[ Openstack ] OpenStack-Mitaka 高可用之 镜像服务(glance)

 目录

    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 概述
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 环境初始化
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 Mariadb-Galera集群部署
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 Rabbitmq-server 集群部署
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 memcache
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 Pacemaker+corosync+pcs高可用集群
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 认证服务(keystone)
    OpenStack-Mitaka 高可用之 镜像服务(glance)
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 计算服务(Nova)
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 网络服务(Neutron)
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 Dashboard
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 启动一个实例
    Openstack-Mitaka 高可用之 测试

 

 简介

镜像服务允许用户发现、注册和获取虚拟机镜像。它提供了一个API,允许查询虚拟机镜像的metadata 并获取一个现存的镜像。可以将虚拟机镜像存储到各种位置,从简单的文件系统到对象存储系统。

组件:
    (1)glance-api
        接收镜像API的调用,诸如镜像发现、恢复、存储
    (2)glance-registry
        存储、处理和恢复镜像的元数据,元数据包括项诸如大小和类型
    (3)数据库
        存放镜像源数据,诸如MySQL、SQLite
    (4)镜像文件的存储仓库
        支持多种类型的仓库,它们有普通文件系统、对象存储、RADOS块存储、HTTP
    (5)元数据定义服务
        通用API,是用于为厂商、管理员、服务、及用户自定义元数据
       

安装和配置

安装服务前,必须创建一个数据库、服务凭证和API端点

root@controller1 ~]# . admin-openrc 
[root@controller1 ~]# mysql -ugalera -pgalera -h 192.168.0.10

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE glance;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.07 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on glance.* to 'glance'@'localhost' identified by 'glance';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on glance.* to 'glance'@'%' identified by 'glance';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

创建服务证书
[root@controller1 ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password-prompt glance        # 密码 glance

创建服务实体
[root@controller1 ~]# openstack service create --name glance   --description "OpenStack Image" image

创建镜像服务的API端点
[root@controller1 ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne   image public http://controller:9292
[root@controller1 ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne   image internal http://controller:9292
[root@controller1 ~]# openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne   image admin http://controller:9292

 

安装并配置组件

三个节点都需要安装:
# yum install openstack-glance -y

配置文件做如下修改:
[root@controller1 ~]# vim /etc/glance/glance-api.conf
…
Bind_host = 192.168.0.xx        # 监听ip地址,为了避免和vip冲突。
registry_host = 192.168.0.xx        # 监听ip地址,为了避免和vip冲突。
[database]
...
connection = mysql+pymysql://glance:glance@controller/glance
[keystone_authtoken]
...
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller1:11211,controller2:11211,controller3:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = glance
password = glance
[paste_deploy]
...
flavor = keystone

[glance_store]
...
stores = file,http
default_store = file
filesystem_store_datadir = /var/lib/glance/images/

[root@controller1 ~]# vim /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf
[database]
...
connection = mysql+pymysql://glance:glance@controller/glance
…
bind_host = 192.168.0.xx        # 监听ip地址,为了避免和vip冲突。
[keystone_authtoken]
...
auth_uri = http://controller:5000
auth_url = http://controller:35357
memcached_servers = controller1:11211,controller2:11211,controller3:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = glance
password = glance
[paste_deploy]
...
flavor = keystone

 

将修改后的配置文件拷贝到其他controller节点

[root@controller1 ~]# cd /etc/glance/
[root@controller1 glance]# scp glance-api.conf glance-registry.conf controller2:/etc/glance/
glance-api.conf                                                                                                            100%  137KB 137.5KB/s   00:00    
glance-registry.conf                                                                                                       100%   65KB  65.5KB/s   00:00    
[root@controller1 glance]# scp glance-api.conf glance-registry.conf controller3:/etc/glance/
glance-api.conf                                                                                                            100%  137KB 137.5KB/s   00:00    
glance-registry.conf 

注意修改监听地址

写入镜像服务数据库

[root@controller1 ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "glance-manage db_sync" glance
忽视告警信息
Option "verbose" from group "DEFAULT" is deprecated for removal.  Its value may be silently ignored in the future.
/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/oslo_db/sqlalchemy/enginefacade.py:1171: OsloDBDeprecationWarning: EngineFacade is deprecated; please use oslo_db.sqlalchemy.enginefacade
  expire_on_commit=expire_on_commit, _conf=conf)
/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py:166: Warning: (1831, u'Duplicate index `ix_image_properties_image_id_name`. This is deprecated and will be disallowed in a future release.')
  result = self._query(query)

完成安装,启动镜像服务

每个controller节点都需要执行:
# systemctl enable openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service
# systemctl start openstack-glance-api.service openstack-glance-registry.service

Haproxy 详解
http://blog.itpub.net/28624388/viewspace-1288651/

listen galera_cluster
    mode tcp
    bind 192.168.0.10:3306
    balance source
    option mysql-check user haproxy
    server controller1 192.168.0.11:3306 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3 backup
    server controller2 192.168.0.12:3306 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3 
    server controller3 192.168.0.13:3306 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3 backup

listen memcache_cluster
    mode tcp
    bind 192.168.0.10:11211
    balance source
    server controller1 192.168.0.11:11211 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3 
    server controller2 192.168.0.12:11211 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller3 192.168.0.13:11211 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3 

listen dashboard_cluster
    mode tcp
    bind 192.168.0.10:80
    balance source
    option tcplog
    option httplog
    server controller1 192.168.0.11:80 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller2 192.168.0.12:80 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller3 192.168.0.13:80 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    
listen keystone_admin_cluster
    mode tcp
    bind 192.168.0.10:35357
    balance source
    option tcplog
    option httplog
    server controller1 192.168.0.11:35357 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller2 192.168.0.12:35357 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller3 192.168.0.13:35357 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
listen keystone_public_internal_cluster
    mode tcp
    bind 192.168.0.10:5000
    balance source
    option tcplog
    option httplog
    server controller1 192.168.0.11:5000 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller2 192.168.0.12:5000 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller3 192.168.0.13:5000 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3

listen glance_api_cluster
    mode tcp
    bind 192.168.0.10:9292
    balance source
    option tcplog
    option httplog
    server controller1 192.168.0.11:9292 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller2 192.168.0.12:9292 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3
    server controller3 192.168.0.13:9292 check inter 2000 rise 3 fall 3

 

确认无误,拷贝到其他controller节点

[root@controller1 glance]# systemctl restart haproxy 
[root@controller1 glance]# netstat -ntplu | grep haproxy 
tcp        0      0 192.168.0.10:5000       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      10560/haproxy       
tcp        0      0 192.168.0.10:5672       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      10560/haproxy       
tcp        0      0 192.168.0.10:3306       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      10560/haproxy       
tcp        0      0 192.168.0.10:9292       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      10560/haproxy
tcp     0    0 192.168.0.10:80     0.0.0.0:*         LISTEN    10560/haproxy tcp
0 0 192.168.0.10:35357 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 10560/haproxy udp 0 0 0.0.0.0:43543 0.0.0.0:* 10559/haproxy [root@controller1 ~]# scp /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg controller2:/etc/haproxy/ haproxy.cfg 100% 4747 4.6KB/s 00:00 [root@controller1 ~]# scp /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg controller3:/etc/haproxy/ haproxy.cfg 100% 4747 4.6KB/s 00:00

 

haproxy配置务必保持一致。

 

验证操作:

选择任意节点下载镜像:

# wget http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.4/cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img     # 可提前使用迅雷下载

使用QCOW2磁盘格式,bare容器格式上传镜像到镜像服务并设置公共可见,这样所有的项目都可以访问它:

# openstack image create "cirros" --file cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare --public

 

创建成功,确认镜像上传并验证属性:

# openstack image list

glance部署成功。

posted @ 2017-12-16 18:05  hukey  阅读(1122)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报