Linux的netstat

1. 列出所有端口 (包括监听和未监听的)

  列出所有端口 netstat -a

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# netstat -a | more
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State
tcp 0 0 localhost:30037 *:* LISTEN
udp 0 0 *:bootpc *:*

Active UNIX domain sockets (servers and established)
Proto RefCnt Flags Type State I-Node Path
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 6135 /tmp/.X11-unix/X0
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 5140 /var/run/acpid.socket
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  列出所有 tcp 端口 netstat -at

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# netstat -at
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State
tcp 0 0 localhost:30037 *:* LISTEN
tcp 0 0 localhost:ipp *:* LISTEN
tcp 0 0 *:smtp *:* LISTEN
tcp6 0 0 localhost:ipp [::]:* LISTEN
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  列出所有 udp 端口 netstat -au

# netstat -au
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State
udp 0 0 *:bootpc *:*
udp 0 0 *:49119 *:*
udp 0 0 *:mdns *:*

 

2. 列出所有处于监听状态的 Sockets

  只显示监听端口 netstat -l

# netstat -l
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State
tcp 0 0 localhost:ipp *:* LISTEN
tcp6 0 0 localhost:ipp [::]:* LISTEN
udp 0 0 *:49119 *:*

  只列出所有监听 tcp 端口 netstat -lt

# netstat -lt
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State
tcp 0 0 localhost:30037 *:* LISTEN
tcp 0 0 *:smtp *:* LISTEN
tcp6 0 0 localhost:ipp [::]:* LISTEN

  只列出所有监听 udp 端口 netstat -lu

# netstat -lu
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State
udp 0 0 *:49119 *:*
udp 0 0 *:mdns *:*

  只列出所有监听 UNIX 端口 netstat -lx

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# netstat -lx
Active UNIX domain sockets (only servers)
Proto RefCnt Flags Type State I-Node Path
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 6294 private/maildrop
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 6203 public/cleanup
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 6302 private/ifmail
unix 2 [ ACC ] STREAM LISTENING 6306 private/bsmtp
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3. 在 netstat 输出中显示 PID 和进程名称 netstat -p

netstat -p 可以与其它开关一起使用,就可以添加 “PID/进程名称” 到 netstat 输出中,这样 debugging 的时候可以很方便的发现特定端口运行的程序。

# netstat -pt
Active Internet connections (w/o servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 1 0 ramesh-laptop.loc:47212 192.168.185.75:www CLOSE_WAIT 2109/firefox

tcp 0 0 ramesh-laptop.loc:52750 lax:www ESTABLISHED 2109/firefox 

 

4. 找出程序运行的端口

并不是所有的进程都能找到,没有权限的会不显示,使用 root 权限查看所有的信息。

# netstat -ap | grep ssh
tcp 1 0 dev-db:ssh 101.174.100.22:39213 CLOSE_WAIT -
tcp 1 0 dev-db:ssh 101.174.100.22:57643 CLOSE_WAIT -

  找出运行在指定端口的进程

# netstat -an | grep ':80' 

 

http://www.thegeekstuff.com/2010/03/netstat-command-examples/ 

 

posted @ 2012-09-09 22:17  iTech  阅读(4180)  评论(0编辑  收藏