前后端API交互数据加密——AES与RSA混合加密完整实例

  前言

   前段时间看到一篇文章讲如何保证API调用时数据的安全性(传送门:https://blog.csdn.net/ityouknow/article/details/80603617),文中讲到利用RSA来加密传输AES的秘钥,用AES来加密数据,并提供如下思路:

  说人话就是前、后端各自生成自己的RSA秘钥对(公钥、私钥),然后交换公钥(后端给前端的是正常的明文公钥,前端给后端的是用后端公钥加密后的密文公钥;PS:其实我觉得直接交换两个明文公钥就行了),后端生成AES的明文key,用明文key进行AES加密得到密文数据,用前端的公钥进行RSA加密得到密文key,API交互时并将密文数据与密文key进行传输,前端用自己的私钥进行RAS解密的到明文key,用明文key进行AES解密得到明文数据;前端给后端发送数据时同理,这样一来,传输的数据都是密文,且只有秘钥才能解密

  可惜这篇博客只提供了思路,但并没有具体的代码,我们在网上查找一下资料,开始生撸代码,实现一个前后端API交互数据加密——AES与RSA混合加密,并应用到项目中

 

  后端加、解密

  从网上查找工具类,再进行改造

  先引入Base64工具类

        <!-- Base64编码需要  -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.directory.studio</groupId>
            <artifactId>org.apache.commons.codec</artifactId>
            <version>1.8</version>
        </dependency>

 

  AES

package cn.huanzi.ims.util;

import org.apache.tomcat.util.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.util.Random;

/**
 * AES加、解密算法工具类
 */
public class AesUtil {
    /**
     * 加密算法AES
     */
    private static final String KEY_ALGORITHM = "AES";

    /**
     * key的长度,Wrong key size: must be equal to 128, 192 or 256
     * 传入时需要16、24、36
     */
    private static final Integer KEY_LENGTH = 16 * 8;

    /**
     * 算法名称/加密模式/数据填充方式
     * 默认:AES/ECB/PKCS5Padding
     */
    private static final String ALGORITHMS = "AES/ECB/PKCS5Padding";

    /**
     * 后端AES的key,由静态代码块赋值
     */
    public static String key;

    static {
        key = getKey();
    }

    /**
     * 获取key
     */
    public static String getKey() {
        StringBuilder uid = new StringBuilder();
        //产生16位的强随机数
        Random rd = new SecureRandom();
        for (int i = 0; i < KEY_LENGTH / 8; i++) {
            //产生0-2的3位随机数
            int type = rd.nextInt(3);
            switch (type) {
                case 0:
                    //0-9的随机数
                    uid.append(rd.nextInt(10));
                    break;
                case 1:
                    //ASCII在65-90之间为大写,获取大写随机
                    uid.append((char) (rd.nextInt(25) + 65));
                    break;
                case 2:
                    //ASCII在97-122之间为小写,获取小写随机
                    uid.append((char) (rd.nextInt(25) + 97));
                    break;
                default:
                    break;
            }
        }
        return uid.toString();
    }

    /**
     * 加密
     *
     * @param content    加密的字符串
     * @param encryptKey key值
     */
    public static String encrypt(String content, String encryptKey) throws Exception {
        //设置Cipher对象
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS,new BouncyCastleProvider());
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, new SecretKeySpec(encryptKey.getBytes(), KEY_ALGORITHM));

        //调用doFinal
        byte[] b = cipher.doFinal(content.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));

        // 转base64
        return Base64.encodeBase64String(b);

    }

    /**
     * 解密
     *
     * @param encryptStr 解密的字符串
     * @param decryptKey 解密的key值
     */
    public static String decrypt(String encryptStr, String decryptKey) throws Exception {
        //base64格式的key字符串转byte
        byte[] decodeBase64 = Base64.decodeBase64(encryptStr);

        //设置Cipher对象
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS,new BouncyCastleProvider());
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, new SecretKeySpec(decryptKey.getBytes(), KEY_ALGORITHM));

        //调用doFinal解密
        byte[] decryptBytes = cipher.doFinal(decodeBase64);
        return new String(decryptBytes);
    }

}
AesUtil

 

  RSA

package cn.huanzi.ims.util;


import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.security.Key;
import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateKey;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * RSA加、解密算法工具类
 */
public class RsaUtil {

    /**
     * 加密算法AES
     */
    private static final String KEY_ALGORITHM = "RSA";

    /**
     * 算法名称/加密模式/数据填充方式
     * 默认:RSA/ECB/PKCS1Padding
     */
    private static final String ALGORITHMS = "RSA/ECB/PKCS1Padding";

    /**
     * Map获取公钥的key
     */
    private static final String PUBLIC_KEY = "publicKey";

    /**
     * Map获取私钥的key
     */
    private static final String PRIVATE_KEY = "privateKey";

    /**
     * RSA最大加密明文大小
     */
    private static final int MAX_ENCRYPT_BLOCK = 117;

    /**
     * RSA最大解密密文大小
     */
    private static final int MAX_DECRYPT_BLOCK = 128;

    /**
     * RSA 位数 如果采用2048 上面最大加密和最大解密则须填写:  245 256
     */
    private static final int INITIALIZE_LENGTH = 1024;

    /**
     * 后端RSA的密钥对(公钥和私钥)Map,由静态代码块赋值
     */
    private static Map<String, Object> genKeyPair = new HashMap<>();

    static {
        try {
            genKeyPair.putAll(genKeyPair());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 生成密钥对(公钥和私钥)
     */
    private static Map<String, Object> genKeyPair() throws Exception {
        KeyPairGenerator keyPairGen = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        keyPairGen.initialize(INITIALIZE_LENGTH);
        KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGen.generateKeyPair();
        RSAPublicKey publicKey = (RSAPublicKey) keyPair.getPublic();
        RSAPrivateKey privateKey = (RSAPrivateKey) keyPair.getPrivate();
        Map<String, Object> keyMap = new HashMap<String, Object>(2);
        //公钥
        keyMap.put(PUBLIC_KEY, publicKey);
        //私钥
        keyMap.put(PRIVATE_KEY, privateKey);
        return keyMap;
    }

    /**
     * 私钥解密
     *
     * @param encryptedData 已加密数据
     * @param privateKey    私钥(BASE64编码)
     */
    public static byte[] decryptByPrivateKey(byte[] encryptedData, String privateKey) throws Exception {
        //base64格式的key字符串转Key对象
        byte[] keyBytes = Base64.decodeBase64(privateKey);
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key privateK = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);

        //设置加密、填充方式
        /*
            如需使用更多加密、填充方式,引入
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.bouncycastle</groupId>
                <artifactId>bcprov-jdk16</artifactId>
                <version>1.46</version>
            </dependency>
            并改成
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS ,new BouncyCastleProvider());
         */
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS);
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, privateK);

        //分段进行解密操作
        return encryptAndDecryptOfSubsection(encryptedData, cipher, MAX_DECRYPT_BLOCK);
    }

    /**
     * 公钥加密
     *
     * @param data      源数据
     * @param publicKey 公钥(BASE64编码)
     */
    public static byte[] encryptByPublicKey(byte[] data, String publicKey) throws Exception {
        //base64格式的key字符串转Key对象
        byte[] keyBytes = Base64.decodeBase64(publicKey);
        X509EncodedKeySpec x509KeySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key publicK = keyFactory.generatePublic(x509KeySpec);

        //设置加密、填充方式
        /*
            如需使用更多加密、填充方式,引入
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.bouncycastle</groupId>
                <artifactId>bcprov-jdk16</artifactId>
                <version>1.46</version>
            </dependency>
            并改成
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS ,new BouncyCastleProvider());
         */
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS);
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicK);

        //分段进行加密操作
        return encryptAndDecryptOfSubsection(data, cipher, MAX_ENCRYPT_BLOCK);
    }

    /**
     * 获取私钥
     */
    public static String getPrivateKey() {
        Key key = (Key) genKeyPair.get(PRIVATE_KEY);
        return Base64.encodeBase64String(key.getEncoded());
    }

    /**
     * 获取公钥
     */
    public static String getPublicKey() {
        Key key = (Key) genKeyPair.get(PUBLIC_KEY);
        return Base64.encodeBase64String(key.getEncoded());
    }

    /**
     * 分段进行加密、解密操作
     */
    private static byte[] encryptAndDecryptOfSubsection(byte[] data, Cipher cipher, int encryptBlock) throws Exception {
        int inputLen = data.length;
        ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        int offSet = 0;
        byte[] cache;
        int i = 0;
        // 对数据分段加密
        while (inputLen - offSet > 0) {
            if (inputLen - offSet > encryptBlock) {
                cache = cipher.doFinal(data, offSet, encryptBlock);
            } else {
                cache = cipher.doFinal(data, offSet, inputLen - offSet);
            }
            out.write(cache, 0, cache.length);
            i++;
            offSet = i * encryptBlock;
        }
        byte[] toByteArray = out.toByteArray();
        out.close();
        return toByteArray;
    }
}
RsaUtil

 

  简单测试

  AES对称加密、解密简单测试

  1、字符串

   public static void main(String[] args) {
        //16位
        String key = "MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3";

        //字符串
        String str = "huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子";
        try {
            //加密
            String encrypt = AesUtil.encrypt(str, key);
            //解密
            String decrypt = AesUtil.decrypt(encrypt, key);

            System.out.println("加密前:" + str);
            System.out.println("加密后:" + encrypt);
            System.out.println("解密后:" + decrypt);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
加密前:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子
加密后:dXPRtcdHPQSTwxLnmixkaSvNfGHhg5Gz8sGTtiqCpPo=
解密后:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子

 

  2、复杂对象

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //16位
        String key = "MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3";

        //复杂对象
        ImsUserVo userVo = new ImsUserVo();
        userVo.setUserName("123456");
        userVo.setPassword("111111");
        try {
            //加密
            String encrypt = AesUtil.encrypt(userVo.toString(), key);
            //解密
            String decrypt = AesUtil.decrypt(encrypt, key);
System.out.println(
"加密前:" + userVo.toString()); System.out.println("加密后:" + encrypt); System.out.println("解密后:" + decrypt); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } }
加密前:ImsUserVo(id=null, userName=123456, password=111111, nickName=null, gender=null, avatar=null, email=null, phone=null, sign=null, createdTime=null, updataTime=null)
加密后:AXv8ewfY+gbuZ/dCmGAxngLry+Idlp1NKZ8yyf9+bmrBggUBo3b+e4XRwMAE/DP+vFS2HpgeYQTrZM1ECjo01uvZ/T6lY7b2C6L8PTotYHQyJM3kOs+YNXL/uyvFZ2EICSQWhmM1XX+g0juHLCbgQDMNXc56S/7eH2p+su1+CTMygUBCF0U/gZaSzqylqujTb3sg7q4xMuxCQ6ne6xmL3ebjanOLeMJHypTDy1rlJTw=
解密后:ImsUserVo(id=null, userName=123456, password=111111, nickName=null, gender=null, avatar=null, email=null, phone=null, sign=null, createdTime=null, updataTime=null)

 

  RAS非对称加密、解密简单测试

  1、字符串的RSA公钥加密、私钥解密

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //字符串
        String str = "huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子";
        try {
            System.out.println("私钥:" + RsaUtil.getPrivateKey());
            System.out.println("公钥:" + RsaUtil.getPublicKey());

            //公钥加密
            byte[] ciphertext = RsaUtil.encryptByPublicKey(str.getBytes(), RsaUtil.getPublicKey());
            //私钥解密
            byte[] plaintext = RsaUtil.decryptByPrivateKey(ciphertext, RsaUtil.getPrivateKey());

            System.out.println("公钥加密前:" + str);
            System.out.println("公钥加密后:" + Base64.encodeBase64String(ciphertext));
            System.out.println("私钥解密后:" + new String(plaintext));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
私钥: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
公钥:MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDRtPG9i9B5NUAiV8k1COgOAqlvihDQnnWciQmDLXmf78fdynmGWz0oYSNyFiSbY/VPom4gFUY85opCPZZCnYJwmjoE5hGYrNkVoC84XDqUqnafyenfmLZgg+lA3jtxOkD8n1b/Xd6j66mmFAsYuwpqLs1Wmv3Caq32Ae6hmLd7uQIDAQAB
公钥加密前:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子
公钥加密后:MQa65DyVZg/L8SBilLX1yUiajtiTBqUFpQ/qlrSRyMGCubylbp9KisowRghPxk9BuI3+ea/4QpidIZKJaZAbQQ+ZKyslSTk3nm6H+0BF9pMA7BUeC33xHSy+3lJrNOr5S+Vup1Oir3Nu8i2vJYQV1pPkB5+zyUVEcNLD3xr/eNQ=
私钥解密后:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子

 

  2、复杂对象的RSA公钥加密、私钥解密

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //复杂对象
        ImsUserVo userVo = new ImsUserVo();
        userVo.setUserName("123456");
        userVo.setPassword("111111");
        try {
            System.out.println("私钥:" + RsaUtil.getPrivateKey());
            System.out.println("公钥:" + RsaUtil.getPublicKey());

            //公钥加密
            byte[] ciphertext = RsaUtil.encryptByPublicKey(userVo.toString().getBytes(), RsaUtil.getPublicKey());
            //私钥解密
            byte[] plaintext = RsaUtil.decryptByPrivateKey(ciphertext, RsaUtil.getPrivateKey());

            System.out.println("公钥加密前:" + userVo.toString());
            System.out.println("公钥加密后:" + Base64.encodeBase64String(ciphertext));
            System.out.println("私钥解密后:" + new String(plaintext));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
私钥: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
公钥:MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQC+oEirNhuIha4T6NGixC3xs7AgGgeYc7b3JQ/SdoWU9il37OkuScGdEVkUdvK6h5tHtkTVt382Mji70qKvd5/00QJJlwW1YmtwQk60syz6yhWPCby8l6m61dDa8csGPuGZYEeUfrHFmo9y7VEet7El2+XXZjoPV3La1gRr7CqzSQIDAQAB
公钥加密前:ImsUserVo(id=null, userName=123456, password=111111, nickName=null, gender=null, avatar=null, email=null, phone=null, sign=null, createdTime=null, updataTime=null)
公钥加密后:Un+1m/CbpzVkkxYrwNOWyEXqpsawxcdv4p3G+9b+SQRiC/THL8YG+IvqFCHnxizzYGB9LEvLbQxw72JB0Wlo1+/SvX7AJb2h0ddpvVUkPjmtXNo073SV1zMK+9NTCJUMMoHu/TIptxRbVxlBoGMHa+jq8h2y3RUOPtx/9zhBWlQmzZEifv0MjgAhKX5ucExYfXctcAVGHL959+TwKqKQmTENw5o0ElksaA0KIF+4L7RvpWVSqZT1Y4O2gMP9ALjamCx6ziRcmk4b4Q5Goph0nmw6nA387qVi3Vz6rQHrIpL0HT5OSiz1O7+2L3N0Him2IZeAgg3EZCi5xTGl54jGEw==
私钥解密后:ImsUserVo(id=null, userName=123456, password=111111, nickName=null, gender=null, avatar=null, email=null, phone=null, sign=null, createdTime=null, updataTime=null)

 

  如需使用更多加密、填充方式,引入

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.bouncycastle</groupId>
    <artifactId>bcprov-jdk16</artifactId>
    <version>1.46</version>
</dependency>


  加解密的时候改成

Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(ALGORITHMS ,new BouncyCastleProvider());

 

 

   前端加、解密

   AES我们采用CryptoJS,是一个标准和安全加密算法的JavaScript库,它的AES加密支持AES-128、AES-192和AES-256。下载或查看详情介绍请戳官网地址

  GitHub地址:https://github.com/brix/crypto-js

  官网地址:https://code.google.com/archive/p/crypto-js/

 

  RSA我们采用JSEncrypt,它是一个很好用的RSA加密算法的JavaScript库,使用PKCS#1进行填充,加解密使用方式很简单,具体的介绍或者下载请移步官网

  GitHub地址:https://github.com/travist/jsencrypt

  官网地址:http://travistidwell.com/jsencrypt/

  下载下来后我们在项目头部head.html引入,并新建两个小工具类

  

  AES

/**
 * 简单封装一下
 */
var aesUtil = {

    //获取key,
    genKey : function (length = 16) {
        let random = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789";
        let str = "";
        for (let i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            str  = str + random.charAt(Math.random() * random.length)
        }
        return str;
    },

    //加密
    encrypt : function (plaintext,key) {
        if (plaintext instanceof Object) {
            //JSON.stringify
            plaintext = JSON.stringify(plaintext)
        }
        let encrypted = CryptoJS.AES.encrypt(CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse(plaintext), CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse(key), {mode:CryptoJS.mode.ECB,padding: CryptoJS.pad.Pkcs7});
        return encrypted.toString();
    },

    //解密
    decrypt : function (ciphertext,key) {
        let decrypt = CryptoJS.AES.decrypt(ciphertext, CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse(key), {mode:CryptoJS.mode.ECB,padding: CryptoJS.pad.Pkcs7});
        let decString = CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.stringify(decrypt).toString();
        if(decString.charAt(0) === "{" || decString.charAt(0) === "[" ){
            //JSON.parse
            decString = JSON.parse(decString);
        }
        return decString;
    }
};
aesUtil

 

  RSA

/**
 * 简单封装一下
 */
var rsaUtil = {
    //RSA 位数,这里要跟后端对应
    bits: 1024,

    //当前JSEncrypted对象
    thisKeyPair: {},

    //生成密钥对(公钥和私钥)
    genKeyPair: function (bits = rsaUtil.bits) {
        let genKeyPair = {};
        rsaUtil.thisKeyPair = new JSEncrypt({default_key_size: bits});

        //获取私钥
        genKeyPair.privateKey = rsaUtil.thisKeyPair.getPrivateKey();

        //获取公钥
        genKeyPair.publicKey = rsaUtil.thisKeyPair.getPublicKey();

        return genKeyPair;
    },

    //公钥加密
    encrypt: function (plaintext, publicKey) {
        if (plaintext instanceof Object) {
            //1、JSON.stringify
            plaintext = JSON.stringify(plaintext)
        }
        publicKey && rsaUtil.thisKeyPair.setPublicKey(publicKey);
        return rsaUtil.thisKeyPair.encrypt(JSON.stringify(plaintext));
    },

    //私钥解密
    decrypt: function (ciphertext, privateKey) {
        privateKey && rsaUtil.thisKeyPair.setPrivateKey(privateKey);
        let decString = rsaUtil.thisKeyPair.decrypt(ciphertext);
        if(decString.charAt(0) === "{" || decString.charAt(0) === "[" ){
            //JSON.parse
            decString = JSON.parse(decString);
        }
        return decString;
    }
};
rsaUtil

 

  简单测试

  AES对称加密、解密简单测试

  1、字符串

//字符串
let text = "huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子";

//key
let genKey = aesUtil.genKey();
//key加密
let ciphertext = aesUtil.encrypt(text,genKey);
//key解密
let plaintext = aesUtil.decrypt(ciphertext,genKey);

console.log("key:");console.log(genKey);
console.log("加密前:");console.log(text);
console.log("key加密后:" + ciphertext);
console.log("key解密后:");console.log(plaintext);
key:q99IsnEuryk1ZvgX
加密前:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子
key加密后:aZn58GtEj9Is0hNWbJoqpRD6RkiBVPCHOvva3Xq2PYo=
key解密后:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子

 

  2、复杂对象

//复杂对象
let user = {username: "欢子", password: 123456, remark: "abcd!@#$:"};

//key
let genKey = aesUtil.genKey();
//key加密
let ciphertext = aesUtil.encrypt(user,genKey);
//key解密
let plaintext = aesUtil.decrypt(ciphertext,genKey);

console.log("key:");console.log(genKey);
console.log("加密前:");console.log(user);
console.log("key加密后:" + ciphertext);
console.log("key解密后:");console.log(plaintext);
key:e6gzizHIpDfc6hbg
加密前:{username: "欢子", password: 123456, remark: "abcd!@#$:"}
key加密后:YdNw5AwteEp8WZs5xMv0YiGcXvX81P9MCLOvroHjfLUyQV/GwJ6obRqi4DT2ucJy8DWrKueOzLGLSQXUVhAgIA==
key解密后:{username: "欢子", password: 123456, remark: "abcd!@#$:"}

  RAS非对称加密、解密简单测试

  1、字符串的RSA公钥加密、私钥解密

//普通字符串
let text = "huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子";

//秘钥对
let keyPair = rsaUtil.genKeyPair();
//公钥加密
let ciphertext = rsaUtil.encrypt(text,keyPair.publicKey);
//私钥解密
let plaintext = rsaUtil.decrypt(ciphertext,keyPair.privateKey);

console.log("秘钥:");console.log(keyPair.privateKey);
console.log("公钥:" + keyPair.publicKey);
console.log("加密前:" + text);
console.log("公钥加密后:" + ciphertext);
console.log("解密后:" + plaintext);
秘钥:MIICXQIBAAKBgQDtBKNg9NJ0+mMWq+99geoi32t+xkbJuvQ4Wr7x8I+zGT8xiG+jG+OAuSjvi5yA7IEMMAj8Y8vS7IPPo2mAr/PH0DsNiHMATJm8mNIEDzfP4WOFOdidzqP+6/9iOLMfe4cHtGq+kdX7QPx4uabnIXAREnR4nVl5Mtxf+vEHXGmEPwIDAQABAoGBANH92gJ85jld3YyoqHa6M4bSC5s2cGEqklWbkLEqQSacp7BrAP2yJ85UPkB9oRtYbr0tkciLYnptshq03TR2r7QT5+ovb5KJ2MQExTXk8GZTO/5sSqD0zwA9SESlAmWj8yc49p5Tk0h5UYFgsRATTer1n1llziryXa4QMiIfKrmBAkEA+za3DryZnMyNqre6Kx+FYsFVvIbHRU7tJ5LOiZ43Vl0DXq44zmeNQeh6MzfH6sc0Avu1c61/+KNDVf23yfVt7QJBAPGIr0GokOZ+L0sttiEoQSq/dBdYaSCBfTht+rA/9ie8RgcFJkYj4h/6RPzdYIRWDco5RzI+oPnZmFC4rfPjFVsCQHE2XFMw3c2TRfj86dKLVxKFbL0UxHNQuYIPIDNW8TtjmaQuwf0LH9bnDUNNzTPaaG87vq+OLlEAStVTDWPfzpUCQDVJvbjTstxXfKGufR9FnVMMGFXKOK9mQjU/9m4KPom3vQ9xcGdLJWl+stfDE7c+sR4rkuyf6q4U9sjgZeiH8j8CQQCfaxXfxiDJPztUDm1AKI6uDwz4P4eiYRbbbQ5x+iQSunHbq0Y7U9UUkWcLw0xDhReHEYkFuOeiBj2ViAPJz1r0
公钥:MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDtBKNg9NJ0+mMWq+99geoi32t+xkbJuvQ4Wr7x8I+zGT8xiG+jG+OAuSjvi5yA7IEMMAj8Y8vS7IPPo2mAr/PH0DsNiHMATJm8mNIEDzfP4WOFOdidzqP+6/9iOLMfe4cHtGq+kdX7QPx4uabnIXAREnR4nVl5Mtxf+vEHXGmEPwIDAQAB
加密前:huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子
公钥加密后:aUkUMYC7lF8M1xzcx5ZEdc0DQt4FrqvWqEnD30raV++j7rwsfEcyXpPmeF1g2LR86FVG3oxgdTptorkwUDSXB3Tv4av7toGg7Zcf9l1vs5WQX7kCDTitwBVwyBNTZq22xed1J/LAkDujDav6tUJHdMmRKYVe2NeTswvWLOqWWW4=
解密后:"huanzi.qch@qq.com:欢子"

 

  2、复杂对象的RSA公钥加密、私钥解密

//复杂对象
let user = {username:"欢子",password:123456,remark:"abcd!@#$:"};

//秘钥对
let keyPair = rsaUtil.genKeyPair();
//公钥加密
let ciphertext = rsaUtil.encrypt(user,keyPair.publicKey);
//私钥解密
let plaintext = rsaUtil.decrypt(ciphertext,keyPair.privateKey);

console.log("秘钥:");console.log(keyPair.privateKey);
console.log("公钥:" + keyPair.publicKey);
console.log("加密前:" + user);
console.log("公钥加密后:" + ciphertext);
console.log("解密后:" + plaintext);
秘钥: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
公钥:MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQCsAE5TN8kD7U4mFyxBzN1w23Rkf4K8MQ3B0bCZE5crjYp81eUtWrfUM+zLPmF9e1P/ws2yGHvL6mueU9PxtDJn5rSLsQBSxIkN0QB/nq76S4uh2Nrmmrjomejy5LqXnTVbEoIW2RTFBzyMWy4AjQY6P2pAJ8zCagvcdYcweUIqMQIDAQAB
加密前:[object Object]
公钥加密后:LwggD8SIeWoqzh4gHh/vJ9nEZsqeNZfoxgrRRPD7k0wpp9/uZmR5kfRJ8O59yW5IaOt1z50mJ26ylRBOKNoTTl7Rt4zVmBYX4EXr4Ajq3CINFcPI/j5l8yQRSIgLPUvOxhIAKmfrgNKCaLjSdjK/CnTbPrZoDArI8iAHq/ih4r8=
解密后:"{\"username\":\"欢子\",\"password\":123456,\"remark\":\"abcd!@#$:\"}"

 

  联调测试

  自己解密自己加密的的数据基本上没有什么问题,重要的是解密对方加密的数据会不会成功,前后端相互加解密的工程中,最重要的就是保持两边的加密、填充方式一致、加密位数一致,还有就是后端Base64字符串转成byte[]数组的时候要注意,Base64工具类转跟直接字符串getByte()跟用输入输出流来转,得到的数组结果有差异,在本次测试中我也是搞了好久才使得前后端一致,紧跟上面的简单测试,接下来我们进行前后端联调测试

  1、AES:前后端相互用对方的key解密对方加密的数据

  2、前后端相互用对方的公钥进行加密数据,然后将数据叫给对方解密

  这里要讲一下步骤,不然大家看不懂下面这几张图,为了确保后端加密解密用的是同一个密钥对,我们采用控制台输入前端秘钥跟前端使用后端公钥加密后的密文,然后再使用私钥去解密从而得到前端的明文,而js前端部分,只有不刷新页面,对象数据会存在浏览器内存中,确保了加密解密是用同一个对密钥对

  总而言之,测试结果是正确的,接下来就可以再项目中进行加解密了

   项目应用

  理论思路

  前、后端的代码都封装好了,并且都通过了简单测试,接下来就是应用到项目中,首先我们要解决的是生成公钥秘钥并交换的问题,思路如下:

  生成:

    1、后端:在项目启动的时候生成RSA公钥秘钥并在整个项目运行中不发生改变(或者每隔一段时间更新一次也行),AES的key是每次响应之前随机获取

    2、前端:我们在访问页面开始生成RSA公钥秘钥并且希望页面在刷新之前都不发生改变,因此将它们存在window对象中(如果需要更加健全,使用H5的本地存储localStorage、sessionStorage)在head.html中生成,AES的key在每次发起请求之前随机获取

  交换:

    1、前端获取后端RSA公钥:前端访问登录页面(网站入口),后台返回modelAndView时注入RSA的公钥,前端获取用存到sessionStorage中,直到回话关闭

    2、后端获取前端RSA公钥:前端公钥跟随http请求发送到后端

 

  生成与交换公钥的问题解决了,接下来就是如何传输AES加密后的数据RSA公钥加密后的AES的key,思路如下:

  1、前端:重写$.ajax方法(或者封装一个ajax),发送数据前用AES加密数据(key随机生成),用后端的RSA公钥加密AES的key,将加密后的data数据、加密后的AES的key、前端RSA公钥发送到后端;触发回调后,先用前端RSA私钥解密AES的key,在用明文key去解密

  2、后端:写两个自定义注解Encrypt、Decrypt,AOP拦截所有带自定义注解的post请求进行加密解密,有@Encrypt需要对返回值进行加密,有@Decrypt需要对参数进行解密,加密解密过程与前端的操作同理

 

  前端代码

  引入js

 

        <!--CryptoJS jsencrypt -->
        <script th:src="@{/js/cryptojs.js}"></script>
        <script th:src="@{/js/jsencrypt.js}"></script>
        <script th:src="@{/js/aesUtil.js}"></script>
        <script th:src="@{/js/rsaUtil.js}"></script>

 

  下载CryptoJs跟jsencrypt下来发现CryptoJs需要引入很多js,因此在网上找了这个整合的js,引它就够了

!function(t,n){"object"==typeof exports?module.exports=exports=n():"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define([],n):t.CryptoJS=n()}(this,function(){var t=t||function(t,n){var i=Object.create||function(){function t(){}return function(n){var i;return t.prototype=n,i=new t,t.prototype=null,i}}(),e={},r=e.lib={},o=r.Base=function(){return{extend:function(t){var n=i(this);return t&&n.mixIn(t),n.hasOwnProperty("init")&&this.init!==n.init||(n.init=function(){n.$super.init.apply(this,arguments)}),n.init.prototype=n,n.$super=this,n},create:function(){var t=this.extend();return t.init.apply(t,arguments),t},init:function(){},mixIn:function(t){for(var n in t)t.hasOwnProperty(n)&&(this[n]=t[n]);t.hasOwnProperty("toString")&&(this.toString=t.toString)},clone:function(){return this.init.prototype.extend(this)}}}(),s=r.WordArray=o.extend({init:function(t,i){t=this.words=t||[],i!=n?this.sigBytes=i:this.sigBytes=4*t.length},toString:function(t){return(t||c).stringify(this)},concat:function(t){var n=this.words,i=t.words,e=this.sigBytes,r=t.sigBytes;if(this.clamp(),e%4)for(var o=0;o<r;o++){var s=i[o>>>2]>>>24-o%4*8&255;n[e+o>>>2]|=s<<24-(e+o)%4*8}else for(var o=0;o<r;o+=4)n[e+o>>>2]=i[o>>>2];return this.sigBytes+=r,this},clamp:function(){var n=this.words,i=this.sigBytes;n[i>>>2]&=4294967295<<32-i%4*8,n.length=t.ceil(i/4)},clone:function(){var t=o.clone.call(this);return t.words=this.words.slice(0),t},random:function(n){for(var i,e=[],r=function(n){var n=n,i=987654321,e=4294967295;return function(){i=36969*(65535&i)+(i>>16)&e,n=18e3*(65535&n)+(n>>16)&e;var r=(i<<16)+n&e;return r/=4294967296,r+=.5,r*(t.random()>.5?1:-1)}},o=0;o<n;o+=4){var a=r(4294967296*(i||t.random()));i=987654071*a(),e.push(4294967296*a()|0)}return new s.init(e,n)}}),a=e.enc={},c=a.Hex={stringify:function(t){for(var n=t.words,i=t.sigBytes,e=[],r=0;r<i;r++){var o=n[r>>>2]>>>24-r%4*8&255;e.push((o>>>4).toString(16)),e.push((15&o).toString(16))}return e.join("")},parse:function(t){for(var n=t.length,i=[],e=0;e<n;e+=2)i[e>>>3]|=parseInt(t.substr(e,2),16)<<24-e%8*4;return new s.init(i,n/2)}},u=a.Latin1={stringify:function(t){for(var n=t.words,i=t.sigBytes,e=[],r=0;r<i;r++){var o=n[r>>>2]>>>24-r%4*8&255;e.push(String.fromCharCode(o))}return e.join("")},parse:function(t){for(var n=t.length,i=[],e=0;e<n;e++)i[e>>>2]|=(255&t.charCodeAt(e))<<24-e%4*8;return new s.init(i,n)}},f=a.Utf8={stringify:function(t){try{return decodeURIComponent(escape(u.stringify(t)))}catch(t){throw new Error("Malformed UTF-8 data")}},parse:function(t){return u.parse(unescape(encodeURIComponent(t)))}},h=r.BufferedBlockAlgorithm=o.extend({reset:function(){this._data=new s.init,this._nDataBytes=0},_append:function(t){"string"==typeof t&&(t=f.parse(t)),this._data.concat(t),this._nDataBytes+=t.sigBytes},_process:function(n){var i=this._data,e=i.words,r=i.sigBytes,o=this.blockSize,a=4*o,c=r/a;c=n?t.ceil(c):t.max((0|c)-this._minBufferSize,0);var u=c*o,f=t.min(4*u,r);if(u){for(var h=0;h<u;h+=o)this._doProcessBlock(e,h);var p=e.splice(0,u);i.sigBytes-=f}return new s.init(p,f)},clone:function(){var t=o.clone.call(this);return t._data=this._data.clone(),t},_minBufferSize:0}),p=(r.Hasher=h.extend({cfg:o.extend(),init:function(t){this.cfg=this.cfg.extend(t),this.reset()},reset:function(){h.reset.call(this),this._doReset()},update:function(t){return this._append(t),this._process(),this},finalize:function(t){t&&this._append(t);var n=this._doFinalize();return n},blockSize:16,_createHelper:function(t){return function(n,i){return new t.init(i).finalize(n)}},_createHmacHelper:function(t){return function(n,i){return new p.HMAC.init(t,i).finalize(n)}}}),e.algo={});return e}(Math);return t});
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!function(r,e){"object"==typeof exports?module.exports=exports=e(require("./core.min")):"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(["./core.min"],e):e(r.CryptoJS)}(this,function(r){return function(){function e(r,e,t){for(var n=[],i=0,o=0;o<e;o++)if(o%4){var f=t[r.charCodeAt(o-1)]<<o%4*2,c=t[r.charCodeAt(o)]>>>6-o%4*2;n[i>>>2]|=(f|c)<<24-i%4*8,i++}return a.create(n,i)}var t=r,n=t.lib,a=n.WordArray,i=t.enc;i.Base64={stringify:function(r){var e=r.words,t=r.sigBytes,n=this._map;r.clamp();for(var a=[],i=0;i<t;i+=3)for(var o=e[i>>>2]>>>24-i%4*8&255,f=e[i+1>>>2]>>>24-(i+1)%4*8&255,c=e[i+2>>>2]>>>24-(i+2)%4*8&255,s=o<<16|f<<8|c,h=0;h<4&&i+.75*h<t;h++)a.push(n.charAt(s>>>6*(3-h)&63));var p=n.charAt(64);if(p)for(;a.length%4;)a.push(p);return a.join("")},parse:function(r){var t=r.length,n=this._map,a=this._reverseMap;if(!a){a=this._reverseMap=[];for(var i=0;i<n.length;i++)a[n.charCodeAt(i)]=i}var o=n.charAt(64);if(o){var f=r.indexOf(o);f!==-1&&(t=f)}return e(r,t,a)},_map:"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/="}}(),r.enc.Base64});
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!function(e,t,r){"object"==typeof exports?module.exports=exports=t(require("./core.min"),require("./evpkdf.min")):"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(["./core.min","./evpkdf.min"],t):t(e.CryptoJS)}(this,function(e){e.lib.Cipher||function(t){var r=e,i=r.lib,n=i.Base,c=i.WordArray,o=i.BufferedBlockAlgorithm,s=r.enc,a=(s.Utf8,s.Base64),f=r.algo,p=f.EvpKDF,d=i.Cipher=o.extend({cfg:n.extend(),createEncryptor:function(e,t){return this.create(this._ENC_XFORM_MODE,e,t)},createDecryptor:function(e,t){return this.create(this._DEC_XFORM_MODE,e,t)},init:function(e,t,r){this.cfg=this.cfg.extend(r),this._xformMode=e,this._key=t,this.reset()},reset:function(){o.reset.call(this),this._doReset()},process:function(e){return this._append(e),this._process()},finalize:function(e){e&&this._append(e);var t=this._doFinalize();return t},keySize:4,ivSize:4,_ENC_XFORM_MODE:1,_DEC_XFORM_MODE:2,_createHelper:function(){function e(e){return"string"==typeof e?B:x}return function(t){return{encrypt:function(r,i,n){return e(i).encrypt(t,r,i,n)},decrypt:function(r,i,n){return e(i).decrypt(t,r,i,n)}}}}()}),h=(i.StreamCipher=d.extend({_doFinalize:function(){var e=this._process(!0);return e},blockSize:1}),r.mode={}),u=i.BlockCipherMode=n.extend({createEncryptor:function(e,t){return this.Encryptor.create(e,t)},createDecryptor:function(e,t){return this.Decryptor.create(e,t)},init:function(e,t){this._cipher=e,this._iv=t}}),l=h.CBC=function(){function e(e,r,i){var n=this._iv;if(n){var c=n;this._iv=t}else var c=this._prevBlock;for(var o=0;o<i;o++)e[r+o]^=c[o]}var r=u.extend();return r.Encryptor=r.extend({processBlock:function(t,r){var i=this._cipher,n=i.blockSize;e.call(this,t,r,n),i.encryptBlock(t,r),this._prevBlock=t.slice(r,r+n)}}),r.Decryptor=r.extend({processBlock:function(t,r){var i=this._cipher,n=i.blockSize,c=t.slice(r,r+n);i.decryptBlock(t,r),e.call(this,t,r,n),this._prevBlock=c}}),r}(),_=r.pad={},v=_.Pkcs7={pad:function(e,t){for(var r=4*t,i=r-e.sigBytes%r,n=i<<24|i<<16|i<<8|i,o=[],s=0;s<i;s+=4)o.push(n);var a=c.create(o,i);e.concat(a)},unpad:function(e){var t=255&e.words[e.sigBytes-1>>>2];e.sigBytes-=t}},y=(i.BlockCipher=d.extend({cfg:d.cfg.extend({mode:l,padding:v}),reset:function(){d.reset.call(this);var e=this.cfg,t=e.iv,r=e.mode;if(this._xformMode==this._ENC_XFORM_MODE)var i=r.createEncryptor;else{var i=r.createDecryptor;this._minBufferSize=1}this._mode&&this._mode.__creator==i?this._mode.init(this,t&&t.words):(this._mode=i.call(r,this,t&&t.words),this._mode.__creator=i)},_doProcessBlock:function(e,t){this._mode.processBlock(e,t)},_doFinalize:function(){var e=this.cfg.padding;if(this._xformMode==this._ENC_XFORM_MODE){e.pad(this._data,this.blockSize);var t=this._process(!0)}else{var t=this._process(!0);e.unpad(t)}return t},blockSize:4}),i.CipherParams=n.extend({init:function(e){this.mixIn(e)},toString:function(e){return(e||this.formatter).stringify(this)}})),m=r.format={},k=m.OpenSSL={stringify:function(e){var t=e.ciphertext,r=e.salt;if(r)var i=c.create([1398893684,1701076831]).concat(r).concat(t);else var i=t;return i.toString(a)},parse:function(e){var t=a.parse(e),r=t.words;if(1398893684==r[0]&&1701076831==r[1]){var i=c.create(r.slice(2,4));r.splice(0,4),t.sigBytes-=16}return y.create({ciphertext:t,salt:i})}},x=i.SerializableCipher=n.extend({cfg:n.extend({format:k}),encrypt:function(e,t,r,i){i=this.cfg.extend(i);var n=e.createEncryptor(r,i),c=n.finalize(t),o=n.cfg;return y.create({ciphertext:c,key:r,iv:o.iv,algorithm:e,mode:o.mode,padding:o.padding,blockSize:e.blockSize,formatter:i.format})},decrypt:function(e,t,r,i){i=this.cfg.extend(i),t=this._parse(t,i.format);var n=e.createDecryptor(r,i).finalize(t.ciphertext);return n},_parse:function(e,t){return"string"==typeof e?t.parse(e,this):e}}),g=r.kdf={},S=g.OpenSSL={execute:function(e,t,r,i){i||(i=c.random(8));var n=p.create({keySize:t+r}).compute(e,i),o=c.create(n.words.slice(t),4*r);return n.sigBytes=4*t,y.create({key:n,iv:o,salt:i})}},B=i.PasswordBasedCipher=x.extend({cfg:x.cfg.extend({kdf:S}),encrypt:function(e,t,r,i){i=this.cfg.extend(i);var n=i.kdf.execute(r,e.keySize,e.ivSize);i.iv=n.iv;var c=x.encrypt.call(this,e,t,n.key,i);return c.mixIn(n),c},decrypt:function(e,t,r,i){i=this.cfg.extend(i),t=this._parse(t,i.format);var n=i.kdf.execute(r,e.keySize,e.ivSize,t.salt);i.iv=n.iv;var c=x.decrypt.call(this,e,t,n.key,i);return c}})}()});
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//# sourceMappingURL=mode-ecb.min.js.map
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//# sourceMappingURL=pad-pkcs7.min.js.map
!function(e,r,i){"object"==typeof exports?module.exports=exports=r(require("./core.min"),require("./enc-base64.min"),require("./md5.min"),require("./evpkdf.min"),require("./cipher-core.min")):"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(["./core.min","./enc-base64.min","./md5.min","./evpkdf.min","./cipher-core.min"],r):r(e.CryptoJS)}(this,function(e){return function(){var r=e,i=r.lib,n=i.BlockCipher,o=r.algo,t=[],c=[],s=[],f=[],a=[],d=[],u=[],v=[],h=[],y=[];!function(){for(var e=[],r=0;r<256;r++)r<128?e[r]=r<<1:e[r]=r<<1^283;for(var i=0,n=0,r=0;r<256;r++){var o=n^n<<1^n<<2^n<<3^n<<4;o=o>>>8^255&o^99,t[i]=o,c[o]=i;var p=e[i],l=e[p],_=e[l],k=257*e[o]^16843008*o;s[i]=k<<24|k>>>8,f[i]=k<<16|k>>>16,a[i]=k<<8|k>>>24,d[i]=k;var k=16843009*_^65537*l^257*p^16843008*i;u[o]=k<<24|k>>>8,v[o]=k<<16|k>>>16,h[o]=k<<8|k>>>24,y[o]=k,i?(i=p^e[e[e[_^p]]],n^=e[e[n]]):i=n=1}}();var p=[0,1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128,27,54],l=o.AES=n.extend({_doReset:function(){if(!this._nRounds||this._keyPriorReset!==this._key){for(var e=this._keyPriorReset=this._key,r=e.words,i=e.sigBytes/4,n=this._nRounds=i+6,o=4*(n+1),c=this._keySchedule=[],s=0;s<o;s++)if(s<i)c[s]=r[s];else{var f=c[s-1];s%i?i>6&&s%i==4&&(f=t[f>>>24]<<24|t[f>>>16&255]<<16|t[f>>>8&255]<<8|t[255&f]):(f=f<<8|f>>>24,f=t[f>>>24]<<24|t[f>>>16&255]<<16|t[f>>>8&255]<<8|t[255&f],f^=p[s/i|0]<<24),c[s]=c[s-i]^f}for(var a=this._invKeySchedule=[],d=0;d<o;d++){var s=o-d;if(d%4)var f=c[s];else var f=c[s-4];d<4||s<=4?a[d]=f:a[d]=u[t[f>>>24]]^v[t[f>>>16&255]]^h[t[f>>>8&255]]^y[t[255&f]]}}},encryptBlock:function(e,r){this._doCryptBlock(e,r,this._keySchedule,s,f,a,d,t)},decryptBlock:function(e,r){var i=e[r+1];e[r+1]=e[r+3],e[r+3]=i,this._doCryptBlock(e,r,this._invKeySchedule,u,v,h,y,c);var i=e[r+1];e[r+1]=e[r+3],e[r+3]=i},_doCryptBlock:function(e,r,i,n,o,t,c,s){for(var f=this._nRounds,a=e[r]^i[0],d=e[r+1]^i[1],u=e[r+2]^i[2],v=e[r+3]^i[3],h=4,y=1;y<f;y++){var p=n[a>>>24]^o[d>>>16&255]^t[u>>>8&255]^c[255&v]^i[h++],l=n[d>>>24]^o[u>>>16&255]^t[v>>>8&255]^c[255&a]^i[h++],_=n[u>>>24]^o[v>>>16&255]^t[a>>>8&255]^c[255&d]^i[h++],k=n[v>>>24]^o[a>>>16&255]^t[d>>>8&255]^c[255&u]^i[h++];a=p,d=l,u=_,v=k}var p=(s[a>>>24]<<24|s[d>>>16&255]<<16|s[u>>>8&255]<<8|s[255&v])^i[h++],l=(s[d>>>24]<<24|s[u>>>16&255]<<16|s[v>>>8&255]<<8|s[255&a])^i[h++],_=(s[u>>>24]<<24|s[v>>>16&255]<<16|s[a>>>8&255]<<8|s[255&d])^i[h++],k=(s[v>>>24]<<24|s[a>>>16&255]<<16|s[d>>>8&255]<<8|s[255&u])^i[h++];e[r]=p,e[r+1]=l,e[r+2]=_,e[r+3]=k},keySize:8});r.AES=n._createHelper(l)}(),e.AES});
//# sourceMappingURL=aes.min.js.map
!function(e,n){"object"==typeof exports?module.exports=exports=n(require("./core.min")):"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(["./core.min"],n):n(e.CryptoJS)}(this,function(e){return e.enc.Utf8});
//# sourceMappingURL=enc-utf8.min.js.map
cryptojs.js

 

 

  获取后端公钥

 

<script th:inline="javascript">
    //获取后端RSA公钥并存到sessionStorage
    sessionStorage.setItem('javaPublicKey', [[${publicKey}]]);
</script>

 

 

 

  重写ajax以及生成前端密钥对,因为我们项目中大部分都是使用$.ajax方法,所有重写它比较合适,并且我们只拦截post请求

        <script>
            //获取前端RSA公钥密码、AES的key,并放到window
            let genKeyPair = rsaUtil.genKeyPair();
            window.jsPublicKey = genKeyPair.publicKey;
            window.jsPrivateKey = genKeyPair.privateKey;

            /**
             * 重写jquery的ajax方法
             */
            let _ajax = $.ajax;//首先备份下jquery的ajax方法
            $.ajax = function (opt) {
                //备份opt中error和success方法
                let fn = {
                    error: function (XMLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown) {
                    },
                    success: function (data, textStatus) {
                    }
                };
                if (opt.error) {
                    fn.error = opt.error;
                }
                if (opt.success) {
                    fn.success = opt.success;
                }

                //加密再传输
                if (opt.type.toLowerCase() === "post") {
                    let data = opt.data;
                    //发送请求之前随机获取AES的key
                    let aesKey = aesUtil.genKey();
                    data = {
                        data: aesUtil.encrypt(data, aesKey),//AES加密后的数据
                        aesKey: rsaUtil.encrypt(aesKey, sessionStorage.getItem('javaPublicKey')),//后端RSA公钥加密后的AES的key
                        publicKey: window.jsPublicKey//前端公钥
                    };
                    opt.data = data;
                }

                //扩展增强处理
                let _opt = $.extend(opt, {
                    //成功回调方法增强处理
                    success: function (data, textStatus) {
                        if (opt.type.toLowerCase() === "post") {
                            data = aesUtil.decrypt(data.data.data, rsaUtil.decrypt(data.data.aesKey, window.jsPrivateKey));
                        }
                        //先获取明文aesKey,再用明文key去解密数据
                        fn.success(data, textStatus);
                    }
                });
                return _ajax(_opt);
            };
        </script>
head.html

 

  后端代码

 

  两个自定义注解

 

package cn.huanzi.ims.annotation;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

@Target({ElementType.METHOD, ElementType.TYPE})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface Decrypt {

}
Decrypt

 

package cn.huanzi.ims.annotation;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

@Target({ElementType.METHOD, ElementType.TYPE})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface Encrypt {

}
Encrypt

 

  aop扫描所有的controller,拦截带自定义标签的post请求,进行解密、加密再将明文设置回去(如何使用aop?请戳我之前的博客:SpringBoot系列——aop 面向切面

  要注意的是:

  1、我们在aop只设置了第一个参数,因此controller方法需要是实体接参且第一个参数就是;

  2、对于返回值,需要是统一的返回值,因为我们目前是按统一的返回值设置值的,例如本例中的Result,是我们约定好的统一返回值(后续升级可以用反射来设置值);

  3、还有一个需要注意的地方,method方法必须是要public修饰的才能设置方法的形参值,private的设置不了;

  PS:2019-06-12补充,我们之前在进行jackson序列化和反序列化忘记对date进行处理,导致时间格式错乱,现在补充一下

package cn.huanzi.ims.aspect;

import cn.huanzi.ims.annotation.Decrypt;
import cn.huanzi.ims.annotation.Encrypt;
import cn.huanzi.ims.common.pojo.Result;
import cn.huanzi.ims.util.AesUtil;
import cn.huanzi.ims.util.RsaUtil;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.DeserializationFeature;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.aspectj.lang.reflect.MethodSignature;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextHolder;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.ServletRequestAttributes;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.lang.annotation.Annotation;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;

/**
 * AES + RSA 加解密AOP处理
 */
@Aspect
@Component
public class SafetyAspect {

    /**
     * Pointcut 切入点
     * 匹配cn.huanzi.ims.*.controller包下面的所有方法
     */
    @Pointcut(value = "execution(public * cn.huanzi.ims.*.controller.*.*(..))")
    public void safetyAspect() {
    }

    /**
     * 环绕通知
     */
    @Around(value = "safetyAspect()")
    public Object around(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) {
        try {
            ServletRequestAttributes attributes = (ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder.getRequestAttributes();
            assert attributes != null;
            //request对象
            HttpServletRequest request = attributes.getRequest();

            //http请求方法  post get
            String httpMethod = request.getMethod().toLowerCase();

            //method方法
            Method method = ((MethodSignature) pjp.getSignature()).getMethod();

            //method方法上面的注解
            Annotation[] annotations = method.getAnnotations();

            //方法的形参参数
            Object[] args = pjp.getArgs();

            //是否有@Decrypt
            boolean hasDecrypt = false;
            //是否有@Encrypt
            boolean hasEncrypt = false;
            for (Annotation annotation : annotations) {
                if (annotation.annotationType() == Decrypt.class) {
                    hasDecrypt = true;
                }
                if (annotation.annotationType() == Encrypt.class) {
                    hasEncrypt = true;
                }
            }

            //前端公钥
            String publicKey = null;

            //jackson
            ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
            //jackson 序列化和反序列化 date处理
            mapper.setDateFormat( new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"));

            //执行方法之前解密,且只拦截post请求
            if ("post".equals(httpMethod) && hasDecrypt) {
                //AES加密后的数据
                String data = request.getParameter("data");
                //后端RSA公钥加密后的AES的key
                String aesKey = request.getParameter("aesKey");
                //前端公钥
                publicKey = request.getParameter("publicKey");

                System.out.println("前端公钥:" + publicKey);

                //后端私钥解密的到AES的key
                byte[] plaintext = RsaUtil.decryptByPrivateKey(Base64.decodeBase64(aesKey), RsaUtil.getPrivateKey());
                aesKey = new String(plaintext);
                System.out.println("解密出来的AES的key:" + aesKey);

                //RSA解密出来字符串多一对双引号
                aesKey = aesKey.substring(1, aesKey.length() - 1);

                //AES解密得到明文data数据
                String decrypt = AesUtil.decrypt(data, aesKey);
                System.out.println("解密出来的data数据:" + decrypt);

                //设置到方法的形参中,目前只能设置只有一个参数的情况
                mapper.configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false);
                args[0] = mapper.readValue(decrypt, args[0].getClass());
            }

            //执行并替换最新形参参数   PS:这里有一个需要注意的地方,method方法必须是要public修饰的才能设置值,private的设置不了
            Object o = pjp.proceed(args);

            //返回结果之前加密
            if (hasEncrypt) {
                mapper.configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false);
                //每次响应之前随机获取AES的key,加密data数据
                String key = AesUtil.getKey();
                System.out.println("AES的key:" + key);
                String dataString = mapper.writeValueAsString(o);
                System.out.println("需要加密的data数据:" + dataString);
                String data = AesUtil.encrypt(dataString, key);

                //用前端的公钥来解密AES的key,并转成Base64
                String aesKey = Base64.encodeBase64String(RsaUtil.encryptByPublicKey(key.getBytes(), publicKey));

                //转json字符串并转成Object对象,设置到Result中并赋值给返回值o
                o = Result.of(mapper.readValue("{\"data\":\"" + data + "\",\"aesKey\":\"" + aesKey + "\"}", Object.class));
            }

            //返回
            return o;

        } catch (Throwable e) {
            System.err.println(pjp.getSignature());
            e.printStackTrace();
            return Result.of(null, false, "加解密异常:" + e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}
SafetyAspect.java

 

  在需要进行加密解密的controller方法上加自定义注解,需要加密@Encrypt,需要解密@Decrypt,两个都有就两个都加

    /**
     * 登录
     */
    @PostMapping("login")
    @Decrypt
    @Encrypt
    public Result<ImsUserVo> login(ImsUserVo userVo, HttpServletResponse response) 

  到这里就准备好了,可以发现除了要在需要进行加密解密的controller方法上加自定义注解,根本不需要对之前的代码进行修改,也不影响之前的业务,当然,因为我们直接重写了$.ajax方法,所以我们需要对所有的post请求的controller都加注解,好在我们用的是单表继承通用common、自动生成单表基础增、删、改、查接口(详情请戳:SpringBoot系列——Spring-Data-JPA(究极进化版) 自动生成单表基础增、删、改、查接口),基础的API我们只需要在common的controller加注解就好了,自定义controller跟重写的controller也要记得加,接下来就可以把项目跑起来进行测试

 

  效果演示

  未加密之前的效果

  数据直接暴露在http数据包中

 

 

  AES与RSA混合加密之后的效果

  http数据包中传输的是密文

 

  解密之后才能看到明文数据

  到这里我们实现了加解密与项目的结合,如果项目已经是按照我前面说的约定的话,即插即用,不影响项目原有业务,直接可以使用这一套,把我的代码拿过去就可以跑起来

  后记

   前后端API交互数据加密——AES与RSA混合加密完整实例先记录到这里,后续有空再更新升级,虽然说没有绝对的安全,但加密总比不加密的要好,整篇文章从头看起来也没什么,比较简单,实际上...中间踩了很多坑,心酸血泪史就不在这里阐述了,希望这篇博客能帮到你

 

  中间人攻击

  什么是中间人攻击?维基百科:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%AD%E9%97%B4%E4%BA%BA%E6%94%BB%E5%87%BB

  以下介绍摘自维基百科:

  中间人攻击英语:Man-in-the-middle attack,缩写:MITM)在密码学和计算机安全领域中是指攻击者与通讯的两端分别创建独立的联系,并交换其所收到的数据,使通讯的两端认为他们正在通过一个私密的连接与对方直接对话,但事实上整个会话都被攻击者完全控制。在中间人攻击中,攻击者可以拦截通讯双方的通话并插入新的内容。在许多情况下这是很简单的(例如,在一个未加密的Wi-Fi 无线接入点的接受范围内的中间人攻击者,可以将自己作为一个中间人插入这个网络)。

  一个中间人攻击能成功的前提条件是攻击者能将自己伪装成每一个参与会话的终端,并且不被其他终端识破。中间人攻击是一个(缺乏)相互认证的攻击。大多数的加密协议都专门加入了一些特殊的认证方法以阻止中间人攻击。例如,SSL协议可以验证参与通讯的一方或双方使用的证书是否是由权威的受信任的数字证书认证机构颁发,并且能执行双向身份认证。

 

  攻击示例

                                                                                                                                                     
 
中间人攻击示意图

  假设爱丽丝(Alice)希望与鲍伯(Bob)通信。同时,马洛里(Mallory)希望拦截窃会话以进行窃听并可能在某些时候传送给鲍伯一个虚假的消息。

首先,爱丽丝会向鲍勃索取他的公钥。如果Bob将他的公钥发送给Alice,并且此时马洛里能够拦截到这个公钥,就可以实施中间人攻击。马洛里发送给爱丽丝一个伪造的消息,声称自己是鲍伯,并且附上了马洛里自己的公钥(而不是鲍伯的)。

  爱丽丝收到公钥后相信这个公钥是鲍伯的,于是爱丽丝将她的消息用马洛里的公钥(爱丽丝以为是鲍伯的)加密,并将加密后的消息回给鲍伯。马洛里再次截获爱丽丝回给鲍伯的消息,并使用马洛里自己的私钥对消息进行解密,如果马洛里愿意,她也可以对消息进行修改,然后马洛里使用鲍伯原先发给爱丽丝的公钥对消息再次加密。当鲍伯收到新加密后的消息时,他会相信这是从爱丽丝那里发来的消息。

  1.爱丽丝发送给鲍伯一条消息,却被马洛里截获:

爱丽丝“嗨,鲍勃,我是爱丽丝。给我你的公钥” --> 马洛里 鲍勃

  2.马洛里将这条截获的消息转送给鲍伯;此时鲍伯并无法分辨这条消息是否从真的爱丽丝那里发来的:

爱丽丝 马洛里“嗨,鲍勃,我是爱丽丝。给我你的公钥” --> 鲍伯

  3.鲍伯回应爱丽丝的消息,并附上了他的公钥:

爱丽丝 马洛里<-- [鲍伯的公钥]-- 鲍伯

  4.马洛里用自己的密钥替换了消息中鲍伯的密钥,并将消息转发给爱丽丝,声称这是鲍伯的公钥:

爱丽丝<-- [马洛里的公钥]-- 马洛里 鲍勃

  5.爱丽丝用她以为是鲍伯的公钥加密了她的消息,以为只有鲍伯才能读到它:

爱丽丝“我们在公共汽车站见面!”--[使用马洛里的公钥加密] --> 马洛里 鲍勃

  6.然而,由于这个消息实际上是用马洛里的密钥加密的,所以马洛里可以解密它,阅读它,并在愿意的时候修改它。他使用鲍伯的密钥重新加密,并将重新加密后的消息转发给鲍伯:

爱丽丝 马洛里“在家等我!”--[使用鲍伯的公钥加密] --> 鲍伯

  7.鲍勃认为,这条消息是经由安全的传输通道从爱丽丝那里传来的。

  这个例子显示了爱丽丝和鲍伯需要某种方法来确定他们是真正拿到了属于对方的公钥,而不是拿到来自攻击者的公钥。否则,这类攻击一般都是可行的,在原理上,可以针对任何使用公钥——密钥技术的通讯消息发起攻击。幸运的是,有各种不同的技术可以帮助抵御MITM攻击。

  ----------- end -----------

 

  单纯的加密只能防监听偷窥,不能防中间人伪装,那么我们应该如何阻止中间人攻击呢?SSL协议

  HTTPS SSL协议:数字证书、CA机构、数字签名,请看大佬的这篇,通俗易懂:看完这篇文章,我奶奶都懂了https的原理

posted @ 2019-05-29 18:05 huanzi-qch 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏