Debian下安装vim

问题描述:安装完系统以后,刚要打算开始写程序,发现,vim还没有装,用su -切换到root后

直接运行apt-get install vim,提示插入disc源,然后回车,陷入无法解决的状态。

 

上网通过搜索,找到一下解决方法:

以下内容均在root的家目录下完成,

cd ~

先要更新系统的软件源:

 

sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_bak #备份一下软件源
sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list

加入如下内容即可


# 网易163更新服务器:
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib

# sohu 更新服务器:
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/debian/ lenny main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/debian/ lenny-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/debian/ lenny main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/debian/ lenny-proposed-updates main non-free contrib


然后可以整好更新下系统的源(以下命令是为了更新系统软件源,单独对于安装vim来说,不执行以下命令没有任何影响。)
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade



然后开始安装vim
apt-get install vim
发现,仍然需要插入磁盘


再次去网上检索,发现,需要把原来的CD-ROM源注释掉
又重新执行上面的
 vi /etc/apt/sources.list
在有cdrom那一行行首添加一个#号
然后再次执行
apt-get install vim
提示旧版本的vim-common已安装,但新版本的vim-commonn无法安装
继续去网上找,最终通过,手动删除原来的旧库,就可以了
apt-get remove vim-common

最后执行apt-get install vim

大功告成。

在当前账户的/home/your_user_name目录下,编辑(如果没有,则新建)隐藏文件.vimrc,插入如下配置信息:


syntax on
set tabstop=4
set softtabstop=4
set shiftwidth=4
set autoindent
set cindent
set cinoptions={0,1s,t0,n-2,p2s,(03s,=.5s,>1s,=1s,:1s
set nu
if &term=="xterm"
set t_Co=8
     set t_Sb=^[[4%dm
set t_Sf=^[[3%dm
endif

set cursorline
highlight CursoLine guibg=lightblue ctermbg=lightgray
set cursorcolumn
set fenc=utf-8
set fencs=utf-8,usc-bom,euc-jp,gb18030,gbk,gb2312,cp936
set nocompatible
set history=100
set confirm
set clipboard+=unnamed
filetype on
filetype plugin on
filetype indent on
set viminfo+=!
set iskeyword+=_,$,@,%,#,-
syntax on
:highlight OverLength ctermbg=red ctermfg=white guibg=red guifg=white
:match OverLength '\%101v.*'
highlight StatusLine guifg=SlateBlue guibg=Yellow
highlight StatusLineNC guifg=Gray guibg=White
set nobackup
setlocal noswapfile
set bufhidden=hide
set linespace=0
set wildmenu
set ruler
set rulerformat=%20(%2*%<%f%=\ %m%r\ %3l\ %c\ %p%%%)
set cmdheight=2
set backspace=2
set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l
set mouse=a
set selection=exclusive
set selectmode=mouse,key
set report=0
set fillchars=vert:\ ,stl:\ ,stlnc:\
set showmatch
set matchtime=5
set ignorecase
set nohlsearch
set incsearch
set listchars=tab:\|\ ,trail:.,extends:>,precedes:<,eol:$
set scrolloff=3
set novisualbell
set statusline=%F%m%r%h%w\[POS=%l,%v][%p%%]\%{strftime(\"%d/%m/%y\ -\ %H:%M\")}
set laststatus=2
set formatoptions=tcrqn
set autoindent
set smartindent
set cindent
set tabstop=4
set softtabstop=4
set shiftwidth=4
set expandtab
set nowrap
let Tlist_Sort_Type = "name"
let Tlist_Use_Right_Window = 1
let Tlist_Compart_Format = 1
let Tlist_Exist_OnlyWindow = 1
let Tlist_Enable_Fold_Column = 0
if has("autocmd")
    autocmd FileType xml,html,c,cs,java,perl,shell,bash,cpp,python,vim,php,ruby set number
    autocmd FileType xml,html,vmap <C-o> <ESC>'<i<!--<ESC>o<ESC>'>o-->
    autocmd FileType java,c,cpp,cs vmap <C-o> <ESC>'<o
    autocmd FileType html,text,php,vim,c,java,xml,bash,shell,perl,python setlocal textwidth=100
    autocmd FileType html,xml,xsl,source $VIMRUNTIME/plugin/closetag.vim
    autocmd BufReadPost *
     \ if line("'\"") > 0 && line("'\"") <= line("$") |
     \ exe " normal g`\"" |
     \ endif
endif "has("autocmd")
map <F5> : call CompileRunGcc()<CR>
func! CompileRunGcc()
exec "w"
exec "!gcc % -o %<"
exec "! ./%<"
endfunc
map <F6> : call CompileRunGpp()<CR>
func! CompileRunGpp()
exec "w"
exec "!g++ % -o %<"
exec "! ./%<"
endfunc
set encoding=utf-8
function! SetFileEncodings(encodings)
    let b:myfileencodingsbak=&fileencodings
        let &fileencodings=a:encodings
    endfunction
    function! RestoreFileEncodings()
        let &fileencodings=b:myfileencodingsbak
            unlet b:myfileencodingsbak
        endfunction


        au BufReadPre *.nfo call SetFileEncodings('cp437")|set ambiwidth=single au BufReadPost *.nfo callRestorFileEncodings()
au BufRead,BufNewFile * setfiletype txt
set foldenable
set foldmethod=manual
nnoremap <space> @=((foldclosed(line('.')) < 0) ? 'zc':'zo')<CR>
let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavVim = 1
let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavArrows = 1
let g:miniBufExplMapCTablSwitchBufs = 1
let g:miniBufExplModSelTarget = 1

 







参考链接:
http://www.cnblogs.com/xshwy/archive/2012/07/15/2592381.html
http://m.wenda.so.com/q/1378290958068376
http://blog.csdn.net/daofengdeba/article/details/7597619


posted @ 2014-12-04 21:50 drfxiaoliuzi 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏