【机器学习】:Xgboost/LightGBM使用与调参技巧

机器学习模型当中,目前最为先进的也就是xgboost和lightgbm这两个树模型了。那么我们该如何进行调试参数呢?哪些参数是最重要的,需要调整的,哪些参数比较一般,这两个模型又该如何通过代码进行调用呢?下面是一张总结了xgboost,lightbgm,catboost这三个模型调试参数的一些经验,以及每个参数需要的具体数值以及含义,供大家参考:

 

一.Xgboost配合grid search进行网格搜索参数 

实现代码如下:

mport xgboost as xgb
from sklearn import metrics
from sklearn.model_selection import GridSearchCV

def auc(m, train, test): 
    return (metrics.roc_auc_score(y_train, m.predict_proba(train)[:,1]),
                            metrics.roc_auc_score(y_test, m.predict_proba(test)[:,1]))

# Parameter Tuning
model = xgb.XGBClassifier()
param_dist = {"max_depth": [10,30,50],
              "min_child_weight" : [1,3,6],
              "n_estimators": [200],
              "learning_rate": [0.05, 0.1,0.16],}
grid_search = GridSearchCV(model, param_grid=param_dist, cv = 3, 
                                   verbose=10, n_jobs=-1)
grid_search.fit(train, y_train)

grid_search.best_estimator_

model = xgb.XGBClassifier(max_depth=3, min_child_weight=1,  n_estimators=20,\
                          n_jobs=-1 , verbose=1,learning_rate=0.16)
model.fit(train,y_train)

print(auc(model, train, test))

这里使用了自定义的auc作为模型的评价指标,输出如下:

Fitting 3 folds for each of 27 candidates, totalling 81 fits
(0.7479275227922775, 0.7430946047035487)

二.LightGBM配合grid search进行网格搜索参数

代码如下:

import lightgbm as lgb
from sklearn import metrics

def auc2(m, train, test): 
    return (metrics.roc_auc_score(y_train,m.predict(train)),
                            metrics.roc_auc_score(y_test,m.predict(test)))

lg = lgb.LGBMClassifier(silent=False)
param_dist = {"max_depth": [25,50, 75],
              "learning_rate" : [0.01,0.05,0.1],
              "num_leaves": [300,900,1200],
              "n_estimators": [200]
             }
grid_search = GridSearchCV(lg, n_jobs=-1, param_grid=param_dist, cv = 3, 
                           scoring="roc_auc", verbose=5)
grid_search.fit(train,y_train)
grid_search.best_estimator_

#使用lgbm原生态的方式进行训练 d_train
= lgb.Dataset(train, label=y_train, free_raw_data=False) params = {"max_depth": 3, "learning_rate" : 0.1, "num_leaves": 900, "n_estimators": 20} # Without Categorical Features model2 = lgb.train(params, d_train) print(auc2(model2, train, test)) #With Catgeorical Features cate_features_name = ["MONTH","DAY","DAY_OF_WEEK","AIRLINE","DESTINATION_AIRPORT", "ORIGIN_AIRPORT"] model2 = lgb.train(params, d_train, categorical_feature = cate_features_name) print(auc2(model2, train, test))

第三种引用方式lbgm的方式是,sklearn和lgbm相结合,这样就可以使用sklearn对lgbm的运行结果快速进行评估。

# coding: utf-8
import lightgbm as lgb
import pandas as pd
from sklearn.metrics import mean_squared_error
from sklearn.model_selection import GridSearchCV

# 加载数据
print('加载数据...')
df_train = pd.read_csv('../data/regression.train.txt', header=None, sep='\t')
df_test = pd.read_csv('../data/regression.test.txt', header=None, sep='\t')

# 取出特征和标签
y_train = df_train[0].values
y_test = df_test[0].values
X_train = df_train.drop(0, axis=1).values
X_test = df_test.drop(0, axis=1).values

print('开始训练...')
# 直接初始化LGBMRegressor
# 这个LightGBM的Regressor和sklearn中其他Regressor基本是一致的
gbm = lgb.LGBMRegressor(objective='regression',
                        num_leaves=31,
                        learning_rate=0.05,
                        n_estimators=20)

# 使用fit函数拟合
gbm.fit(X_train, y_train,
        eval_set=[(X_test, y_test)],
        eval_metric='l1',
        early_stopping_rounds=5)

# 预测
print('开始预测...')
y_pred = gbm.predict(X_test, num_iteration=gbm.best_iteration_)
# 评估预测结果
print('预测结果的rmse是:')
print(mean_squared_error(y_test, y_pred) ** 0.5)

 

 

 

这就是Xgboost/LightGBM的基本代码使用啦!

 

posted @ 2021-10-17 22:44  Geeksongs  阅读(164)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

Coded by Geeksongs on Linux

All rights reserved, no one is allowed to pirate or use the document for other purposes.