二叉树排序及二叉树节点的增删改查（java实现）

此处为二叉树节点类

package search.binaryTreeSearch;
/**
* 二叉树节点
* @author jeker-chen
*
*/
public class Node {
int data;
Node leftNode ;
Node rightNode ;
public Node(int data, Node leftNode, Node rightNode) {
super();
this.data = data;
this.leftNode = leftNode;
this.rightNode = rightNode;
}
public Node() {
super();
}
public Node(int data) {
super();
this.data = data;
}

}



二叉排序树类

package search.binaryTreeSearch;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
* 二叉树类
*
* @author jeker-chen
*
*/
public class BinaryTree {
private static Node orignNode = new Node();

/**
* 插入节点
*
* @param 要插入的节点
* @param orign
*            目标节点
*/
public void InsertTree(Node node, Node orign) {
if (node.data < orign.data) {
if (orign.leftNode != null) {
InsertTree(node, orign.leftNode);
} else {
orign.leftNode = new Node(node.data);
}
} else if (node.data > orign.data) {
if (orign.rightNode != null) {
InsertTree(node, orign.rightNode);
} else {
orign.rightNode = new Node(node.data);
}
} else {
// do nothing
}
}

/**
* 二叉树查找
*
* @param mubiao
*            所要查找的数据
* @param orign
*            二叉树的根节点
*/
public Map<Node, Node> searchNode(int mubiao, Node orign, Node father) {
if (orign == null) {
System.out.println("查找节点不存在！");
return null;
}
if (orign.data == mubiao) {
Map<Node, Node> map = new HashMap<>();
map.put(orign, father);
return map;
} else if (orign.data < mubiao) {
return searchNode(mubiao, orign.rightNode, orign);
} else {
return searchNode(mubiao, orign.leftNode, orign);
}
}

/**
* 删除二叉树中指定的元素
*
* @param orign
*            二叉树根节点
* @param mubiao
*            索要删除节点的数据
*/
public void deleteNode(Map<Node, Node> nodeMap) {
Node mubiao = nodeMap.keySet().iterator().next();
Node father = nodeMap.get(mubiao);
// 若不存在左子树
if (mubiao.leftNode == null) {
// 将右子节点的数据赋值给目标节点
if (father.leftNode == mubiao) {
father.leftNode = mubiao.rightNode;
} else {
father.rightNode = mubiao.rightNode;
}
} else if (mubiao.rightNode == null) {
if (father.leftNode == mubiao) {
father.leftNode = mubiao.leftNode;
} else {
father.rightNode = mubiao.leftNode;
}
} else {
Node left = mubiao.leftNode;
if (left.rightNode == null) {
father.leftNode = mubiao.leftNode;
mubiao = null;
} else {
father = left;
// 获得目标节点相邻节点
while (left.rightNode != null) {
father = left;
left = left.rightNode;
}
mubiao.data = left.data;
father.rightNode = null;
}
}
}

public Node Create(List<Integer> integers) {
for (int i = 0; i < integers.size(); i++) {
if (i == 0) {
orignNode.data = integers.get(i);
} else {
Node node = new Node(integers.get(i));
InsertTree(node, orignNode);
}
}
return orignNode;
}

/*
* 前序遍历二叉树的节点
*/
public void preorderTraversal(Node T, int level) {
if (T != null) {
System.out.println(T.data + "在第" + level + "层");
preorderTraversal(T.leftNode, level + 1);
preorderTraversal(T.rightNode, level + 1);
}
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
BinaryTree binaryTree = new BinaryTree();

binaryTree.Create(integers);
binaryTree.preorderTraversal(orignNode, 0);
System.out.println("=====================");
Map<Node, Node> nodeMap = binaryTree.searchNode(1, orignNode, orignNode);
// System.out.println(node.data);
System.out.println(nodeMap.keySet().iterator().next().data);
System.out.println(nodeMap.get(nodeMap.keySet().iterator().next()).data);
binaryTree.deleteNode(nodeMap);
binaryTree.preorderTraversal(orignNode, 0);

}

}



posted @ 2020-04-09 14:01  东溪陈姓少年  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏