C# 与JAVA 的RSA 加密解密交互,互通,C#使用BouncyCastle来实现私钥加密,公钥解密的方法

因为C#的RSA加密解密只有公钥加密,私钥解密,没有私钥加密,公钥解密。在网上查了很久也没有很好的实现。BouncyCastle的文档少之又少。很多人可能会说,C#也是可以的,通过Biginteger开源类来实现,不过那个是有一个文章,不过他加密出来的是16进制结果的。根本不能和JAVA互通。连加密出来的都不和C#原生的加密出来的结果格式一样。所以还是没有好的解决方法。

接下来还是不断的找资料,找方法。找朋友找同事。个个都找。问题是有的,方法也是有的,所以总结各路大神之后写了这个类。实现了私钥加密,公钥解密。并通过在线的校验之后,发布上来。大家可以做一个DEMO,然后进去在线RSA加密解密校验。

在线RSA,DES等加密解密地址:

http://tool.chacuo.net/cryptrsapubkey

下面直接粘贴代码,不多说:

BouncyCastle相关DLL,估计不用我多说,大家可以百度下载。然后引用就可以了!
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

using Org.BouncyCastle.Asn1.Pkcs;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Asn1.X509;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Generators;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Math;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Pkcs;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Security;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Engines;
using Org.BouncyCastle.X509;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Asn1;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Encodings;

namespace CryptionUtils
{
    public class RSAForJava
    {

        public RSAForJava()
        {
             
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// KEY 结构体
        /// </summary>
        public struct RSAKEY
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// 公钥
            /// </summary>
            public string PublicKey
            {
                get;
                set;
            }
            /// <summary>
            /// 私钥
            /// </summary>
            public string PrivateKey
            {
                get;
                set;
            }
        }
        public RSAKEY GetKey()
        {
            //RSA密钥对的构造器  
            RsaKeyPairGenerator keyGenerator = new RsaKeyPairGenerator();

            //RSA密钥构造器的参数  
            RsaKeyGenerationParameters param = new RsaKeyGenerationParameters(
                Org.BouncyCastle.Math.BigInteger.ValueOf(3),
                new Org.BouncyCastle.Security.SecureRandom(),
                1024,   //密钥长度  
                25);
            //用参数初始化密钥构造器  
            keyGenerator.Init(param);
            //产生密钥对  
            AsymmetricCipherKeyPair keyPair = keyGenerator.GenerateKeyPair();
            //获取公钥和密钥  
            AsymmetricKeyParameter publicKey = keyPair.Public;
            AsymmetricKeyParameter privateKey = keyPair.Private;

            SubjectPublicKeyInfo subjectPublicKeyInfo = SubjectPublicKeyInfoFactory.CreateSubjectPublicKeyInfo(publicKey);
            PrivateKeyInfo privateKeyInfo = PrivateKeyInfoFactory.CreatePrivateKeyInfo(privateKey);

            
            Asn1Object asn1ObjectPublic = subjectPublicKeyInfo.ToAsn1Object();

            byte[] publicInfoByte = asn1ObjectPublic.GetEncoded("UTF-8");
            Asn1Object asn1ObjectPrivate = privateKeyInfo.ToAsn1Object();
            byte[] privateInfoByte = asn1ObjectPrivate.GetEncoded("UTF-8");  

            RSAKEY item = new RSAKEY()
            {
                PublicKey =Convert.ToBase64String(publicInfoByte),
                PrivateKey=Convert.ToBase64String(privateInfoByte)
            };
            return item;
        }
        private AsymmetricKeyParameter GetPublicKeyParameter(string s)
        {
            s = s.Replace("\r", "").Replace("\n", "").Replace(" ","");
            byte[] publicInfoByte = Convert.FromBase64String(s);
            Asn1Object pubKeyObj = Asn1Object.FromByteArray(publicInfoByte);//这里也可以从流中读取,从本地导入   
            AsymmetricKeyParameter pubKey = PublicKeyFactory.CreateKey(publicInfoByte);
            return pubKey;
        }
        private AsymmetricKeyParameter GetPrivateKeyParameter(string s)
        {
            s = s.Replace("\r", "").Replace("\n", "").Replace(" ", "");
            byte[] privateInfoByte = Convert.FromBase64String(s);
           // Asn1Object priKeyObj = Asn1Object.FromByteArray(privateInfoByte);//这里也可以从流中读取,从本地导入   
           // PrivateKeyInfo privateKeyInfo = PrivateKeyInfoFactory.CreatePrivateKeyInfo(privateKey);
            AsymmetricKeyParameter priKey = PrivateKeyFactory.CreateKey(privateInfoByte);
            return priKey;
        }
        public string EncryptByPrivateKey(string s,string key)
        {
            //非对称加密算法,加解密用  
            IAsymmetricBlockCipher engine = new Pkcs1Encoding(new RsaEngine());
          
          
            //加密  
            
            try
            {
                engine.Init(true, GetPrivateKeyParameter(key));
                byte[] byteData = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(s);
                var ResultData = engine.ProcessBlock(byteData, 0, byteData.Length);
                return Convert.ToBase64String(ResultData);
                //Console.WriteLine("密文(base64编码):" + Convert.ToBase64String(testData) + Environment.NewLine);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                return ex.Message;
                
            }  
        }
        public string DecryptByPublicKey(string s,string key)
        {
            s = s.Replace("\r", "").Replace("\n", "").Replace(" ", "");
            //非对称加密算法,加解密用  
            IAsymmetricBlockCipher engine = new Pkcs1Encoding( new RsaEngine());
              

            //解密  
            
            try
            {
                engine.Init(false, GetPublicKeyParameter(key));
                byte[] byteData = Convert.FromBase64String(s);
                var ResultData = engine.ProcessBlock(byteData, 0, byteData.Length);
                return System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(ResultData);
                
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                return ex.Message;
                 
            }  
        }
    }
}

 

posted @ 2016-11-10 09:57  青山下  阅读(22800)  评论(22编辑  收藏  举报