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MySQL 授予普通用户PROCESS权限

2017-08-24 10:37  潇湘隐者  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏

 

 

在MySQL中如何给普通用户授予查看所有用户线程/连接的权限,当然,默认情况下show processlist是可以查看当前用户的线程/连接的。

 

 

mysql> grant process on MyDB.* to test;

ERROR 1221 (HY000): Incorrect usage of DB GRANT and GLOBAL PRIVILEGES

 

第一次授予这样的权限,错误原因是process权限是一个全局权限,不可以指定在某一个库上(个人测试库为MyDB),所以,把授权语句更改为如下即可:

 

mysql> grant process on *.* to test;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

 

mysql> flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

 

 

 

如果不给拥有授予PROESS权限 ,show processlist命令只能看到当前用户的线程,而授予了PROCESS权限后,使用show  processlist就能看到所有用户的线程。官方文档的介绍如下:

 

SHOW PROCESSLIST shows you which threads are running. You can also get this information from the INFORMATION_SCHEMA PROCESSLIST table or the mysqladmin processlist command. If you have the PROCESS privilege, you can see all threads. Otherwise, you can see only your own threads (that is, threads associated with the MySQL account that you are using). If you do not use the FULL keyword, only the first 100 characters of each statement are shown in the Info field.

 

 

我们先创建下面账号test2,然后测试如下:

 

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
mysql> grant select,insert,update,delete on MyDB.* to test2@'%' identified by 'test2';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

 

 

 

mysql> select user();
+-----------------+
| user()          |
+-----------------+
| test2@localhost |
+-----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> show processlist;
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+------------------+
| Id | User  | Host      | db   | Command | Time | State | Info             |
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+------------------+
| 25 | test2 | localhost | NULL | Query   |    0 | init  | show processlist |
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> show full processlist;
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+-----------------------+
| Id | User  | Host      | db   | Command | Time | State | Info                  |
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+-----------------------+
| 25 | test2 | localhost | NULL | Query   |    0 | init  | show full processlist |
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+-----------------------+
1 row in set (0.01 sec)
 
mysql> 

 

 

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然后我们给用户test2授予process权限, 如下所示,再测试show processlist 就能看到所有用户的线程/连接信息(如果是之前已经建立连接的会话,必须退出重新登录,否则依然只能看到当前用户的线程。

 

mysql> grant process on *.* to test2;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

 

mysql> flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

 

mysql> show processlist;
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+------------------+
| Id | User  | Host      | db   | Command | Time | State | Info             |
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+------------------+
| 19 | root  | localhost | NULL | Sleep   |   16 |       | NULL             |
| 22 | test  | localhost | MyDB | Sleep   |  738 |       | NULL             |
| 24 | test  | localhost | NULL | Sleep   |  692 |       | NULL             |
| 25 | test2 | localhost | NULL | Sleep   |  531 |       | NULL             |
| 27 | test2 | localhost | NULL | Query   |    0 | init  | show processlist |
+----+-------+-----------+------+---------+------+-------+------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> 

 

 

The PROCESS privilege pertains to display of information about the threads executing within the server (that is, information about the statements being executed by sessions). The privilege enables use of SHOW PROCESSLIST or mysqladmin processlist to see threads belonging to other accounts; you can always see your own threads. The PROCESS privilege also enables use of SHOW ENGINE.

 

 

如上官方文档所说,如果给用户授予了PROCESS权限, 那么用户就拥有了使用SHOW ENGINES命令的权限,如下所示:

 

 

mysql> select user();
+----------------+
| user()         |
+----------------+
| test@localhost |
+----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> show engines;
+--------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+
| Engine             | Support | Comment                                                        | Transactions | XA   | Savepoints |
+--------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+
| MRG_MYISAM         | YES     | Collection of identical MyISAM tables                          | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| CSV                | YES     | CSV storage engine                                             | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| MyISAM             | YES     | MyISAM storage engine                                          | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| BLACKHOLE          | YES     | /dev/null storage engine (anything you write to it disappears) | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| MEMORY             | YES     | Hash based, stored in memory, useful for temporary tables      | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| InnoDB             | DEFAULT | Supports transactions, row-level locking, and foreign keys     | YES          | YES  | YES        |
| ARCHIVE            | YES     | Archive storage engine                                         | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA | YES     | Performance Schema                                             | NO           | NO   | NO         |
| FEDERATED          | NO      | Federated MySQL storage engine                                 | NULL         | NULL | NULL       |
+--------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+
9 rows in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql>