[Maven]package com.sun.image.codec.jpeg does not exist

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博主:疲惫的豆豆

链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/dzblog/p/6971245.html

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环境


Maven:3.0.5

Java:1.8.0_45

OS:Linux

问题


拿到一个java项目,想编译一下,报了如下错误:

[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] COMPILATION ERROR : 
[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------
[ERROR] /var/lib/jenkins/jobs/sample_xxx_pipeline/workspace/src/test/java/com/xxx/sxxxx/ib/pdf/PdfServiceTest.java:[6,31] error: package com.sun.image.codec.jpeg does not exist
[ERROR] /var/lib/jenkins/jobs/sample_xxx_pipeline/workspace/src/test/java/com/xxx/sxxxx/ib/pdf/PdfServiceTest.java:[7,31] error: package com.sun.image.codec.jpeg does not exist
[INFO] 2 errors 
[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD FAILURE
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 12.361s
[INFO] Finished at: Thu Jun 08 19:16:04 CST 2017
[INFO] Final Memory: 75M/1614M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

出错原因(来自stack overflow):

Why are you using classes in the package com.sun.image.codec.jpeg? You are not supposed to use those classes directly: Why Developers Should Not Write Programs That Call 'sun' Packages.

What does your program do? Does it just try to read or write a JPG image? That's very easy with the ImageIO API. See this tutorial: Writing/Saving an Image.

Addition
- The package com.sun.image.codec.jpeg has been removed in Java 7 as mentioned in the Java SE 7 and JDK 7 Compatibility Guide.

Synopsis: The Non-standard com.sun.image.codec.jpeg Package is Retired

Description: The com.sun.image.codec.jpeg package was added in JDK 1.2 (Dec 1998) as a non-standard way of controlling the loading and saving of JPEG format image files. This package was never part of the platform specification and it has been removed from the Java SE 7 release. The Java Image I/O API was added to the JDK 1.4 release as a standard API and eliminated the need for the com.sun.image.codec.jpeg package.

大意就是JDK7的时候,这个类已经退休了,以后凡是带sun.*的类库将不会被支持,毕竟sun已经被收购多年了,还sun,sun的,oracle看着心里多难受,全部给搞掉。请看官方说明

贴心的粘过来:

Why Developers Should Not Write Programs
That Call 'sun' Packages


The java.*, javax.* and org.* packages documented in the Java Platform Standard Edition API Specification make up the official, supported, public interface.
If a Java program directly calls only API in these packages, it will operate on all Java-compatible platforms, regardless of the underlying OS platform.

The sun.* packages are not part of the supported, public interface.
A Java program that directly calls into sun.* packages is not guaranteed to work on all Java-compatible platforms. In fact, such a program is not guaranteed to work even in future versions on the same platform.
Each company that implements the Java platform will do so in their own private way. The classes in sun.* are present in the JDK to support Oracle's implementation of the Java platform: the sun.* classes are what make the Java platform classes work "under the covers" for Oracle's JDK. These classes will not in general be present on another vendor's Java platform. If your Java program asks for a class "sun.package.Foo" by name, it may fail with ClassNotFoundError, and you will have lost a major advantage of developing in Java.

Technically, nothing prevents your program from calling into sun.* by name. From one release to another, these classes may be removed, or they may be moved from one package to another, and it's fairly likely that their interface (method names and signatures) will change. (From Oracle's point of view, since we are committed to maintaining the Java platform, we need to be able to change sun.* to refine and enhance the platform.) In this case, even if you are willing to run only on Oracle's implementation, you run the risk of a new version of the implementation breaking your program.

In general, writing java programs that rely on sun.* is risky: those classes are not portable, and are not supported.

解决问题


当然最好的办法是,按照oracle(我下意识写成了sun)的要求,使用新的API,不过推动项目owner来改,确实麻烦,毕竟我只是想编译一下看看。

网上失败的解决办法:

这个方法在我这里失败,修改pom.xml文件如下:可能有成功的小伙伴吧,要不往上也不会到处都是这个解决办法的转载。

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>3.1</version>
    <configuration>
        <source>1.8</source>
        <target>1.8</target>
        <compilerArguments>
            <bootclasspath>${java.home}/lib/rt.jar;${java.home}/lib/jce.jar</bootclasspath>
        </compilerArguments>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

很遗憾,在我这里报错,出错是Unable to find package java.lang in classpath or bootclasspath。

如果使用这种方案修改的,请确保你的${java.home}可用,或者使用mvn help:system命令查看所有环境变量,进行更改。

stack overflow有同病相怜者,地址

成功的解决方法

I had this problem when compiling with JDK 7. Strange enough Eclipse did not show this error, only javac did. The answer can be found in this Stackoverflow answer: javac uses a special symbol table that does not include all Sun-proprietary classes, and suppliying -XDignore.symbol.file makes the problem go away.

Of course, a much better solution is to rewrite the code without using the proprietary classes, but to support JDK 7 quickly, this option works.

首先我的pom.xml文件是这样的:

           <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.5</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>

接下来,只需要添加一句话既可解决:

            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.5</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                    <compilerArgument>-XDignore.symbol.file</compilerArgument>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>

再次编译,成功~~撒花~~~

 

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posted @ 2017-06-09 11:37  疲惫的豆豆  阅读(11661)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报