(原)pytorch中使用TensorRT

转载请注明出处:

https://www.cnblogs.com/darkknightzh/p/11332155.html

代码网址:

https://github.com/darkknightzh/TensorRT_pytorch

参考网址:

tensorrt安装包的sample/python目录

https://github.com/pytorch/examples/tree/master/mnist

此处代码使用的是tensorrt5.1.5

 

在安装完tensorrt之后,使用tensorrt主要包括下面几段代码:

1. 初始化

import tensorrt as trt
import pycuda.driver as cuda
import pycuda.autoinit    # 此句代码中未使用,但是必须有。this is useful, otherwise stream = cuda.Stream() will cause 'explicit_context_dependent failed: invalid device context - no currently active context?'

如注解所示,import pycuda.autoinit这句话程序中未使用,但是必须包含,否则程序运行会出错。

2. 保存onnx模型

def saveONNX(model, filepath, c, h, w):
    model = model.cuda()
    dummy_input = torch.randn(1, c, h, w, device='cuda')
    torch.onnx.export(model, dummy_input, filepath, verbose=True)

3. 创建tensorrt引擎

def build_engine(onnx_file_path):
    TRT_LOGGER = trt.Logger(trt.Logger.WARNING)   # INFO
    # For more information on TRT basics, refer to the introductory samples.
    with trt.Builder(TRT_LOGGER) as builder, builder.create_network() as network, trt.OnnxParser(network, TRT_LOGGER) as parser:
        if builder.platform_has_fast_fp16:
            print('this card support fp16')
        if builder.platform_has_fast_int8:
            print('this card support int8')

        builder.max_workspace_size = 1 << 30
        with open(onnx_file_path, 'rb') as model:
           parser.parse(model.read())
        return builder.build_cuda_engine(network)

# This function builds an engine from a Caffe model.
def build_engine_int8(onnx_file_path, calib):
    TRT_LOGGER = trt.Logger()
    with trt.Builder(TRT_LOGGER) as builder, builder.create_network() as network, trt.OnnxParser(network, TRT_LOGGER) as parser:
        # We set the builder batch size to be the same as the calibrator's, as we use the same batches
        # during inference. Note that this is not required in general, and inference batch size is
        # independent of calibration batch size.
        builder.max_batch_size = 1  # calib.get_batch_size()
        builder.max_workspace_size = 1 << 30
        builder.int8_mode = True
        builder.int8_calibrator = calib
        with open(onnx_file_path, 'rb') as model:
           parser.parse(model.read())   # , dtype=trt.float32
        return builder.build_cuda_engine(network)

4. 保存及载入引擎

def save_engine(engine, engine_dest_path):
    buf = engine.serialize()
    with open(engine_dest_path, 'wb') as f:
        f.write(buf)

def load_engine(engine_path):
    TRT_LOGGER = trt.Logger(trt.Logger.WARNING)  # INFO
    with open(engine_path, 'rb') as f, trt.Runtime(TRT_LOGGER) as runtime:
        return runtime.deserialize_cuda_engine(f.read())

5. 分配缓冲区

class HostDeviceMem(object):
    def __init__(self, host_mem, device_mem):
        self.host = host_mem
        self.device = device_mem

    def __str__(self):
        return "Host:\n" + str(self.host) + "\nDevice:\n" + str(self.device)

    def __repr__(self):
        return self.__str__()

def allocate_buffers(engine):
    inputs = []
    outputs = []
    bindings = []
    stream = cuda.Stream()
    for binding in engine:
        dtype = trt.nptype(engine.get_binding_dtype(binding))
        # Allocate host and device buffers
        host_mem = cuda.pagelocked_empty(trt.volume(engine.get_binding_shape(binding)) * engine.max_batch_size, dtype)
        device_mem = cuda.mem_alloc(host_mem.nbytes)
        # Append the device buffer to device bindings.
        bindings.append(int(device_mem))
        # Append to the appropriate list.
        if engine.binding_is_input(binding):
            inputs.append(HostDeviceMem(host_mem, device_mem))
        else:
            outputs.append(HostDeviceMem(host_mem, device_mem))
    return inputs, outputs, bindings, stream

6. 前向推断

def do_inference(context, bindings, inputs, outputs, stream, batch_size=1):
    # Transfer input data to the GPU.
    [cuda.memcpy_htod_async(inp.device, inp.host, stream) for inp in inputs]
    # Run inference.
    context.execute_async(batch_size=batch_size, bindings=bindings, stream_handle=stream.handle)
    # Transfer predictions back from the GPU.
    [cuda.memcpy_dtoh_async(out.host, out.device, stream) for out in outputs]
    # Synchronize the stream
    stream.synchronize()
    # Return only the host outputs.
    return [out.host for out in outputs]

7. 矫正(Calibrator)

使用tensorrt的int8时,需要矫正。具体可参见test_onnx_int8及calibrator.py。

8. 具体的推断代码

img_numpy = img.ravel().astype(np.float32)
np.copyto(inputs[0].host, img_numpy)
output = do_inference(context, bindings=bindings, inputs=inputs, outputs=outputs, stream=stream)
output = [np.reshape(stage_i, (10)) for stage_i in output]  # 有多个输出时遍历

9. 代码分析

程序中主要包括下面6个函数。

test_pytorch()            # 测试pytorch模型的代码
export_onnx()             # 导出pytorch模型到onnx模型
test_onnx_fp32()          # 测试tensorrt的fp32模型(有保存引擎的代码)
test_onnx_fp32_engine()   # 测试tensorrt的fp32引擎的代码
test_onnx_int8()          # 测试tensorrt的int8模型(有保存引擎的代码)
test_onnx_int8_engine()   # 测试tensorrt的int8引擎的代码

10. 说明

9的部分函数中,最开始有一句:

torch.load('mnist_cnn_3.pth')    # 如果结果不对,加上这句话

因为有时候会碰到,不使用这句话,直接运行代码时,结果完全不正确;加上这句话之后,结果正确了。

具体原因为找到。。。也就先记在这里吧。

 

posted on 2019-08-10 16:48  darkknightzh  阅读(14190)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报

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