ElasticSearch Java API


SpringBoot 整合 ES

1)引入 ElasticSearch 相关坐标

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
            <artifactId>elasticsearch-rest-high-level-client</artifactId>
            <version>7.4.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
            <artifactId>elasticsearch-rest-client</artifactId>
            <version>7.4.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
            <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
            <version>7.4.0</version>
        </dependency>

2)ElasticSearchConfig.java(ES 配置类)

package com.example.es_demo.config;

import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.elasticsearch.client.RestClient;
import org.elasticsearch.client.RestHighLevelClient;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "elasticsearch")
public class EsConfig {

    private String host;
    private int port;

    public String getHost() {
        return host;
    }

    public void setHost(String host) {
        this.host = host;
    }

    public int getPort() {
        return port;
    }

    public void setPort(int port) {
        this.port = port;
    }

    @Bean
    public RestHighLevelClient client(){
        return new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(
                new HttpHost(host, port, "http")
        ));
    }
}

3)测试类

  • 注意:使用 @Autowired 注入 RestHighLevelClient 时如果报红线,则是因为配置类所在的包和测试类所在的包,两者包名不一致造成的。
package com.example.es_demo;

import org.elasticsearch.client.RestHighLevelClient;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;

@SpringBootTest
class EsDemoApplicationTests {

    @Autowired
    RestHighLevelClient client;

    @Test
    void contextLoads() {
        System.out.println(client);
    }
}

操作索引

创建索引

   /**
     * 添加索引
     */
    @Test
    public void addIndex() throws IOException {
        // 1.使用client获取操作索引对象
        IndicesClient indices = client.indices();
        // 2.创建索引
        CreateIndexRequest createIndexRequest = new CreateIndexRequest("index1");
        CreateIndexResponse createIndexResponse = indices.create(createIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        // 3.根据返回值判断结果
        System.out.println(createIndexResponse.isAcknowledged());
    }

    /**
     * 添加索引,并添加映射
     */
    @Test
    public void addIndexAndMapping() throws IOException {
        // 1.使用client获取操作索引对象
        IndicesClient indices = client.indices();
        // 2.添加索引
        CreateIndexRequest createIndexRequest = new CreateIndexRequest("index2");
        // 3.添加mappings
        String mapping = "{\n" +
                "      \"properties\" : {\n" +
                "        \"address\" : {\n" +
                "          \"type\" : \"text\",\n" +
                "          \"analyzer\" : \"ik_max_word\"\n" +
                "        },\n" +
                "        \"age\" : {\n" +
                "          \"type\" : \"long\"\n" +
                "        },\n" +
                "        \"name\" : {\n" +
                "          \"type\" : \"keyword\"\n" +
                "        }\n" +
                "      }\n" +
                "    }";
        createIndexRequest.mapping(mapping, XContentType.JSON);
        CreateIndexResponse createIndexResponse = indices.create(createIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        // 4.根据返回值判断结果
        System.out.println(createIndexResponse.isAcknowledged());
    }

查询索引

    /**
     * 查询索引
     */
    @Test
    public void queryIndex() throws IOException {
        IndicesClient indices = client.indices();
        GetIndexRequest getRequest=new GetIndexRequest("index2");
        GetIndexResponse response = indices.get(getRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        Map<String, MappingMetaData> mappings = response.getMappings();

        for (String key : mappings.keySet()) {
            System.out.println(key+"==="+mappings.get(key).getSourceAsMap());
            // index2==={properties={address={analyzer=ik_max_word, type=text}, name={type=keyword}, age={type=long}}}
        }
    }

    /**
     * 判断索引是否存在
     */
    @Test
    public void existIndex() throws IOException {
        IndicesClient indices = client.indices();
        GetIndexRequest getIndexRequest=new GetIndexRequest("index1");
        boolean exists = indices.exists(getIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        System.out.println(exists);
    }

删除索引

    /**
     * 删除索引
     */
    @Test
    public void deleteIndex() throws IOException {
        IndicesClient indices = client.indices();
        DeleteIndexRequest deleteRequest=new DeleteIndexRequest("index2");
        AcknowledgedResponse delete = indices.delete(deleteRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        // 返回是否删除成功
        System.out.println(delete.isAcknowledged());
    }

操作文档

引入阿里巴巴的 JSON 格式转换库:

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.4</version>
        </dependency>

添加文档

注意:在仅有索引的情况下也可以添加文档,且在有映射的情况下也可以新增字段,两者操作均会自动添加默认类型。

    /**
     * 添加文档,使用map作为数据
     */
    @Test
    public void addDoc() throws IOException {
        // map数据
        Map data = new HashMap();
        data.put("address", "北京昌平");
        data.put("name", "大胖");
        data.put("age", 20);
        // 获取操作文档的对象
        IndexRequest request = new IndexRequest("index2").id("1").source(data);
        // 添加数据,获取结果
        IndexResponse response = client.index(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        //打印响应结果
        System.out.println(response.getId());
    }

    /**
     * 添加文档,使用对象作为数据
     */
    @Test
    public void addDoc2() throws IOException {
        // 对象数据
        Person p = new Person();
        p.setId("3");
        p.setName("小胖3333");
        p.setAge(30);
        p.setAddress("广东深圳");
        p.setHobby("basketball");
        // 将对象转为json
        String data = JSON.toJSONString(p);
        // 获取操作文档的对象
        IndexRequest request = new IndexRequest("index2").id(p.getId()).source(data, XContentType.JSON);
        // 添加数据,获取结果
        IndexResponse response = client.index(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        // 打印响应结果
        System.out.println(response.getId());

修改文档

    /**
     * 修改文档:添加文档时,如果id存在则修改,id不存在则添加
     */
    @Test
    public void UpdateDoc() throws IOException {
        Person person=new Person();
        person.setId("2");
        person.setName("李四");
        person.setAge(20);
        person.setAddress("北京三环车王");

        String data = JSON.toJSONString(person);

        IndexRequest request=new IndexRequest("itcast").id(person.getId()).source(data,XContentType.JSON);
        IndexResponse response = client.index(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.getId());
    }

查询文档

    /**
     * 根据id查询文档
     */
    @Test
    public void getDoc() throws IOException {

        //设置查询的索引、文档
        GetRequest indexRequest=new GetRequest("itcast","2");

        GetResponse response = client.get(indexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.getSourceAsString());
    }

删除文档

/**
     * 根据id删除文档
     */
    @Test
    public void delDoc() throws IOException {

        //设置要删除的索引、文档
        DeleteRequest deleteRequest=new DeleteRequest("itcast","1");

        DeleteResponse response = client.delete(deleteRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.getId());
    }

bulk 批量操作

    /**
     *  Bulk 批量操作
     */
    @Test
    public void test2() throws IOException {

        // 创建bulkrequest对象,整合所有操作
        BulkRequest bulkRequest =new BulkRequest();

        // 1. 删除5号记录
        DeleteRequest deleteRequest=new DeleteRequest("person1", "5");
        bulkRequest.add(deleteRequest);

        // 2. 添加6号记录
        Map<String, Object> map=new HashMap<>();
        map.put("name", "六号");
        IndexRequest indexRequest=new IndexRequest("person1").id("6").source(map);
        bulkRequest.add(indexRequest);

        // 3. 修改3号记录 名称为 “三号”
        Map<String, Object> mapUpdate=new HashMap<>();
        mapUpdate.put("name", "三号");
        UpdateRequest updateRequest=new UpdateRequest("person1", "3").doc(mapUpdate);
        bulkRequest.add(updateRequest);

        // 执行批量操作
        BulkResponse response = client.bulk(bulkRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.status());
    }

posted @ 2022-01-14 22:41  Juno3550  阅读(41)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报