DM8168通过GPMC接口与FPGA高速数据通信实现

硬件:TI达芬奇TMS320DM8168(以下简称DSP)、EP4CE6E22C8N(以下简称FPGA)

软件:linux-2.6.37

转载请注明出处~

http://www.cnblogs.com/imapla/p/4122609.html 

    近期项目需要实现DSP与FPGA之间的高速数据交换,用到了DM8168的GPMC接口。这部分的中文资料网上还是比较少的,于是苦苦研究芯片的数据手册和参考指南,最近终于有所成果,在Linux下调用GPMC驱动函数调通了GPMC接口,因此发出调试过程与大家分享。目前以DSP端可以通过GPMC用EDMA的方式读取FPGA端的数据,读取8KB字节大概用了235us,即34MB/s的速度,实际上通过配置GPMC接口的时间参数,速度还可以更快。

    GPMC的全称是 General-Purpose Memory Controller,即通用存储控制器,是TI的DSP芯片DM8168用来与外部存储设备例如NOR FLASH、NAND FLASH、SRAM等等通信的一个接口。这个接口并不是DM8168特有的,在BeagleBone Black、AM35XX芯片上也有类似接口。

1、硬件连接方式:在DM8168中GPMC接口时钟在异步模式下为125MHz,这里就把GPMC接口配置为异步模式并设置NOR FLASH、非地址数据线复用的模式与FPGA通信,但只用16位数据线,不用地址线,即采用类似于FIFO的方式与FPGA通信。目前实际只使用到了如下I/O口:

    GPMC_CS3:  用CS3做片选信号
    GPMC_OEN:  输出使能时钟
    D[15:0]:   16位数据总线
    FIFO_RRST: 用于通知FPGA读指针复位

 

2、接口协议:采用异步方式读取,即不使用GPMC_CLK,FPGA端在GPMC_OEN的下降沿把数据送出去。

 

3、Linux下DSP端代码分析

    Linux中gpmc驱动源代码在 /arch/arm/mach-omap2/gpmc.c

    配置方面主要包括与GPMC相关的7个特殊寄存器,其实linux函数中已经把相关配置封装成了函数,我们只需要调用相关函数就可以。

    EDMA的配置也是如此,需要注意的是,EDMA中配置的地址都为物理地址,即DMA传送到源端为外设的地址即GPMC的物理地址,目的地端为你申请的内存空间物理地址。由于DSP是使用FIFO模式读取FPGA端数据的,所以EDMA还需配置源地址为不自增模式。代码如下,内容不多,所以不做详细注释。

    FPGA端的代码只要是实现在每个OEN信号下降沿来的时候,把16bit的数据送到GPMC_DATA端口,并自加一次。

GPMC配置代码如下

static struct gpmc_timings fpga_timings = {
    /*- GPMC timing configurations -*/
    .sync_clk = 0,
    // CONFIG2 chip-select time
    .cs_on = 0,         /* Assertion time */
    .cs_rd_off = 50,    /* Read deassertion time */
    .cs_wr_off = 50,    /* Write deassertion time */
    // CONFIG3
    .adv_on = 0,
    .adv_rd_off = 0,
    .adv_wr_off = 0,
    // CONFIG4
    .we_on = 20,        /* WE assertion time */
    .we_off  = 20,      /* WE deassertion time */
    // CONFIG4
    .oe_on = 20,        /* OE assertion time */
    .oe_off = 20,       /* OE deassertion time */
    // CONFIG5
    .page_burst_access = 0,
    .access = 30,       /* Start-cycle to first data valid delay */
    .rd_cycle = 50,     /* Total read cycle time */
    .wr_cycle = 50,     /* Total write cycle time */
    // CONFIG6
    .wr_access = 0,
    .wr_data_mux_bus = 0,
};
static int gpmc_config(void)
{
    // first reg gpmc_init() already called; io pinmux already configed
    // ti8168evm board_nand_init -> gpmc_nand_init
    u32 val = 0;
    int err = 0;
/*-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gpmc_cs_write_reg);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gpmc_cs_read_reg);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gpmc_cs_set_timings);
-*/
    // gpmc cs disable memory
    val = gpmc_cs_read_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG7);
    val &= ~GPMC_CONFIG7_CSVALID;
    gpmc_cs_write_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG7, val);

    // disable cs3 irq
    gpmc_cs_configure(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_SET_IRQ_STATUS, 0);
    gpmc_cs_configure(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_ENABLE_IRQ, 0);

    // set config1
    gpmc_cs_write_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1, GPMC_CONFIG1_READTYPE_ASYNC|  // set read type async
        GPMC_CONFIG1_WRITETYPE_ASYNC| // set write type async
        GPMC_CONFIG1_DEVICESIZE_16|   // set device size 16bit
        GPMC_CONFIG1_DEVICETYPE_NOR   // set device type nor
    );
    val = gpmc_cs_read_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1);
    val &= ~GPMC_CONFIG1_MUXADDDATA;
    gpmc_cs_write_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1, val);
 
    // set gpmc timings
    err = gpmc_cs_set_timings(GPMC_FPGA_CS, &fpga_timings);
    if(err < 0){
        printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to set gpmc timings\n");
    }

    // apply gpmc select memory
    err = gpmc_cs_request(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_FIFO_SIZE, &gpmc_membase);
    if(err < 0){
        printk(KERN_ERR "Cannot request GPMC CS\n");
        return err;
    }

 //   request_mem_region(gpmc_membase, GPMC_FIFO_SIZE, DRIVERNAME);

 //   fpga_membase = ioremap(gpmc_membase, GPMC_FIFO_SIZE);

    return err;
}

 

下面是总的代码,折叠了。

  1 /*
  2 * fileName: fpga_perh.c
  3 * for gpmc fpga communication
  4 */
  5 #include <linux/device.h>
  6 #include <linux/fs.h>
  7 #include <linux/module.h>
  8 #include <linux/kernel.h>
  9 #include <linux/init.h>
 10 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
 11 #include <linux/list.h>
 12 #include <linux/cdev.h>
 13 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
 14 #include <linux/mm.h>
 15 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 16 #include <linux/ioport.h>
 17 #include <linux/delay.h>
 18 #include <asm/io.h>
 19 #include <linux/io.h>
 20 #include <mach/gpio.h>
 21 #include <linux/device.h>
 22 #include <linux/platform_device.h>
 23 // gpmc spec
 24 #include <plat/gpmc.h>
 25 // edma spec
 26 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 27 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
 28 #include <mach/memory.h>
 29 #include <mach/hardware.h>
 30 #include <mach/irqs.h>
 31 #include <asm/hardware/edma.h>
 32 
 33 #define DRIVERNAME  "fpga"
 34 
 35 // once_dma = 8KByte = 4*1024*16bit 
 36 #define FPGA_FIFO_SIZE SZ_4K
 37 
 38 /*------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 39 // GPMC Config
 40 #define GPMC_FIFO_SIZE SZ_16K
 41 
 42 #define GPMC_FPGA_CS   3           // gpmc use CS 3
 43 #define GPMC_CONFIG1_3 0x00001010  // 16bit size NOR FLASH like
 44 #define GPMC_CONFIG2_3 0x00101080  // CSWROFFTIME=16cy   CSRDOFFTIME=16cy     CSEXTRADELAY=1
 45 #define GPMC_CONFIG3_3 0x00000000  // ADV TIME used
 46 #define GPMC_CONFIG4_3 0x0F031003  // WEOFFTIME=15cy     WEONTIME=3cy         OEOFFTIME=16cy       OEONTIME=3cy
 47 #define GPMC_CONFIG5_3 0x000F1111  // RDACCESSTIME=15cy  WRCYCLETIME=1cy      RDCYCLETIME=1cy
 48 #define GPMC_CONFIG6_3 0x0F030000  // WRACCESSTIME=15cy  WRDATAONADMUXBUS=3cy Add CYCLE2CYCLEDELAY
 49 #define GPMC_CONFIG7_3 0x00000F42  // set up CONFIG7 and enable cs3
 50 // chip-select mask address = MASKADDRESS = 16MB
 51 // CS enabled
 52 // Chip-select base address = BASEADDRESS = 0x02000000
 53 // Access address 0x02000000-0x02FFFFFF
 54 #define GPMC_MASKADDRESS 0x00FFFFFF  // fifo_size
 55 #define GPMC_BASEADDRESS 0x02000000  // gpmc address
 56 /*------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 57 // FPGA GPIOs
 58 #define CTRL_MODULE_BASE_ADDR    0x48140000
 59 #define conf_gpio18              (CTRL_MODULE_BASE_ADDR + 0x0B98)
 60 #define conf_gpio19              (CTRL_MODULE_BASE_ADDR + 0x0B9C)
 61 
 62 #define WR_MEM_32(addr, data)    *(unsigned int*)OMAP2_L4_IO_ADDRESS(addr) = (unsigned int)(data)
 63 #define RD_MEM_32(addr)          *(unsigned int*)OMAP2_L4_IO_ADDRESS(addr)
 64 
 65 // delay for reset
 66 #define _delay_ms(n)   mdelay(n) 
 67 #define _delay_ns(n)   ndelay(n) 
 68 
 69 // Read Point Low is Reset
 70 #define FPGA_RRST_H gpio_set_value(18, 1);
 71 #define FPGA_RRST_L gpio_set_value(18, 0);
 72 /*------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 73 // EDMA Config
 74 #define MAX_DMA_TRANSFER_IN_BYTES  (4096*2)
 75 #define STATIC_SHIFT               3
 76 #define TCINTEN_SHIFT              20  
 77 #define ITCINTEN_SHIFT             21
 78 #define TCCHEN_SHIFT               22
 79 #define ITCCHEN_SHIFT              23
 80 /*------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 81 //unsigned int fpga_buf[FPGA_FIFO_SIZE] = {0};
 82 static unsigned long gpmc_membase = 0;
 83 static void __iomem *fpga_membase = 0;
 84 static int gpio[2];
 85 dma_addr_t dmaphysdest = 0;
 86 unsigned short *fpga_buf = NULL;
 87 unsigned int dma_ch = 0;
 88 static volatile int irqraised1 = 0;
 89 
 90 static struct gpmc_timings fpga_timings = {
 91     /*- GPMC timing configurations -*/
 92     .sync_clk = 0,
 93     // CONFIG2 chip-select time
 94     .cs_on = 0,         /* Assertion time */
 95     .cs_rd_off = 50,    /* Read deassertion time */
 96     .cs_wr_off = 50,    /* Write deassertion time */
 97     // CONFIG3
 98     .adv_on = 0,
 99     .adv_rd_off = 0,
100     .adv_wr_off = 0,
101     // CONFIG4
102     .we_on = 20,        /* WE assertion time */
103     .we_off  = 20,      /* WE deassertion time */
104     // CONFIG4
105     .oe_on = 20,        /* OE assertion time */
106     .oe_off = 20,       /* OE deassertion time */
107     // CONFIG5
108     .page_burst_access = 0,
109     .access = 30,       /* Start-cycle to first data valid delay */
110     .rd_cycle = 50,     /* Total read cycle time */
111     .wr_cycle = 50,     /* Total write cycle time */
112     // CONFIG6
113     .wr_access = 0,
114     .wr_data_mux_bus = 0,
115 };
116 
117 // static         dev_t  dev;
118 // static struct  cdev   cdev;
119 // static struct  class  *gpmc_edma_class = NULL;
120 
121 static void callback1(unsigned lch, u16 ch_status, void *data)
122 {
123     switch(ch_status) {
124     case DMA_COMPLETE:
125         irqraised1 = 1;
126         /*DMA_PRINTK ("\n From Callback 1: Channel %d status is: %u\n", lch, ch_status);*/
127         break;
128     case DMA_CC_ERROR:
129         irqraised1 = -1;
130         printk ("\nFrom Callback 1: DMA_CC_ERROR occured on Channel %d\n", lch);
131         break;
132     default:
133         break;
134     }
135 }
136 
137 static int gpio_store(void);
138 static int gpio_recover(void);
139 static int gpio_config(void);
140 static int gpmc_config(void);
141 static int edma_config(void);
142 
143 static int gpio_store(void)
144 {
145     // store gpio pinmux
146     gpio[0] = RD_MEM_32(conf_gpio18);
147     gpio[1] = RD_MEM_32(conf_gpio19);
148     return 0;
149 }
150 
151 static int gpio_recover(void)
152 {
153     // recover gpio pinmux
154     WR_MEM_32(conf_gpio18, gpio[0]);
155     WR_MEM_32(conf_gpio19, gpio[1]);
156     gpio_free(gpio[0]);
157     gpio_free(gpio[1]);
158     return 0;
159 }
160 
161 static int gpio_config(void)
162 {
163     // config gpio direction
164     WR_MEM_32(conf_gpio18, 1);           // MUXMODE=001
165     gpio_request(18, "gpio18_en");       // request gpio46
166     gpio_direction_output(18, 1);
167 
168     WR_MEM_32(conf_gpio19, 1);           // MUXMODE=001
169     gpio_request(19, "gpio19_en");       // request gpio47
170     gpio_direction_output(19, 1);
171 
172     return 0;
173 }
174 
175 static int gpmc_config(void)
176 {
177     // first reg gpmc_init() already called; io pinmux already configed
178     // ti8168evm board_nand_init -> gpmc_nand_init
179     u32 val = 0;
180     int err = 0;
181 /*-
182 EXPORT_SYMBOL(gpmc_cs_write_reg);
183 EXPORT_SYMBOL(gpmc_cs_read_reg);
184 EXPORT_SYMBOL(gpmc_cs_set_timings);
185 -*/
186     // gpmc cs disable memory
187     val = gpmc_cs_read_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG7);
188     val &= ~GPMC_CONFIG7_CSVALID;
189     gpmc_cs_write_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG7, val);
190 
191     // disable cs3 irq
192     gpmc_cs_configure(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_SET_IRQ_STATUS, 0);
193     gpmc_cs_configure(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_ENABLE_IRQ, 0);
194 
195     // set config1
196     gpmc_cs_write_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1, GPMC_CONFIG1_READTYPE_ASYNC|  // set read type async
197         GPMC_CONFIG1_WRITETYPE_ASYNC| // set write type async
198         GPMC_CONFIG1_DEVICESIZE_16|   // set device size 16bit
199         GPMC_CONFIG1_DEVICETYPE_NOR   // set device type nor
200     );
201     val = gpmc_cs_read_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1);
202     val &= ~GPMC_CONFIG1_MUXADDDATA;
203     gpmc_cs_write_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1, val);
204  
205     // set gpmc timings
206     err = gpmc_cs_set_timings(GPMC_FPGA_CS, &fpga_timings);
207     if(err < 0){
208         printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to set gpmc timings\n");
209     }
210 
211     // apply gpmc select memory
212     err = gpmc_cs_request(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_FIFO_SIZE, &gpmc_membase);
213     if(err < 0){
214         printk(KERN_ERR "Cannot request GPMC CS\n");
215         return err;
216     }
217 
218  //   request_mem_region(gpmc_membase, GPMC_FIFO_SIZE, DRIVERNAME);
219 
220  //   fpga_membase = ioremap(gpmc_membase, GPMC_FIFO_SIZE);
221 
222     return err;
223 }
224 
225 static int edma_config(void)
226 {
227     // use AB mode, one_dma = 8KB/16bit
228     static int acnt = 4096*2;
229     static int bcnt = 1;
230     static int ccnt = 1;
231 
232     int result = 0;
233     unsigned int BRCnt = 0;
234     int srcbidx = 0;
235     int desbidx = 0;
236     int srccidx = 0;
237     int descidx = 0;
238     struct edmacc_param param_set;
239 
240     printk("Initializing dma transfer...\n");
241 
242     // set dest memory
243     fpga_buf  = dma_alloc_coherent (NULL, MAX_DMA_TRANSFER_IN_BYTES, &dmaphysdest, 0);
244     if (!fpga_buf) {
245         printk ("dma_alloc_coherent failed for physdest\n");
246         return -ENOMEM;
247     }
248 
249     /* Set B count reload as B count. */
250     BRCnt = bcnt;
251 
252     /* Setting up the SRC/DES Index */
253     srcbidx = 0;
254     desbidx = acnt;
255 
256     /* A Sync Transfer Mode */
257     srccidx = 0;
258     descidx = acnt;
259  
260     // gpmc channel
261     result = edma_alloc_channel (52, callback1, NULL, 0);
262     
263     if (result < 0) {
264         printk ("edma_alloc_channel failed, error:%d", result);
265         return result;
266     }
267      
268     dma_ch = result;
269     edma_set_src (dma_ch, (unsigned long)(gpmc_membase), INCR, W16BIT);
270     edma_set_dest (dma_ch, (unsigned long)(dmaphysdest), INCR, W16BIT);
271     edma_set_src_index (dma_ch, srcbidx, srccidx);   // use fifo, set zero
272     edma_set_dest_index (dma_ch, desbidx, descidx);  // A mode
273 
274     // A Sync Transfer Mode
275     edma_set_transfer_params (dma_ch, acnt, bcnt, ccnt, BRCnt, ASYNC);
276 
277     /* Enable the Interrupts on Channel 1 */
278     edma_read_slot (dma_ch, &param_set);
279     param_set.opt |= (1 << ITCINTEN_SHIFT);
280     param_set.opt |= (1 << TCINTEN_SHIFT);
281     param_set.opt |= EDMA_TCC(EDMA_CHAN_SLOT(dma_ch));
282     edma_write_slot (dma_ch, &param_set);
283 
284     return 0;
285 }
286 
287 static int __init fpga_perh_init(void)
288 {
289     unsigned int cnt;
290     u32 val = 0;
291     int ret = 0;
292     int chk = 0;
293 
294     gpio_store();     // GPIO初始化
295     gpio_config();
296     gpmc_config();    // GPMC配置
297     edma_config();    // EDMA配置
298 
299     for(cnt=0; cnt<7; cnt++){
300         val = gpmc_cs_read_reg(GPMC_FPGA_CS, GPMC_CS_CONFIG1 + cnt*0x04);
301         printk("GPMC_CS3_CONFIG_%d : [%08X]\n", cnt+1, val);
302     }
303 
304     printk("Gpmc now start reading...\n");
305 
306     FPGA_RRST_L;
307     _delay_ns(1);   // 1us
308     FPGA_RRST_H;
309 
310 
311     ret = edma_start(dma_ch);
312     
313     if (ret != 0) {
314         printk ("dm8168_start_dma failed, error:%d", ret);
315         return ret;
316     }
317 
318     // wait for completion ISR
319     while(irqraised1 == 0u){
320         _delay_ms(10);
321  //       break;
322     }
323 
324 
325     if (ret == 0) {
326         for (cnt=0; cnt<FPGA_FIFO_SIZE; cnt++) {
327 //            fpga_buf[cnt] = readw(fpga_membase);
328             if (fpga_buf[cnt] != cnt+1) {            // 进行数据校验
329                 chk = cnt+1;
330                 break;
331             }
332         }
333         edma_stop(dma_ch);
334         edma_free_channel(dma_ch);
335     }
336 
337     if (chk == 0){
338         printk ("Gpmc&edma reading sequence data check successful!\n");
339     }else{
340         printk ("Gpmc&edma reading data check error at: %d\n", chk);
341     }
342 
343     for(cnt=0; cnt<8; cnt++){
344         printk("[%04X] [%04X] [%04X] [%04X]\n", fpga_buf[cnt*4], fpga_buf[cnt*4+1], fpga_buf[cnt*4+2], fpga_buf[cnt*4+3]);
345     }
346 
347 //    gpmc_cs_free(GPMC_FPGA_CS);  
348     return 0;
349 }
350 module_init(fpga_perh_init);
351 
352 static void __exit fpga_perh_exit(void)
353 {
354     gpio_recover();
355     // free CS3
356     gpmc_cs_free(GPMC_FPGA_CS); 
357     dma_free_coherent (NULL, MAX_DMA_TRANSFER_IN_BYTES, fpga_buf, dmaphysdest);
358     printk("fpga_perh exit!\n");
359 }
360 module_exit(fpga_perh_exit);
361 
362 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
View Code

4、实验结果

    1.代码编译后通过insmod加载驱动,抓取CS3和OEN的波形如下,刚开始设计时没有用到EDMA传送,只是在linux循环读取,可以看见每个周期里片选信号CS3都会维持很长一段高电平的时间,GPMC一次的读取周期大概为250ns。

通道1为片选信号CS3,通道2为输出使能信号OEN

这样的速率大概只有 16bit / 250ns = 8MBytes/s

    2.使用EDMA传送,这下读周期就小了很多了,只有57.6ns,和GPMC参数里设置的几乎一致。

    3.传送8KBytes即4096次,大概用了235us,速率为 8KBytes / 235us = 34MB/s

    4.fpga端使用signaltap抓取波形如下,可以看见GPMC_DATA为从1开始的自加顺序序列

    5.Linux端读取数据并做校验,还打印出了GPMC的7个寄存器的内容。校验通过,说明数据一致性正确!至此DSP与FPGA通过GPMC接口用EDMA实现数据高速传输,验证可行!

  

    总结,FPGA端代码比较简单就不上传了,如有需要欢迎交流。

    DM8168这款DSP芯片,本人刚接手开发也就两个月,文中若有不对之处欢迎指出。

    FPGA工程

参考资料:

http://blog.csdn.net/hailin0716/article/details/26553389

http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-28818752-id-3655729.html

http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-28818752-id-3749701.html

http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-28818752-id-3750016.html

 

联系本人:

hihuanglong艾特foxmail.com

有任何问题,欢迎加入 TI DSP 技术交流 QQ 群:652563558

posted @ 2014-11-26 14:14  Imapla  阅读(18206)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报