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案例:记录一则强制开库遭遇ORA-16433的处理过程

2020-09-08 15:35  AlfredZhao  阅读(1568)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

客户的一套开发环境,大概了解到的背景是清理空间时redo被运维人员当作log误删除,一线同事先接手处理,过程中遇到问题升级到我这里继续分析。
接手后,数据库处于mount状态,之前恢复过程中已经做过resetlogs的操作,也设置了"_allow_resetlogs_corruption"隐藏参数为true,目前直接开库会提示需要恢复,重新进行resetlogs时报错ORA-600 [2662],起初看到这个错误心中略有些放松,根据经验,推下SCN就好了:

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01113: file 1 needs media recovery
ORA-01110: data file 1:
'/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-SYSTEM_FNO-1_1bujd4ob.dbf'


SQL> recover database ;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00399: corrupt change description in redo log
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 3 change 32581427074 time 08/25/2020
11:39:04
ORA-00312: online log 5 thread 1: '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo05.log'


SQL> recover datafile 1;
ORA-00283: recovery session canceled due to errors
ORA-00399: corrupt change description in redo log
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 3 change 32581427074 time 08/25/2020
11:39:04
ORA-00312: online log 5 thread 1: '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo05.log'

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01139: RESETLOGS option only valid after an incomplete database recovery


SQL> recover database using backup controlfile until cancel;
ORA-00279: change 32581427072 generated at  needed for thread 1


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
auto
ORA-00266: name of archived log file needed


ORA-01547: warning: RECOVER succeeded but OPEN RESETLOGS would get error below
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1:
'/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-SYSTEM_FNO-1_1bujd4ob.dbf'


SQL>  alter database open resetlogs;
 alter database open resetlogs
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [7], [2516656013], [7],
[2516660859], [327174016], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [7], [2516656012], [7],
[2516660859], [327174016], [], [], [], [], [], []
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [7], [2516656008], [7],
[2516660859], [327174016], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 3997864
Session ID: 580 Serial number: 5

重新启动到mount状态,根据上面报错计算要推进的SCN值:

SQL> select open_mode from v$database;

OPEN_MODE
--------------------
MOUNTED
SQL> select current_scn from v$database;
SQL> set num 30
30217546463
select 7*power(2,32) + 2516660859 from dual;

select 7*power(2,32) + 2516661000 from dual;
32581432072

使用oradebug poke进行SCN推进:

oradebug setmypid
oradebug dumpvar sga kcsgscn_
oradebug poke 0x700000000019B70 8 32581432072
oradebug dumpvar sga kcsgscn_

推进SCN后,尝试直接开库报错ORA-00399、ORA-00353、ORA-00312:

SQL> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
SQL> oradebug dumpvar sga kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [700000000019B70, 700000000019BA0) = 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 07000000 00019850
SQL> oradebug poke 0x700000000019B70 8 32581432072
BEFORE: [700000000019B70, 700000000019B78) = 00000000 00000000
AFTER:  [700000000019B70, 700000000019B78) = 00000007 96013308
SQL> oradebug dumpvar sga kcsgscn_
kcslf kcsgscn_ [700000000019B70, 700000000019BA0) = 00000007 96013308 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 07000000 00019850
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00399: corrupt change description in redo log
ORA-00353: log corruption near block 3 change 32581427074 time 08/25/2020
11:39:04
ORA-00312: online log 5 thread 1: '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo05.log'

看起来有些麻烦,根据报错推断之前的resetlogs其实都没有完全成功。
此时查询各个checkpoint_change#都是一致的,正常应该可以open成功:

select distinct checkpoint_change# from v$database;
select distinct checkpoint_change# from v$datafile;
select distinct checkpoint_change# from v$datafile_header;

可事实上,即使尝试read only开库都会报错ORA-16433:

SQL> alter database open read only;
alter database open read only
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-16433: The database must be opened in read/write mode.

查了下这个错误,看起来控制文件有些问题,于是想重建下控制文件,结果发现命令同样报错ORA-16433:

--recreate controlfile
alter database backup controlfile to trace;
SQL> alter database backup controlfile to trace;
alter database backup controlfile to trace
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-16433: The database must be opened in read/write mode.

而正常mount下,是可以执行此命令的。
没办法,只能根据控制文件的语法,查询必要信息,然后手工构建控制文件的创建脚本:

--dbname
ODSDB
--select userenv('language') from dual;
AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
--nomount
STARTUP NOMOUNT
--create_controlfile.sql
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ODSDB" NORESETLOGS  NOARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 1024
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo01.log' size 1024M blocksize 512,
  GROUP 2 '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo02.log' size 1024M blocksize 512,
  GROUP 3 '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo03.log' size 1024M blocksize 512,
  GROUP 4 '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo04.log' size 1024M blocksize 512,
  GROUP 5 '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo05.log' size 1024M blocksize 512,
  GROUP 6 '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/redo06.log' size 1024M blocksize 512
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-SYSTEM_FNO-1_1bujd4ob.dbf',
  '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-SYSAUX_FNO-2_1aujd4oa.dbf',
  '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-ODS_FDM_P11_FNO-3_0fujd0al.dbf',
  '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-USERS_FNO-4_30ujd66a.dbf',
..此处省略大量数据文件输出..
  '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-ODS_FDM_FNO-89_08ujcris1.dbf',
  '/oradata/ODSDB/datafile/data_D-ODSDB_I-3532120983_TS-ODS_FDM_FNO-00_08ujcg7n.dbf'
CHARACTER SET AL32UTF8
;

重建控制文件后,再次推SCN,最终恢复成功:

select 7*power(2,32)+2616661492 from dual;
32681432564

--recover again..
conn /as sysdba
startup nomount;
@create_controlfile.sql
oradebug setmypid
oradebug dumpvar sga kcsgscn_
oradebug poke 0x700000000019B70 8 32681432564
oradebug dumpvar sga kcsgscn_

recover database using backup controlfile until cancel;
auto
alter database open resetlogs;

最后将隐藏参数"_allow_resetlogs_corruption"设置为false,正常重启数据库正常:

alter system set "_allow_resetlogs_corruption" = false scope=spfile;
shut immediate
startup

总结:主要还是推进SCN,只是这次遇到报错ORA-16433需要重建控制文件。