python3 使用flask_socketio实时推送服务器状态(top)和 日志信息(tail)

使用python3和flask_socketio ,实现服务器上的tail和top命令的实时展示,将结果实时展示在web上

tail在页面上限制了显示长度,自动滚动显示最新数据

效果如下:

tail效果

 

 

 

top效果

 

 

 和Vue配合使用时,可能会出现如下问题

GET http://127.0.0.1:5000/socket.io/?EIO=3&transport=polling&t=M-9xlys 400 (BAD REQUEST)

Access to XMLHttpRequest at 'http://127.0.0.1:5000/socket.io/?EIO=3&transport=polling&t=M-9xlys' from origin 'http://localhost:8081' has been blocked by CORS policy: No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource.

 

 

 

 

 提示的很明显,就是跨域了,然后理所当然的按平时的解决方式

比如使用flask_cors或者自己利用flask的钩子函数在请求前后,设置请求头等,但是依然会报错!!!

 

正确的解决方式是,在实例化SocketIO时,加上 cors_allowed_origins="*"

socketio = SocketIO(app , cors_allowed_origins="*")

 

 

 

主要代码如下:

# coding=utf-8
import os
import re
from threading import Lock

from flask import Flask, render_template
from flask_socketio import SocketIO
from config import LOG_FILE, SECRET_KEY

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['SECRET_KEY'] = SECRET_KEY
socketio = SocketIO(app)
# 跨域时使用下面的
# socketio = SocketIO(app,
cors_allowed_origins="*")


close = False
thread = None
thread_lock = Lock()
client_num = 0  # tail页面连入数量


def get_tail_n_info(n):
    '''
    tail按行获取
    :param n: 行数
    :return:
    '''
    try:
        tail_pipe = os.popen(f'tail -n {n} {LOG_FILE} ')
    except:
        print('文件不存在')
        return ''
    else:

        tail_output = iter(tail_pipe.readlines())
        tail_pipe.close()

    return tail_output


def tail_close():
    with thread_lock:
        global close, thread, client_num
        client_num -= 1
        print('有客户端离开tail页面,当前页面客户端剩余数量为', client_num)

        if client_num <= 0:
            close = True
            client_num = 0
            thread = None
            print('tail页面客户端全部关闭')


def get_top_info():
    '''获取top命令结果,并做处理'''
    top_pipe = os.popen('top -n 1')
    try:
        top_output = top_pipe.read()
    finally:
        top_pipe.close()

    # 用print输出top_output看着没问题,但是用repr输出会发现有很多其他字符,这些字符会被发往前端,导致页面上数据混乱
    # 暂时先直接替换处理
    top_output = top_output.replace("\x1b(B\x1b[m", "").replace("\x1b(B\x1b[m\x1b[39;49m\x1b[K", "").replace(
        "\x1b[?1h\x1b=\x1b[?25l\x1b[H\x1b[2J", "").replace("\x1b[39;49m\x1b[1m", "").replace("\x1b[39;49m\x1b[K",
                                                                                             "").replace("\x1b[39;49m",
                                                                                                         "").replace(
        "\x1b[K", "").replace("\x1b[7m", "").replace("\x1b[?1l\x1b>\x1b[45;1H", "").replace("\x1b[?12l\x1b[?25h",
                                                                                            "").replace("\x1b[1m", "")

    _html = ''
    for num, line in enumerate(top_output.split('\n')):
        if num >= 6:
            if num == 6:
                new_line = "<table> <tr>"
            else:

                new_line = "<tr>"
            td_list = re.split(r" +", line)
            if len(td_list) > 1:

                for td in td_list:
                    if td.strip():
                        new_line += f"<td>{(8-len(td))*'&nbsp;'+td}</td>"

            new_line += "</tr>"
        else:
            new_line = '<div>' + line.replace(' ', "&nbsp;") + '</div>'

        _html += new_line
    _html += '</table>'
    return _html


@app.route('/')
def index():
    return render_template('index.html')


@app.route('/tail', methods=['GET'])
def tail_html():
    return render_template('tail.html')


@app.route('/top', methods=['GET'])
def top_html():
    return render_template('top.html')


@socketio.on('connect', namespace="/shell")
def connect():
    print("connect..")


@socketio.on('disconnect', namespace="/shell")
def disconnect():
    print("disconnect..")


@socketio.on('open_tail', namespace="/shell")
def open_tail(message):
    print('received open_tail message: ' + message.get('data', ''))
    global thread, close, client_num

    with thread_lock:
        client_num += 1
        print('有客户端进入tail页面,当前页面客户端数量为', client_num)
        if thread is None:
            close = False
            thread = socketio.start_background_task(target=background_thread)

        else:  # 有其他客户端正在使用时,则先发送最近30条过去

            for line in get_tail_n_info(n=30):
                if line.strip():
                    socketio.emit('tail_response', {'text': line}, namespace='/shell')


@socketio.on('close_tail', namespace="/shell")
def close_tail(message):
    print('准备关闭tail', message.get('data', ''))
    tail_close()


@socketio.on('handle_top', namespace="/shell")
def handle_top(message):
    print('received handle_top message: ' + message.get('data', ''))

    top_info = get_top_info()
    socketio.emit('top_response', {'text': top_info}, namespace='/shell')


def background_thread():
    try:
        tail_pipe = os.popen('tail -f ' + LOG_FILE)
    except:
        print('文件不存在')
        return
    else:
        while not close:
            tail_output = tail_pipe.readline()
            if tail_output.strip():
                socketio.emit('tail_response', {'text': tail_output}, namespace='/shell')

        tail_pipe.close()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    socketio.run(app, host='0.0.0.0', port=8000)

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
    <script type="text/javascript"
            src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.4.0.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript"
            src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/socket.io/1.3.6/socket.io.min.js"></script>

    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">

        $(document).ready(function () {
            var child_num = 0;
            var namespace = '/shell';
            var socket = io.connect(location.protocol + '//' + document.domain + ':' + location.port + namespace);
            socket.on('tail_response', function (res) {
                if (child_num < 40) {
                    $('#terminal').append('<div>' + res.text + '</div>');
                    child_num += 1
                } else {
                    // 先删后加
                    $('#terminal div:first').remove();
                    $('#terminal').append('<div>' + res.text + '</div>');
                }
                $(document).scrollTop($(document).height()); // 将滚动条滚到最下方
                console.log(res.text);
            });
            socket.on('connect', function (res) {
                socket.emit('open_tail', {'data': 'I\'m connected!'});
            });

            //socket.on('disconnect', function (data) {
            //    socket.emit('close_tail', {'data': 'I\'m disconnected!'});
            //});

            $(window).bind('beforeunload', function () {    // 离开页面前关闭tail
                    socket.emit('close_tail', {'data': 'I\'m leave!'});

                }
            );


        });

        $(window).resize(function () {
            var cliWidth = document.body.clientWidth;
            var cliHeight = document.body.clientHeight;
            var divWidth = cliWidth - 2;
            var divHeight = cliHeight - 2;
            $('#terminal').css("width", divWidth + "px");
            $('#terminal').css("height", divHeight + "px");
            $(document).scrollTop($(document).height()); // 将滚动条滚到最下方
        })

    </script>
    <style>
        html, body {
            height: 100%;
            margin: 0;
        }

        .outer {
            height: 100%;
        }

        #terminal {
            height: 100%;
            background-color: black;
            color: white;
            padding-left: 10px;
        }

        #terminal div {
            background-color: black;
            color: white;
        }
    </style>

</head>

<body>


<div class="outer">

    <div id="terminal">


    </div>
</div>


</body>


</html>
tail.html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
    <script type="text/javascript"
            src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.4.0.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript"
            src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/socket.io/1.3.6/socket.io.min.js"></script>

    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
        $(document).ready(function () {
            var namespace = "/shell";
            var socket = io.connect('http://' + document.domain + ':' + location.port + namespace);
            socket.on('connect', function (res) {
                socket.emit('handle_top', {'data': 'I\'m connected!'});
            });

            socket.on('top_response', function (res) {
                var top_info = res.text;
                document.getElementById("terminal").innerHTML = top_info;
                setTimeout(function () {
                    socket.emit("handle_top", {"data": "handle_top"});
                }, 2000)
            });
        });
    </script>
    <style type="text/css">

        #terminal {
            background-color: black;
            color: white;
        }

        #terminal div {
            width: 1024px;
            text-align: justify;
        }

        table {
            width: 1024px;
            table-layout: fixed;
            text-align: right;
        }
    </style>

</head>

<body>


<div>

    <div id="terminal">

    </div>
</div>

</body>


</html>
top.html

 

项目完整地址:https://github.com/Mark-IT/system_log_web

Access to XMLHttpRequest at 'http://127.0.0.1:5000/socket.io/?EIO=3&transport=polling&t=M-9xlys' from origin 'http://localhost:8081' has been blocked by CORS policy: No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource.

posted @ 2020-01-09 11:25  听风。  阅读(2407)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报