用c.vim插件打造C/C++集成编辑器

利用c.vim插件,你可以实现
  • 添加文件头 
  • 添加注释 
  • 插入一些代码片段 
  • 语法检查 
  • 读函数文档 
  • 注释代码块

这一插件的作者是 Fritz Mehner, 目标就是打造程序员流畅的编辑环境。
 
这一插件还能完成:

  • Statement oriented editing of C / C++ programs
  • Speed up writing new code considerably.
  • Write code and comments with a professional appearance from the beginning.
  • Use code snippets


接下来我们对这一插件详细介绍.

3 安装插件

Step 1: 下载c.vim

$ cd /usr/src
$ wget http://www.vim.org/scripts/download_script.php?src_id=9679

Step 2: 安装

$ mkdir ~/.vim
$ cd ~/.vim
$ unzip /usr/src/cvim.zip

Step 3: 启用这一插件

$ vim ~/.vimrc
filetype plugin on

8 c.vim的使用

Feature 1: Add Automatic Header to *.c file

当你新建一个扩展名.c的文件时候,自动在文件头部增加头部注释

$ vim myprogram.c
/*
* =================================================
* Filename: myprogram.c
*
* Description:
*
* Version: 1.0
* Created: 01/19/09 20:23:25
* Revision: none
* Compiler: gcc
*
* Author: Dr. Fritz Mehner (mn),
mehner@fh-swf.de
* Company: FH Südwestfalen, Iserlohn
*
* =================================================
*/


其中如果你要改变 AUTHOR 和 COMPANY的值, 要修改模板文件 ~/.vim/c-support/templates/Templates

$ vim ~/.vim/c-support/templates/Templates
|AUTHOR| = geekstuff
|AUTHORREF| = gk
|EMAIL| = subscribe@geekstuff
|COMPANY| = thegeekstuff.com


现在编辑一个新文件,看看你的作者和公司名称改变了没有。

$ vim myprogram.c
/*
* =================================================
*
* Filename: myprogram.c
*
* Description:
*
* Version: 1.0
* Created: 01/19/09 20:26:43
* Revision: none
* Compiler: gcc
*
* Author: geekstuff (gk), subscribe@geekstuff
* Company: thegeekstuff.com
*
* =================================================
*/

 

Feature 2: 用"if 添加c函数

键入"if 加函数名称 (as shown in Fig1 below) 就会在文件中自动完成函数的定义,就像图二那样。
 

Vim C/C++ IDE - Adding C Function - 1

 

Fig1:Insert C Function Automatically
 
Vim C/C++ IDE - Adding C Function - 2

Fig 2:Insert C Function Automatically

Feature 3: 用"im 添加main函数

添加的效果如下: 

 

Fig 3: Insert C main function automatically

Feature 4: 用 "cfu 添加函数注释
 

Vim C/C++ IDE - Insert C Function Header - 1

 

Fig 4: Insert C Function Header Automatically
 
Vim C/C++ IDE - Insert C Function Header - 1

Fig 5: Insert C Function Header Automatically

Feature 5:  用"cfr添加注释框架

 

Vim C/C++ IDE - Insert Frame Comment

 

Fig 6: Insert a Frame Comment Automatically

Feature 6: 用"p<包含头文件

Type "p< in the normal mode, which will include the text “#include <>”, and places the cursor in the < symbol in Insert mode where you can type the header file name.

Feature 7: 保存编译文件.

保存并编译文件 "rc.

运行 "rr.

Feature 8: 用"nr 插入预定义的代码片段

The plugin comes with few pre-defined code snippets that you can insert into your code. Following are the default code snippets that comes with the plugin.

$ ls ~/.vim/c-support/codesnippets
Makefile calloc_double_matrix.c main.c print_double_array.c.noindent
Makefile.multi-target.template calloc_int_matrix.c main.cc print_int_array.c.noindent

For example, if you want to create a function that will Allocate a dynamic int-matrix of size rows*columns; return a pointer, you can re-use it from the existing code snippets. Following is the content of the calloc_int_matrix.c pre-defined code snippets.

/*
* === FUNCTION ======================================================================
* Name: calloc_int_matrix
* Description: Allocate a dynamic int-matrix of size rows*columns; return a pointer.
* =====================================================================================
*/
int**
calloc_int_matrix ( int rows, int columns )
{
int i;
int **m;
m = calloc ( rows, sizeof(int*) ); /* allocate pointer array */
assert( m != NULL ); /* abort if allocation failed */
*m = calloc ( rows*columns, sizeof(int) ); /* allocate data array */
assert(*m != NULL ); /* abort if allocation failed */
for ( i=1; i
m[i] = m[i-1] + columns;
return m;
} /* ———- end of function calloc_int_matrix ———- */


如果要插入这段代码,可以键入"nr 文件名称,代码就会自动插入了。

posted @ 2010-10-27 23:37  elite_lcf  阅读(13279)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报
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