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Linux平台 Oracle 18c RAC安装Part2:GI配置

2018-08-04 22:58 AlfredZhao 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

三、GI(Grid Infrastructure)安装

Linux平台 Oracle 18c RAC安装指导:
Part1:Linux平台 Oracle 18c RAC安装Part1:准备工作
Part2:Linux平台 Oracle 18c RAC安装Part2:GI配置
Part3:Linux平台 Oracle 18c RAC安装Part3:DB配置

本文安装环境:OEL 7.5 + Oracle 18.3 GI & RAC

三、GI(Grid Infrastructure)安装

3.1 解压GI的安装包

su - grid
解压 GRID 到 GRID用户的$ORACLE_HOME下

[grid@db40 grid]$ pwd
/u01/app/18.3.0/grid
[grid@db40 grid]$ unzip /tmp/LINUX.X64_180000_grid_home.zip 

3.2 安装配置Xmanager软件

在自己的Windows系统上成功安装Xmanager Enterprise之后,运行Xstart.exe可执行程序,
配置如下

Session:db40
Host:192.168.1.40
Protocol:SSH
User Name:grid
Execution Command:/usr/bin/xterm -ls -display $DISPLAY
点击RUN,输入grid用户的密码可以正常弹出命令窗口界面,即配置成功。
当然也可以通过开启Xmanager - Passive,直接在SecureCRT连接的会话窗口中临时配置DISPLAY变量直接调用图形:
export DISPLAY=192.168.1.31:0.0

3.3 共享存储LUN的赋权

vi /etc/udev/rules.d/12-dm-permissions.rules

# MULTIPATH DEVICES
#
# Set permissions for all multipath devices
ENV{DM_UUID}=="mpath-?*", OWNER:="grid", GROUP:="asmadmin", MODE:="660"

配置重载生效:

# udevadm control --reload
# udevadm trigger

3.4 使用Xmanager图形化界面配置GI

Xmanager通过grid用户登录,进入$ORACLE_HOME目录,运行gridSetup配置GI

$ cd $ORACLE_HOME
$ ./gridSetup.sh

其实从12cR2开始,GI的配置就跟之前有一些变化,18c也一样,下面来看下GI配置的整个图形化安装的过程截图:





注:这里Public网卡这里用的enp0s3,ASM&Private这里用的enp0s8,enp0s9和enp0s10是模拟IPSAN用到的网卡,所以这里不使用它们。



注:这里跟之前区别不大,我依然是选择3块1G的盘,Normal冗余作为OCR和voting disk。

注:这里有一个新的存储GIMR的,我这里选择是外部冗余的一个40G大小的盘,这是12c新引入的概念,18c依然如此。








注:这里检查出来的问题都需要认真核对,确认确实可以忽略才可以点击“Ignore All”,如果这里检测出缺少某些RPM包,需要使用yum安装好。



注:执行root脚本,确保先在一节点执行完毕后,再在其他节点执行。

第一个节点root执行脚本:

[root@db40 tmp]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.
[root@db40 tmp]# /u01/app/18.3.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/18.3.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Relinking oracle with rac_on option
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/18.3.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
The log of current session can be found at:
  /u01/app/grid/crsdata/db40/crsconfig/rootcrs_db40_2018-08-04_10-25-09AM.log
2018/08/04 10:25:34 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 1 of 20: 'SetupTFA'.
2018/08/04 10:25:35 CLSRSC-4001: Installing Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2018/08/04 10:26:29 CLSRSC-4002: Successfully installed Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2018/08/04 10:26:29 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 2 of 20: 'ValidateEnv'.
2018/08/04 10:26:29 CLSRSC-363: User ignored prerequisites during installation
2018/08/04 10:26:29 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 3 of 20: 'CheckFirstNode'.
2018/08/04 10:26:35 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 4 of 20: 'GenSiteGUIDs'.
2018/08/04 10:26:37 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 5 of 20: 'SaveParamFile'.
2018/08/04 10:26:53 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 6 of 20: 'SetupOSD'.
2018/08/04 10:26:53 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 7 of 20: 'CheckCRSConfig'.
2018/08/04 10:26:53 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 8 of 20: 'SetupLocalGPNP'.
2018/08/04 10:27:47 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 9 of 20: 'CreateRootCert'.
2018/08/04 10:27:54 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 10 of 20: 'ConfigOLR'.
2018/08/04 10:28:09 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 11 of 20: 'ConfigCHMOS'.
2018/08/04 10:28:10 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 12 of 20: 'CreateOHASD'.
2018/08/04 10:28:21 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 13 of 20: 'ConfigOHASD'.
2018/08/04 10:28:21 CLSRSC-330: Adding Clusterware entries to file 'oracle-ohasd.service'
2018/08/04 10:30:29 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 14 of 20: 'InstallAFD'.
2018/08/04 10:30:43 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 15 of 20: 'InstallACFS'.
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db40'
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db40' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
2018/08/04 10:32:34 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 16 of 20: 'InstallKA'.
2018/08/04 10:32:47 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 17 of 20: 'InitConfig'.
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db40'
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db40' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'db40' succeeded

[INFO] [DBT-30001] Disk groups created successfully. Check /u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/asmca-180804AM103332.log for details.


2018/08/04 10:37:38 CLSRSC-482: Running command: '/u01/app/18.3.0/grid/bin/ocrconfig -upgrade grid oinstall'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crf' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.storage' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.storage' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crf' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
Successful addition of voting disk e234d69db62c4f41bff377eec5bed671.
Successful addition of voting disk eb9d2950a5aa4f4cbfa46432f7c4f709.
Successful addition of voting disk 84c44e2025be4fe3bf7d5a7a4049d4fd.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +OCRVT.
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
 1. ONLINE   e234d69db62c4f41bff377eec5bed671 (/dev/mapper/mpatha) [OCRVT]
 2. ONLINE   eb9d2950a5aa4f4cbfa46432f7c4f709 (/dev/mapper/mpathb) [OCRVT]
 3. ONLINE   84c44e2025be4fe3bf7d5a7a4049d4fd (/dev/mapper/mpathc) [OCRVT]
Located 3 voting disk(s).
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db40'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'db40'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'db40'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'db40'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crf' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'db40'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'db40'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db40'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db40' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
2018/08/04 10:42:19 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 18 of 20: 'StartCluster'.
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crf' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crf' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.storage' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.storage' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-6023: Starting Oracle Cluster Ready Services-managed resources
CRS-6017: Processing resource auto-start for servers: db40
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server db40
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Services-managed resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
2018/08/04 10:45:28 CLSRSC-343: Successfully started Oracle Clusterware stack
2018/08/04 10:45:28 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 19 of 20: 'ConfigNode'.
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.OCRVT.dg' on 'db40'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.OCRVT.dg' on 'db40' succeeded
2018/08/04 10:49:35 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 20 of 20: 'PostConfig'.

[INFO] [DBT-30001] Disk groups created successfully. Check /u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/asmca-180804AM104944.log for details.


2018/08/04 10:55:24 CLSRSC-325: Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

执行成功后,在第二个节点root执行脚本:

[root@db42 app]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.
[root@db42 app]# /u01/app/18.3.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/18.3.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Relinking oracle with rac_on option
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/18.3.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
The log of current session can be found at:
  /u01/app/grid/crsdata/db42/crsconfig/rootcrs_db42_2018-08-04_11-09-32AM.log
2018/08/04 11:09:50 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 1 of 20: 'SetupTFA'.
2018/08/04 11:09:50 CLSRSC-4001: Installing Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2018/08/04 11:10:38 CLSRSC-4002: Successfully installed Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2018/08/04 11:10:38 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 2 of 20: 'ValidateEnv'.
2018/08/04 11:10:38 CLSRSC-363: User ignored prerequisites during installation
2018/08/04 11:10:39 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 3 of 20: 'CheckFirstNode'.
2018/08/04 11:10:41 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 4 of 20: 'GenSiteGUIDs'.
2018/08/04 11:10:42 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 5 of 20: 'SaveParamFile'.
2018/08/04 11:10:48 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 6 of 20: 'SetupOSD'.
2018/08/04 11:10:48 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 7 of 20: 'CheckCRSConfig'.
2018/08/04 11:10:49 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 8 of 20: 'SetupLocalGPNP'.
2018/08/04 11:10:52 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 9 of 20: 'CreateRootCert'.
2018/08/04 11:10:52 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 10 of 20: 'ConfigOLR'.
2018/08/04 11:10:58 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 11 of 20: 'ConfigCHMOS'.
2018/08/04 11:10:58 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 12 of 20: 'CreateOHASD'.
2018/08/04 11:11:01 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 13 of 20: 'ConfigOHASD'.
2018/08/04 11:11:02 CLSRSC-330: Adding Clusterware entries to file 'oracle-ohasd.service'
2018/08/04 11:13:06 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 14 of 20: 'InstallAFD'.
2018/08/04 11:13:10 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 15 of 20: 'InstallACFS'.
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db42'
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db42' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
2018/08/04 11:14:48 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 16 of 20: 'InstallKA'.
2018/08/04 11:14:50 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 17 of 20: 'InitConfig'.
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db42'
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db42' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db42'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'db42'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'db42' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
2018/08/04 11:15:18 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 18 of 20: 'StartCluster'.
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'db42'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crf' on 'db42'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crf' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'db42'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'db42'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-6017: Processing resource auto-start for servers: db42
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'db42'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ons' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ons' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'db40'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'db42'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'db40' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'db42' succeeded
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server db42
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Services-managed resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
2018/08/04 11:21:10 CLSRSC-343: Successfully started Oracle Clusterware stack
2018/08/04 11:21:11 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 19 of 20: 'ConfigNode'.
2018/08/04 11:21:52 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 20 of 20: 'PostConfig'.
2018/08/04 11:22:06 CLSRSC-325: Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

root脚本成功执行完后继续安装:

这段时间也很漫长,看来Oracle集群软件是越来越庞大了,老DBA们此时此刻有没有怀念11g甚至10g的时代呢?
安装过程中可以跟踪安装日志:

tail -20f  /tmp/GridSetupActions2018-08-03_11-27-06PM/gridSetupActions2018-08-03_11-27-06PM.log

注:日志中可以看到有一个阶段starting read loop消耗了1个多小时才进入到下个阶段,这很可能是有异常导致时间过长,但即使排除这个异常时间段依然还有将近2小时的时间。

INFO:  [Aug 4, 2018 2:04:42 PM] ... GenericInternalPlugIn: starting read loop.
INFO:  [Aug 4, 2018 3:25:37 PM] Completed Plugin named: mgmtca


注:最后这个报错提示,查看日志发现是因为使用了一个scan ip的提示,可以忽略。

至此GI配置完成。

3.5 验证crsctl的状态

crsctl stat res -t查看集群资源状态信息,看到18c又新出现一些资源了,看来DBA又有新东西需要学习了~

[grid@db40 grid]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.MGMT.GHCHKPT.advm
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db40                     STABLE
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db42                     STABLE
ora.MGMT.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.OCRVT.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.helper
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db40                     STABLE
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db42                     IDLE,STABLE
ora.mgmt.ghchkpt.acfs
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db40                     volume /opt/oracle/r
                                                             hp_images/chkbase is
                                                             unmounted,STABLE
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db42                     STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     169.254.7.255 10.0.0
                                                             .40,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     Started,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     Started,STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.db40.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.db42.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     Open,STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.rhpserver
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

crsctl stat res -t -init

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     Started,STABLE
ora.cluster_interconnect.haip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.crf
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.crsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.cssdmonitor
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.ctssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     ACTIVE:0,STABLE
ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.drivers.acfs
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.gipcd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.gpnpd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.mdnsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.storage
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.6 测试集群的FAILED OVER功能

节点2被重启,查看节点1状态:

[grid@db40 trace]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.MGMT.GHCHKPT.advm
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db40                     STABLE
ora.MGMT.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.OCRVT.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.helper
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db40                     STABLE
ora.mgmt.ghchkpt.acfs
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db40                     volume /opt/oracle/r
                                                             hp_images/chkbase is
                                                             unmounted,STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     169.254.7.255 10.0.0
                                                             .40,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     Started,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.db40.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.db42.vip
      1        ONLINE  INTERMEDIATE db40                     FAILED OVER,STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     Open,STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
ora.rhpserver
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db40                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

节点1被重启,查看节点2状态:

[grid@db42 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.MGMT.GHCHKPT.advm
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db42                     STABLE
ora.MGMT.dg
               ONLINE  INTERMEDIATE db42                     STABLE
ora.OCRVT.dg
               ONLINE  INTERMEDIATE db42                     STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.helper
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db42                     STABLE
ora.mgmt.ghchkpt.acfs
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      db42                     STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     169.254.7.154 10.0.0
                                                             .42,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     Started,STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.db40.vip
      1        ONLINE  INTERMEDIATE db42                     FAILED OVER,STABLE
ora.db42.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     Open,STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
ora.rhpserver
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       db42                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

附:集群日志位置:

[grid@db40 log]$ cd $ORACLE_BASE/diag/crs/db40/crs/trace 
[grid@db40 trace]$ pwd
/u01/app/grid/diag/crs/db40/crs/trace

[grid@db40 trace]$ tail -5f ocssd.trc
2018-08-04 17:35:16.507 :    CSSD:758277888: clssgmMbrDataUpdt: Sending member data change to GMP for group HB+ASM, memberID 17:2:1
2018-08-04 17:35:16.509 :    CSSD:770635520: clssgmpcMemberDataUpdt: grockName HB+ASM memberID 17:2:1, datatype 1 datasize 4
2018-08-04 17:35:16.514 :    CSSD:755123968: clssgmcpDataUpdtCmpl: Status 0 mbr data updt memberID 17:2:1 from clientID 1:39:2
2018-08-04 17:35:17.319 :    CSSD:3337582336: clssnmSendingThread: sending status msg to all nodes
2018-08-04 17:35:17.321 :    CSSD:3337582336: clssnmSendingThread: sent 4 status msgs to all nodes
2018-08-04 17:35:17.793 :    CSSD:762750720: clssgmpcGMCReqWorkerThread: processing msg (0x7f2914038720) type 2, msg size 76, payload (0x7f291403874c) size 32, sequence 27970, for clientID 1:39:2
2018-08-04 17:35:18.424 :    CSSD:758277888: clssgmMbrDataUpdt: Processing member data change type 1, size 4 for group HB+ASM, memberID 17:2:1
2018-08-04 17:35:18.424 :    CSSD:758277888: clssgmMbrDataUpdt: Sending member data change to GMP for group HB+ASM, memberID 17:2:1
2018-08-04 17:35:18.425 :    CSSD:770635520: clssgmpcMemberDataUpdt: grockName HB+ASM memberID 17:2:1, datatype 1 datasize 4
2018-08-04 17:35:18.427 :    CSSD:755123968: clssgmcpDataUpdtCmpl: Status 0 mbr data updt memberID 17:2:1 from clientID 1:39:2
2018-08-04 17:35:19.083 :    CSSD:755123968: clssgmSendEventsToMbrs: Group GR+DB_+ASM, member count 1, event master 0, event type 6, event incarn 346, event member count 1, pids 31422-21167708,  
2018-08-04 17:35:19.446 :    CSSD:762750720: clssgmpcGMCReqWorkerThread: processing msg (0x7f2914038720) type 2, msg size 76, payload (0x7f291403874c) size 32, sequence 27972, for clientID 1:37:2

[grid@db40 trace]$ tail -20f alert.log 
    Build version: 18.0.0.0.0
    Build full version: 18.3.0.0.0
    Build hash:    9256567290
    Bug numbers:   NoTransactionInformation
Commands:
    Build version: 18.0.0.0.0
    Build full version: 18.3.0.0.0
    Build hash:    9256567290
    Bug numbers:   NoTransactionInformation
2018-08-04 18:02:57.013 [CLSECHO(3376)]ACFS-9327: Verifying ADVM/ACFS devices.
2018-08-04 18:02:57.058 [CLSECHO(3384)]ACFS-9156: Detecting control device '/dev/asm/.asm_ctl_spec'.
2018-08-04 18:02:57.115 [CLSECHO(3395)]ACFS-9156: Detecting control device '/dev/ofsctl'.
2018-08-04 18:02:58.991 [CLSECHO(3482)]ACFS-9294: updating file /etc/sysconfig/oracledrivers.conf
2018-08-04 18:02:59.032 [CLSECHO(3490)]ACFS-9322: completed
2018-08-04 18:03:00.398 [OSYSMOND(3571)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware OSYSMOND process is starting with operating system process ID 3571
2018-08-04 18:03:00.324 [CSSDMONITOR(3567)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware CSSDMONITOR process is starting with operating system process ID 3567
2018-08-04 18:03:00.796 [CSSDAGENT(3598)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware CSSDAGENT process is starting with operating system process ID 3598
2018-08-04 18:03:01.461 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware OCSSD process is starting with operating system process ID 3621
2018-08-04 18:03:03.374 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1713: CSSD daemon is started in hub mode
2018-08-04 18:03:23.052 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1707: Lease acquisition for node db40 number 1 completed
2018-08-04 18:03:29.122 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1605: CSSD voting file is online: /dev/mapper/mpathc; details in /u01/app/grid/diag/crs/db40/crs/trace/ocssd.trc.
2018-08-04 18:03:29.150 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1605: CSSD voting file is online: /dev/mapper/mpathb; details in /u01/app/grid/diag/crs/db40/crs/trace/ocssd.trc.
2018-08-04 18:03:31.087 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1605: CSSD voting file is online: /dev/mapper/mpatha; details in /u01/app/grid/diag/crs/db40/crs/trace/ocssd.trc.
2018-08-04 18:03:33.767 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1601: CSSD Reconfiguration complete. Active nodes are db40 db42 .
2018-08-04 18:03:35.311 [OLOGGERD(3862)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware OLOGGERD process is starting with operating system process ID 3862
2018-08-04 18:03:35.833 [OCTSSD(3869)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware OCTSSD process is starting with operating system process ID 3869
2018-08-04 18:03:36.055 [OCSSD(3621)]CRS-1720: Cluster Synchronization Services daemon (CSSD) is ready for operation.
2018-08-04 18:03:39.797 [OCTSSD(3869)]CRS-2407: The new Cluster Time Synchronization Service reference node is host db42.
2018-08-04 18:03:39.810 [OCTSSD(3869)]CRS-2401: The Cluster Time Synchronization Service started on host db40.
2018-08-04 18:03:41.572 [CRSD(3956)]CRS-8500: Oracle Clusterware CRSD process is starting with operating system process ID 3956
2018-08-04 18:03:57.242 [CRSD(3956)]CRS-1012: The OCR service started on node db40.
2018-08-04 18:03:59.550 [CRSD(3956)]CRS-1201: CRSD started on node db40.

至此,12cR2的GI配置已全部完成。