delphi7的新生,参与分布式应用开发,调用RESTful API,Json的应用

前言:

1、公司delphi7开发的传统软件还活得好好的,但是大家都知道delphi早已经日落西山了,现在成了后进、追随者。细细算了已经6、7不用了。新的delphixe7呢,没有时间成本去适应和研究。

由于大量使用了第3方的组件和控件,想升级估计是吃力不讨好的事情...

2、保留原有代码,开发新功能可调用远程主机(云主机)的REST ful风格的api,使用Json交换数据。这样就赶上了新潮流,复活了。

 

由于网上搜索了很多次,发现符合需求的文章很少,这里记录下来,授人以鱼吧。

  • delphi7使用Json
  • delphi7使用msxml 的“IXMLHttpRequest”对象实现发起 Http post get请求,并传递Json。
  • delphi7使用base64编码图片通过Json传递

以下是关键代码:

(1)msxml,SuperObject(第3方,delphi7不自带), EncdDecd 的引用

(2)XMLHttpRequest的使用:

//提交会员开卡信息
procedure TFormMakeCard.btnOKClick(Sender: TObject);
  var
     url: string;
     resultJson,paramsJson: ISuperObject;
begin
   if (CheckInput) then
       begin
          HttpReq := CoXMLHTTPRequest.Create;
          //两种提交请求的方式:Get和Post,Get是通过URL地址传递参数如果是中文需要转码,需要添加时间戳 Post不需要添加时间戳
          //get url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/NewMemberRegister?timestamp='+inttostr(Windows.GetTickCount);
          url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/NewMemberRegister?';
          HttpReq.open('Post', url, False, EmptyParam, EmptyParam);
          //http post
          HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Accept', 'application/json');
          HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');
          //请求主体
          try
            paramsJson:= GetMemberEntity();
            Memo1.Lines.Clear;
            memo1.Text := paramsJson.AsString();
            HttpReq.send(paramsJson.AsString());
            resultJson:=SO(HttpReq.responseText);
            if (resultJson<>nil) then
               begin
                  showmessage(resultJson.S['Message']);
                  //发卡成功,如果有照片或者签名则执行上传
                  if (resultJson.B['Success']=true) then
                      begin
                         if (mbPhoto) then
                            begin
                                url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/UploadMemberImage?';
                                HttpReq.open('Post', url, False, EmptyParam, EmptyParam);
                                //http post
                                HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Accept', 'application/json');
                                HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

                                paramsJson:=SO();
                                paramsJson.S['ImageFileContent']:= BitmapToString(ImageMemberPhoto.Picture.Bitmap);
                                paramsJson.S['ImageCategory']:='头像';
                                paramsJson.S['MemberCardNo']:=self.edtCardNo.Text;
                                HttpReq.send(paramsJson.AsString());
                                resultJson:=SO(HttpReq.responseText);

                            end;
                         if (mbSign) then
                            begin
                                url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/UploadMemberImage?';
                                HttpReq.open('Post', url, False, EmptyParam, EmptyParam);
                                //http post
                                HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Accept', 'application/json');
                                HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

                                paramsJson:=SO();
                                paramsJson.S['ImageFileContent']:= BitmapToString(ImageMemberSign.Picture.Bitmap);;
                                paramsJson.S['ImageCategory']:='签名';
                                paramsJson.S['MemberCardNo']:=self.edtCardNo.Text;
                                HttpReq.send(paramsJson.AsString());
                                resultJson:=SO(HttpReq.responseText);
                            end;
                      end;
               end;
          except
             on Ex:Exception do
                showmessage(Ex.Message);
          end;

       end;
end;

//XMLHttpRequest实例化

HttpReq := CoXMLHTTPRequest.Create;
//两种提交请求的方式:Get和Post,Get是通过URL地址传递参数如果是中文需要转码,需要添加时间戳 Post不需要添加时间戳
//get url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/NewMemberRegister?timestamp='+inttostr(Windows.GetTickCount);
url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/NewMemberRegister?';

// Post或者Get
HttpReq.open('Post', url, False, EmptyParam, EmptyParam);
//http post  **这是关键代码**RequestHeader的设置'application/json',服务器端才能识别为Json
HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Accept', 'application/json');
HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

//这是请求的主体 

HttpReq.send(paramsJson.AsString());

//把服务器返回的Json字符串反序列化成一个SuperObject对象。

resultJson:=SO(HttpReq.responseText);

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;

namespace Com.Aidpoint.MemberApi.Models
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Action返回值实体
    /// </summary>
    public class ApiActionResult
    {
        public bool Success
        {
            get;
            set;
        }

        public string Message
        {
            get;
            set;
        }

        public object Result
        {
            get;
            set;
        }
    }
}

if (resultJson<>nil) then
begin
   showmessage(resultJson.S['Message']);
   //发卡成功,如果有照片或者签名则执行上传
   if (resultJson.B['Success']=true) then ...

end

(3)Josn包含base64编码的图片:

//位图文件转Base64字符串
function TFormMakeCard.BitmapToString(img:TBitmap):string;
var
  ms:TMemoryStream;
  ss:TStringStream;
  s:string;
begin
    ms := TMemoryStream.Create;
    img.SaveToStream(ms);
    ss := TStringStream.Create('');
    ms.Position:=0;
    EncodeStream(ms,ss);//将内存流编码为base64字符流
    s:=ss.DataString;
    ms.Free;
    ss.Free;
    result:=s;
end;

url := 'http://localhost:5269/api/webmemberapi/UploadMemberImage?';
                                HttpReq.open('Post', url, False, EmptyParam, EmptyParam);
                                //http post
                                HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Accept', 'application/json');
                                HttpReq.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');

                                paramsJson:=SO();
                                paramsJson.S['ImageFileContent']:= BitmapToString(ImageMemberPhoto.Picture.Bitmap);
                                paramsJson.S['ImageCategory']:='头像';
                                paramsJson.S['MemberCardNo']:=self.edtCardNo.Text;
                                HttpReq.send(paramsJson.AsString());
                                resultJson:=SO(HttpReq.responseText);

 

(4)服务器端的web api

 public ApiActionResult NewMemberRegister([FromBody]MemberDTO memberDTO)
        {
            //初始化返回值
            var result = new ApiActionResult()
            {
                Success = false,
                Result = null,
                Message = "操作失败。"
            };
            if (memberDTO != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    using (MemberEntities db = new MemberEntities())
                    {
                        var dbEntity = CheckMemberExists(memberDTO, db);
                        if (dbEntity==null)
                        {
                            //插入会员表
                            var entity = DTO2Entity.ConvertToEntityObject<会员表>(memberDTO) as 会员表;
                            db.AddTo会员表(entity);
                            //生成储值流水--w:误收,d:积分兑换礼品,f:发新卡,c:储值,q:取款,j:积分消费记录 
                            var detailRec = new 会员储值流水表();
                            detailRec.会员卡号 = memberDTO.卡号;
                            detailRec.储值标志 = "f";
                            detailRec.充值金额 = memberDTO.开卡额.Value;
                            detailRec.新卡 = "Y";
                            db.AddTo会员储值流水表(detailRec);
                            try
                            {
                                db.SaveChanges();
                                result.Success = true;
                                result.Result = entity;
                                result.Message = string.Format("操作成功。新发会员卡[{0}],开卡金额:{1}。", entity.自编号, entity.开卡额);
                            }
                            catch (Exception ex)
                            {
                                var exx = ex.InnerException == null ? ex : ex.InnerException;
                                throw new Exception(exx.Message);
                            }                            
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            result.Success = false;
                            result.Result = null;
                            result.Message = string.Format("卡号[{0}]已经存在。发卡门店[{1}],持卡人:{2}。",dbEntity.自编号,dbEntity.发行分店编号,dbEntity.姓名);                        
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    var exx = ex.InnerException == null ? ex : ex.InnerException;
                    result.Success = false;
                    result.Result = exx;
                    result.Message = string.Format("操作异常,异常消息:{0}。", exx.Message);
                }
            }
            return result;
        }

  

  

  

posted @ 2014-12-24 15:59  数据酷软件  阅读(5938)  评论(8编辑  收藏  举报