实验3:OpenFlow协议分析实践

实验3:OpenFlow协议分析实践

一、实验目的

1.能够运用 wireshark 对 OpenFlow 协议数据交互过程进行抓包;
2.能够借助包解析工具,分析与解释 OpenFlow协议的数据包交互过程与机制。

二、实验环境

Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop amd64

三、实验要求

(一)基本要求

1.搭建下图所示拓扑,完成相关 IP 配置,并实现主机与主机之间的 IP 通信。用抓包软件获取控制器与交换机之间的通信数据。

主机 IP地址
h1 192.168.0.101/24
h2 192.168.0.102/24
h3 192.168.0.103/24
h4 192.168.0.104/24

配置网段

保存到入到/home/用户名/学号/lab3/目录下的拓扑文件

topo.py

#!/usr/bin/env python

from mininet.net import Mininet
from mininet.node import Controller, RemoteController, OVSController
from mininet.node import CPULimitedHost, Host, Node
from mininet.node import OVSKernelSwitch, UserSwitch
from mininet.node import IVSSwitch
from mininet.cli import CLI
from mininet.log import setLogLevel, info
from mininet.link import TCLink, Intf
from subprocess import call

def myNetwork():

    net = Mininet( topo=None,
                   build=False,
                   ipBase='192.168.0.0/24')

    info( '*** Adding controller\n' )
    c0=net.addController(name='c0',
                      controller=Controller,
                      protocol='tcp',
                      port=6633)

    info( '*** Add switches\n')
    s1 = net.addSwitch('s1', cls=OVSKernelSwitch)
    s2 = net.addSwitch('s2', cls=OVSKernelSwitch)

    info( '*** Add hosts\n')
    h1 = net.addHost('h1', cls=Host, ip='192.168.0.101/24', defaultRoute=None)
    h2 = net.addHost('h2', cls=Host, ip='192.168.0.102/24', defaultRoute=None)
    h3 = net.addHost('h3', cls=Host, ip='192.168.0.103/24', defaultRoute=None)
    h4 = net.addHost('h4', cls=Host, ip='192.168.0.104/24', defaultRoute=None)

    info( '*** Add links\n')
    net.addLink(h1, s1)
    net.addLink(s1, h3)
    net.addLink(s1, s2)
    net.addLink(s2, h2)
    net.addLink(s2, h4)

    info( '*** Starting network\n')
    net.build()
    info( '*** Starting controllers\n')
    for controller in net.controllers:
        controller.start()

    info( '*** Starting switches\n')
    net.get('s1').start([c0])
    net.get('s2').start([c0])

    info( '*** Post configure switches and hosts\n')

    CLI(net)
    net.stop()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    setLogLevel( 'info' )
    myNetwork()

2.查看抓包结果,分析OpenFlow协议中交换机与控制器的消息交互过程,画出相关交互图或流程图。
wireshark抓包结果
(1)OFPT_HELLO
控制器6633端口(我最高能支持OpenFlow 1.0) ---> 交换机59840端口

交换机59840端口(我最高能支持OpenFlow 1.5) ---> 控制器6633端口

(2)Features_Request
控制器6633端口(我需要你的特征信息) ---> 交换机59840端口

(3)Set_Config
控制器6633端口(请按照我给你的flag和max bytes of packet进行配置) ---> 交换机59840端口

(4)Port_Status
当交换机端口发生变化时,告知控制器相应的端口状态。

(5)Features_Reply
交换机59840端口(这是我的特征信息,请查收) ---> 控制器6633端口

(6)Packet_in
交换机59840端口(有数据包进来,请指示)--- 控制器6633端口

(7)Packet_out
控制器6633端口--->交换机59840端口(请按照我给你的action进行处理)

(8)Flow_mod
分析抓取的flow_mod数据包,控制器通过6633端口向交换机59840端口、交换机59852端口
下发流表项,指导数据的转发处理

分析OpenFlow协议中交换机与控制器的消息交互过程,画出相关交互图或流程图

3.回答问题:交换机与控制器建立通信时是使用TCP协议还是UDP协议?
答:交换机与控制器建立通信时是使用TCP协议。

(二)进阶要求

(1)OFPT_HELLO

struct ofp_hello {
    struct ofp_header header;
};
/* Header on all OpenFlow packets. */
struct ofp_header {
    uint8_t version;    /* OFP_VERSION. */
    uint8_t type;       /* One of the OFPT_ constants. */
    uint16_t length;    /* Length including this ofp_header. */
    uint32_t xid;       /* Transaction id associated with this packet.
                           Replies use the same id as was in the request
                           to facilitate pairing. */
};

(2)Features_Request

/* Header on all OpenFlow packets. */
struct ofp_header {
    uint8_t version;    /* OFP_VERSION. */
    uint8_t type;       /* One of the OFPT_ constants. */
    uint16_t length;    /* Length including this ofp_header. */
    uint32_t xid;       /* Transaction id associated with this packet.
                           Replies use the same id as was in the request
                           to facilitate pairing. */
};

(3)Set_Config

/* Switch configuration. */
struct ofp_switch_config {
    struct ofp_header header;
    uint16_t flags;             /* OFPC_* flags. */
    uint16_t miss_send_len;     /* Max bytes of new flow that datapath should
                                   send to the controller. */
};

(4)Port_Status

struct ofp_port_status {
    struct ofp_header header;
    uint8_t reason;          /* One of OFPPR_*. */
    uint8_t pad[7];          /* Align to 64-bits. */
    struct ofp_phy_port desc;
};

(5)Features_Reply

struct ofp_phy_port {
    uint16_t port_no;
    uint8_t hw_addr[OFP_ETH_ALEN];
    char name[OFP_MAX_PORT_NAME_LEN]; /* Null-terminated */

    uint32_t config;        /* Bitmap of OFPPC_* flags. */
    uint32_t state;         /* Bitmap of OFPPS_* flags. */

    /* Bitmaps of OFPPF_* that describe features.  All bits zeroed if
     * unsupported or unavailable. */
    uint32_t curr;          /* Current features. */
    uint32_t advertised;    /* Features being advertised by the port. */
    uint32_t supported;     /* Features supported by the port. */
    uint32_t peer;          /* Features advertised by peer. */
};
OFP_ASSERT(sizeof(struct ofp_phy_port) == 48);

/* Switch features. */
struct ofp_switch_features {
    struct ofp_header header;
    uint64_t datapath_id;   /* Datapath unique ID.  The lower 48-bits are for
                               a MAC address, while the upper 16-bits are
                               implementer-defined. */

    uint32_t n_buffers;     /* Max packets buffered at once. */

    uint8_t n_tables;       /* Number of tables supported by datapath. */
    uint8_t pad[3];         /* Align to 64-bits. */

    /* Features. */
    uint32_t capabilities;  /* Bitmap of support "ofp_capabilities". */
    uint32_t actions;       /* Bitmap of supported "ofp_action_type"s. */

    /* Port info.*/
    struct ofp_phy_port ports[0];  /* Port definitions.  The number of ports
                                      is inferred from the length field in
                                      the header. */
};

(6)Packet_in

enum ofp_packet_in_reason {
    OFPR_NO_MATCH,          /* No matching flow. */
    OFPR_ACTION             /* Action explicitly output to controller. */
};

/* Packet received on port (datapath -> controller). */
struct ofp_packet_in {
    struct ofp_header header;
    uint32_t buffer_id;     /* ID assigned by datapath. */
    uint16_t total_len;     /* Full length of frame. */
    uint16_t in_port;       /* Port on which frame was received. */
    uint8_t reason;         /* Reason packet is being sent (one of OFPR_*) */
    uint8_t pad;
    uint8_t data[0];        /* Ethernet frame, halfway through 32-bit word,
                               so the IP header is 32-bit aligned.  The
                               amount of data is inferred from the length
                               field in the header.  Because of padding,
                               offsetof(struct ofp_packet_in, data) ==
                               sizeof(struct ofp_packet_in) - 2. */
};

(7)Packet_out

struct ofp_action_header {
    uint16_t type;                  /* One of OFPAT_*. */
    uint16_t len;                   /* Length of action, including this
                                       header.  This is the length of action,
                                       including any padding to make it
                                       64-bit aligned. */
    uint8_t pad[4];
};
OFP_ASSERT(sizeof(struct ofp_action_header) == 8);

/* Send packet (controller -> datapath). */
struct ofp_packet_out {
    struct ofp_header header;
    uint32_t buffer_id;           /* ID assigned by datapath (-1 if none). */
    uint16_t in_port;             /* Packet's input port (OFPP_NONE if none). */
    uint16_t actions_len;         /* Size of action array in bytes. */
    struct ofp_action_header actions[0]; /* Actions. */
    /* uint8_t data[0]; */        /* Packet data.  The length is inferred
                                     from the length field in the header.
                                     (Only meaningful if buffer_id == -1.) */
};

(8)Flow_mod

struct ofp_match {
    uint32_t wildcards;        /* Wildcard fields. */
    uint16_t in_port;          /* Input switch port. */
    uint8_t dl_src[OFP_ETH_ALEN]; /* Ethernet source address. */
    uint8_t dl_dst[OFP_ETH_ALEN]; /* Ethernet destination address. */
    uint16_t dl_vlan;          /* Input VLAN id. */
    uint8_t dl_vlan_pcp;       /* Input VLAN priority. */
    uint8_t pad1[1];           /* Align to 64-bits */
    uint16_t dl_type;          /* Ethernet frame type. */
    uint8_t nw_tos;            /* IP ToS (actually DSCP field, 6 bits). */
    uint8_t nw_proto;          /* IP protocol or lower 8 bits of
                                * ARP opcode. */
    uint8_t pad2[2];           /* Align to 64-bits */
    uint32_t nw_src;           /* IP source address. */
    uint32_t nw_dst;           /* IP destination address. */
    uint16_t tp_src;           /* TCP/UDP source port. */
    uint16_t tp_dst;           /* TCP/UDP destination port. */
};
/* Flow setup and teardown (controller -> datapath). */
struct ofp_flow_mod {
    struct ofp_header header;
    struct ofp_match match;      /* Fields to match */
    uint64_t cookie;             /* Opaque controller-issued identifier. */

    /* Flow actions. */
    uint16_t command;             /* One of OFPFC_*. */
    uint16_t idle_timeout;        /* Idle time before discarding (seconds). */
    uint16_t hard_timeout;        /* Max time before discarding (seconds). */
    uint16_t priority;            /* Priority level of flow entry. */
    uint32_t buffer_id;           /* Buffered packet to apply to (or -1).
                                     Not meaningful for OFPFC_DELETE*. */
    uint16_t out_port;            /* For OFPFC_DELETE* commands, require
                                     matching entries to include this as an
                                     output port.  A value of OFPP_NONE
                                     indicates no restriction. */
    uint16_t flags;               /* One of OFPFF_*. */
    struct ofp_action_header actions[0]; /* The action length is inferred
                                            from the length field in the
                                            header. */
};

四、个人总结

1.这次实验总体来说比较简单,按照PPT上的指导做实验基本不会出现太大的问题,主要是自己动手操作验证PPT上的内容,并理解wireshark的抓包结果,熟识OpenFlow协议分析。
2.这次实验遇到的一个问题是用wireshark进行抓包后,找不到Port_Status的抓包结果,最后通过先抓包,再运行sudo python topo.py,再运行pingall,找到了Port_Status的抓包结果。
3.刚开始再openflow_v1的界面找OFPT_HELLO的抓包信息时,一直找不到,后来通过去CSDN查询,发现不一定全部都在openflow_v1,后来通过过滤器输入“openflow_v6”,过滤出OpenFlow v1.5的数据报文,找到了抓包信息,进行分析。
4.通过这次实验我学会了运用wireshark对OpenFlow协议数据交互过程进行抓包,并且能够借助包解析工具,分析与解释 OpenFlow协议的数据包交互过程与机制。进一步理解了网络拓扑结构的构建过程,以及通过抓包了解交换机与控制器器建立通信时是使用TCP协议。

posted @ 2022-09-26 23:32  jihuhu  阅读(34)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报