Diango基础十一之diango分页

Django基础之django分页

 

一、Django的内置分页器(paginator)

  view

复制代码
from django.shortcuts import render,HttpResponse

# Create your views here.
from app01.models import *
from django.core.paginator import Paginator, EmptyPage, PageNotAnInteger

def index(request):

    '''
    批量导入数据:

    Booklist=[]
    for i in range(100):
        Booklist.append(Book(title="book"+str(i),price=30+i*i))
    Book.objects.bulk_create(Booklist)
    '''

    '''
分页器的使用:

    book_list=Book.objects.all()

    paginator = Paginator(book_list, 10)

    print("count:",paginator.count)           #数据总数
    print("num_pages",paginator.num_pages)    #总页数
    print("page_range",paginator.page_range)  #页码的列表



    page1=paginator.page(1) #第1页的page对象
    for i in page1:         #遍历第1页的所有数据对象
        print(i)

    print(page1.object_list) #第1页的所有数据


    page2=paginator.page(2)

    print(page2.has_next())            #是否有下一页
    print(page2.next_page_number())    #下一页的页码
    print(page2.has_previous())        #是否有上一页
    print(page2.previous_page_number()) #上一页的页码



    # 抛错
    #page=paginator.page(12)   # error:EmptyPage

    #page=paginator.page("z")   # error:PageNotAnInteger

    '''


    book_list=Book.objects.all()

    paginator = Paginator(book_list, 10)
    page = request.GET.get('page',1)
    currentPage=int(page)


    try:
        print(page)
        book_list = paginator.page(page)
    except PageNotAnInteger:
        book_list = paginator.page(1)
    except EmptyPage:
        book_list = paginator.page(paginator.num_pages)


    return render(request,"index.html",{"book_list":book_list,"paginator":paginator,"currentPage":currentPage})
复制代码

  index.html:

复制代码
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" 
integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous"> </head> <body> <div class="container"> <h4>分页器</h4> <ul> {% for book in book_list %} <li>{{ book.title }} -----{{ book.price }}</li> {% endfor %} </ul> <ul class="pagination" id="pager"> {% if book_list.has_previous %} <li class="previous"><a href="/index/?page={{ book_list.previous_page_number }}">上一页</a></li> {% else %} <li class="previous disabled"><a href="#">上一页</a></li> {% endif %} {% for num in paginator.page_range %} {% if num == currentPage %} <li class="item active"><a href="/index/?page={{ num }}">{{ num }}</a></li> {% else %} <li class="item"><a href="/index/?page={{ num }}">{{ num }}</a></li> {% endif %} {% endfor %} {% if book_list.has_next %} <li class="next"><a href="/index/?page={{ book_list.next_page_number }}">下一页</a></li> {% else %} <li class="next disabled"><a href="#">下一页</a></li> {% endif %} </ul> </div> </body> </html>
复制代码

  扩展

复制代码
def index(request):


    book_list=Book.objects.all()

    paginator = Paginator(book_list, 15)
    page = request.GET.get('page',1)
    currentPage=int(page)

    #  如果页数十分多时,换另外一种显示方式
    if paginator.num_pages>11:

        if currentPage-5<1:
            pageRange=range(1,11)
        elif currentPage+5>paginator.num_pages:
            pageRange=range(currentPage-5,paginator.num_pages+1)

        else:
            pageRange=range(currentPage-5,currentPage+5)

    else:
        pageRange=paginator.page_range


    try:
        print(page)
        book_list = paginator.page(page)
    except PageNotAnInteger:
        book_list = paginator.page(1)
    except EmptyPage:
        book_list = paginator.page(paginator.num_pages)


    return render(request,"index.html",locals())

 

二、自定义分页

  当数据库中数据有很多,我们通常会在前端页面做分页展示。

  分页的数据可以在前端页面实现,也可以在后端实现分页。

  后端实现分页的原理就是每次只请求一页数据。

  准备工作

  我们使用脚本批量创建一些测试数据(将下面的代码保存到bulk_create.py文件中放到Django项目的根目录,直接执行即可。):

import os

if __name__ == "__main__":
    os.environ.setdefault("DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE", "about_orm.settings")

    import django
    django.setup()

    from app01 import models
    bulk_obj = (models.Publisher(name='第{}出版社'.format(i)) for i in range(300))
    models.Publisher.objects.bulk_create(bulk_obj) #批量添加,注意写法

 

  看下面几个版本的分页:

def publisher_list(request):
    # 从URL中取当前访问的页码数
    try:
        current_page = int(request.GET.get('page'))
    except Exception as e:
        # 取不到或者页码数不是数字都默认展示第1页
        current_page = 1
    # 总数据量
    total_count = models.Publisher.objects.count()
    # 定义每页显示多少条数据
    per_page = 10
    # 计算出总页码数
    total_page, more = divmod(total_count, per_page)
    if more:
        total_page += 1
    # 定义页面上最多显示多少页码(为了左右对称,一般设为奇数)
    max_show = 11
    half_show = max_show // 2
    # 计算一下页面显示的页码范围
    if total_page <= max_show:  # 总页码数小于最大显示页码数
        page_start = 1
        page_end = total_page
    elif current_page + half_show >= total_page:  # 右边越界
        page_end = total_page
        page_start = total_page - max_show
    elif current_page - half_show <= 1:  # 左边越界
        page_start = 1
        page_end = max_show
    else:  # 正常页码区间
        page_start = current_page - half_show
        page_end = current_page + half_show
    # 数据索引起始位置
    data_start = (current_page-1) * per_page
    data_end = current_page * per_page

    publisher_list = models.Publisher.objects.all()[data_start:data_end]

    # 生成页面上显示的页码
    page_html_list = []
    page_html_list.append('<nav aria-label="Page navigation"><ul class="pagination">')
    # 加首页
    first_li = '<li><a href="/publisher_list/?page=1">首页</a></li>'
    page_html_list.append(first_li)
    # 加上一页
    if current_page == 1:
        prev_li = '<li><a href="#"><span aria-hidden="true">&laquo;</span></a></li>'
    else:
        prev_li = '<li><a href="/publisher_list/?page={}"><span aria-hidden="true">&laquo;</span></a></li>'.format(current_page - 1)
    page_html_list.append(prev_li)
    for i in range(page_start, page_end + 1):
        if i == current_page:
            li_tag = '<li class="active"><a href="/publisher_list/?page={0}">{0}</a></li>'.format(i)
        else:
            li_tag = '<li><a href="/publisher_list/?page={0}">{0}</a></li>'.format(i)
        page_html_list.append(li_tag)
    # 加下一页
    if current_page == total_page:
        next_li = '<li><a href="#"><span aria-hidden="true">&raquo;</span></a></li>'
    else:
        next_li = '<li><a href="/publisher_list/?page={}"><span aria-hidden="true">&raquo;</span></a></li>'.format(current_page + 1)
    page_html_list.append(next_li)
    # 加尾页
    page_end_li = '<li><a href="/publisher_list/?page={}">尾页</a></li>'.format(total_page)
    page_html_list.append(page_end_li)
    page_html_list.append('</ul></nav>')
    page_html = "".join(page_html_list)
    return render(request, "publisher_list.html", {"publisher_list": publisher_list, "page_html": page_html})
稳扎稳打版

 

 

class Pagination(object):
    """自定义分页(Bootstrap版)"""
    def __init__(self, current_page, total_count, base_url, per_page=10, max_show=11):
        """
        :param current_page: 当前请求的页码
        :param total_count: 总数据量
        :param base_url: 请求的URL
        :param per_page: 每页显示的数据量,默认值为10
        :param max_show: 页面上最多显示多少个页码,默认值为11
        """
        try:
            self.current_page = int(current_page)
        except Exception as e:
            # 取不到或者页码数不是数字都默认展示第1页
            self.current_page = 1
        # 定义每页显示多少条数据
        self.per_page = per_page
        # 计算出总页码数
        total_page, more = divmod(total_count, per_page)
        if more:
            total_page += 1
        self.total_page = total_page
        # 定义页面上最多显示多少页码(为了左右对称,一般设为奇数)
        self.max_show = max_show
        self.half_show = max_show // 2
        self.base_url = base_url

    @property
    def start(self):
        return (self.current_page-1) * self.per_page

    @property
    def end(self):
        return self.current_page * self.per_page

    def page_html(self):
        # 计算一下页面显示的页码范围
        if self.total_page <= self.max_show:  # 总页码数小于最大显示页码数
            page_start = 1
            page_end = self.total_page
        elif self.current_page + self.half_show >= self.total_page:  # 右边越界
            page_end = self.total_page
            page_start = self.total_page - self.max_show
        elif self.current_page - self.half_show <= 1:  # 左边越界
            page_start = 1
            page_end = self.max_show
        else:  # 正常页码区间
            page_start = self.current_page - self.half_show
            page_end = self.current_page + self.half_show
        # 生成页面上显示的页码
        page_html_list = []
        page_html_list.append('<nav aria-label="Page navigation"><ul class="pagination">')
        # 加首页
        first_li = '<li><a href="{}?page=1">首页</a></li>'.format(self.base_url)
        page_html_list.append(first_li)
        # 加上一页
        if self.current_page == 1:
            prev_li = '<li><a href="#"><span aria-hidden="true">&laquo;</span></a></li>'
        else:
            prev_li = '<li><a href="{}?page={}"><span aria-hidden="true">&laquo;</span></a></li>'.format(
                self.base_url, self.current_page - 1)
        page_html_list.append(prev_li)
        for i in range(page_start, page_end + 1):
            if i == self.current_page:
                li_tag = '<li class="active"><a href="{0}?page={1}">{1}</a></li>'.format(self.base_url, i)
            else:
                li_tag = '<li><a href="{0}?page={1}">{1}</a></li>'.format(self.base_url, i)
            page_html_list.append(li_tag)
        # 加下一页
        if self.current_page == self.total_page:
            next_li = '<li><a href="#"><span aria-hidden="true">&raquo;</span></a></li>'
        else:
            next_li = '<li><a href="{}?page={}"><span aria-hidden="true">&raquo;</span></a></li>'.format(
                self.base_url, self.current_page + 1)
        page_html_list.append(next_li)
        # 加尾页
        page_end_li = '<li><a href="{}?page={}">尾页</a></li>'.format(self.base_url, self.total_page)
        page_html_list.append(page_end_li)
        page_html_list.append('</ul></nav>')
        return "".join(page_html_list)
封装保存版

 

 

def publisher_list(request):
    # 从URL中取当前访问的页码数
    current_page = int(request.GET.get('page'))
    # 比len(models.Publisher.objects.all())更高效
    total_count = models.Publisher.objects.count()
    page_obj = Pagination(current_page, total_count, request.path_info)
    data = models.Publisher.objects.all()[page_obj.start:page_obj.end]
    page_html = page_obj.page_html()
    return render(request, "publisher_list.html", {"publisher_list": data, "page_html": page_html})
封装保存版使用示例

 

 

  再来一版django内置分页器的分页

from django.shortcuts import render
from django.core.paginator import Paginator, EmptyPage, PageNotAnInteger

L = []
for i in range(999):
    L.append(i)

def index(request):
    current_page = request.GET.get('p')

    paginator = Paginator(L, 10)
    # per_page: 每页显示条目数量
    # count:    数据总个数
    # num_pages:总页数
    # page_range:总页数的索引范围,如: (1,10),(1,200)
    # page:     page对象
    try:
        posts = paginator.page(current_page)
        # has_next              是否有下一页
        # next_page_number      下一页页码
        # has_previous          是否有上一页
        # previous_page_number  上一页页码
        # object_list           分页之后的数据列表
        # number                当前页
        # paginator             paginator对象
    except PageNotAnInteger:
        posts = paginator.page(1)
    except EmptyPage:
        posts = paginator.page(paginator.num_pages)
    return render(request, 'index.html', {'posts': posts})
view函数

 

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
</head>
<body>
<ul>
    {% for item in posts %}
        <li>{{ item }}</li>
    {% endfor %}
</ul>

<div class="pagination">
      <span class="step-links">
        {% if posts.has_previous %}
            <a href="?p={{ posts.previous_page_number }}">Previous</a>
        {% endif %}
          <span class="current">
            Page {{ posts.number }} of {{ posts.paginator.num_pages }}.
          </span>
          {% if posts.has_next %}
              <a href="?p={{ posts.next_page_number }}">Next</a>
          {% endif %}
      
posted @ 2019-05-15 20:37  与凯学习  阅读(44)  评论(0编辑  收藏