注意: 此版本已过低,请参考本博客其他文档!!!

1、基本概念

  升级之后所有的containers会重启,因为hash值会变。

  不可跨版本升级。

 

2、升级Master节点

  当前版本

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubeadm version
kubeadm version: &version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"11", GitVersion:"v1.11.1", GitCommit:"b1b29978270dc22fecc592ac55d903350454310a", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2018-07-17T18:50:16Z", GoVersion:"go1.10.3", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

[root@k8s-master02 ~]# kubeadm version
kubeadm version: &version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"11", GitVersion:"v1.11.1", GitCommit:"b1b29978270dc22fecc592ac55d903350454310a", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2018-07-17T18:50:16Z", GoVersion:"go1.10.3", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

[root@k8s-master03 ~]# kubeadm version
kubeadm version: &version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"11", GitVersion:"v1.11.1", GitCommit:"b1b29978270dc22fecc592ac55d903350454310a", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2018-07-17T18:50:16Z", GoVersion:"go1.10.3", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

  查看所有kubeadm的版本

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# yum list kubeadm  --showduplicates | sort -r
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.9-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.8-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.7-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.6-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.5-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.4-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.3-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.2-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.11-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.1-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.10-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.9.0-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.9-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.8-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.7-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.6-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.5-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.4-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.3-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.2-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.15-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.14-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.13-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.12-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.11-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.1-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.10-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.0-1                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.8.0-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.9-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.8-1                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.7-1                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.6-1                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.5-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.4-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.3-1                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.2-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.16-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.15-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.14-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.11-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.1-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.10-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.7.0-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.9-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.8-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.7-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.6-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.5-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.4-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.3-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.2-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.13-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.12-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.11-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.1-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.10-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.6.0-0                          kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.13.0-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.12.3-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.12.2-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.12.1-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.12.0-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.11.5-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.11.4-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.11.3-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.11.2-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.11.1-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.11.0-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.9-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.8-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.7-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.6-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.5-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.4-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.3-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.2-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.11-0                        kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.1-0                         kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.10-0                        kubernetes
kubeadm.x86_64                       1.10.0-0                         kubernetes
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
Available Packages

  所有Master节点升级kubeadm

yum install  kubeadm-1.12.3-0.x86_64 -y --disableexcludes=kubernetes

  查看版本

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubeadm version
kubeadm version: &version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"12", GitVersion:"v1.12.3", GitCommit:"435f92c719f279a3a67808c80521ea17d5715c66", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2018-11-26T12:54:02Z", GoVersion:"go1.10.4", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

[root@k8s-master02 ~]# kubeadm version
kubeadm version: &version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"12", GitVersion:"v1.12.3", GitCommit:"435f92c719f279a3a67808c80521ea17d5715c66", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2018-11-26T12:54:02Z", GoVersion:"go1.10.4", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

[root@k8s-master03 ~]# kubeadm version
kubeadm version: &version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"12", GitVersion:"v1.12.3", GitCommit:"435f92c719f279a3a67808c80521ea17d5715c66", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2018-11-26T12:54:02Z", GoVersion:"go1.10.4", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}

 

  所有Master节点修改kubeadm-config.yaml的kubernetesVersion(如果升级前集群不是参考我的文档部署的,请自行下载对应镜像)

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# more kubeadm-config.yaml 
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1alpha2
kind: MasterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.12.3
imageRepository: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers

  提前下载镜像

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubeadm config images pull --config /root/kubeadm-config.yaml
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:v1.12.3
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:v1.12.3
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:v1.12.3
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:v1.12.3
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:3.1
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:3.2.24
[config/images] Pulled registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:1.2.2

  备份/etc/kubernetes所有文件,自行备份

  在Master01上执行升级,一下操作在Master01执行

  修改Master01的configmap/kubeadm-config

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get configmap -n kube-system kubeadm-config -o yaml > kubeadm-config-cm.yaml

 

  主要修改以下信息:

# 将以下参数修改为本机IP
api.advertiseAddress
etcd.local.extraArgs.advertise-client-urls
etcd.local.extraArgs.initial-advertise-peer-urls
etcd.local.extraArgs.listen-client-urls
etcd.local.extraArgs.listen-peer-urls
# 将以下参数修改为etcd集群节点
etcd.local.extraArgs.initial-cluster
# 添加参数至extraArgs
initial-cluster-state: existing # 将以下参数修改为本机的IP和主机名 peerCertSANs:
- k8s-master01 - 192.168.20.20 serverCertSANs: - k8s-master01 - 192.168.20.20

  大致如下

apiVersion: v1
data:
  MasterConfiguration: |
    api:
      advertiseAddress: 192.168.20.20
      bindPort: 6443
      controlPlaneEndpoint: 192.168.20.10:16443
    apiServerCertSANs:
    - k8s-master01
    - k8s-master02
    - k8s-master03
    - k8s-master-lb
    - 192.168.20.20
    - 192.168.20.21
    - 192.168.20.22
    - 192.168.20.10
    apiServerExtraArgs:
      authorization-mode: Node,RBAC
    apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1alpha2
    auditPolicy:
      logDir: /var/log/kubernetes/audit
      logMaxAge: 2
      path: ""
    certificatesDir: /etc/kubernetes/pki
    clusterName: kubernetes
    controllerManagerExtraArgs:
      node-monitor-grace-period: 10s
      pod-eviction-timeout: 10s
    etcd:
      local:
        dataDir: /var/lib/etcd
        extraArgs:
          advertise-client-urls: https://192.168.20.20:2379
          initial-advertise-peer-urls: https://192.168.20.20:2380
          initial-cluster: k8s-master01=https://192.168.20.20:2380, k8s-master02=https://192.168.20.21:
2380, k8s-master02=https://192.168.20.22:2380
          listen-client-urls: https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.20.20:2379
          listen-peer-urls: https://192.168.20.20:2380
          initial-cluster-state: existing
        image: ""
        peerCertSANs:
        - k8s-master01
        - 192.168.20.20
        serverCertSANs:
        - k8s-master01
        - 192.168.20.20
    imageRepository: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers
    kind: MasterConfiguration
    kubeProxy:
      config:
        bindAddress: 0.0.0.0
        clientConnection:
          acceptContentTypes: ""
          burst: 10
          contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
          kubeconfig: /var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig.conf
          qps: 5
        clusterCIDR: 172.168.0.0/16
        configSyncPeriod: 15m0s
        conntrack:
          max: null
          maxPerCore: 32768
          min: 131072
          tcpCloseWaitTimeout: 1h0m0s
          tcpEstablishedTimeout: 24h0m0s
        enableProfiling: false
        healthzBindAddress: 0.0.0.0:10256
        hostnameOverride: ""
        iptables:
          masqueradeAll: false
          masqueradeBit: 14
          minSyncPeriod: 0s
          syncPeriod: 30s
        ipvs:
          excludeCIDRs: null
          minSyncPeriod: 0s
          scheduler: ""
          syncPeriod: 30s
        metricsBindAddress: 127.0.0.1:10249
        mode: ""
        nodePortAddresses: null
        oomScoreAdj: -999
        portRange: ""
        resourceContainer: /kube-proxy
        udpIdleTimeout: 250ms
    kubeletConfiguration:
      baseConfig:
        address: 0.0.0.0
        authentication:
          anonymous:
            enabled: false
          webhook:
            cacheTTL: 2m0s
            enabled: true
          x509:
            clientCAFile: /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt
        authorization:
          mode: Webhook
          webhook:
            cacheAuthorizedTTL: 5m0s
            cacheUnauthorizedTTL: 30s
        cgroupDriver: cgroupfs
        cgroupsPerQOS: true
        clusterDNS:
        - 10.96.0.10
        clusterDomain: cluster.local
        containerLogMaxFiles: 5
        containerLogMaxSize: 10Mi
        contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
        cpuCFSQuota: true
        cpuManagerPolicy: none
        cpuManagerReconcilePeriod: 10s
        enableControllerAttachDetach: true
        enableDebuggingHandlers: true
        enforceNodeAllocatable:
        - pods
        eventBurst: 10
        eventRecordQPS: 5
        evictionHard:
          imagefs.available: 15%
          memory.available: 100Mi
          nodefs.available: 10%
          nodefs.inodesFree: 5%
        evictionPressureTransitionPeriod: 5m0s
        failSwapOn: true
        fileCheckFrequency: 20s
        hairpinMode: promiscuous-bridge
        healthzBindAddress: 127.0.0.1
        healthzPort: 10248
        httpCheckFrequency: 20s
        imageGCHighThresholdPercent: 85
        imageGCLowThresholdPercent: 80
        imageMinimumGCAge: 2m0s
        iptablesDropBit: 15
        iptablesMasqueradeBit: 14
        kubeAPIBurst: 10
        kubeAPIQPS: 5
        makeIPTablesUtilChains: true
        maxOpenFiles: 1000000
        maxPods: 110
        nodeStatusUpdateFrequency: 10s
        oomScoreAdj: -999
        podPidsLimit: -1
        port: 10250
        registryBurst: 10
        registryPullQPS: 5
        resolvConf: /etc/resolv.conf
        rotateCertificates: true
        runtimeRequestTimeout: 2m0s
        serializeImagePulls: true
        staticPodPath: /etc/kubernetes/manifests
        streamingConnectionIdleTimeout: 4h0m0s
        syncFrequency: 1m0s
        volumeStatsAggPeriod: 1m0s
    kubernetesVersion: v1.11.1
    networking:
      dnsDomain: cluster.local
      podSubnet: 172.168.0.0/16
      serviceSubnet: 10.96.0.0/12
    nodeRegistration: {}
    unifiedControlPlaneImage: ""
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: 2018-11-30T07:45:49Z
  name: kubeadm-config
  namespace: kube-system
  resourceVersion: "172"
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/configmaps/kubeadm-config
  uid: f4c8386f-f473-11e8-a7c1-000c293bfe27
kubeadm-config-cm.yaml

  应用配置

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl apply -f kubeadm-config-cm.yaml --force
Warning: kubectl apply should be used on resource created by either kubectl create --save-config or kubectl apply
configmap/kubeadm-config configured

  

  在Master01节点执行,检查是否可以升级,并且获得相应的升级版本

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubeadm upgrade plan
[preflight] Running pre-flight checks.
[upgrade] Making sure the cluster is healthy:
[upgrade/config] Making sure the configuration is correct:
[upgrade/config] Reading configuration from the cluster...
[upgrade/config] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'
[upgrade] Fetching available versions to upgrade to
[upgrade/versions] Cluster version: v1.11.1
[upgrade/versions] kubeadm version: v1.12.3
I1205 14:16:59.024022   22267 version.go:93] could not fetch a Kubernetes version from the internet: unable to get URL "https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable.txt": Get https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable.txt: net/http: request canceled while waiting for connection (Client.Timeout exceeded while awaiting headers)
I1205 14:16:59.024143   22267 version.go:94] falling back to the local client version: v1.12.3
[upgrade/versions] Latest stable version: v1.12.3
I1205 14:17:09.125120   22267 version.go:93] could not fetch a Kubernetes version from the internet: unable to get URL "https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable-1.11.txt": Get https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable-1.11.txt: net/http: request canceled while waiting for connection (Client.Timeout exceeded while awaiting headers)
I1205 14:17:09.125157   22267 version.go:94] falling back to the local client version: v1.12.3
[upgrade/versions] Latest version in the v1.11 series: v1.12.3

Components that must be upgraded manually after you have upgraded the control plane with 'kubeadm upgrade apply':
COMPONENT   CURRENT       AVAILABLE
Kubelet     5 x v1.11.1   v1.12.3

Upgrade to the latest version in the v1.11 series:

COMPONENT            CURRENT   AVAILABLE
API Server           v1.11.1   v1.12.3
Controller Manager   v1.11.1   v1.12.3
Scheduler            v1.11.1   v1.12.3
Kube Proxy           v1.11.1   v1.12.3
CoreDNS              1.1.3     1.2.2
Etcd                 3.2.18    3.2.24

You can now apply the upgrade by executing the following command:

    kubeadm upgrade apply v1.12.3

_____________________________________________________________________

  Master01升级

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubeadm upgrade apply v1.12.3
[preflight] Running pre-flight checks.
[upgrade] Making sure the cluster is healthy:
[upgrade/config] Making sure the configuration is correct:
[upgrade/config] Reading configuration from the cluster...
[upgrade/config] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'
[upgrade/apply] Respecting the --cri-socket flag that is set with higher priority than the config file.
[upgrade/version] You have chosen to change the cluster version to "v1.12.3"
[upgrade/versions] Cluster version: v1.11.1
[upgrade/versions] kubeadm version: v1.12.3
[upgrade/confirm] Are you sure you want to proceed with the upgrade? [y/N]: y
[upgrade/prepull] Will prepull images for components [kube-apiserver kube-controller-manager kube-scheduler etcd]
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component etcd.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component kube-scheduler.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component kube-apiserver.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component kube-controller-manager.
[apiclient] Found 0 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-scheduler
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-apiserver
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-controller-manager
[apiclient] Found 0 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-etcd
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-scheduler
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-etcd
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component kube-controller-manager.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component kube-scheduler.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component kube-apiserver.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component etcd.
[upgrade/prepull] Successfully prepulled the images for all the control plane components
[upgrade/apply] Upgrading your Static Pod-hosted control plane to version "v1.12.3"...
Static pod: kube-apiserver-k8s-master01 hash: 8e73c6033a7f7c0ed9de3c9fe358ff20
Static pod: kube-controller-manager-k8s-master01 hash: 18c2a56f846a5cbbff74093ebc5b6136
Static pod: kube-scheduler-k8s-master01 hash: 301c69426b9199b2b4f2ea0f0f7915f4
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
[etcd] Wrote Static Pod manifest for a local etcd instance to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests895910117/etcd.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/etcd.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-14-55-23/etcd.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: e7745286a4575364791f6404a81a2971
Static pod: etcd-k8s-master01 hash: 88da4629a02c29c8e1a6a72ede24f370
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=etcd
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "etcd" upgraded successfully!
[upgrade/etcd] Waiting for etcd to become available
[util/etcd] Waiting 0s for initial delay
[util/etcd] Attempting to see if all cluster endpoints are available 1/10
[upgrade/staticpods] Writing new Static Pod manifests to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests895910117"
[controlplane] wrote Static Pod manifest for component kube-apiserver to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests895910117/kube-apiserver.yaml"
[controlplane] wrote Static Pod manifest for component kube-controller-manager to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests895910117/kube-controller-manager.yaml"
[controlplane] wrote Static Pod manifest for component kube-scheduler to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests895910117/kube-scheduler.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-apiserver.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-14-55-23/kube-apiserver.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: kube-apiserver-k8s-master01 hash: 8e73c6033a7f7c0ed9de3c9fe358ff20
Static pod: kube-apiserver-k8s-master01 hash: 2434a94351059f81688e5e1c3275bed6
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=kube-apiserver
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "kube-apiserver" upgraded successfully!
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-controller-manager.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-14-55-23/kube-controller-manager.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: kube-controller-manager-k8s-master01 hash: 18c2a56f846a5cbbff74093ebc5b6136
Static pod: kube-controller-manager-k8s-master01 hash: 126c3dd53a5200d93342d93c456ef3ea
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=kube-controller-manager
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "kube-controller-manager" upgraded successfully!
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-scheduler.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-14-55-23/kube-scheduler.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: kube-scheduler-k8s-master01 hash: 301c69426b9199b2b4f2ea0f0f7915f4
Static pod: kube-scheduler-k8s-master01 hash: e36d0e66f8da9610f746f242ac8dca22
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=kube-scheduler
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "kube-scheduler" upgraded successfully!
[uploadconfig] storing the configuration used in ConfigMap "kubeadm-config" in the "kube-system" Namespace
[kubelet] Creating a ConfigMap "kubelet-config-1.12" in namespace kube-system with the configuration for the kubelets in the cluster
[kubelet] Downloading configuration for the kubelet from the "kubelet-config-1.12" ConfigMap in the kube-system namespace
[kubelet] Writing kubelet configuration to file "/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
[patchnode] Uploading the CRI Socket information "/var/run/dockershim.sock" to the Node API object "k8s-master01" as an annotation
[bootstraptoken] configured RBAC rules to allow Node Bootstrap tokens to post CSRs in order for nodes to get long term certificate credentials
[bootstraptoken] configured RBAC rules to allow the csrapprover controller automatically approve CSRs from a Node Bootstrap Token
[bootstraptoken] configured RBAC rules to allow certificate rotation for all node client certificates in the cluster
[addons] Applied essential addon: CoreDNS
[endpoint] WARNING: port specified in controlPlaneEndpoint overrides bindPort in the controlplane address
[addons] Applied essential addon: kube-proxy

[upgrade/successful] SUCCESS! Your cluster was upgraded to "v1.12.3". Enjoy!

[upgrade/kubelet] Now that your control plane is upgraded, please proceed with upgrading your kubelets if you haven't already done so.

 

  升级其他Master节点

  以下在Master02上执行

[root@k8s-master02 ~]# kubectl get configmap -n kube-system kubeadm-config -o yaml > kubeadm-config-cm.yaml

  修改对应配置

# 将以下参数修改为本机IP
api.advertiseAddress
etcd.local.extraArgs.advertise-client-urls
etcd.local.extraArgs.initial-advertise-peer-urls
etcd.local.extraArgs.listen-client-urls
etcd.local.extraArgs.listen-peer-urls
# 将以下参数修改为etcd集群节点
etcd.local.extraArgs.initial-cluster
# 添加参数至extraArgs
initial-cluster-state: existing
# 将以下参数修改为本机的IP和主机名
peerCertSANs:
- k8s-master02
- 192.168.20.21
serverCertSANs:
- k8s-master02
- 192.168.20.21
# 修改ClusterStatus的apiEndpoints
ClusterStatus: |
    apiEndpoints:
      k8s-master02:
        advertiseAddress: 192.168.20.21

  为Master02添加annotation for the cri-socket

[root@k8s-master01 manifests]# kubectl annotate node k8s-master02 kubeadm.alpha.kubernetes.io/cri-socket=/var/run/dockershim.sock
node/k8s-master02 annotated

  在Master02上应用配置

[root@k8s-master02 ~]# kubectl apply -f kubeadm-config-cm.yaml --force
Warning: kubectl apply should be used on resource created by either kubectl create --save-config or kubectl apply
configmap/kubeadm-config configured

  升级Master02

[root@k8s-master02 ~]# kubeadm upgrade plan
[preflight] Running pre-flight checks.
[upgrade] Making sure the cluster is healthy:
[upgrade/config] Making sure the configuration is correct:
[upgrade/config] Reading configuration from the cluster...
[upgrade/config] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'
[upgrade] Fetching available versions to upgrade to
[upgrade/versions] Cluster version: v1.11.1
[upgrade/versions] kubeadm version: v1.12.3
I1205 16:29:19.322334   23143 version.go:93] could not fetch a Kubernetes version from the internet: unable to get URL "https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable.txt": Get https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/stable.txt: net/http: request canceled (Client.Timeout exceeded while awaiting headers)
I1205 16:29:19.322407   23143 version.go:94] falling back to the local client version: v1.12.3
[upgrade/versions] Latest stable version: v1.12.3
I1205 16:29:29.364522   23143 version.go:93] could not fetch a Kubernetes version from the internet: unable to get URL "https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable-1.11.txt": Get https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/stable-1.11.txt: net/http: request canceled while waiting for connection (Client.Timeout exceeded while awaiting headers)
I1205 16:29:29.364560   23143 version.go:94] falling back to the local client version: v1.12.3
[upgrade/versions] Latest version in the v1.11 series: v1.12.3

Components that must be upgraded manually after you have upgraded the control plane with 'kubeadm upgrade apply':
COMPONENT   CURRENT       AVAILABLE
Kubelet     5 x v1.11.1   v1.12.3

Upgrade to the latest version in the v1.11 series:

COMPONENT            CURRENT   AVAILABLE
API Server           v1.11.1   v1.12.3
Controller Manager   v1.11.1   v1.12.3
Scheduler            v1.11.1   v1.12.3
Kube Proxy           v1.11.1   v1.12.3
CoreDNS              1.2.2     1.2.2
Etcd                 3.2.18    3.2.24

You can now apply the upgrade by executing the following command:

    kubeadm upgrade apply v1.12.3

_____________________________________________________________________

[root@k8s-master02 ~]# kubeadm upgrade apply v1.12.3 -f
[preflight] Running pre-flight checks.
[upgrade] Making sure the cluster is healthy:
[upgrade/config] Making sure the configuration is correct:
[upgrade/config] Reading configuration from the cluster...
[upgrade/config] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'
[upgrade/apply] Respecting the --cri-socket flag that is set with higher priority than the config file.
[upgrade/version] You have chosen to change the cluster version to "v1.12.3"
[upgrade/versions] Cluster version: v1.11.1
[upgrade/versions] kubeadm version: v1.12.3
[upgrade/prepull] Will prepull images for components [kube-apiserver kube-controller-manager kube-scheduler etcd]
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component etcd.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component kube-apiserver.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component kube-controller-manager.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulling image for component kube-scheduler.
[apiclient] Found 0 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-etcd
[apiclient] Found 0 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-scheduler
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-apiserver
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-controller-manager
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-etcd
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector k8s-app=upgrade-prepull-kube-scheduler
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component etcd.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component kube-scheduler.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component kube-apiserver.
[upgrade/prepull] Prepulled image for component kube-controller-manager.
[upgrade/prepull] Successfully prepulled the images for all the control plane components
[upgrade/apply] Upgrading your Static Pod-hosted control plane to version "v1.12.3"...
Static pod: kube-apiserver-k8s-master02 hash: 78dd4fc562855556d31d9bc488493105
Static pod: kube-controller-manager-k8s-master02 hash: 1f165d7dcb7bc7512482d1ee10f5cd46
Static pod: kube-scheduler-k8s-master02 hash: 301c69426b9199b2b4f2ea0f0f7915f4
[upgrade/staticpods] Writing new Static Pod manifests to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests885285423"
[controlplane] wrote Static Pod manifest for component kube-apiserver to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests885285423/kube-apiserver.yaml"
[controlplane] wrote Static Pod manifest for component kube-controller-manager to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests885285423/kube-controller-manager.yaml"
[controlplane] wrote Static Pod manifest for component kube-scheduler to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-upgraded-manifests885285423/kube-scheduler.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-apiserver.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-16-36-19/kube-apiserver.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: kube-apiserver-k8s-master02 hash: 6c2acfaa7a090019e60c740068e75eac
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=kube-apiserver
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "kube-apiserver" upgraded successfully!
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-controller-manager.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-16-36-19/kube-controller-manager.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: kube-controller-manager-k8s-master02 hash: 1f165d7dcb7bc7512482d1ee10f5cd46
Static pod: kube-controller-manager-k8s-master02 hash: 26a5d6ca3e6f688f9e684d1e8b894741
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=kube-controller-manager
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "kube-controller-manager" upgraded successfully!
[upgrade/staticpods] Moved new manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-scheduler.yaml" and backed up old manifest to "/etc/kubernetes/tmp/kubeadm-backup-manifests-2018-12-05-16-36-19/kube-scheduler.yaml"
[upgrade/staticpods] Waiting for the kubelet to restart the component
[upgrade/staticpods] This might take a minute or longer depending on the component/version gap (timeout 5m0s
Static pod: kube-scheduler-k8s-master02 hash: 301c69426b9199b2b4f2ea0f0f7915f4
Static pod: kube-scheduler-k8s-master02 hash: e36d0e66f8da9610f746f242ac8dca22
[apiclient] Found 3 Pods for label selector component=kube-scheduler
[upgrade/staticpods] Component "kube-scheduler" upgraded successfully!
[uploadconfig] storing the configuration used in ConfigMap "kubeadm-config" in the "kube-system" Namespace
[kubelet] Creating a ConfigMap "kubelet-config-1.12" in namespace kube-system with the configuration for the kubelets in the cluster
[kubelet] Downloading configuration for the kubelet from the "kubelet-config-1.12" ConfigMap in the kube-system namespace
[kubelet] Writing kubelet configuration to file "/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
[patchnode] Uploading the CRI Socket information "/var/run/dockershim.sock" to the Node API object "k8s-master02" as an annotation
[bootstraptoken] configured RBAC rules to allow Node Bootstrap tokens to post CSRs in order for nodes to get long term certificate credentials
[bootstraptoken] configured RBAC rules to allow the csrapprover controller automatically approve CSRs from a Node Bootstrap Token
[bootstraptoken] configured RBAC rules to allow certificate rotation for all node client certificates in the cluster
[addons] Applied essential addon: CoreDNS
[endpoint] WARNING: port specified in controlPlaneEndpoint overrides bindPort in the controlplane address
[addons] Applied essential addon: kube-proxy

[upgrade/successful] SUCCESS! Your cluster was upgraded to "v1.12.3". Enjoy!

[upgrade/kubelet] Now that your control plane is upgraded, please proceed with upgrading your kubelets if you haven't already done so.

  同样方式升级MasterN

 

3、验证Master

  镜像

[root@k8s-master01 manifests]# grep "image:" *.yaml
etcd.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:3.2.24
kube-apiserver.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:v1.12.3
kube-controller-manager.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:v1.12.3
kube-scheduler.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:v1.12.3


[root@k8s-master02 manifests]# grep "image:" *.yaml
etcd.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:3.2.24
kube-apiserver.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:v1.12.3
kube-controller-manager.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:v1.12.3
kube-scheduler.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:v1.12.3


[root@k8s-master03 manifests]# grep "image:" *.yaml
etcd.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:3.2.24
kube-apiserver.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:v1.12.3
kube-controller-manager.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:v1.12.3
kube-scheduler.yaml:    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:v1.12.3

 

4、升级kubectl和kubelet

  将Master01节点改为维护状态禁止调度

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl drain k8s-master01 --ignore-daemonsets
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS                     ROLES     AGE       VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready,SchedulingDisabled   master    5d1h      v1.11.1
k8s-master02   Ready                      master    5d1h      v1.11.1
k8s-master03   Ready                      master    5d1h      v1.11.1
k8s-node01     Ready                      <none>    5d1h      v1.11.1
k8s-node02     Ready                      <none>    5d1h      v1.11.1
......

  升级Master01的kubectl和kubelet

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# yum install kubectl-1.12.3-0.x86_64 kubelet-1.12.3-0.x86_64 -y --disableexcludes=kubernetes

  重启kubelet

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# systemctl restart kubelet
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# systemctl status kubelet 
● kubelet.service - kubelet: The Kubernetes Node Agent
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d
           └─10-kubeadm.conf
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2018-12-05 17:20:42 CST; 11s ago
     Docs: https://kubernetes.io/docs/
 Main PID: 10860 (kubelet)
    Tasks: 21
   Memory: 43.3M

  恢复调度

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl uncordon k8s-master01

  查看状态

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-master02   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.11.1
k8s-master03   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.11.1
k8s-node01     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.11.1
k8s-node02     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.11.1
......

  同样方式升级master02和master03

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-master02   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-master03   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-node01     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.11.1
k8s-node02     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.11.1 
...... 

 

5、升级node节点

  On each node except the master node, upgrade the kubelet config

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubeadm upgrade node config --kubelet-version $(kubelet --version | cut -d ' ' -f 2)
[kubelet] Downloading configuration for the kubelet from the "kubelet-config-1.12" ConfigMap in the kube-system namespace
[kubelet] Writing kubelet configuration to file "/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
[upgrade] The configuration for this node was successfully updated!
[upgrade] Now you should go ahead and upgrade the kubelet package using your package manager.

  节点禁止调度参考上面

[root@k8s-nodeN ~]# yum install  kubeadm-1.12.3-0.x86_64 -y --disableexcludes=kubernetes
[root@k8s-nodeN ~]# yum install kubectl-1.12.3-0.x86_64 kubelet-1.12.3-0.x86_64 -y --disableexcludes=kubernetes

  重启kubelet

[root@k8s-node01 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@k8s-node01 ~]# systemctl restart kubelet
[root@k8s-node01 ~]# systemctl status !$
systemctl status kubelet
● kubelet.service - kubelet: The Kubernetes Node Agent
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d
           └─10-kubeadm.conf
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2018-12-06 00:54:23 CST; 25s ago
     Docs: https://kubernetes.io/docs/
 Main PID: 16346 (kubelet)
    Tasks: 20
   Memory: 38.0M
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-master02   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-master03   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-node01     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.12.3
......

  同样方式升级其他Node节点

  查看最终状态

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# kubectl get node
NAME           STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION
k8s-master01   Ready    master   5d2h   v1.12.3
k8s-master02   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-master03   Ready    master   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-node01     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.12.3
k8s-node02     Ready    <none>   5d1h   v1.12.3
......

 

6、其他说明

  本次升级未升级网络组件,升级Calico请点击

  升级过程中如果出现错误,可以重复执行,kubeadm upgrade apply,也可以强制升级kubeadm upgrade apply VERSION -f

  PS:升级完集群后,证书的过期时间就会被更新,所有升级可以解决k8s证书过期的问题,生产环境可以采用定期升级,这也是官方建议的方式。

 

 

赞助作者:

 

  

 

https://www.cnblogs.com/dukuan/p/12104600.html