DataSet用法操作XML

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
/// <summary>
/// 用DataSet操作XML
/// </summary>
public class XmlHandle
{
    #region GetDataSetByXml 读取xml直接返回DataSet
    /// <summary>
    /// 读取xml直接返回DataSet
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strPath">Xml的相对路径</param>
    /// <returns>已装入XML文档的DataSet</returns>
    public static DataSet GetDataSetByXml(string strXmlPath)
    {
        try
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            //读取XML到DataSet
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            if (ds.Tables.Count > 0)
            {
                return ds;
            }
            return null;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return null;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region GetDataViewByXml 读取Xml返回一个经排序或筛选后的DataView
    /// <summary>
    /// 读取Xml返回一个经排序或筛选后的DataView
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strXmlPath"></param>
    /// <param name="strWhere">筛选条件,如:"name = 'kgdiwss'"</param>
    /// <param name="strSort">排序条件,如:"Id desc"</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static DataView GetDataViewByXml(string strXmlPath, string strWhere, string strSort)
    {
        try
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            //创建DataView来完成排序或筛选操作
            DataView dv = new DataView(ds.Tables[0]);
            if (strSort != null)
            {
                //对DataView中的记录进行排序
                dv.Sort = strSort;
            }
            if (strWhere != null)
            {
                //对DataView中的记录进行筛选,找到我们想要的记录
                dv.RowFilter = strWhere;
            }
            return dv;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return null;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region WriteXmlByDataSet 向Xml文件插入一行数据
    /// <summary>
    /// 向Xml文件插入一行数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strXmlPath">xml文件相对路径</param>
    /// <param name="Columns">要插入行的列名数组,如:string[] Columns = {"name","IsMarried"};</param>
    /// <param name="ColumnValue">要插入行每列的值数组,如:string[] ColumnValue={"kgdiwss","false"};</param>
    /// <returns>成功返回true,否则返回false</returns>
    public static bool WriteXmlByDataSet(string strXmlPath, string[] Columns, string[] ColumnValue)
    {
        try
        {
            //根据传入的XML路径得到.XSD的路径,两个文件放在同一个目录下
            //string strXsdPath = strXmlPath.Substring(0,strXmlPath.IndexOf(".")) + ".xsd";
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            //读xml架构,关系到列的数据类型
            //ds.ReadXmlSchema(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            DataTable dt = ds.Tables[0];
            //在原来的表格基础上创建新行
            DataRow newRow = dt.NewRow();
            //循环给 一行中的各个列赋值
            for (int i = 0; i < Columns.Length; i++)
            {
                newRow[Columns[i]] = ColumnValue[i];
            }
            dt.Rows.Add(newRow);
            dt.AcceptChanges();
            ds.AcceptChanges();
            ds.WriteXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            return true;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region UpdateXmlRow 更行符合条件的一条Xml记录
    /// <summary>
    /// 更行符合条件的一条Xml记录
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strXmlPath">XML文件路径</param>
    /// <param name="Columns">列名数组</param>
    /// <param name="ColumnValue">列值数组</param>
    /// <param name="strWhereColumnName">条件列名</param>
    /// <param name="strWhereColumnValue">条件列值</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static bool UpdateXmlRow(string strXmlPath, string[] Columns, string[] ColumnValue, string strWhereColumnName, string strWhereColumnValue)
    {
        try
        {
            //同上一方法
            //string strXsdPath = strXmlPath.Substring(0, strXmlPath.IndexOf(".")) + ".xsd";
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            //读xml架构,关系到列的数据类型
            //ds.ReadXmlSchema(GetXmlFullPath(strXsdPath));
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            //先判断行数
            if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count; i++)
                {
                    //如果当前记录为符合Where条件的记录if(ds.Tables[0].Rows[i][strWhereColumnName].ToString().Trim().Equals(strWhereColumnValue))
                    {
                        //循环给找到行的各列赋新值
                        for (int j = 0; j < Columns.Length; j++)
                        {
                            ds.Tables[0].Rows[i][Columns[j]] = ColumnValue[j];
                        }
                        //更新DataSet
                        ds.AcceptChanges();
                        //重新写入XML文件
                        ds.WriteXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }
            return false;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region DeleteXmlAllRows 删除所有行
    /// <summary>
    /// 删除所有行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strXmlPath">XML路径</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static bool DeleteXmlAllRows(string strXmlPath)
    {
        try
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            //如果记录条数大于0
            if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                //移除所有记录
                ds.Tables[0].Rows.Clear();
            }
            //重新写入,这时XML文件中就只剩根节点了
            ds.WriteXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            return true;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region DeleteXmlRowByIndex 通过删除DataSet中iDeleteRow这一行,然后重写Xml以实现删除指定行
    /// <summary>
    /// 通过删除DataSet中iDeleteRow这一行,然后重写Xml以实现删除指定行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strXmlPath">XML路径</param>
    /// <param name="iDeleteRow">要删除的行在DataSet中的Index值</param>
    public static bool DeleteXmlRowByIndex(string strXmlPath, int iDeleteRow)
    {
        try
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                //删除符号条件的行
                ds.Tables[0].Rows[iDeleteRow].Delete();
            }
            ds.WriteXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            return true;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region DeleteXmlRows 删除strColumn列中值为ColumnValue的行
    /// <summary>
    /// 删除strColumn列中值为ColumnValue的行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strXmlPath">xml相对路径</param>
    /// <param name="strColumn">列名</param>
    /// <param name="ColumnValue">strColumn列中值为ColumnValue的行均会被删除</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static bool DeleteXmlRows(string strXmlPath, string strColumn, string[] ColumnValue)
    {
        try
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            ds.ReadXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            //先判断行数
            if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                //判断行多还是删除的值多,多的for循环放在里面
                if (ColumnValue.Length > ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count)
                {
                    for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count; i++)
                    {
                        for (int j = 0; j < ColumnValue.Length; j++)
                        {
                            //找到符合条件的行if(ds.Tables[0].Rows[i][strColumn].ToString().Trim().Equals(ColumnValue[j]))
                            {
                                //删除行
                                ds.Tables[0].Rows[i].Delete();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    for (int j = 0; j < ColumnValue.Length; j++)
                    {
                        for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count; i++)
                        {
                            //找到符合条件的行if(ds.Tables[0].Rows[i][strColumn].ToString().Trim().Equals(ColumnValue[j]))
                            {
                                //删除行
                                ds.Tables[0].Rows[i].Delete();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                ds.WriteXml(GetXmlFullPath(strXmlPath));
            }
            return true;
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return false;
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #region GetXmlFullPath 返回完整路径
    /// <summary>
    /// 返回完整路径
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="strPath">Xml的相对路径</param>
    /// <returns>Xml的路径</returns>
    private static string GetXmlFullPath(string strPath)
    {
        //如果路径中含有:符号,则认定为传入的是完整路径 
        if (strPath.IndexOf(":") > 0)
        {
            return strPath;
        }
        else
        {
            //返回完整路径
            return System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath(strPath);
        }
    }
    #endregion

posted @ 2011-01-11 09:53  快乐的langYa  阅读(791)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报