IM即时通讯群组头像拼接.net core 解决方案

一、需求概述

多人聊天(群组,讨论组,聊天室,以下统称: “群组” )生成一个拼接头像,需要把最先加入群组的几个人(最多4个人,以下简称:头部用户A、B、C、D)的头像拼凑成在一起。

群组创建后,A、B、C、D其中任何一个修改了自己的头像,需要 "异步" 更新群组头像。

以上是简单的需求描述。

本文使用.net core实现了N张图片拼接算法。

完整代码点击:https://github.com/night-king/ImageMerge

 

二、方案实现探讨

本需求可以在服务端实现,也可以在客户端实现。

(1)服务端实现:

         群组创建时,下载A、B、C、D的头像,然后合并即可;

         头部用户修改头像后,后台任务刷新群组头像。

(2)客户端实现:客户端包括iOS,Android,React,Web。

         情况有些复杂,所以最后决定直接采用服务端实现。

 

 Github上搜索无果,只能自己动手完成了。

 

先看效果:

采用四位Github大神头像作为源图片:

    

结果如下:

 

 

三、解决方案

群组2个用户,3个用户,4个以及以上用户头像不一样,总结如下:

    /// <summary>
    /// 合并布局枚举
    /// </summary>
    public enum Merge2LayoutEnum
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 2张图片,上下各1个长方形
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |                  |
        /// |        R1        |
        /// |                  |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |                  |
        /// |        R2        |
        /// |                  |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge2R1 = 1,

        /// <summary>
        /// 2张图片,左右各1个长方形
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    R1   |   R2   |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge2R2 = 2
    }

    public enum Merge3LayoutEnum
    {

        /// <summary>
        /// 3张图片, 上面一个长方形,下面2个正方形并排
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |                  |
        /// |         R1       |
        /// |                  |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    S1   |   S2   |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge1R2S1 = 3,

        /// <summary>
        /// 3张图片,上面2个正方形并排,下面一个长方形
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    S1   |   S2   |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |                  |
        /// |         R1       |
        /// |                  |
        /// ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge1R2S2 = 4,


        /// <summary>
        /// 3张图片,上面2个正方形并排,下面一个长方形
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |         |    S1  |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    R1   |—————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |         |    S2  |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge1R2S3 = 5,


        /// <summary>
        /// 3张图片,上面2个正方形并排,下面一个长方形
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    S2   |        |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |—————————|    R1  |
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    S2   |        |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge1R2S4 = 6
    }

    public enum Merge4LayoutEnum
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 4张图片,上面一个长方形,下面2个正方形并排
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    S1   |   S2   |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// |         |        |
        /// |    S3   |   S4   |
        /// |         |        |
        ///  ———————————————————
        /// </summary>
        Merge4S = 7

    }

 

以下是2张图片实现代码:

        /// <summary>
        /// 合并2张图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="image1"></param>
        /// <param name="image2"></param>
        /// <param name="layout"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static Image Merge2Images(Image image1, Image image2, Merge2LayoutEnum layout = Merge2LayoutEnum.Merge2R1, int size = 250)
        {
            var width = size;
            var height = size;
            var pf = PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb;
            using (var bg = new Bitmap(width, height, pf))
            {
                using (var g = Graphics.FromImage(bg))
                {
                    g.FillRectangle((Brush)Brushes.White, 0, 0, width, height);//全幅背景为白色
                    g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                    g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                    switch (layout)
                    {
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 2张图片,上下各1个长方形
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |                  |
                        /// |        R1        |
                        /// |                  |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |                  |
                        /// |        R2        |
                        /// |                  |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge2LayoutEnum.Merge2R1:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;// =125
                                    var newWidth = width;//       =250
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width;//  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height * newHeight / newWidth;//=250*125/250=125
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;// =125
                                    var newWidth = width;     //  =250
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width;//  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height * newHeight / newWidth;//=250*125/250=125
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(0, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 2张图片,左右各1个长方形
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    R1   |   R2   |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge2LayoutEnum.Merge2R2:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;//   =125
                                    var newHeight = height;  //   =250
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width * newWidth / newHeight;//=250*125/250=125
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;//   =125
                                    var newHeight = height;  //   =250
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width * newWidth / newHeight;//=500*125/250=250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height;//  =500
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(width / 2, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                    }
                    g.Save();
                    image1.Dispose();
                    image2.Dispose();
                }

                using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    bg.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Png);
                    var buffers = ms.ToArray();
                    return ConvertToImage(buffers);
                }
            }
        }
View Code

 

以下是三种图片的生成算法

        /// <summary>
        /// 合并3张图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="image1"></param>
        /// <param name="image2"></param>
        /// <param name="image3"></param>
        /// <param name="layout"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static Image Merge3Images(Image image1, Image image2, Image image3, Merge3LayoutEnum layout = Merge3LayoutEnum.Merge1R2S1, int size = 250)
        {
            var width = size;
            var height = size;
            var pf = PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb;
            using (var bg = new Bitmap(width, height, pf))
            {
                using (var g = Graphics.FromImage(bg))
                {
                    g.FillRectangle((Brush)Brushes.White, 0, 0, width, height);//全幅背景为白色
                    switch (layout)
                    {
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 3张图片, 上面一个长方形,下面2个正方形并排
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |                  |
                        /// |         R1       |
                        /// |                  |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    S1   |   S2   |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge3LayoutEnum.Merge1R2S1:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;// =125
                                    var newWidth = width;//       =250
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width;//  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height * newHeight / newWidth;//=250*125/250=125
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;//  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;  //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width; //  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height;// =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(0, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img3 = ZoomToSqure(image3, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img3.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img3.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img3, new Rectangle(width / 2, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 3张图片,上面2个正方形并排,下面一个长方形
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    S1   |   S2   |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |                  |
                        /// |         R1       |
                        /// |                  |
                        /// ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge3LayoutEnum.Merge1R2S2:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;//  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;  //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width; //  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height;// =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(width / 2, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img3 = ZoomToSqure(image3, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;// =125
                                    var newWidth = width;//       =250
                                    var srcWidth = img3.Width;//  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img3.Height * newHeight / newWidth;//=250*125/250=125
                                    g.DrawImage(img3, new Rectangle(0, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 3张图片,上面2个正方形并排,下面一个长方形
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |         |    S1  |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    R1   |—————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |         |    S2  |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge3LayoutEnum.Merge1R2S3:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height;//     =250
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;//   =125
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height;//=250
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width * newWidth / newHeight;//  =250*125/250=125;
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;//  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;  //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width; //  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height;// = 250
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(width / 2, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img3 = ZoomToSqure(image3, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img3.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img3.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img3, new Rectangle(width / 2, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 3张图片,上面2个正方形并排,下面一个长方形
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    S2   |        |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |—————————|    R1  |
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    S2   |        |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge3LayoutEnum.Merge1R2S4:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;//  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;  //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width; //  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height;// =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(0, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img3 = ZoomToSqure(image3, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height;//     =250
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;//   =125
                                    var srcHeight = img3.Height;//=250
                                    var srcWidth = img3.Width * newWidth / newHeight;//  =250*125/250=125;
                                    g.DrawImage(img3, new Rectangle(width / 2, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                    }
                    g.Save();
                    image1.Dispose();
                    image2.Dispose();
                    image3.Dispose();
                }
                using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    bg.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Png);
                    var buffers = ms.ToArray();
                    return ConvertToImage(buffers);
                }
            }
        }
View Code

 

以下是4张图片的生成是算法:

        /// <summary>
        /// 合并4张图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="image1"></param>
        /// <param name="image2"></param>
        /// <param name="image3"></param>
        /// <param name="image4"></param>
        /// <param name="layout"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static Image Merge4Images(Image image1, Image image2, Image image3, Image image4, Merge4LayoutEnum layout = Merge4LayoutEnum.Merge4S, int size = 250)
        {
            var width = size;
            var height = size;
            var pf = PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb;
            using (var bg = new Bitmap(width, height, pf))
            {
                using (var g = Graphics.FromImage(bg))
                {
                    g.FillRectangle((Brush)Brushes.White, 0, 0, width, height);//全幅背景为白色
                    switch (layout)
                    {
                        /// <summary>
                        /// 4张图片,上面一个长方形,下面2个正方形并排
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    S1   |   S2   |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// |         |        |
                        /// |    S3   |   S4   |
                        /// |         |        |
                        ///  ———————————————————
                        /// </summary>
                        case Merge4LayoutEnum.Merge4S:
                            {
                                using (var img1 = ZoomToSqure(image1, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2;//  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;  //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img1.Width; //  =250
                                    var srcHeight = img1.Height;// =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img1, new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img2 = ZoomToSqure(image2, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img2.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img2.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img2, new Rectangle(width / 2, 0, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img3 = ZoomToSqure(image3, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img3.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img3.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img3, new Rectangle(0, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                                using (var img4 = ZoomToSqure(image4, size))
                                {
                                    var newHeight = height / 2; //  =125
                                    var newWidth = width / 2;   //  =125
                                    var srcWidth = img4.Width; //   =250
                                    var srcHeight = img4.Height;//  =250
                                    g.DrawImage(img4, new Rectangle(width / 2, height / 2, newWidth, newHeight), new Rectangle(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                    }
                    g.Save();
                    image1.Dispose();
                    image2.Dispose();
                    image3.Dispose();
                    image4.Dispose();
                }
                using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    bg.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Png);
                    var buffers = ms.ToArray();
                    return ConvertToImage(buffers);
                }
            }
        }
View Code

 

以下是用到的Helper方法:

        /// <summary>
        /// 下载图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="imageUrl"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static byte[] Download(string imageUrl)
        {
            if (imageUrl.StartsWith("http"))
            {
                using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    var request = (HttpWebRequest)HttpWebRequest.Create(imageUrl);// 打开网络连接
                    using (var rs = request.GetResponse().GetResponseStream())// 向服务器请求,获得服务器的回应数据流
                    {
                        byte[] btArray = new byte[512];// 定义一个字节数据,用来向readStream读取内容和向writeStream写入内容
                        int size = rs.Read(btArray, 0, btArray.Length);// 向远程文件读第一次

                        while (size > 0)// 如果读取长度大于零则继续读
                        {
                            ms.Write(btArray, 0, size);// 写入本地文件
                            size = rs.Read(btArray, 0, btArray.Length);// 继续向远程文件读取
                        }
                        return ms.ToArray();
                    }
                }
            }
            else
            {
                using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    var img = Image.FromFile(imageUrl);
                    img.Save(ms, img.RawFormat);
                    return ms.ToArray();
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将byte数组转化为Image
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="buffer"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static Image ConvertToImage(byte[] buffer)
        {
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(buffer))
            {
                return Image.FromStream(ms);
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将Image转化为byte数组
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="image"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static byte[] ConvertToByte(Image image)
        {
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                image.Save(ms, image.RawFormat);
                return ms.ToArray();
            }
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// 等比缩放/放大成正方形图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="orginal">原始图片</param>
        /// <param name="size">目标宽高</param>
        /// <param name="cute">超出部分是否剪裁</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static Image ZoomToSqure(Image orginal, int size, bool cute = true)
        {
            var width = 0d;//图片宽度
            var height = 0d;//图片高度
            if (orginal.Width > orginal.Height)//原始图片宽度大于高度
            {
                height = size;
                width = cute ? size : (orginal.Width * height / orginal.Height);
            }
            else if (orginal.Width < orginal.Height)//原始图片高度大于宽度
            {
                width = size;
                height = cute ? size : (orginal.Height * width / orginal.Width);
            }
            else//原始图片是正方形,刚好
            {
                width = size;
                height = size;
            }
            var board = new Bitmap((int)width, (int)height);
            using (var g = Graphics.FromImage(board))
            {
                g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;//设置质量
                g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;//设置质量
                g.Clear(Color.White);//置背景色
                g.DrawImage(orginal, new Rectangle(0, 0, board.Width, board.Height), new Rectangle(0, 0, orginal.Width, orginal.Height), System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);  //画图
                orginal.Dispose();//释放原图
                return board;
            }
        }
View Code

 

完整代码点击:https://github.com/night-king/ImageMerge

         

posted @ 2019-06-20 12:22 夜の魔王 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏