selenium设置chrome和phantomjs的请求头信息

selenium设置chrome和phantomjs的请求头信息

 

出于反爬虫也好-跳转到手机端页面也好都需要设置请求头,那么如何进行呢?

 

目录

  • 一:selenium设置phantomjs请求头:
  • 二:selenium设置chrome请求头:
  • 三:selenium设置chrome–cookie:
  • 四:selenium设置phantomjs-图片不加载:

 

一:selenium设置phantomjs请求头:

可以复制下列代码运行,会访问https://httpbin.org/get?show_env=1  该网站能呈现你请求的头信息

来源于知乎回答

# !/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities

dcap = dict(DesiredCapabilities.PHANTOMJS)
dcap["phantomjs.page.settings.userAgent"] = (
"Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 5.1.1; Nexus 6 Build/LYZ28E) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/48.0.2564.23 Mobile Safari/537.36"
)
driver = webdriver.PhantomJS(desired_capabilities=dcap)
driver.get("https://httpbin.org/get?show_env=1")
driver.get_screenshot_as_file('01.png')
driver.quit()


链接:https://www.zhihu.com/question/35547395/answer/106652782

二:selenium设置chrome请求头:

来源http://www.cnblogs.com/TTyb/p/6128323.html 感恩原作者

如代码

# !/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from selenium import webdriver
# 进入浏览器设置
options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
# 设置中文
options.add_argument('lang=zh_CN.UTF-8')
# 更换头部
options.add_argument('user-agent="Mozilla/5.0 (iPod; U; CPU iPhone OS 2_1 like Mac OS X; ja-jp) AppleWebKit/525.18.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/3.1.1 Mobile/5F137 Safari/525.20"')
browser = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_options=options)
url = "https://httpbin.org/get?show_env=1"
browser.get(url)
browser.quit()

三:selenium设置chrome–cookie:

cookie用于模拟登陆

# !/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from selenium import webdriver
browser = webdriver.Chrome()

url = "https://www.baidu.com/"
browser.get(url)
# 通过js新打开一个窗口
newwindow='window.open("https://www.baidu.com");'
# 删除原来的cookie
browser.delete_all_cookies()
# 携带cookie打开
browser.add_cookie({'name':'ABC','value':'DEF'})
# 通过js新打开一个窗口
browser.execute_script(newwindow)
input("查看效果")
browser.quit()

四:selenium设置phantomjs-图片不加载:

 

from selenium import webdriver

options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
prefs = {
    'profile.default_content_setting_values': {
        'images': 2
    }
}
options.add_experimental_option('prefs', prefs)
browser = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_options=options)

# browser = webdriver.Chrome()
url = "http://image.baidu.com/"
browser.get(url)
input("是否有图")
browser.quit()

效果如图:

996148-20161203114330787-1216998587

 

转载地址: 
https://www.urlteam.org/2017/02/selenium%E8%AE%BE%E7%BD%AEchrome%E5%92%8Cphantomjs%E7%9A%84%E8%AF%B7%E6%B1%82%E5%A4%B4%E4%BF%A1%E6%81%AF/

posted @ 2019-03-25 08:14  中国人醒来了  阅读(2070)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报