ethtool的基本设置

 

 

 ethtool是设置网卡属性、IP/TCP相关协议属性的基本工具,功能还是很强大的。ubuntu的版本里没有默认集成,使用apt-get install 安装之。。。。

 

使用概要:
ethtool ethx       //查询ethx网口基本设置,其中 x 是对应网卡的编号,如eth0、eth1等等
ethtool –h        //显示ethtool的命令帮助(help)
ethtool –i ethX    //查询ethX网口的相关信息 
ethtool –d ethX    //查询ethX网口注册性信息
ethtool –r ethX    //重置ethX网口到自适应模式
ethtool –S ethX    //查询ethX网口收发包统计
ethtool –s ethX [speed 10|100|1000] [duplex half|full]  [autoneg on|off]        //设置网口速率10/100/1000M、设置网口半/全双工、设置网口是否自协商

ethtool -k      //查看protocol offload的属性

ethtool -K|--offload DEVNAME Set protocol offload  // 设置protocol offload的属性,这个命令很强大,待会再讲

[ rx on|off ]
[ tx on|off ]
[ sg on|off ]
[ tso on|off ]
[ ufo on|off ]
[ gso on|off ]
[ gro on|off ]
[ lro on|off ]
[ rxvlan on|off ]
[ txvlan on|off ]
[ ntuple on|off ]
[ rxhash on|off ]

 

使用举例:


1)[root@linux /]# ethtool eth1
   Settings for eth1:
        Supported ports: [ TP ]
        Supported link modes:   10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 
                                100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 
                                1000baseT/Full 
        Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
        Advertised link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 
                                100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 
                                1000baseT/Full 
        Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes
        Speed: 1000Mb/s
        Duplex: Full
        Port: Twisted Pair
        PHYAD: 0
        Transceiver: internal
        Auto-negotiation: on
        Supports Wake-on: umbg
        Wake-on: d
        Link detected: yes

 

2)[root@linux /]# ethtool -i eth1
   driver: e1000
   version: 5.0.43-k1
   firmware-version: N/A
   bus-info: 06:08.1


3)[root@linux /]# ethtool -S eth1
   NIC statistics:
     rx_packets: 58068300
     tx_packets: 87124083
     rx_bytes: 1589713008
     tx_bytes: 2165825901
     rx_errors: 0
     tx_errors: 0
     rx_dropped: 0
     tx_dropped: 0
     multicast: 0
     collisions: 0
     rx_length_errors: 0
     rx_over_errors: 0
     rx_crc_errors: 0
     rx_frame_errors: 0
     rx_fifo_errors: 0
     rx_missed_errors: 0
     tx_aborted_errors: 0
     tx_carrier_errors: 0
     tx_fifo_errors: 0
     tx_heartbeat_errors: 0
     tx_window_errors: 0

 

4) 把网卡eth0 速度改为10Mb/s,采用半双工;

[root@cuc03 beinan]# ethtool -s eth1 speed 10 duplex half
[root@cuc03 beinan]# ethtool eth1
Settings for eth1:
Supported ports: [ TP MII ]
Supported link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
Advertised link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
Advertised auto-negotiation: No
Speed: 10Mb/s 注:速度 10M/s
Duplex: Half 注:半双工
Port: MII
PHYAD: 32
Transceiver: internal
Auto-negotiation: off
Supports Wake-on: pumbg
Wake-on: d
Current message level: 0x00000007 (7)
Link detected: no 注:eth1没有激活;

5)把网卡eth0 速度改为100Mb/s,采用全双工;
[root@cuc03 beinan]# ethtool -s eth1 speed 100 duplex full 
[root@cuc03 beinan]# ethtool eth1
Settings for eth1:
Supported ports: [ TP MII ]
Supported link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
Advertised link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full
100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full
Advertised auto-negotiation: No
Speed: 100Mb/s 注:速度 100M/s
Duplex: Full 注:全双工
Port: MII
PHYAD: 32
Transceiver: internal
Auto-negotiation: off
Supports Wake-on: pumbg
Wake-on: d
Current message level: 0x00000007 (7)
Link detected: no 注:eth1网卡没有激活;

6) 最后关于这个ethtool -k eth0 就特别说明一下,这个是显示网卡的一些特别的协议开关

root@node4:/home/fbw# ethtool -k eth0
Offload parameters for eth0:
rx-checksumming: on
tx-checksumming: off
scatter-gather: off
tcp-segmentation-offload: off
udp-fragmentation-offload: off
generic-segmentation-offload: off
generic-receive-offload: on
large-receive-offload: off
rx-vlan-offload: on
tx-vlan-offload: on
ntuple-filters: off
receive-hashing: on

   特别注意,加红的那个参数,之前看到别人遇到这个问题,在部署OpenStack的计算节点的时候,如何将computer部署在台式机上,ssh连接虚拟机就特别卡,连接超时将近1多钟,但是如果将其部署在刀片上就没有任何问题。于是,后面将问题定位到台式机的BCM的网卡上,发现只要敲一下 ethtool -K eth0 tx off ,即只要关掉包发送校检和,就可以正常ssh连接。


posted @ 2014-03-19 23:56  登高行远  阅读(6078)  评论(0编辑  收藏