.NET Core开发日志——Controller

在理清路由的工作流程后,接下来需要考虑的,是MVC框架如何生成Controller以及它的生成时机。

根据以前ASP.NET MVC的经验,Controller应该是由一个ControllerFactory构建的。查看ASP.NET Core MVC的源码,果然是有一个DefaultControllerFactory类,并且不出意外的,它拥有一个CreateController方法。

public virtual object CreateController(ControllerContext context)
{
    ...

    var controller = _controllerActivator.Create(context);
    foreach (var propertyActivator in _propertyActivators)
    {
        propertyActivator.Activate(context, controller);
    }

    return controller;
}

但细推其使用的场合,只出现在ControllerFactoryProvider的构造方法内部,且仅是用于判断所传入的controllerFactory类型是否是DefaultControllerFactory。

public ControllerFactoryProvider(
    IControllerActivatorProvider activatorProvider,
    IControllerFactory controllerFactory,
    IEnumerable<IControllerPropertyActivator> propertyActivators)
{
    ...

    _activatorProvider = activatorProvider;

    // Compat: Delegate to the IControllerFactory if it's not the default implementation.
    if (controllerFactory.GetType() != typeof(DefaultControllerFactory))
    {
        _factoryCreateController = controllerFactory.CreateController;
        _factoryReleaseController = controllerFactory.ReleaseController;
    }

    _propertyActivators = propertyActivators.ToArray();
}

再看ControllerFactoryProvider内部的CreateControllerFactory方法。这更像是一个真正创建Controller的工厂方法。

public Func<ControllerContext, object> CreateControllerFactory(ControllerActionDescriptor descriptor)
{
    ...

    if (_factoryCreateController != null)
    {
        return _factoryCreateController;
    }

    var controllerActivator = _activatorProvider.CreateActivator(descriptor);
    var propertyActivators = GetPropertiesToActivate(descriptor);
    object CreateController(ControllerContext controllerContext)
    {
        var controller = controllerActivator(controllerContext);
        for (var i = 0; i < propertyActivators.Length; i++)
        {
            var propertyActivator = propertyActivators[i];
            propertyActivator(controllerContext, controller);
        }

        return controller;
    }

    return CreateController;
}

创建方式分为两种,一种是使用自定义的工厂方法,另一种是通过ControllerActivatorProvider的CreateActivator方法。

public Func<ControllerContext, object> CreateActivator(ControllerActionDescriptor descriptor)
{
    ...

    var controllerType = descriptor.ControllerTypeInfo?.AsType();
    ...

    if (_controllerActivatorCreate != null)
    {
        return _controllerActivatorCreate;
    }

    var typeActivator = ActivatorUtilities.CreateFactory(controllerType, Type.EmptyTypes);
    return controllerContext => typeActivator(controllerContext.HttpContext.RequestServices, arguments: null);
}

明白了如何创建Controller,下面开始调查创建Controller的时机。

ControllerFactoryProvider类的CreateControllerFactory方法是被ControllerActionInvokerCache类的GetCachedResult方法调用。

public (ControllerActionInvokerCacheEntry cacheEntry, IFilterMetadata[] filters) GetCachedResult(ControllerContext controllerContext)
{
    var cache = CurrentCache;
    var actionDescriptor = controllerContext.ActionDescriptor;

    IFilterMetadata[] filters;
    if (!cache.Entries.TryGetValue(actionDescriptor, out var cacheEntry))
    {
        var filterFactoryResult = FilterFactory.GetAllFilters(_filterProviders, controllerContext);
        filters = filterFactoryResult.Filters;

        var parameterDefaultValues = ParameterDefaultValues
            .GetParameterDefaultValues(actionDescriptor.MethodInfo);

        var objectMethodExecutor = ObjectMethodExecutor.Create(
            actionDescriptor.MethodInfo,
            actionDescriptor.ControllerTypeInfo,
            parameterDefaultValues);

        var controllerFactory = _controllerFactoryProvider.CreateControllerFactory(actionDescriptor);
        var controllerReleaser = _controllerFactoryProvider.CreateControllerReleaser(actionDescriptor);
        var propertyBinderFactory = ControllerBinderDelegateProvider.CreateBinderDelegate(
            _parameterBinder,
            _modelBinderFactory,
            _modelMetadataProvider,
            actionDescriptor);

        var actionMethodExecutor = ActionMethodExecutor.GetExecutor(objectMethodExecutor);

        cacheEntry = new ControllerActionInvokerCacheEntry(
            filterFactoryResult.CacheableFilters, 
            controllerFactory, 
            controllerReleaser,
            propertyBinderFactory,
            objectMethodExecutor,
            actionMethodExecutor);
        cacheEntry = cache.Entries.GetOrAdd(actionDescriptor, cacheEntry);
    }
    else
    {
        // Filter instances from statically defined filter descriptors + from filter providers
        filters = FilterFactory.CreateUncachedFilters(_filterProviders, controllerContext, cacheEntry.CachedFilters);
    }

    return (cacheEntry, filters);
}

其值作为ControllerActionInvokerCacheEntry对象的一部分被方法返回。

GetCachedResult方法的上层调用者是ControllerActionInvokerProvider类的OnProvidersExecuting方法。

public void OnProvidersExecuting(ActionInvokerProviderContext context)
{
    ...

    if (context.ActionContext.ActionDescriptor is ControllerActionDescriptor)
    {
        var controllerContext = new ControllerContext(context.ActionContext);
        // PERF: These are rarely going to be changed, so let's go copy-on-write.
        controllerContext.ValueProviderFactories = new CopyOnWriteList<IValueProviderFactory>(_valueProviderFactories);
        controllerContext.ModelState.MaxAllowedErrors = _maxModelValidationErrors;

        var cacheResult = _controllerActionInvokerCache.GetCachedResult(controllerContext);

        var invoker = new ControllerActionInvoker(
            _logger,
            _diagnosticSource,
            controllerContext,
            cacheResult.cacheEntry,
            cacheResult.filters);

        context.Result = invoker;
    }
}

ControllerActionInvokerCacheEntry对象又被作为ControllerActionInvoker对象的一部分为ActionInvokerProviderContext的Result属性赋值。

再往上跟踪,到了ActionInvokerFactory类的CreateInvoker方法。

public IActionInvoker CreateInvoker(ActionContext actionContext)
{
    var context = new ActionInvokerProviderContext(actionContext);

    foreach (var provider in _actionInvokerProviders)
    {
        provider.OnProvidersExecuting(context);
    }

    for (var i = _actionInvokerProviders.Length - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
        _actionInvokerProviders[i].OnProvidersExecuted(context);
    }

    return context.Result;
}

而它的调用者便是MvcRouteHandler或者MvcAttributeRouteHandler。

public Task RouteAsync(RouteContext context)
{
    ...

    context.Handler = (c) =>
    {
        var routeData = c.GetRouteData();

        var actionContext = new ActionContext(context.HttpContext, routeData, actionDescriptor);
        if (_actionContextAccessor != null)
        {
            _actionContextAccessor.ActionContext = actionContext;
        }

        var invoker = _actionInvokerFactory.CreateInvoker(actionContext);
        if (invoker == null)
        {
            throw new InvalidOperationException(
                Resources.FormatActionInvokerFactory_CouldNotCreateInvoker(
                    actionDescriptor.DisplayName));
        }

        return invoker.InvokeAsync();
    };

    ...
}

到了这里创建Controller的工厂方法还没有被实际调用,此时Controller还是不存在的。所以还需要完成执行ControllerActionInvoker的InvokeAsync方法,或者更准确地说是其基类ResourceInvoker的InvokeAsync方法。

public virtual async Task InvokeAsync()
{
    try
    {
        ...

        using (_logger.ActionScope(_actionContext.ActionDescriptor))
        {
            ...

            try
            {
                await InvokeFilterPipelineAsync();
            }
            ...
        }
    }
    ...
}

从InvokeFilterPipelineAsync方法开始,一系列的处理流程将依据不同状态逐步展开。

private async Task InvokeFilterPipelineAsync()
{
    var next = State.InvokeBegin;

    var scope = Scope.Invoker;

    var state = (object)null;

    var isCompleted = false;

    while (!isCompleted)
    {
        await Next(ref next, ref scope, ref state, ref isCompleted);
    }
}

而到了State.ActionBegin这一步(ControllerActionInvoker类的Next方法),终于能找到Controller工厂方法被执行的场合。

private Task Next(ref State next, ref Scope scope, ref object state, ref bool isCompleted)
{
    switch (next)
    {
        case State.ActionBegin:
            {
                var controllerContext = _controllerContext;

                _cursor.Reset();

                _instance = _cacheEntry.ControllerFactory(controllerContext);

                _arguments = new Dictionary<string, object>(StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase);

                var task = BindArgumentsAsync();
                if (task.Status != TaskStatus.RanToCompletion)
                {
                    next = State.ActionNext;
                    return task;
                }

                goto case State.ActionNext;
            }
        ...
        }            
    }
}            

最后以一张流程图总结上面的探寻过程。

posted @ 2018-08-18 11:06  Ken.W  阅读(1273)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报