Dapper源码学习和源码修改(下篇)

目录:

Dapper源码学习和源码修改(上篇主要讲解入参解析)

Dapper源码学习和源码修改(下篇主要讲解出参解析)

 

继上篇讲了下自己学习Dapper的心得之后,下篇也随之而来,上篇主要讲的入参解析那下篇自然主打出参映射了。

好了,废话不多说,开始吧。

学习之前你的先学习怎么使用Dapper,这个我在上篇都提过,如果没使用过Dapper的同学,先去看看怎么使用吧,我这也简单贴一部分代码吧。

使用查询的Demo

                //查询
                sql = "select * from Teacher";
                var list = SqlMapper.Query<Teacher>(conn, sql, null).ToList();


                sql = "select * from Teacher left join Student on Teacher.Id=Student.Tid";
                //一对一
                var list1 = SqlMapper.Query<Teacher, Student, Teacher>(conn, sql,
                    (t, s) =>
                    {
                        if (t.Student == null) t.Student = new List<Student>();
                        t.Student.Add(s);
                        return t;
                    }
                    , null, true, null, "Id", null, null);
                //一对多
                Dictionary<string, Teacher> list2Dict = new Dictionary<string, Teacher>();//这个才是最后的结果
                var list2 = SqlMapper.Query<Teacher, Student, Teacher>(conn, sql,
                    (t, s) =>
                    {
                        Teacher temp;
                        if (!list2Dict.TryGetValue(t.Id, out temp))
                        {
                            temp = t;
                            list2Dict.Add(temp.Id, temp);
                        }
                        if (temp.Student == null) temp.Student = new List<Student>();
                        temp.Student.Add(s);
                        return temp;
                    }
                    , null, true, null, "Id", null, null);

好了,我也不解释,自己体会。

我们先看看Dapper提供了哪些对外的查询方法呢,既然是将出参,只有查询才会涉及到DataReader转实体的呢,所以主要就看那几个查询方法就行了。

 

前两个是一个实体映射的,后面三个是多个实体映射,正常情况下一个实体对应一个表,你也可以一个表对应多个实体也是可行的。

由浅入深,先看单个实体的查询。

        private static IEnumerable<T> QueryInternal<T>(IDbConnection cnn, string sql, object param, IDbTransaction transaction, int? commandTimeout, CommandType? commandType)
        {
            var identity = new Identity(sql, commandType, cnn, typeof(T), param == null ? null : param.GetType(), null);
            var info = GetCacheInfo(identity);

            using (var cmd = SetupCommand(cnn, transaction, sql, info.ParamReader, param, commandTimeout, commandType))
            {
                using (var reader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
                {
                    Func<Func<IDataReader, object>> cacheDeserializer = delegate()
                    {
                        info.Deserializer = GetDeserializer(typeof(T), reader, 0, -1, false);
                        SetQueryCache(identity, info);
                        return info.Deserializer;
                    };

                    if (info.Deserializer == null)
                    {
                        cacheDeserializer();
                    }

                    var deserializer = info.Deserializer;

                    while (reader.Read())
                    {
                        object next;
                        try
                        {
                            next = deserializer(reader);
                        }
                        catch (DataException)
                        {
                            deserializer = cacheDeserializer();
                            next = deserializer(reader);
                        }
                        yield return (T)next;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

 

这个就是单个实体的查询方法,用一张图片说明

很明显在读取reader的时候  next = deserializer(reader);  就是这个将reader转成实体的,那这个deserializer是什么呢,往上看啊,上面重点二字的地方就是创建deserializer 委托的地方,对了这里插一句这里委托Func(有返回值的泛型委托),之前在入参讲解的时候那里委托是Action(无返回值的泛型委托)。

也就是说deserializer就是创建委托的地方,我们去看看它的庐山真面目。

        private static Func<IDataReader, object> GetDeserializer(Type type, IDataReader reader, int startBound, int length, bool returnNullIfFirstMissing)
        {
            Func<IDataReader, object> func = null;
            if (IsSimpleValue(type))
            {
                func = GetSimpleDeserializer(type, startBound);
            }
            else if (typeof(IDictionary).IsAssignableFrom(type))
            {
                func = GetDictionaryDeserializer(type, startBound);
            }
            else if (type.IsClass)
            {
                func = GetClassDeserializer(type, reader, startBound, length, returnNullIfFirstMissing);
            }
            return func;
        }

 

 func = GetSimpleDeserializer(type, startBound);   func = GetDictionaryDeserializer(type, startBound);  这两个是我扩展的两种类型,就是为了让出参支持简单类型和继承IDictionary的类型。

而 func = GetClassDeserializer(type, reader, startBound, length, returnNullIfFirstMissing);  这个才是重点中的难点,这个就是将reader转成实体的委托。

        private static Func<IDataReader, object> GetClassDeserializer(Type type, IDataReader reader, int startBound, int length, bool returnNullIfFirstMissing)
        {
            var dm = new DynamicMethod(string.Format("Deserialize{0}", Guid.NewGuid()), type, new[] { typeof(IDataReader) }, true);

            var il = dm.GetILGenerator();
            il.DeclareLocal(typeof(int));
            il.DeclareLocal(type);
            bool haveEnumLocal = false;
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldc_I4_0);
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc_0);
            List<PropertyInfo> properties = GetSettableProps(type);
            List<FieldInfo> fields = GetSettableFields(type);
            if (length == -1)
            {
                length = reader.FieldCount - startBound;
            }

            if (reader.FieldCount <= startBound)
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("When using the multi-mapping APIs ensure you set the splitOn param if you have keys other than Id", "splitOn");
            }

            var names = new List<string>();

            for (int i = startBound; i < startBound + length; i++)
            {
                names.Add(reader.GetName(i));
            }
            var setters = new List<DynamicSetter>();

            foreach (var name in names)
            {
                PropertyInfo p = FirstOrDefault(properties, new Func<PropertyInfo, bool>(delegate(PropertyInfo pro) { return Equals(pro.Name, name, StringComparison.Ordinal); }))
                    ?? FirstOrDefault(properties, new Func<PropertyInfo, bool>(delegate(PropertyInfo pro) { return Equals(pro.Name, name, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase); }));
                FieldInfo f = FirstOrDefault(fields, new Func<FieldInfo, bool>(delegate(FieldInfo fin) { return Equals(fin.Name, name, StringComparison.Ordinal); }))
                    ?? FirstOrDefault(fields, new Func<FieldInfo, bool>(delegate(FieldInfo fin) { return Equals(fin.Name, name, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase); }));
                setters.Add(new DynamicSetter { Name = name, Property = p, Field = f });
            }

            int index = startBound;

            il.BeginExceptionBlock();
            // stack is empty
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Newobj, type.GetConstructor(BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.NonPublic, null, Type.EmptyTypes, null)); // stack is now [target]
            bool first = true;
            var allDone = il.DefineLabel();
            foreach (var item in setters)
            {
                if (item.Property != null || item.Field != null)
                {
                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Dup); // stack is now [target][target]
                    Label isDbNullLabel = il.DefineLabel();
                    Label finishLabel = il.DefineLabel();

                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0); // stack is now [target][target][reader]
                    EmitInt32(il, index); // stack is now [target][target][reader][index]
                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Dup);// stack is now [target][target][reader][index][index]
                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc_0);// stack is now [target][target][reader][index]
                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Callvirt, getItem); // stack is now [target][target][value-as-object]


                    Type memberType = item.Property != null ? item.Property.PropertyType : item.Field.FieldType;

                    if (memberType == typeof(char) || memberType == typeof(char?))
                    {
                        il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, typeof(SqlMapper).GetMethod(
                            memberType == typeof(char) ? "ReadChar" : "ReadNullableChar", BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Public), null); // stack is now [target][target][typed-value]
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Dup); // stack is now [target][target][value][value]
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Isinst, typeof(DBNull)); // stack is now [target][target][value-as-object][DBNull or null]
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Brtrue_S, isDbNullLabel); // stack is now [target][target][value-as-object]

                        // unbox nullable enums as the primitive, i.e. byte etc

                        var nullUnderlyingType = Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(memberType);
                        var unboxType = nullUnderlyingType != null && nullUnderlyingType.IsEnum ? nullUnderlyingType : memberType;

                        if (unboxType.IsEnum)
                        {
                            if (!haveEnumLocal)
                            {
                                il.DeclareLocal(typeof(string));
                                haveEnumLocal = true;
                            }

                            Label isNotString = il.DefineLabel();
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Dup); // stack is now [target][target][value][value]
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Isinst, typeof(string)); // stack is now [target][target][value-as-object][string or null]
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Dup);// stack is now [target][target][value-as-object][string or null][string or null]
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc_2); // stack is now [target][target][value-as-object][string or null]
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Brfalse_S, isNotString); // stack is now [target][target][value-as-object]

                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // stack is now [target][target]


                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldtoken, unboxType); // stack is now [target][target][enum-type-token]
                            il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, typeof(Type).GetMethod("GetTypeFromHandle"), null);// stack is now [target][target][enum-type]
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc_2); // stack is now [target][target][enum-type][string]
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldc_I4_1); // stack is now [target][target][enum-type][string][true]
                            il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, enumParse, null); // stack is now [target][target][enum-as-object]

                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Unbox_Any, unboxType); // stack is now [target][target][typed-value]

                            if (nullUnderlyingType != null)
                            {
                                il.Emit(OpCodes.Newobj, memberType.GetConstructor(new[] { nullUnderlyingType }));
                            }
                            if (item.Property != null)
                            {
                                var setter = item.Property.DeclaringType == type ? item.Property.GetSetMethod(true) : item.Property.DeclaringType.GetProperty(item.Property.Name).GetSetMethod(true);
                                il.Emit(OpCodes.Callvirt, setter); // stack is now [target]
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                il.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, item.Field); // stack is now [target]
                            }
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, finishLabel);


                            il.MarkLabel(isNotString);
                        }
                        //if (memberType == typeof(System.Data.Linq.Binary))
                        //{
                        //    il.Emit(OpCodes.Unbox_Any, typeof(byte[])); // stack is now [target][target][byte-array]
                        //    il.Emit(OpCodes.Newobj, typeof(System.Data.Linq.Binary).GetConstructor(new Type[] { typeof(byte[]) }));// stack is now [target][target][binary]
                        //}
                        //else
                        //{
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Unbox_Any, unboxType); // stack is now [target][target][typed-value]
                        //}
                        if (nullUnderlyingType != null && nullUnderlyingType.IsEnum)
                        {
                            il.Emit(OpCodes.Newobj, memberType.GetConstructor(new[] { nullUnderlyingType }));
                        }
                    }
                    if (item.Property != null)
                    {
                        var setter = item.Property.DeclaringType == type ? item.Property.GetSetMethod(true) : item.Property.DeclaringType.GetProperty(item.Property.Name).GetSetMethod(true);
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Callvirt, setter); // stack is now [target]
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, item.Field); // stack is now [target]
                    }

                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, finishLabel); // stack is now [target]

                    il.MarkLabel(isDbNullLabel); // incoming stack: [target][target][value]

                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // stack is now [target][target]
                    il.Emit(OpCodes.Pop); // stack is now [target]

                    if (first && returnNullIfFirstMissing)
                    {
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Pop);
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldnull); // stack is now [null]
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc_1);
                        il.Emit(OpCodes.Br, allDone);
                    }

                    il.MarkLabel(finishLabel);
                }
                first = false;
                index += 1;
            }
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc_1); // stack is empty
            il.MarkLabel(allDone);
            il.BeginCatchBlock(typeof(Exception)); // stack is Exception
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc_0); // stack is Exception, index
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0); // stack is Exception, index, reader
            il.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, typeof(SqlMapper).GetMethod("ThrowDataException"), null);
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldnull);
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Stloc_1); // to make it verifiable
            il.EndExceptionBlock();

            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ldloc_1); // stack is empty
            il.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

            return (Func<IDataReader, object>)dm.CreateDelegate(typeof(Func<IDataReader, object>));
        }

 

呵呵,我也不多说,这个就是Dapper核心价值所在,使用Emit创建实体。

上面不是说到,我也扩展出参支持两种类型嘛,使用的时候就是这样

其一:IDictionary

                sql = "select * from student";// where Id='916a84c6-85cb-4b41-b52a-96a0685d91b5'";
                var sex = SqlMapper.Query<Dictionary<string, object>>(conn, sql, null).ToList();

 

很简单的将结果转成 Dictionary ,它的委托实现如下:

        private static Func<IDataReader, object> GetDictionaryDeserializer(Type type, int index)
        {
            return delegate(IDataReader r)
            {
                IDictionary ht = Activator.CreateInstance(type) as IDictionary;
                for (int i = 0; i < r.FieldCount; i++)
                {
                    ht.Add(r.GetName(i), r[i]);
                }
                return ht;
            };
        }

 

其二:SimpleValue

何为SimpleValue呢,看下面

        private static bool IsSimpleValue(Type type)
        {
            if (
                        type.IsEnum ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(byte)) || isSame(type, typeof(byte?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(sbyte)) || isSame(type, typeof(sbyte?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(long)) || isSame(type, typeof(long?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(ulong)) || isSame(type, typeof(ulong?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(short)) || isSame(type, typeof(short?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(ushort)) || isSame(type, typeof(ushort?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(int)) || isSame(type, typeof(int?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(uint)) || isSame(type, typeof(uint?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(float)) || isSame(type, typeof(float?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(double)) || isSame(type, typeof(double?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(decimal)) || isSame(type, typeof(decimal?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(char)) || isSame(type, typeof(char?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(bool)) || isSame(type, typeof(bool?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(DateTime)) || isSame(type, typeof(DateTime?)) ||
                        isSame(type, typeof(string)) || isSame(type, typeof(object))
            )
                return true;
            else
                return false;
        }

 

如果是上面的类型,我就会用下面的委托来转换reader

        private static Func<IDataReader, object> GetSimpleDeserializer(Type type, int index)
        {
            return delegate(IDataReader r)
            {
                object obj = r.GetValue(index);
                if (obj == null || (obj is DBNull)) return type.IsValueType ? Activator.CreateInstance(type) : null;
                else
                {
                    if (type.IsEnum)
                        obj = Convert.ChangeType(obj, typeof(int));
                    else
                        obj = Convert.ChangeType(obj, type);
                    return obj;
                }
            };
        }

 

后续,上面只是讲到单个实体查询的情况,至于多个实体的查询,只需理解两个参数

public static IEnumerable<TReturn> Query<TFirst, TSecond, TReturn>(IDbConnection cnn, string sql, Func<TFirst, TSecond, TReturn> map, object param, bool buffered, IDbTransaction transaction, string splitOn, int? commandTimeout, CommandType? commandType)

 

这两个  splitOn  和  map  如果理解了这两个参数,其他跟单个实体是一样,至于这两个参数我先不讲解,后面我会提供源码,自己看,或者以后抽空我再讲讲。

 

总结:

出参就讲到这吧,后续我看讲不讲Dapper扩展的,会提供源码下载,源码可能和文章会有些出入,发布文章后我修改过源码。

 

源码下载:

点我点我点我

 

posted @ 2017-03-28 12:30  deeround  阅读(2856)  评论(9编辑  收藏  举报
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