matplotlib绑定到PyQt5(有菜单)

稍微复杂地实现matplotlib绑定到PyQt5(有菜单)

 

【知识点】

 

 

 import matplotlib
 matplotlib.use("Qt5Agg")

 

 

【效果图】

 

【源代码】

  1 import sys
  2 import random
  3 
  4 import matplotlib
  5 matplotlib.use("Qt5Agg")
  6 
  7 from PyQt5 import QtCore
  8 from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QApplication, QMainWindow, QMenu, QVBoxLayout, QSizePolicy, QMessageBox, QWidget
  9 
 10 from numpy import arange, sin, pi
 11 from matplotlib.backends.backend_qt5agg import FigureCanvasQTAgg as FigureCanvas
 12 from matplotlib.figure import Figure
 13 
 14 
 15 class MyMplCanvas(FigureCanvas):
 16     """这是一个窗口部件,即QWidget(当然也是FigureCanvasAgg)"""
 17     def __init__(self, parent=None, width=5, height=4, dpi=100):
 18         fig = Figure(figsize=(width, height), dpi=dpi)
 19         self.axes = fig.add_subplot(111)
 20         # 每次plot()调用的时候,我们希望原来的坐标轴被清除(所以False)
 21         self.axes.hold(False)
 22 
 23         self.compute_initial_figure()
 24 
 25         #
 26         FigureCanvas.__init__(self, fig)
 27         self.setParent(parent)
 28 
 29         FigureCanvas.setSizePolicy(self,
 30                                    QSizePolicy.Expanding,
 31                                    QSizePolicy.Expanding)
 32         FigureCanvas.updateGeometry(self)
 33 
 34     def compute_initial_figure(self):
 35         pass
 36 
 37 class MyStaticMplCanvas(MyMplCanvas):
 38     """静态画布:一条正弦线"""
 39     def compute_initial_figure(self):
 40         t = arange(0.0, 3.0, 0.01)
 41         s = sin(2*pi*t)
 42         self.axes.plot(t, s)
 43 
 44 
 45 class MyDynamicMplCanvas(MyMplCanvas):
 46     """动态画布:每秒自动更新,更换一条折线。"""
 47     def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
 48         MyMplCanvas.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)
 49         timer = QtCore.QTimer(self)
 50         timer.timeout.connect(self.update_figure)
 51         timer.start(1000)
 52 
 53     def compute_initial_figure(self):
 54         self.axes.plot([0, 1, 2, 3], [1, 2, 0, 4], 'r')
 55 
 56     def update_figure(self):
 57         # 构建4个随机整数,位于闭区间[0, 10]
 58         l = [random.randint(0, 10) for i in range(4)]
 59 
 60         self.axes.plot([0, 1, 2, 3], l, 'r')
 61         self.draw()
 62 
 63 class ApplicationWindow(QMainWindow):
 64     def __init__(self):
 65         QMainWindow.__init__(self)
 66         self.setAttribute(QtCore.Qt.WA_DeleteOnClose)
 67         self.setWindowTitle("程序主窗口")
 68 
 69         self.file_menu = QMenu('&File', self)
 70         self.file_menu.addAction('&Quit', self.fileQuit,
 71                                  QtCore.Qt.CTRL + QtCore.Qt.Key_Q)
 72         self.menuBar().addMenu(self.file_menu)
 73 
 74         self.help_menu = QMenu('&Help', self)
 75         self.menuBar().addSeparator()
 76         self.menuBar().addMenu(self.help_menu)
 77 
 78         self.help_menu.addAction('&About', self.about)
 79 
 80         self.main_widget = QWidget(self)
 81 
 82         l = QVBoxLayout(self.main_widget)
 83         sc = MyStaticMplCanvas(self.main_widget, width=5, height=4, dpi=100)
 84         dc = MyDynamicMplCanvas(self.main_widget, width=5, height=4, dpi=100)
 85         l.addWidget(sc)
 86         l.addWidget(dc)
 87 
 88         self.main_widget.setFocus()
 89         self.setCentralWidget(self.main_widget)
 90         # 状态条显示2秒
 91         self.statusBar().showMessage("matplotlib 万岁!", 2000)
 92 
 93     def fileQuit(self):
 94         self.close()
 95 
 96     def closeEvent(self, ce):
 97         self.fileQuit()
 98 
 99     def about(self):
100         QMessageBox.about(self, "About",
101         """embedding_in_qt5.py example
102         Copyright 2015 BoxControL
103 
104         This program is a simple example of a Qt5 application embedding matplotlib
105         canvases. It is base on example from matplolib documentation, and initially was
106         developed from Florent Rougon and Darren Dale.
107 
108         http://matplotlib.org/examples/user_interfaces/embedding_in_qt4.html
109 
110         It may be used and modified with no restriction; raw copies as well as
111         modified versions may be distributed without limitation.
112         """
113         )
114 
115 if __name__ == '__main__':
116     app = QApplication(sys.argv)
117 
118     aw = ApplicationWindow()
119     aw.setWindowTitle("PyQt5 与 Matplotlib 例子")
120     aw.show()
121     #sys.exit(qApp.exec_())
122     app.exec_()

 

posted @ 2015-03-09 02:25 罗兵 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏