学习总结之 WebApi 用户登录和匿名登录,及权限验证

近些天,看了一些博客园大牛关于webApi项目的的文章,也有请教师兄一些问题,自己做了个Demo试了试,收获甚多。感谢感谢,下面是我一些学习的总结,如若有错的地方请多多指教!!

 

WebApi登陆与身份验证

因为在调用接口的时候都必须传sessionKey参数过去,所以必须先登录验证身份。

如果是已注册用户则账号登陆,获得其身份标识的 sessionkey,如果是非账户用户则可以匿名登陆,要输入用户IP地址或者和客户端设备号等以获得sessionkey,然后可以去注册。

 

 

 

#region  登录API
        /// <summary>
        /// 登录API (账号登陆)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="phone">登录帐号手机号</param>
        /// <param name="hashedPassword">加密后的密码,这里避免明文,客户端加密后传到API端</param>
        /// <param name="deviceType">客户端的设备类型</param>
        /// <param name="clientId">客户端识别号, 一般在APP上会有一个客户端识别号</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [Route("account/login")]
        public SessionObject Login(string phone, string hashedPassword, int deviceType = 0, string clientId = "") {
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(phone))
                throw new ApiException("用户名不能为空。", "RequireParameter_userphone");
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(hashedPassword))
                throw new ApiException("hashedPassword 不能为空.", "RequireParameter_hashedPassword");

            int timeout = 60;

            var nowUser = _authenticationService.GetUserByPhone(phone);
            if (nowUser == null)
                throw new ApiException("帐户不存在", "Account_NotExits");

            #region 验证密码
            if (!string.Equals(nowUser.Password, hashedPassword)) {
                throw new ApiException("错误的密码", "Account_WrongPassword");
            }
            #endregion

            if (!nowUser.IsActive)
                throw new ApiException("用户处于非活动状态.", "InactiveUser");

            UserDevice existsDevice = _authenticationService.GetUserDevice(nowUser.UserId, deviceType);
            
            if (existsDevice == null) {
                string passkey = MD5CryptoProvider.GetMD5Hash(nowUser.UserId + nowUser.Phone + DateTime.UtcNow+ Guid.NewGuid());
                existsDevice = new UserDevice() {
                    UserId = nowUser.UserId,
                    CreateTime = DateTime.UtcNow,
                    ActiveTime = DateTime.UtcNow,
                    ExpiredTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddMinutes(timeout),
                    DeviceType = deviceType,
                    SessionKey = passkey
                };
                _authenticationService.AddUserDevice(existsDevice);
            }
            else {
                existsDevice.ActiveTime = DateTime.UtcNow;
                existsDevice.ExpiredTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddMinutes(timeout);
                _authenticationService.UpdateUserDevice(existsDevice);
            }
            nowUser.Password = "";
            return new SessionObject() { SessionKey = existsDevice.SessionKey, LogonUser = nowUser };
        }
        #endregion
登录API
        #region 匿名登陆
        /// <summary>
        /// 匿名登陆
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="ip">用户ip地址</param>
        /// <param name="deviceType">设备类型</param>
        /// <param name="clientId">客户端识别号</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [Route("account/AnonymousLogin")]
        public SessionObject1 AnonymousLogin(string ip, int deviceType = 0, string clientId = "")
        {
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(ip))throw new ApiException("ip地址不能为空。", "RequireParameter_ip");

            int timeout = 60;

            UserDevice existsDevice = _authenticationService.GetUserDevice(ip, deviceType);
            // Session.QueryOver<UserDevice>().Where(x => x.AccountId == nowAccount.Id && x.DeviceType == deviceType).SingleOrDefault();
            if (existsDevice == null) {
                string passkey = MD5CryptoProvider.GetMD5Hash(ip+DateTime.UtcNow + Guid.NewGuid());
                existsDevice = new UserDevice() {
                    IP = ip,
                    CreateTime = DateTime.UtcNow,
                    ActiveTime = DateTime.UtcNow,
                    ExpiredTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddMinutes(timeout),
                    DeviceType = deviceType,
                    SessionKey = passkey
                };
                _authenticationService.AddUserDevice(existsDevice);
            }
            else {
                existsDevice.ActiveTime = DateTime.UtcNow;
                existsDevice.ExpiredTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddMinutes(timeout);
                _authenticationService.UpdateUserDevice(existsDevice);
            }
            return new SessionObject1() { SessionKey = existsDevice.SessionKey, Ip=ip };
        }
    
        #endregion
匿名登陆

 

身份信息的认证是通过Web API 的 ActionFilter来实现的,所有需要身份验证的API请求都会要求客户端传一个SessionKey。

在这里我们通过一个自定义的SessionValidateAttribute来做客户端的身份验证, 其继承自 System.Web.Http.Filters.ActionFilterAttribute。

 

    public class SessionValidateAttribute : System.Web.Http.Filters.ActionFilterAttribute
    {
        public const string SessionKeyName = "SessionKey";
        public const string LogonUserName = "LogonUser";

        public override void OnActionExecuting(HttpActionContext filterContext)
        {
            var qs = HttpUtility.ParseQueryString(filterContext.Request.RequestUri.Query);
            string sessionKey = qs[SessionKeyName];

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sessionKey))
            {
                throw new ApiException("无效 Session.", "InvalidSession");
            }

            IAuthenticationService authenticationService = new AuthenticationService();//IocManager.Intance.Reslove<IAuthenticationService>();

            //验证用户session
            var userSession = authenticationService.GetUserDevice(sessionKey);

            if (userSession == null)
            {
                throw new ApiException("无此 sessionKey", "RequireParameter_sessionKey");
            }
            else
            {
                //todo: 加Session是否过期的判断
                if (userSession.ExpiredTime < DateTime.UtcNow)
                    throw new ApiException("session已过期", "SessionTimeOut");

                var logonUser = authenticationService.GetUser(userSession.UserId);
                if (logonUser != null)
                {
                    filterContext.ControllerContext.RouteData.Values[LogonUserName] = logonUser;
                    SetPrincipal(new UserPrincipal<int>(logonUser));
                }
                userSession.ActiveTime = DateTime.UtcNow;
                userSession.ExpiredTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddMinutes(60);
                authenticationService.UpdateUserDevice(userSession);
            }
        }

        public static void SetPrincipal(IPrincipal principal)
        {
            Thread.CurrentPrincipal = principal;
            if (HttpContext.Current != null)
            {
                HttpContext.Current.User = principal;
            }
        }
    }
API身份验证

 

需要身份验证的apiControler 上加上[sessionValidate],则这个Controller下面所有Action都将拥有身份验证功能

 

如果是需要管理员权限才能请求的数据的话,那么我们再定义一个 SessionValidateAdminAttribute 来做管理员的身份验证,在需要管理员权限才能请求的控制器上加上[SessionValidateAdminAttribute ],则这个控制器下面所有Action都只有通过身份验证的管理员才有权限请求。

public class SessionValidateAdminAttribute : System.Web.Http.Filters.ActionFilterAttribute {
        public const string SessionKeyName = "SessionKey";
        public const string LogonUserName = "LogonUser";

        public override void OnActionExecuting(HttpActionContext filterContext) {
            var qs = HttpUtility.ParseQueryString(filterContext.Request.RequestUri.Query);
            string sessionKey = qs[SessionKeyName];

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sessionKey)) {
                throw new ApiException("无效 Session.", "InvalidSession");
            }

            IAuthenticationService authenticationService = new AuthenticationService();//IocManager.Intance.Reslove<IAuthenticationService>();

            //验证用户session
            var userSession = authenticationService.GetUserDevice(sessionKey);

            if (userSession == null) {
                throw new ApiException("无此 sessionKey", "RequireParameter_sessionKey");
            }
            else {
                //todo: 加Session是否过期的判断
                if (userSession.ExpiredTime < DateTime.UtcNow)
                    throw new ApiException("session已过期", "SessionTimeOut");

                var logonUser = authenticationService.GetUser(userSession.UserId);

                if (logonUser == null) {
                    throw new ApiException("无此用户", "Invalid_User");
                }
                else
                {
                    if (logonUser.Permissions == 1)
                    {
                        filterContext.ControllerContext.RouteData.Values[LogonUserName] = logonUser;
                        SessionValidateAttribute.SetPrincipal(new UserPrincipal<int>(logonUser));
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        throw new ApiException("用户无权限", "No permissions");
                    }
                }
                userSession.ActiveTime = DateTime.UtcNow;
                userSession.ExpiredTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddMinutes(60);
                authenticationService.UpdateUserDevice(userSession);
            }
        }

    }
SessionValidateAdminAttribute

关于:[EnableCors(origins: "*", headers: "*", methods: "*")] 的说明,

详情查看:http://www.cnblogs.com/artech/p/cors-4-asp-net-web-api-05.html

 

关于用户过期时间:每次调用接口的时候 会自动更新sessionKey的过期时间,如果长时间未更新,则下次访问时会过期,则需要重新登陆。

 

加入身份验证后的 UserControler 

[EnableCors(origins: "*", headers: "*", methods: "*")]
    [RoutePrefix("api/Users"), SessionValidate, WebApiTracker] 
    public class UsersController : ApiController
    {
        private  readonly IUsers _users=new UsersImpl();
        #region 根据用户ID获得用户信息
        /// <summary>
        /// 根据用户ID获得用户信息(获得数据)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sessionKey">sessionKey</param>
        /// <param name="id">用户id</param>
        /// <returns>result</returns>
        public ApiResult<Users> GetUserById( string sessionKey,int  id)
        {
            Users modelUsers = _users.GetUserByUsersId(id);
            if (modelUsers != null)
            {
                return new ApiResult<Users>("1","获取用户信息成功",modelUsers);
            }
            else return new ApiResult<Users>("0","无此用户信息",null);
        }
        #endregion

        /// <summary>
        /// 新用户注册(增加数据)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="modelUsers"></param>
        /// <returns>result</returns>
        [HttpPost, Route("api/UserRegistration")]
        public ApiResult<bool> UserRegistration(string sessionKey, AddUserRq modelUsers)
        {
            Users usersModel=new Users();
            usersModel.IsActive = true;
            usersModel.Password = modelUsers.Password;
            usersModel.Permissions = 2;
            usersModel.Phone = modelUsers.Phone;
            usersModel.Sex = modelUsers.Sex;
            usersModel.TrueName = modelUsers.TrueName;
            usersModel.UserName = modelUsers.UserName;
            return _users.RegistrationNewUsers(usersModel);
        }
    }
UsersControllers

 

 

此随笔乃本人学习工作记录,如有疑问欢迎在下面评论,转载请标明出处。

如果对您有帮助请动动鼠标右下方给我来个赞,您的支持是我最大的动力。

 2017-11 代码及数据库文件已经上传至 https://github.com/huangenai/WebAPI

posted @ 2016-04-23 13:13  huangenai  阅读(26329)  评论(8编辑  收藏