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spring boot容器启动详解

Posted on 2018-01-24 20:32  只会一点java  阅读(35518)  评论(10编辑  收藏  举报

一、前言

spring cloud大行其道的当下,如果不了解基本原理那么是很纠结的(看见的都是约定大于配置,但是原理呢?为什么要这么做?如何串联起来的?)。spring cloud是基于spring boot快速搭建的,今天咱们就看看spring boot容器启动流程(全文基于1.5.9版本,springboot2基本一致)。(本文不讲解如何快速启动spring boot,那些直接官方看即可,官网文档飞机票)

二、容器启动

spring boot一般是指定容器启动main方法,然后以命令行方式启动Jar包,如下图:

1 @SpringBootApplication
2 public class Application {
3     public static void main(String[] args) {
4         SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
5     }
6 }

这里核心关注2个东西:

1.@SpringBootApplication注解

2.SpringApplication.run()静态方法

 下面我们就分别探究这两块内容。

2.1 @SpringBootApplication注解

源码如下:

 1 @Target(ElementType.TYPE)
 2 @Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
 3 @Documented
 4 @Inherited
 5 @SpringBootConfiguration
 6 @EnableAutoConfiguration
 7 @ComponentScan(excludeFilters = {
 8         @Filter(type = FilterType.CUSTOM, classes = TypeExcludeFilter.class),
 9         @Filter(type = FilterType.CUSTOM, classes = AutoConfigurationExcludeFilter.class) })
10 public @interface SpringBootApplication {

核心注解:

@SpringBootConfiguration(实际就是个@Configuration):表示这是一个JavaConfig配置类,可以在这个类中自定义bean,依赖关系等。-》这个是spring-boot特有的注解,常用到。
@EnableAutoConfiguration:借助@Import的帮助,将所有符合自动配置条件的bean定义加载到IoC容器(建议放在根包路径下,这样可以扫描子包和类)。-》这个需要详细深挖!
@ComponentScan:spring的自动扫描注解,可定义扫描范围,加载到IOC容器。-》这个不多说,spring的注解大家肯定眼熟
其中@EnableAutoConfiguration这个注解的源码:
1 @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
2 @Target(ElementType.TYPE)
3 @Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
4 @Documented
5 @Inherited
6 @AutoConfigurationPackage
7 @Import(EnableAutoConfigurationImportSelector.class)
8 public @interface EnableAutoConfiguration {

核心是一个EnableAutoConfigurationImportSelector类图如下:


核心方法在顶级接口ImportSelectorselectImports(),源码如下:

 1 @Override
 2     public String[] selectImports(AnnotationMetadata annotationMetadata) {
 3         if (!isEnabled(annotationMetadata)) {
 4             return NO_IMPORTS;
 5         }
 6         try {         //1.从META-INF/spring-autoconfigure-metadata.properties文件中载入483条配置属性(有一些有默认值),
 7             AutoConfigurationMetadata autoConfigurationMetadata = AutoConfigurationMetadataLoader
 8                     .loadMetadata(this.beanClassLoader);
 9             AnnotationAttributes attributes = getAttributes(annotationMetadata);//2.获取注解属性
10             List<String> configurations = getCandidateConfigurations(annotationMetadata,//3.获取97个自动配置类
11                     attributes);
12             configurations = removeDuplicates(configurations);//4.移除重复的
13             configurations = sort(configurations, autoConfigurationMetadata);//5.排序
14             Set<String> exclusions = getExclusions(annotationMetadata, attributes);//6.获取需要排除的
15             checkExcludedClasses(configurations, exclusions);//7.校验排除类
16             configurations.removeAll(exclusions);//8.删除所有需要排除的
17             configurations = filter(configurations, autoConfigurationMetadata);//9.过滤器OnClassCondition(注解中配置的当存在某类才生效)
18             fireAutoConfigurationImportEvents(configurations, exclusions);//10.触发自动配置导入监听事件
19             return configurations.toArray(new String[configurations.size()]);
20         }
21         catch (IOException ex) {
22             throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
23         }
24     }

 这里注意3个核心方法:

1)loadMetadata 加载配置

其实就是用类加载器去加载:META-INF/spring-autoconfigure-metadata.properties(spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.5.9.RELEASE-sources.jar)文件中定义的配置,返回PropertiesAutoConfigurationMetadata(实现了AutoConfigurationMetadata接口,封装了属性的get set方法)

2)getCandidateConfigurations获取默认支持的自动配置类名列表

自动配置灵魂方法,SpringFactoriesLoader.loadFactoryNames META-INF/spring.factories(spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.5.9.RELEASE-sources.jar)文件中获取自动配置类key=EnableAutoConfiguration.class的配置。

 1 protected List<String> getCandidateConfigurations(AnnotationMetadata metadata,
 2             AnnotationAttributes attributes) {//话说这里2个入参没啥用啊...谁来给我解释一下...
 3         List<String> configurations = SpringFactoriesLoader.loadFactoryNames(
 4                 getSpringFactoriesLoaderFactoryClass(), getBeanClassLoader());
 5         Assert.notEmpty(configurations,
 6                 "No auto configuration classes found in META-INF/spring.factories. If you "
 7                         + "are using a custom packaging, make sure that file is correct.");
 8         return configurations;
 9     }
10 //返回的是EnableAutoConfiguration类
11 protected Class<?> getSpringFactoriesLoaderFactoryClass() {
12         return EnableAutoConfiguration.class;
13     }

实际获取了什么?spring.factories文件如下,实际获取了# Auto Configure自动配置模块的所有类。

# Initializers
org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextInitializer=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SharedMetadataReaderFactoryContextInitializer,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.logging.AutoConfigurationReportLoggingInitializer

# Application Listeners
org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.BackgroundPreinitializer

# Auto Configuration Import Listeners
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.AutoConfigurationImportListener=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionEvaluationReportAutoConfigurationImportListener

# Auto Configuration Import Filters
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.AutoConfigurationImportFilter=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.OnClassCondition

# Auto Configure ===========这里就是全部的自动配置类===============================
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.admin.SpringApplicationAdminJmxAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.aop.AopAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.amqp.RabbitAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.batch.BatchAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cassandra.CassandraAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cloud.CloudAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.context.ConfigurationPropertiesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.context.MessageSourceAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.context.PropertyPlaceholderAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.couchbase.CouchbaseAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.dao.PersistenceExceptionTranslationAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.cassandra.CassandraDataAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.cassandra.CassandraRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.couchbase.CouchbaseDataAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.couchbase.CouchbaseRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.elasticsearch.ElasticsearchAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.elasticsearch.ElasticsearchDataAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.elasticsearch.ElasticsearchRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.jpa.JpaRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.ldap.LdapDataAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.ldap.LdapRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.mongo.MongoDataAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.mongo.MongoRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.neo4j.Neo4jDataAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.neo4j.Neo4jRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.solr.SolrRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.redis.RedisAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.redis.RedisRepositoriesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.rest.RepositoryRestMvcAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.web.SpringDataWebAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.elasticsearch.jest.JestAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.freemarker.FreeMarkerAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.gson.GsonAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.h2.H2ConsoleAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.hateoas.HypermediaAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.hazelcast.HazelcastAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.hazelcast.HazelcastJpaDependencyAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.info.ProjectInfoAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.integration.IntegrationAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jackson.JacksonAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.JdbcTemplateAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.JndiDataSourceAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.XADataSourceAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jms.JmsAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jmx.JmxAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jms.JndiConnectionFactoryAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jms.activemq.ActiveMQAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jms.artemis.ArtemisAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.flyway.FlywayAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.groovy.template.GroovyTemplateAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jersey.JerseyAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jooq.JooqAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.kafka.KafkaAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.ldap.embedded.EmbeddedLdapAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.ldap.LdapAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.liquibase.LiquibaseAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mail.MailSenderAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mail.MailSenderValidatorAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mobile.DeviceResolverAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mobile.DeviceDelegatingViewResolverAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mobile.SitePreferenceAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mongo.embedded.EmbeddedMongoAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mongo.MongoAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mustache.MustacheAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.reactor.ReactorAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.SecurityAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.SecurityFilterAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.FallbackWebSecurityAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.oauth2.OAuth2AutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.sendgrid.SendGridAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.session.SessionAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.social.SocialWebAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.social.FacebookAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.social.LinkedInAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.social.TwitterAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.solr.SolrAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.thymeleaf.ThymeleafAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.TransactionAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.jta.JtaAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.validation.ValidationAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.DispatcherServletAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.EmbeddedServletContainerAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.ErrorMvcAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.HttpEncodingAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.HttpMessageConvertersAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.MultipartAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.ServerPropertiesAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.WebClientAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.WebMvcAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.websocket.WebSocketAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.websocket.WebSocketMessagingAutoConfiguration,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.webservices.WebServicesAutoConfiguration
============================================end================================================
# Failure analyzers
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.FailureAnalyzer=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.diagnostics.analyzer.NoSuchBeanDefinitionFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceBeanCreationFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.HikariDriverConfigurationFailureAnalyzer

# Template availability providers
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.template.TemplateAvailabilityProvider=\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.freemarker.FreeMarkerTemplateAvailabilityProvider,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mustache.MustacheTemplateAvailabilityProvider,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.groovy.template.GroovyTemplateAvailabilityProvider,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.thymeleaf.ThymeleafTemplateAvailabilityProvider,\
org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.JspTemplateAvailabilityProvider

 3)filter过滤器 根据OnClassCondition注解把不满足条件的过滤掉

 1 private List<String> filter(List<String> configurations,
 2             AutoConfigurationMetadata autoConfigurationMetadata) {
 3         long startTime = System.nanoTime();
 4         String[] candidates = configurations.toArray(new String[configurations.size()]);
 5         boolean[] skip = new boolean[candidates.length];
 6         boolean skipped = false;
//获取需要过滤的自动配置导入拦截器,spring.factories配置中就一个:org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.OnClassCondition
7 for (AutoConfigurationImportFilter filter : getAutoConfigurationImportFilters()) { 8 invokeAwareMethods(filter); 9 boolean[] match = filter.match(candidates, autoConfigurationMetadata); 10 for (int i = 0; i < match.length; i++) { 11 if (!match[i]) { 12 skip[i] = true; 13 skipped = true; 14 } 15 } 16 } 17 if (!skipped) {//多条件只要有一个不匹配->skipped = true,全部匹配-》skipped = false->直接返回 18 return configurations; 19 } 20 List<String> result = new ArrayList<String>(candidates.length); 21 for (int i = 0; i < candidates.length; i++) { 22 if (!skip[i]) {//匹配-》不跳过-》添加进result 23 result.add(candidates[i]); 24 } 25 } 26 if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) { 27 int numberFiltered = configurations.size() - result.size(); 28 logger.trace("Filtered " + numberFiltered + " auto configuration class in " 29 + TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS.toMillis(System.nanoTime() - startTime) 30 + " ms"); 31 } 32 return new ArrayList<String>(result); 33 }

 

2.2 SpringApplication.run()静态方法

SpringApplication.run

 1 public ConfigurableApplicationContext run(String... args) {
 2         StopWatch stopWatch = new StopWatch();
 3         stopWatch.start();
 4         ConfigurableApplicationContext context = null;
 5         FailureAnalyzers analyzers = null;
 6         configureHeadlessProperty();
 7         SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners = getRunListeners(args);//1.获取监听器
 8         listeners.starting();-->启动!
 9         try {
10             ApplicationArguments applicationArguments = new DefaultApplicationArguments(
11                     args);
12             ConfigurableEnvironment environment = prepareEnvironment(listeners,//2.准备好环境,触发ApplicationEnvironmentPreparedEvent事件
13                     applicationArguments);
14             Banner printedBanner = printBanner(environment);//打印启动提示字符,默认spring的字符图
15             context = createApplicationContext();//实例化一个可配置应用上下文
16             analyzers = new FailureAnalyzers(context);
17             prepareContext(context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments,//3.准备上下文
18                     printedBanner);
19             refreshContext(context);//4.刷新上下文
20             afterRefresh(context, applicationArguments);//5.刷新上下文后
21             listeners.finished(context, null);--关闭!
22             stopWatch.stop();
23             if (this.logStartupInfo) {
24                 new StartupInfoLogger(this.mainApplicationClass)
25                         .logStarted(getApplicationLog(), stopWatch);
26             }
27             return context;
28         }
29         catch (Throwable ex) {
30             handleRunFailure(context, listeners, analyzers, ex);
31             throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
32         }
33     }

如上图,容器启动流程可以分为5个主要步骤:

1.getRunListeners获取监听器(SpringApplicationRunListeners

实际是SpringApplicationRunListener

 1 private SpringApplicationRunListeners getRunListeners(String[] args) {
 2     Class<?>[] types = new Class<?>[] { SpringApplication.class, String[].class };
 3     return new SpringApplicationRunListeners(logger, getSpringFactoriesInstances(
 4             SpringApplicationRunListener.class, types, this, args));
 5 }
 6 
 7 private <T> Collection<? extends T> getSpringFactoriesInstances(Class<T> type) {
 8     return getSpringFactoriesInstances(type, new Class<?>[] {});
 9 }
10 
11 private <T> Collection<? extends T> getSpringFactoriesInstances(Class<T> type,
12         Class<?>[] parameterTypes, Object... args) {
13     ClassLoader classLoader = Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader();
14     // 使用Set确保的字符串的唯一性
15     Set<String> names = new LinkedHashSet<String>(
16             SpringFactoriesLoader.loadFactoryNames(type, classLoader));// 1.载入工厂名称集合
17     List<T> instances = createSpringFactoriesInstances(type, parameterTypes,// 2.创建工厂实例
18             classLoader, args, names);
19     AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.sort(instances);// 排序
20     return instances;
21 }

载入工厂名称(loadFactoryNames)

当前类的类加载器从META-INF/spring.factories文件中获取SpringApplicationRunListener类的配置

 1 public static List<String> loadFactoryNames(Class<?> factoryClass, ClassLoader classLoader) {
 2         String factoryClassName = factoryClass.getName();
 3         try {
 4             Enumeration<URL> urls = (classLoader != null ? classLoader.getResources(FACTORIES_RESOURCE_LOCATION) :
 5                     ClassLoader.getSystemResources(FACTORIES_RESOURCE_LOCATION));
 6             List<String> result = new ArrayList<String>();
 7             while (urls.hasMoreElements()) {
 8                 URL url = urls.nextElement();
 9                 Properties properties = PropertiesLoaderUtils.loadProperties(new UrlResource(url));
10                 String factoryClassNames = properties.getProperty(factoryClassName);
11                 result.addAll(Arrays.asList(StringUtils.commaDelimitedListToStringArray(factoryClassNames)));
12             }
13             return result;
14         }
15         catch (IOException ex) {
16             throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unable to load [" + factoryClass.getName() +
17                     "] factories from location [" + FACTORIES_RESOURCE_LOCATION + "]", ex);
18         }
19     }

上图,获取到工厂类名后,下面来看看META-INF/spring.factories中定义了啥:

# PropertySource Loaders
org.springframework.boot.env.PropertySourceLoader=\
org.springframework.boot.env.PropertiesPropertySourceLoader,\
org.springframework.boot.env.YamlPropertySourceLoader

# Run Listeners  这里呢,看这里!!!!
org.springframework.boot.SpringApplicationRunListener=\
org.springframework.boot.context.event.EventPublishingRunListener

# Application Context Initializers
org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextInitializer=\
org.springframework.boot.context.ConfigurationWarningsApplicationContextInitializer,\
org.springframework.boot.context.ContextIdApplicationContextInitializer,\
org.springframework.boot.context.config.DelegatingApplicationContextInitializer,\
org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.ServerPortInfoApplicationContextInitializer

# Application Listeners
org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener=\
org.springframework.boot.ClearCachesApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.builder.ParentContextCloserApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.context.FileEncodingApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.context.config.AnsiOutputApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.context.config.ConfigFileApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.context.config.DelegatingApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.liquibase.LiquibaseServiceLocatorApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.logging.ClasspathLoggingApplicationListener,\
org.springframework.boot.logging.LoggingApplicationListener

# Environment Post Processors
org.springframework.boot.env.EnvironmentPostProcessor=\
org.springframework.boot.cloud.CloudFoundryVcapEnvironmentPostProcessor,\
org.springframework.boot.env.SpringApplicationJsonEnvironmentPostProcessor

# Failure Analyzers
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.FailureAnalyzer=\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.BeanCurrentlyInCreationFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.BeanNotOfRequiredTypeFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.BindFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.ConnectorStartFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.NoUniqueBeanDefinitionFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.PortInUseFailureAnalyzer,\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.analyzer.ValidationExceptionFailureAnalyzer

# FailureAnalysisReporters
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.FailureAnalysisReporter=\
org.springframework.boot.diagnostics.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter

哇,都是些类全名称,且key都是接口,value都是实现类。我们根据key=“org.springframework.boot.SpringApplicationRunListener”查询得到实现类value="org.springframework.boot.context.event.EventPublishingRunListener"事件发布启动监听器一猜也知道肯定要用”反射”根据类名获取类实例,下面很快得到验证...

创建spring工厂实例(createSpringFactoriesInstances)

根据第一步得到的Set<String> names(SpringApplicationRunListener的唯一实现类EventPublishingRunListener)生成"事件发布启动监听器"工厂实例

 1 @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
 2     private <T> List<T> createSpringFactoriesInstances(Class<T> type,
 3             Class<?>[] parameterTypes, ClassLoader classLoader, Object[] args,
 4             Set<String> names) {
 5         List<T> instances = new ArrayList<T>(names.size());
 6         for (String name : names) {
 7             try {
 8                 Class<?> instanceClass = ClassUtils.forName(name, classLoader);// 利用反射获取类
 9                 Assert.isAssignable(type, instanceClass);
10                 Constructor<?> constructor = instanceClass
11                         .getDeclaredConstructor(parameterTypes);// 得到构造器
12                 T instance = (T) BeanUtils.instantiateClass(constructor, args);// 根据构造器和参数构造实例
13                 instances.add(instance);
14             }
15             catch (Throwable ex) {
16                 throw new IllegalArgumentException(
17                         "Cannot instantiate " + type + " : " + name, ex);
18             }
19         }
20         return instances;
21     }

2.准备好环境

构造一个ConfigurableEnvironment,这里不多说。

3.准备上下文

 1 private void prepareContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext context,
 2             ConfigurableEnvironment environment, SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners,
 3             ApplicationArguments applicationArguments, Banner printedBanner) {
 4         context.setEnvironment(environment);
 5         postProcessApplicationContext(context);//单例一个BeanNameGenerator,把ResourceLoader设置进应用上下文
 6         applyInitializers(context);//执行初始化器
 7         listeners.contextPrepared(context);// 监听器执行上下文"已准备好"方法
 8         if (this.logStartupInfo) {
 9             logStartupInfo(context.getParent() == null);
10             logStartupProfileInfo(context);
11         }
12 
13         // 添加spring boot特殊单例bean
14         context.getBeanFactory().registerSingleton("springApplicationArguments",
15                 applicationArguments);
16         if (printedBanner != null) {
17             context.getBeanFactory().registerSingleton("springBootBanner", printedBanner);
18         }
19 
20         // 载入资源
21         Set<Object> sources = getSources();
22         Assert.notEmpty(sources, "Sources must not be empty");
23         load(context, sources.toArray(new Object[sources.size()]));
24         listeners.contextLoaded(context);// 监听器执行"上下文已加载"方法
25     }

4.刷新上下文

 1 private void refreshContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext context) {
 2     refresh(context);//核心类
 3     if (this.registerShutdownHook) {
 4         try {
 5             context.registerShutdownHook();//注册关闭钩子,容器关闭时执行
 6         }
 7         catch (AccessControlException ex) {
 8             // Not allowed in some environments.
 9         }
10     }
11 }
12 
13 protected void refresh(ApplicationContext applicationContext) {
14     Assert.isInstanceOf(AbstractApplicationContext.class, applicationContext);
15     ((AbstractApplicationContext) applicationContext).refresh();
16 }

最终执行的是AbstractApplicationContext抽象类的refresh方法。

 1 public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
 2         synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
 3             //准备刷新的上下文环境,例如对系统属性或者环境变量进行准备及验证。
 4             prepareRefresh();
 5 
 6             //启动子类的refreshBeanFactory方法.解析xml
 7             ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();
 8 
 9             //为BeanFactory配置容器特性,例如类加载器、事件处理器等.
10             prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);
11 
12             try {
13                 //设置BeanFactory的后置处理. 空方法,留给子类拓展用。 
14                 postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);
15 
16                 //调用BeanFactory的后处理器, 这些后处理器是在Bean定义中向容器注册的.  
17                 invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);
18 
19                 //注册Bean的后处理器, 在Bean创建过程中调用.  
20                 registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);
21 
22                 //初始化上下文中的消息源,即不同语言的消息体进行国际化处理  
23                 initMessageSource();
24 
25                 //初始化ApplicationEventMulticaster bean,应用事件广播器
26                 initApplicationEventMulticaster();
27 
28                 //初始化其它特殊的Bean, 空方法,留给子类拓展用。 
29                 onRefresh();
30 
31                 //检查并向容器注册监听器Bean
32                 registerListeners();
33 
34                 //实例化所有剩余的(non-lazy-init) 单例Bean.
35                 finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);
36 
37                 //发布容器事件, 结束refresh过程. -----注意web容器例如tomcat就是此时启动服务的。
38                 finishRefresh();
39             }
40 
41             catch (BeansException ex) {
42                 if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
43                     logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
44                             "cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
45                 }
46 
47                 //销毁已经创建的单例Bean, 以避免资源占用.
48                 destroyBeans();
49 
50                 //取消refresh操作, 重置active标志. 
51                 cancelRefresh(ex);
52 
53                 // Propagate exception to caller.
54                 throw ex;
55             }
56 
57             finally {
58                 //重置Spring的核心缓存
59                 resetCommonCaches();
60             }
61         }
62     }

5.刷新完上下文后

spring boot提供的2个供用户自己拓展的接口:ApplicationRunner和CommandLineRunner。可以在容器启动完毕后(上下文刷新后)执行,做一些类似数据初始化的操作。注意:此接口执行时,tomcat已经启动,请求已打到服务上来。

 1 private void callRunners(ApplicationContext context, ApplicationArguments args) {
 2         List<Object> runners = new ArrayList<Object>();
 3         runners.addAll(context.getBeansOfType(ApplicationRunner.class).values());//从上下文中获取ApplicationRunner类型的bean
 4         runners.addAll(context.getBeansOfType(CommandLineRunner.class).values());//从上下文中获取CommandLineRunner类型的bean
 5         AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.sort(runners);//排序
 6         for (Object runner : new LinkedHashSet<Object>(runners)) {
 7             if (runner instanceof ApplicationRunner) {
 8                 callRunner((ApplicationRunner) runner, args);//执行
 9             }
10             if (runner instanceof CommandLineRunner) {
11                 callRunner((CommandLineRunner) runner, args);
12             }
13         }
14     }
两个区别在于入参不同,根据实际情况自己选择。
 1 public interface CommandLineRunner {
 8     void run(String... args) throws Exception;
10 }
11 
12 public interface ApplicationRunner {
19     void run(ApplicationArguments args) throws Exception;
20 
21 }

 CommandLineRunner中执行参数是原始的java启动类main方法的String[] args字符串数组参数;ApplicationRunner中的参数经过处理提供一些方法例如:

 1 List<String> getOptionValues(String name); 

 根据名称获取值list,java 启动命令中 --foo=bar --foo=baz,则根据foo参数名返回list["bar", "baz"]

三、总结

 

按照前面的分析,Spring-boot容器启动流程总体可划分为2部分:

1)执行注解:扫描指定范围下的bean、载入自动配置类对应的bean加载到IOC容器。

2)man方法中具体SpringAppliocation.run(),全流程贯穿SpringApplicationEvent,有6个子类:

ApplicationEnvironmentPreparedEvent

ApplicationFailedEvent.class

ApplicationPreparedEvent.class

ApplicationReadyEvent.class

ApplicationStartedEvent.class

ApplicationStartingEvent.class

这里用到了很经典的spring事件驱动模型,飞机票:Spring事件驱动模型和观察者模式

类图如下:

如上图,就是一个经典spring 事件驱动模型,包含3种角色:事件发布者、事件、监听者。对应到spring-boot中就是:

1.EventPublishingRunListener这个类封装了事件发布

2.SpringApplicationEvent是spring-boot中定义的事件(上面说的6种事件),继承自ApplicationEvent(spring中定义的)

3.ApplicationListener<E extends ApplicationEvent> 是spring-boot针对上述6种事件的监听者这里用户也可以自己实现监听者(上述6种事件)来注入spring boot容器启动流程,触发相应的事件。

例如:实现ApplicationListener<ApplicationReadyEvent>这个接口,在容器启动完毕时最后一步listener.finished时,如果启动没有异常,就会执行!可以做一些数据初始化之类的操作。