nginx upload试用

好多博客与这个参考网址内容雷同,随便放个参考链接,也不想管出处在哪里了。

参考网址:nginx上传模块nginx_upload_module和nginx_uploadprogress_module模块进度显示,如何传递GET参数等。

新手上路,先按upload的标准用网页来一遍,后面准备看看能不能直接用代码post,再把上传的后续处理也砍掉。

 

之前nginx安装略过(默认安装在了/usr/local/nginx)

nginx upload 模块:github源码下载 并解压(/home/dyan/OpenSource/workspace/nginx-upload-module-2.2)

暂时不知道怎么动态添加模块,nginx源码重新编译一下 (nginx源码目录/home/dyan/OpenSource/nginx-1.4.2),在该目录下编译

$ ./configure --add-module=/home/dyan/OpenSource/workspace/nginx-upload-module-2.2
$ sudo make install

nginx已经安装到/usr/local/nginx下

然后修改/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf(修改前记得先备份),结合前面的nginx upload模块博客 在http字段server字段中添加如下配置

    location /upload {  
            upload_pass     /index.php?c=uploader&a=upload_server;  
            upload_cleanup 400 404 499 500-505;  
            upload_store    /home/dyan/OpenSource/workspace/nginx1.4.2/data;  
            upload_store_access user:rw;  
            upload_limit_rate 128k;  
  
            # Set specified fields in request body
            upload_set_form_field $upload_field_name.name "$upload_file_name";
            upload_set_form_field $upload_field_name.content_type "$upload_content_type";
            upload_set_form_field $upload_field_name.path "$upload_tmp_path";


            # Inform backend about hash and size of a file
            upload_aggregate_form_field "$upload_field_name.md5" "$upload_file_md5";
            upload_aggregate_form_field "$upload_field_name.size" "$upload_file_size";

            upload_pass_form_field "^submit$|^description$";
    }  
    # Pass altered request body to a backend
    location ~ .*\.php?$ {
            root           html;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            include fastcgi.conf;
    }

没做过网页,不知道html和php怎么工作的,直接抄过来。

修改/usr/local/nginx/html/index.html(备份)为

<html>
  <head>
    <title>Test upload</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Select files to upload</h2>
    <form name="upload" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" action="/upload">
      <input type="file" name="file1"><br>
      <input type="file" name="file2"><br>
      <input type="file" name="file3"><br>
      <input type="file" name="file4"><br>
      <input type="file" name="file5"><br>
      <input type="file" name="file6"><br>
      <input type="submit" name="submit" value="Upload">
      <input type="hidden" name="test" value="value">
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

添加一个/usr/local/nginx/html/index.php

<?php                                   
$temppath = $_POST["file1_path"];       
$name = $_POST["file1_name"];           
$orgFileName = "/home/dyan/OpenSource/workspace/nginx1.4.2/data/".$name;   
rename($temppath,$orgFileName);         
?>  

这时确认新的配置没有问题后重载nginx配置

$ sudo /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

$ ps -ef|grep nginx
root      9111  3070  0 8月01 ?        00:00:00 nginx: master process sbin/nginx
dyan     28862  9111  0 22:57 ?        00:00:00 nginx: worker process
dyan     30167  6058  0 23:50 pts/19   00:00:00 grep --color=auto nginx
$
sudo kill -HUP 9111

这时打开浏览器地址栏输入:localhost

然后选择上传的文件,点击upload,不出意外是这样的

文件是上传上去了,但是后续处理出错了上传的文件文件也被删除。

因为我们的配置文件中说明了用index.php 和fastcgi来处理,所以还需要安装php和fastcgi

没有接触过php,先看看nginx fastcgi 怎么说。

然后安装php-cgi,因为是Ubuntu16.04,所以apt安装的版本应该是7.0

$ sudo apt install php-cgi

根据nginx fastcgi的说法,新开个终端运行php -b 127.0.0.1:9000,但是php 根本就没有-b选项,反而是php-cgi有这个选项,似乎正式我们需要的

$ php-cgi -h
...
-b <address:port>|<port> Bind Path for external FASTCGI Server mode
...

运行(这里注意127.0.0.1:9000与nginx.conf中fastcgi_pass对应的)

$ php-cgi -b 127.0.0.1:9000

再次打开网页localhost,上传一个文件,看一下upload_store指定的文件夹下确实是我们上传的文件(要正确显示文件可能需要将nginx.conf文件开头默认被注释的user nobody改为运行nginx的用户名)

 

posted @ 2018-08-03 00:40  dyan1024  阅读(242)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报