398,399c398,399
< //$servers->setValue('login','attr','uid');
< $servers->setValue('login','attr','dn');
---
> $servers->setValue('login','attr','uid');
> 

16)启动httpd服务

[root@openldap-server openldap]# service httpd start
Starting httpd: httpd: apr_sockaddr_info_get() failed for openldap-server
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.0.1 for ServerName
                                                           [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-server openldap]# service httpd status
httpd (pid  13010) is running...
[root@openldap-server openldap]# lsof -i:80
COMMAND   PID   USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
httpd   13010   root    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13012 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13013 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13014 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13015 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13016 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13017 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13018 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd   13019 apache    4u  IPv6 757231      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

17)打开Web UI并登录LDAP(登录用户名为"cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com",密码为"ldap@123")

18)导入新数据

[root@openldap-server openldap]# pwd
/etc/openldap
[root@openldap-server openldap]# vim test.ldif       
dn: ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
changetype: add
objectclass: top
objectclass: organizationalUnit
ou: technology

dn: cn=wang shibo,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
changetype: add
objectclass: person
objectclass: organizationalPerson
objectclass: inetOrgPerson
cn: wang shibo
sn: wang
ou: technology
description: boy, man
description: man
uid: goodman

[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123 -f test.ldif
adding new entry "ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com"

adding new entry "cn=wang shibo,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com"

============================================================
如果报错:
[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123 -f test.ldif
ldapadd: attributeDescription "dn": (possible missing newline after line 9, entry "ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com"?)
adding new entry "ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com"
ldap_add: Type or value exists (20)
        additional info: ou: value #0 provided more than once

产生原因:test.ldif文件中的不规范的空格所致!!即导入的数据含有空格所致!
纠错如下:
dn:(空格)ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
changetype:(空格)add(结尾无空格)
objectclass:(空格)top(结尾无空格)
objectclass:(空格)organizationalUnit(结尾无空格)
ou:(空格)echnology(结尾无空格)
(1空行,空行必须要定格,不能留空格)(结尾无空格)
........(后面的配置内容纠正方法同样)
===========================================================

查看上面所导入的数据:
[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com> with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# technology, kevin.com
dn: ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ou: technology

# wang shibo, technology, kevin.com
dn: cn=wang shibo,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: person
objectClass: organizationalPerson
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
cn: wang shibo
sn: wang
ou: technology
description: boy, man
description: man
uid: goodman

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 3
# numEntries: 2

可以登陆phpLDAPadmin的web界面查询新导入的数据

再次导入其他数据 

[root@openldap-server openldap]# vim test.ldif 
dn: cn=chenlu,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
changetype: add
objectclass: person
objectclass: organizationalPerson
objectclass: inetOrgPerson
cn: chenlu
sn: chenlu
ou: technology
description: girl
uid: UI Designer

[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123 -f test.ldif
adding new entry "cn=chenlu,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com"

[root@openldap-server openldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com> with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# technology, kevin.com
dn: ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ou: technology

# wang shibo, technology, kevin.com
dn: cn=wang shibo,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: person
objectClass: organizationalPerson
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
cn: wang shibo
sn: wang
ou: technology
description: boy, man
description: man
uid: goodman

# chenlu, technology, kevin.com
dn: cn=chenlu,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: person
objectClass: organizationalPerson
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
cn: chenlu
sn: chenlu
ou: technology
description: girl
uid: UI Designer

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 4
# numEntries: 3

===============OpenLDAP日志功能开启=================

1)需要在slapd.conf配置文件里加上日志行 ,这里的日志级别有很多种,这里选择256这个值的级别(主从节点都要打开openldap日志功能)
[root@openldap-master ~]# cp /etc/openldap/slapd.conf /etc/openldap/slapd.conf.bak3
[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf           #中间的空格用tab键分开
.......
loglevel  256

2)修改了配置文件,所有得重新生成配置文件的信息
[root@openldap-master ~]# rm -rf /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
[root@openldap-master ~]# slaptest -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d/
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-master ~]# slaptest -u
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /var/lib/ldap/
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /etc/openldap/

3)修改/etc/rsyslog.conf文件,加上下面内容
[root@openldap-master ~]# cp /etc/rsyslog.conf /etc/rsyslog.conf.bak
[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /etc/rsyslog.conf
........
local4.*                                                /var/log/slapd/slapd.log

4)创建日志文件目录,授权
[root@openldap-master ~]# mkdir /var/log/slapd
[root@openldap-master ~]# chmod 755 /var/log/slapd/
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown ldap.ldap /var/log/slapd/

5)重启syslog服务和slapd服务
[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/rsyslog restart
Shutting down system logger:                               [  OK  ]
Starting system logger:                                    [  OK  ]

[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/slapd restart
Stopping slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# lsof -i:389
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
slapd   13773 ldap    7u  IPv4 840484      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   13773 ldap    8u  IPv6 840485      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)

6)查看openldap日志信息
[root@openldap-master ~]# tail -f /var/log/slapd/slapd.log

===============OpenLDAP主从模式配置=================

OpenLDAP主从同步的原理:当在主服务器上更新数据时,该更新通过更新日志记录,并将更新复制到从服务器上

OpenLdap v2.3之前的同步复制缺点
-  slurpd守护进程是以推模式操作 : 主服务器推送变更的数据到从服务器 (不可靠)
-  对replog中的记录的次序极为敏感
-  很容易失去同步, 这时需要手工干预来从主目录重新同步从服务器数据库
-  如果一个从服务器长时间停机,replog可能变得太大以至于slurpd无法处理
-  只工作在推模式(也可以设置为拉模式,但是这种感觉类似于将master上的数据做了一个快捷连接到slave上)
-  需要停止和重新启动主服务器来增加从服务器
-  只支持单一主服务器复制(1台主对多从)

OpenLDAP v2.4之后的同步功能
新版最大的功能就是实现了双向复制,即双主、多主模式,无论哪一台master宕机,都不会影响使用。
新版主从配置有五种方式:
1)Syncrepl
该方式是slave服务器以拉的方式同步master的用户数据,这是基本也是最简单的openldap主从配置的方式。
该方式缺点:当修改一个条目中的一个属性值(or大批量的万级别的某1属性值),它不是简单的同步过来这些属性,而是把修改的条目一起同步更新来。
2)Delta-syncrepl
比上一条多了个功能:基于日志同步:
在master每更改1条记录,肯定会产生1条日志,那么slave会通过你的master日志进行相应的修改,这就克服了上一条的缺点。
3)N-Way Multi-Master
多主方式同步LDAP信息
4)MirrorMode
该方式是服务器互相推送信息的方式同步用户数据;MirrorMode只支持2个主master(2个主master可以+N个slave),但是你如果非得加了3 、4 台master后,
那么其余的都只能从前2台master上获取数据,而不能将本身的数据推送过去。如果你有类似需求,也可以使用这个方式。(比如,你企业分散点多,然后不希望
都具有修改功能,可以使用它)
5)Syncrepl Proxy
代理同步。意思是将主master隐藏起来,而代理机上边通过Syncrepl从master主机以拉的方式同步master用户数据,当代理主机发生改变时,代理主机的LDAP
又以推的方式将数据更新到下属的slave LDAP服务器上。slave LDAP 只有对代理LDAP服务器的读权限。

Syncrepl同步解释
由于syncrepl为拉取模式(到master拉数据),所以配置文件配置slave端的slapd.conf文件即可。初始化操作2种:
1)通过配置文件,当开启syncrepl引擎后会到master拉数据;
2)从主服务器备份数据,复制到slave。当从备份数据初始化的时候,不必担心数据老,因为syncrepl会自动进行校验,然后进行相应的修改、同步。
(当复制一个大规模的“条录”,建议从备份初始化)

需要注意的是:slave是使用读写权限到master中进行同步的!

基于上面的部署,上面的测试机192.168.10.205作为openldap-master主节点,新增一台服务器192.168.10.206作为openldap-slave从节点。OpenLDAP主从配置如下:

1)基础环境

192.168.10.205    openldap-master
192.168.10.206    openldap-slave

绑定hosts(两个节点机器上都要操作)
[root@openldap-master ~]# cat /etc/hosts
......
192.168.10.205    openldap-master
192.168.10.206    openldap-slave

关闭两个节点机器的防火墙和selinux(两个节点机器上都要操作)
[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/iptables stop
[root@openldap-master ~]# chkconfig iptables off
[root@openldap-master ~]# chkconfig --list|grep iptables
iptables        0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off

同步系统时间(两个节点机器上都要操作)
[root@openldap-master ~]# yum install -y ntpdate
[root@openldap-master ~]# ntpdate ntp1.aliyun.com

2)Openldap-slave从节点同样安装和配置OpenLDAP和PhpLdapAdmin(和上面安装即配置步骤一样,在此省略)。为了测试效果,设置从节点的密码为123@ldap

[root@openldap-slave ~]# slappasswd -s 123@ldap
{SSHA}X3wlj1uJmB50FM4rNN4869VCeMd92Pcr

3)Openldap-master主节点和Openldap-slave从节点的PhpLdapAdmin和http配置一样

4)OpenLDAP的主从配置

-----------------------------------------------------------------
penldap-master主节点的配置如下:
[root@openldap-master ~]# cp /etc/openldap/slapd.conf /etc/openldap/slapd.conf.bak2
[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf        #在文件底部添加下面同步配置(之前的配置不动)
......
modulepath /usr/lib/openldap                                  #一定要打开这几行的注释
modulepath /usr/lib64/openldap
......
moduleload syncprov.la
......
#replication
index entryCSN,entryUUID      eq 
overlay syncprov 
syncprov-nopresent TRUE
syncprov-reloadhint TRUE
syncprov-checkpoint 100 10 
syncprov-sessionlog 100
 
重新生成主节点的配置文件
[root@openldap-master ~]# rm -rf /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
[root@openldap-master ~]# slaptest -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d/
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-master ~]# slaptest -u
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /var/lib/ldap/
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /etc/openldap/
[root@openldap-master ~]# service slapd restart
Stopping slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# lsof -i:389
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
slapd   13214 ldap    7u  IPv4 763380      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   13214 ldap    8u  IPv6 763381      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
 
----------------------------------------------------------------
penldap-slave从节点的配置如下:
[root@openldap-slave ~]# cp /etc/openldap/slapd.conf /etc/openldap/slapd.conf.bak2
[root@openldap-slave ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf
......
modulepath /usr/lib/openldap                         #一定要打开这几行的注释
modulepath /usr/lib64/openldap        
......
moduleload syncprov.la
......
database        bdb
suffix          "dc=kevin,dc=com"
checkpoint      1024 15
rootdn          "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com"
.......
rootpw          {SSHA}X3wlj1uJmB50FM4rNN4869VCeMd92Pcr
.......
 
# slave replica statement start
syncrepl  rid=123
          provider=ldap://192.168.10.205:389
          type=refreshOnly   
          interval=00:00:00:01     
          searchbase="dc=kevin,dc=com"
          scope=sub 
          attrs="*"   
          schemachecking=off     
          bindmethod=simple
          binddn="cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" 
          credentials=ldap@123
 
 
重新生成从节点的配置文件
[root@openldap-slave ~]# rm -rf /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
[root@openldap-slave ~]# slaptest -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d/
5b02f6ae syncrepl rid=123 searchbase="dc=kevin,dc=com": no retry defined, using default
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-slave ~]# slaptest -u
5b02f6b4 syncrepl rid=123 searchbase="dc=kevin,dc=com": no retry defined, using default
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-slave ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /var/lib/ldap/
[root@openldap-slave ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /etc/openldap/
[root@openldap-slave ~]# service slapd restart
Stopping slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
Checking configuration files for slapd:                    [WARNING]
5b02f6c6 syncrepl rid=123 searchbase="dc=kevin,dc=com": no retry defined, using default
config file testing succeeded
Starting slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-slave ~]# lsof -i:389
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE  DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
slapd   14329 ldap    7u  IPv4 4803594      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   14329 ldap    8u  IPv6 4803595      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)

5)登陆openldap-slave从节点的phpLDAPadmin的web界面(http://192.168.10.206/phpldapadmin),发现已经将上面openldap-master主节点新导入的数据同步过来了

 6)导入新数据测试主从同步效果

温馨提示:由于在syncrepl中slave是refreshOnly,相当于从节点是只读的,这时不允许在从节点导入或者删除用户,否则会出现错误!
因为只能在master主节点上导入数据:

前面已经编辑了base.ldif,并导入了该文件中定义的数据了(即dc=kevin,dc=com、ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com、ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com等)
[root@openldap-master openldap]# pwd
/etc/openldap
[root@openldap-master openldap]# cat group.ldif 
dn: cn=user1,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: posixGroup
objectClass: top
cn: user1
userPassword: kevin123
gidNumber: 10011

dn: cn=user2,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: posixGroup
objectClass: top
cn: user2
userPassword: kevin123
gidNumber: 10012

dn: cn=user3,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: posixGroup
objectClass: top
cn: user3
userPassword: kevin123
gidNumber: 10013

[root@openldap-master openldap]# cat people.ldif 
dn: uid=user1,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: user1
cn: user1
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword: kevin123
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10011
gidNumber: 10011
homeDirectory: /home/user1

dn: uid=user2,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: user2
cn: user2
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword: kevin123
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10012
gidNumber: 10012
homeDirectory: /home/user2

dn: uid=user3,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: user3
cn: user3
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword: kevin123
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10013
gidNumber: 10013
homeDirectory: /home/user3

执行数据导入
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123 -f group.ldif 
adding new entry "cn=user1,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com"
adding new entry "cn=user2,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com"
adding new entry "cn=user3,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com"

[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123 -f people.ldif 
adding new entry "uid=user1,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com"
adding new entry "uid=user2,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com"
adding new entry "uid=user3,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com"

openldap-master主节点查看
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123

现在在openldap-slave从节点上查看(注意这里的从节点设置的ldap密码是123@ldap,和主节点的ldap密码不一样):
[root@openldap-slave ldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w 123@ldap
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com> with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# People, kevin.com
dn: ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: People
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

# user1, People, kevin.com
dn: uid=user1,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: user1
cn: user1
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword:: a2V2aW4xMjM=
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10011
gidNumber: 10011
homeDirectory: /home/user1

# user2, People, kevin.com
dn: uid=user2,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: user2
cn: user2
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword:: a2V2aW4xMjM=
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10012
gidNumber: 10012
homeDirectory: /home/user2

# user3, People, kevin.com
dn: uid=user3,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: user3
cn: user3
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword:: a2V2aW4xMjM=
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10013
gidNumber: 10013
homeDirectory: /home/user3

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 5
# numEntries: 4

[root@openldap-slave ldap]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w 123@ldap
# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com> with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

# Group, kevin.com
dn: ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
ou: Group
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

# user1, Group, kevin.com
dn: cn=user1,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: posixGroup
objectClass: top
cn: user1
userPassword:: a2V2aW4xMjM=
gidNumber: 10011

# user2, Group, kevin.com
dn: cn=user2,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: posixGroup
objectClass: top
cn: user2
userPassword:: a2V2aW4xMjM=
gidNumber: 10012

# user3, Group, kevin.com
dn: cn=user3,ou=Group,dc=kevin,dc=com
objectClass: posixGroup
objectClass: top
cn: user3
userPassword:: a2V2aW4xMjM=
gidNumber: 10013

# search result
search: 2
result: 0 Success

# numResponses: 5
# numEntries: 4

由上面slave从节点查看到的数据可知,slave从节点已经将master主节点新导入的输入同步过来了!即主从同步已成功了!

登录openldap-slave从节点的phpLDAPadmin,(退出并重新登录master和slave节点的phpLDAPadmin,就能发现上面新导入的数据了)也可以看到从openldap-master主节点同步过来的数据(可以从slave的openldap日志/var/log/slapd/slapd.log文件中查看数据同步情况)

在openldap-master主节点上删除数据,比如删除上面在People组内创建的用户user1和user3 

[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapdelete -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" "uid=user1,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapdelete -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" "uid=user3,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123

========================================================================
如果命令执行后报错:ldap_bind: Invalid credentials (49)
基本就是由于密码输入不对或ldif文件配置不对造成的
=========================================================================

查看下openldap-master主节点的ldap目录中的以上数据是否删除
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://192.168.10.205:389 -b "dc=kevin,dc=com" |grep uid=user1
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://192.168.10.205:389 -b "dc=kevin,dc=com" |grep uid=user3
[root@openldap-master openldap]# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://192.168.10.205:389 -b "dc=kevin,dc=com" |grep uid=user2
dn: uid=user2,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com

然后在openldap-slave从节点上查看,发现从节点的ldap目录中People组内也没有用户user1和user3了
[root@openldap-slave ldap]# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://192.168.10.206:389 -b "dc=kevin,dc=com" |grep uid=user1
[root@openldap-slave ldap]# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://192.168.10.206:389 -b "dc=kevin,dc=com" |grep uid=user3
[root@openldap-slave ldap]# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://192.168.10.206:389 -b "dc=kevin,dc=com" |grep uid=user2
dn: uid=user2,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com

说明主从节点完成了同步!
退出并重新登录openldap-master主节点或openldap-slave从节点的phpLDAPadmin,就能看到删除的数据已经不再了。

可以在主节点的phpLDAPadmin的web界面里进行增加、删除、修改等更新操作;可以将phpLDAPadmin左边栏用不到的条目删除(也可以不删除,以备后续使用);可以将phpLDAPadmin中已存在的条目导出Ldif文件格式,将内容复制出来,然后在master节点上编写新的ldif文件(在复制的内容上根据自己的需要修改下即可)。

=========OpenLDAP+Keepalive主主模式(Mirror Mode)高可用环境配置==========
openldap主主模式配置目的
使用openldap本身的配置来完成openldap之间的同步,包括在openldap的主服务器上添加,修改,删除用户时,从服务器上也和主服务器上完成相同的操作。在从服务器上添加,修改,删除用户时,主服务器上也完成一样的操作。从而保证数据在主从openldap服务器上的一致。

openldap主主模式原理
其实现原理如下图,当在主服务器上更新数据时,该更新通过更新日志记录,并将更新复制到从服务器上。当在从服务器上更新数据时,该更新请求将重定向给主服务器,然后主服务器将更新数据复制到从服务器。

基于上面两台机器192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206安装的openldap环境,现在想要实现keepalived+openldap主主模式(Mirror Mode)模式配置记录如下:

1)192.168.10.205节点的slapd.conf配置

[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf
.......
modulepath /usr/lib/openldap                                
modulepath /usr/lib64/openldap
......
moduleload syncprov.la
......
database        bdb
suffix          "dc=kevin,dc=com"
checkpoint      1024 15
rootdn          "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com"            
......
rootpw                {SSHA}b6YpCvRFWAWQdJpueuyzk79VXlikj4Z1
......
loglevel       256       
......
index entryCSN,entryUUID      eq

#replication
overlay syncprov
syncprov-checkpoint 100 10
syncprov-sessionlog 100

serverID    1
syncrepl    rid=002
            provider=ldap://192.168.10.206:389
            bindmethod=simple
            binddn="cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com"
            credentials=123@ldap                       #填写的是对方机器的openldap的密码,不是自己的openldap密码
            searchbase="dc=kevin,dc=com"
            schemachecking=on
            filter="(objectClass=*)"
            scope=sub
            schemachecking=off
            type=refreshAndPersist
            retry="60 +"
mirrormode  on

重新生成该节点的配置文件
[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf
[root@openldap-master ~]# rm -rf /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
[root@openldap-master ~]# slaptest -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d/
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-master ~]# slaptest -u
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /var/lib/ldap/
[root@openldap-master ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /etc/openldap/
[root@openldap-master ~]# service slapd restart
Stopping slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# lsof -i:389
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
slapd   14047 ldap    7u  IPv4 846134      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   14047 ldap    8u  IPv6 846135      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)

2)192.168.10.206节点的slapd.conf配置

[root@openldap-slave ~]# vim /etc/openldap/slapd.conf
.......
modulepath /usr/lib/openldap                                
modulepath /usr/lib64/openldap
......
moduleload syncprov.la
......
database        bdb
suffix          "dc=kevin,dc=com"
checkpoint      1024 15
rootdn          "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com"            
......
rootpw                {SSHA}X3wlj1uJmB50FM4rNN4869VCeMd92Pcr
......
loglevel       256       
......
index entryCSN,entryUUID      eq

#replication
overlay syncprov
syncprov-checkpoint 100 10
syncprov-sessionlog 100

serverID    2                                          #该ID一定不能跟另一个节点的ID相同
syncrepl    rid=002                                    #该rid一定要跟另一个节点的rid配置相同
            provider=ldap://192.168.10.205:389
            bindmethod=simple
            binddn="cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com"
            credentials=ldap@123                       #填写的是对方机器的openldap的密码,不是自己的openldap密码
            searchbase="dc=kevin,dc=com"
            schemachecking=on
            filter="(objectClass=*)"
            scope=sub
            schemachecking=off
            type=refreshAndPersist
            retry="60 +"
mirrormode  on

重新生成该节点的配置文件
[root@openldap-slave ~]# rm -rf /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
[root@openldap-slave ~]# slaptest -f /etc/openldap/slapd.conf -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d/
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-slave ~]# slaptest -u
config file testing succeeded
[root@openldap-slave ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /var/lib/ldap/
[root@openldap-slave ~]# chown -R ldap:ldap /etc/openldap/
[root@openldap-slave ~]# service slapd restart
Stopping slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-slave ~]# lsof -i:389
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE  DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
slapd   30022 ldap    7u  IPv4 4984193      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   30022 ldap    8u  IPv6 4984194      0t0  TCP *:ldap (LISTEN)
slapd   30022 ldap   11u  IPv4 4984206      0t0  TCP openldap-slave:42138->openldap-master:ldap (ESTABLISHED)

3)在192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206节点上各自导入新数据,然后测试主主同步是否生效

现在192.168.10.205节点上导入新数据
[root@openldap-master ~]# cat /etc/openldap/people.ldif
dn: uid=ops,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com
uid: ops
cn: ops
objectClass: account
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: top
objectClass: shadowAccount
userPassword: kevin123
shadowLastChange: 17053
shadowMin: 0
shadowMax: 99999
shadowWarning: 7
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 10033
gidNumber: 10033
homeDirectory: /home/ops

[root@openldap-master ~]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123 -f /etc/openldap/people.ldif 
adding new entry "uid=ops,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com"

在192.168.10.206节点上查看自己的ldap目录里是否同步过来数据了
[root@openldap-slave ~]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w 123@ldap|grep uid=ops
dn: uid=ops,ou=People,dc=kevin,dc=com

说明从192.168.10.205节点到192.168.10.206节点的数据同步是成功的!

接着在192.168.10.206节点上导入新数据
[root@openldap-slave ~]# cat /etc/openldap/add.ldif 
dn: cn=wangqiuzhe,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com
cn: wangqiuzhe
description: man
description: boy
objectclass: person
objectclass: organizationalPerson
objectclass: inetOrgPerson
ou: technology
sn: wang
uid: anan

[root@openldap-slave ~]# ldapadd -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w 123@ldap -f /etc/openldap/add.ldif 
adding new entry "cn=wangqiuzhe,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com"

在192.168.10.205节点上查看自己的ldap目录里是否同步过来数据了
[root@openldap-master ~]# ldapsearch -x -D "cn=Manager,dc=kevin,dc=com" -b "ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com" -w ldap@123|grep cn=wangqiuzhe
dn: cn=wangqiuzhe,ou=technology,dc=kevin,dc=com

说明从192.168.10.206节点到192.168.10.205节点的数据同步也是成功的!登录各自的phpldapadmin界面里也可以操作数据已测试同步效果。
到此说明,两个节点的openldap主主同步已经完成了!

4)在192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206两个节点上均安装keepalived,结合keepalived配置实现vip故障转移,即对外提供一个统一的地址。

keepalived安装(192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206两节点都要操作)
[root@openldap-master ~]# yum -y install gcc pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel
[root@openldap-master ~]# cd /usr/local/src/
[root@openldap-master src]# wget http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-1.3.2.tar.gz
[root@openldap-master src]# tar -zvxf keepalived-1.3.2.tar.gz
[root@openldap-master src]# cd keepalived-1.3.2
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# ./configure && make && make install
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# cp /usr/local/src/keepalived-1.3.2/keepalived/etc/init.d/keepalived /etc/rc.d/init.d/
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# cp /usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# mkdir /etc/keepalived
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# cp /usr/local/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# cp /usr/local/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# echo "/etc/init.d/keepalived start" >> /etc/rc.local
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# chkconfig --add keepalived
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# chkconfig keepalived on
[root@openldap-master keepalived-1.3.2]# chkconfig --list|grep keepalived
keepalived          0:off     1:off     2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off

===============配置keepalived.conf(VIP地址为192.168.10.228)=============
接着看下192.168.10.205节点的keepalived配置:
[root@openldap-master ~]# cp /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf.bak
[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
   notification_email {
        root@localhost
   }
   notification_email_from root@localhost
   smtp_server localhost
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LDAP-205
}
  
vrrp_script chk_ldap_port {
    script "/opt/chk_ldap.sh"
    interval 2
    weight -5
    fall 2
    rise 1
}
  
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.10.205
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 101
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress { 
        192.168.10.208
    }
 
track_script {
   chk_ldap_port
}
}

编写openldap监控脚本
[root@openldap-master ~]# vim /opt/chk_ldap.sh
#!/bin/bash
counter=$(ps -C slapd --no-heading|wc -l)
if [ "${counter}" = "0" ]; then
    /etc/init.d/slapd start
    sleep 2
    counter=$(ps -C slapd --no-heading|wc -l)
    if [ "${counter}" = "0" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/keepalived stop
    fi
fi
[root@openldap-master ~]# chmod 755 /opt/chk_ldap.sh

=====================================================
接着看下192.168.10.206的keepalived.conf配置
[root@openldap-slave ~]# cp /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf.bak
[root@openldap-slave ~]# vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
   notification_email {
        root@localhost
   }
   notification_email_from root@localhost
   smtp_server localhost
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LDAP-206
}
  
vrrp_script chk_ldap_port {
    script "/opt/chk_ldap.sh"
    interval 2
    weight -5
    fall 2
    rise 1
}
  
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface eth0
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.10.206
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 99
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress { 
        192.168.10.208
    }
 
track_script {
   chk_ldap_port
}
}


编写openldap监控脚本
[root@openldap-slave ~]# vim /opt/chk_ldap.sh
#!/bin/bash
counter=$(ps -C slapd --no-heading|wc -l)
if [ "${counter}" = "0" ]; then
    /etc/init.d/slapd start
    sleep 2
    counter=$(ps -C slapd --no-heading|wc -l)
    if [ "${counter}" = "0" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/keepalived stop
    fi
fi
[root@openldap-slave ~]# chmod 755 /opt/chk_ldap.sh

==================================================
接着启动192.168.10.205 和 192.168.10.206两节点的keepalived服务
[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/keepalived start
Starting keepalived:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# ps -ef|grep keepalived
root     17790     1  0 16:15 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root     17791 17790  0 16:15 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root     17792 17790  0 16:15 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root     17943 13447  0 16:16 pts/0    00:00:00 grep keepalived
[root@openldap-master ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:b1:9c:93 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.10.205/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.10.208/32 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:feb1:9c93/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

[root@openldap-slave ~]# /etc/init.d/keepalived start
Starting keepalived:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-slave ~]# ps -ef|grep keepalived
root      2635     1  0 16:11 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root      2636  2635  0 16:11 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root      2637  2635  0 16:11 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root      2650 24277  0 16:11 pts/0    00:00:00 grep keepalived

[root@openldap-slave ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:dd:84:6b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.10.206/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fedd:846b/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

由上面信息可以看出,目前的VIP资源在192.168.10.205节点机器上

5)故障切换测试

关闭192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206两个节点的slapd服务,默认每2秒钟会进行一次脚本检查(/opt/chk_ldap.sh),当
检查到slapd服务关闭后,会第一时间执行/opt/chk_ldap.sh脚本去自启动slapd服务。
[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/slapd stop
Stopping slapd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# ps -ef|grep slapd
root     18755 13447  0 16:20 pts/0    00:00:00 grep slapd
[root@openldap-master ~]# ps -ef|grep slapd
ldap     18795     1  0 16:20 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/slapd -h  ldap:/// ldapi:/// -u ldap
root     18803 13447  0 16:20 pts/0    00:00:00 grep slapd

当发现slapd服务自启动失败时,就会自动kill掉自己的keepalived服务,从而将VIP资源自动切换到另一个节点上。

关闭192.168.10.205节点的keepalived服务,会发现VIP资源自动切换到192.168.10.206节点上
[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/keepalived stop
Stopping keepalived:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# ps -ef|grep keepalived
root     19074 13447  0 16:22 pts/0    00:00:00 grep keepalived
[root@openldap-master ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:b1:9c:93 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.10.205/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:feb1:9c93/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

[root@openldap-slave ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:dd:84:6b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.10.206/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.10.208/32 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fedd:846b/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

当192.168.10.205节点的keepalived服务恢复后,VIP资源就会再次切换回来
[root@openldap-master ~]# /etc/init.d/keepalived start
Starting keepalived:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@openldap-master ~]# ps -ef|grep keepalived
root     19084     1  0 16:22 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root     19085 19084  0 16:22 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root     19087 19084  0 16:22 ?        00:00:00 keepalived -D
root     19099 13447  0 16:23 pts/0    00:00:00 grep keepalived
[root@openldap-master ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:b1:9c:93 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.10.205/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.10.208/32 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:feb1:9c93/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

这样,192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206两个节点就能对外提供统一的地址:192.168.10.208。
不管是在哪个节点上更新的数据,在客户端连接192.168.10.208的vip地址都能访问到。

注意:
如果192.168.10.205和192.168.10.206两个节点的openldap登录密码不一致,那么:
当VIP在192.168.10.205节点上时,使用192.168.10.208地址访问phpldapadmin,密码就是192.168.10.205节点的openldap密码
当VIP在192.168.10.206节点上时,使用192.168.10.208地址访问phpldapadmin,密码就是192.168.10.206节点的openldap密码

可以在两个节点上导入新数据,然后在客户端通过192.168.10.208访问ldap,测试下是否能读到新数据。
posted @ 2018-05-17 18:56  散尽浮华  阅读(6415)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报